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Placement, separation


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Placement, separation

  1. 1. PLACEMENT <ul><li>“Placement is the determination of job to which an accepted candidate is to be assigned, & his assignment to that job. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a matching of what the supervisors has reason to think he can do with the job demands. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a matching of what he imposes in strain, working conditions, & what he offers in the form of payroll, promotional possibilities etc.“ </li></ul>
  2. 2. SIGNIFICANCE <ul><li>It helps to improve employee morale. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to reduce employee turnover. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to reduce employee absenteeism. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to reduce employee accident rates. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to bring job satisfaction. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps to develop the loyalty towards the organization </li></ul>
  3. 3. MISPLACEMENT <ul><li>Ways to cope up with placement: </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates should be assigned some other more suitable jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Candidates may be given further training to make them fit for the job. </li></ul>
  4. 4. INDUCTION <ul><li>“ The process of receiving & welcoming an employee when he first joins a company and giving him the basic information he needs to settle down quickly & happily & start work.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. SOCIALISATION <ul><li>“It is the process by which new employees attempt to learn & inculcate the norms & values of work roles in an organization. ” </li></ul><ul><li>It is the process of adaptation </li></ul>
  6. 6. SEPARATION <ul><li>“Separation of an employee takes place when his service agreement with the organization comes to an end & the employee leaves the organization.” </li></ul><ul><li>Thus separation refers to the termination of professional relationship between the employer and the employee. </li></ul><ul><li>It can be initiated from the both sides. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Employee Separation <ul><li>Resignation </li></ul><ul><li>Retirement </li></ul><ul><li>Retrenchment </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul><ul><li>Dismissal </li></ul><ul><li>Lay off </li></ul>
  8. 8. RESIGNATION <ul><li>Resignation or quit is a voluntary separation initiated by the employee himself. </li></ul><ul><li>An employee may resigned on grounds of ill health, marriage, better opportunities etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes, an employer may initiate the Compulsory Resignation. </li></ul><ul><li>In case of voluntary resignation, Exit Interview is conducted to find out the real cause of resignation so that the actions may be taken to prevent avoidable resignations. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Main requirements of successful Exit Interview : <ul><li>Win the employee’s confidence by assuring him that whatever he says will be kept strictly confidential. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain to the employee that the purpose of the interview is to improve the organization's climate. </li></ul><ul><li>It should be conducted by a responsible officer from the HR department </li></ul>
  10. 10. Main requirements of successful Exit Interview <ul><li>It should show a great deal of patience & listen sympathetically. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to find out the real cause of resignation . </li></ul><ul><li>It should be ensure that the employee has fully handed over the charge to somebody else. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Main requirements of successful Exit Interview <ul><li>Assure the employee of the company’s continuing interest in his welfare. </li></ul><ul><li>Present the employee his final pay cheque & wish him good luck </li></ul>
  12. 12. RETIREMENT <ul><li>After specified age, every employee has to retire. </li></ul><ul><li>Employees who have rendered services to the organisation for a no. of years expect the organisation to provide for their future, when they have retired. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Types of Retirement <ul><li>Compulsory Retirement </li></ul><ul><li>An employee must retire after attaining the specified age. </li></ul><ul><li>In Govt sector the retirement age is 60 Years </li></ul><ul><li>In Pvt sector the retirement age is __ Years </li></ul>
  14. 14. Types <ul><li>Premature Retirement </li></ul><ul><li>An employee may retire before attaining the specified age due to bad health, physical disability etc. </li></ul><ul><li>He gets the full benefit of retirement provided the management allows premature retirement </li></ul>
  15. 15. Types <ul><li>Voluntary Retirement / Golden hand Shake </li></ul><ul><li>When an organization wants to cut down its operations or to close forever, it may give an option to its employees with a certain min service for voluntary retirement in return for a lump sum payment or it may be done to reduce its wage bill. </li></ul>
  16. 16. VRS <ul><li>This is applied as a downsizing strategy to cut the size of wage bill by offering one time compensation. </li></ul><ul><li>This one time compensation can give long term profit and medium term investment. </li></ul><ul><li>It amounts equivalent to 1.5 to 2.5 year’s of pay. ie. if a company pays 500 crore in VRS, it saves 200 crore annually in its wage bill.(40% saving) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Staff cost before and after VRS 3.57 13.08 6.87 4.75 15.31 19.01 8.73 3.23 3.49 <ul><li>CASTROL </li></ul><ul><li>TATA </li></ul><ul><li>KSB PUMPS </li></ul>Staff cost as % of sales after VRS Staff cost as % of sales before VRS Total amt Of VRS Rs. In Cr. Company
  18. 18. LAY OFF <ul><li>Under Sec2(KKK) of the Industrial Dispute act,1947 lay off is defined as “The failure, refusal or inability of an employer, on account of shortage of coal, power or raw materials or accumulation of stocks or breakdown of machinery or by any other reason, to give employment to a workman whose name appears on the muster rolls of his industrial establishment & who has not been retrenched.” </li></ul>
  19. 19. PURPOSE OF LAY OFF <ul><li>It’s a temporary removal from the payroll of the people with surplus skills. </li></ul><ul><li>The Purpose is to reduce the financial burden on the organization when the HR can’t be utilized profitably. </li></ul><ul><li>It is resorted in cyclical & seasonal industries. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Compensation to laid off employees <ul><li>Acc to Sec 25(c) of the ID act,1947 a laid off worker is entitled to compensation equal to 50 % of the basic wages & Dearness Allowance that would have been payable to him had he not been laid off. </li></ul>
  21. 21. In order to claim compensation, the laid off workman must satisfy to the Following conditions: <ul><li>He should not be a casual worker. </li></ul><ul><li>His name must appear on the pay roll of the industrial establishment. </li></ul><ul><li>He must have completed not less than one year of continuous service. </li></ul><ul><li>When lay off is due to strike or slowing down of production on the part of workers. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Right to compensation is lost in foll cases: <ul><li>He must present himself for work at the appointed time during normal working hours at least once a day </li></ul><ul><li>When employees are employed in the industrial establishment of a seasonal character. </li></ul><ul><li>When industrial establishment employs less than 20 workers. </li></ul>
  23. 23. RETRENCHMENT <ul><li>It means permanent termination of an employee’s services for economic reasons in a going concern. </li></ul><ul><li>It is termination due to redundancy of workforce. </li></ul><ul><li>It creates a sense of insecurity among the staff </li></ul>
  24. 24. The ID Act,1947 lays down the following conditions for retrenchment: <ul><li>The employee must be given one month’s notice in writing indicating the reasons for retrenchment. </li></ul><ul><li>The employee must be paid compensation equal to 15 days wages for every completed year of service. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Acc to ID Act: <ul><li>Notice in the prescribed manner must be served. </li></ul><ul><li>In the absence of any agreement to the contrary, the worker employed last must be terminated first. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Acc to ID Act: <ul><li>Retrenched workers must be given preference in future employment. </li></ul><ul><li>Establishments employing 100 or more workers are required to give 3 months notice. </li></ul>
  27. 27. DISMISSAL / DISCHARGE <ul><li>It refers to terminating the service of an employee by way of punishment for misconduct or unsatisfactory performance. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a Drastic step and should, therefore, be resorted to with great care. </li></ul>
  28. 28. DISMISSAL / DISCHARGE <ul><li>Before an employee is discharged, he must be given the opportunity to explain his conduct & to show cause why he should not be dismissed. </li></ul>