Abnormal Psychology


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Abnormal Psychology

  2. 2. TYPES OF DISORDERS Anxiety Disorders  Delusional Disorder Mood Disorders  Substance Use Disorders Personality Disorders  Somatoform Disorders Schizophrenia  Dissociative Disorders
  3. 3. What Is Abnormal? Deviating from the normal or average The study of behavior patterns that diverge widely from generally accepted norms
  4. 4. WAYS TO DEFINE ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGYTwo ways to define abnormal psychology1. Statistical Deviation2. Maladaptiveness
  5. 5. Statistical Deviation Those whoMost human stray toocharacteristi far fromcs are nicely the averagedistributed on thisalong a curve aresmooth bell- thenshaped curve considered abnormal.
  6. 6. Maladaptiveness1. Maladaptive to ones self - inability to reachgoals, to adapt to the demands of life2. Maladaptive to society - interferes,disrupts social group functioning.
  7. 7. Types Of Disorders
  8. 8. Anxiety Disorders
  9. 9. Anxiety Disorders People with anxiety disorders feel anabnormal amount from common things In all types of anxiety disorders,anxiety is the main symptom
  10. 10. Types Of Anxiety Disorders Four major types of anxiety disorders1. Generalized anxiety or panic disorders2. Phobias3. Obsessive-compulsive disorders4. Post traumatic stress disorder
  11. 11. Phobias A fear of a specific stimulus or situation The sufferer of a phobia usually knows that the fear is irrational but cannot do anything about it
  12. 12. Types Of Phobias Phobia has three sub-classes:1. Simple Phobia2. Social Phobia3. Agoraphobia
  13. 13. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders An obsession is the persistent intrusion of unwelcome thoughts, images, or impulses, that cause anxiety A compulsion is an irresistible urge to carry out certain acts or rituals that reduce anxiety Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder Know that their behavior is irrational but are unable to resist Resistance only causes them to become anxious and only the carrying out of the act will relieve that anxiety
  14. 14. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Caused by a traumatic event that overwhelms a person Ruins their ability to cope with a situation Can cause flashbacks, nightmares, insomnia, and guilt. Extremely long lasting
  16. 16. MOOD DISORDERS Disturbances of normal mood Also known as affective disorders
  17. 17. Types Of Mood Disorders Two general classifications for mood disorders1. Bipolar Disorders (manic-depression) Swings from depression (extreme sadness) to mania (extreme happiness)2. Depressive Disorders Extended, unexplainable periods of sadness
  18. 18. Personality Disorders
  19. 19. Personality Disorders A person with a personality disorder Uses improper and immature ways to deal with problems or situations Does not feel like they are doing anything wrong Thus do not want to change their behavior
  20. 20. Schizophrenia
  21. 21.  Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of thought processes and of emotional responsiveness. The psychiatrist Kurt Schneider listed the forms of psychotic symptoms that he thought distinguished schizophrenia from other psychotic disorders.
  22. 22. Schizophrenia patient may experience hallucinations Delusions (often bizarre or persecutory in nature) This is divided into two sub-categories1. Persecutory delusions2. Delusions of reference3. Positive and negative symptoms
  23. 23.  Causes Genetic and environmental factors play a role schizophrenia. Genetic There are more chances if disease was present in ancestors. Environment drug use , Living in an urban environment
  24. 24. social isolation and immigration relatedto social adversity, racial discrimination,family dysfunction, unemployment, andpoor housing conditions
  25. 25. Delusional Disorder
  26. 26.  Uncommon psychiatric condition in which patients present with circumscribed symptoms of non-bizarre delusions Believes that he is the greatest, strongest, fastest, most intelligent person ever
  27. 27. Symptoms Patient expresses an idea or belief with unusual persistence The individual tends to be humorless and oversensitive, especially about the belief
  28. 28. Substance-Use Disorder
  29. 29. Substance Use Disorder Include substance abuse and substance dependence It refers to the overindulgence in and dependence of a drug or other chemical The disorder is characterized by a pattern of continued pathological use of a medication, non- medically indicated drug or toxin
  30. 30. CausesAdverse social consequences related to drug use, such as Failure to meet work Family School obligations Interpersonal conflicts, or legal problems
  31. 31. Dissociative Disorders Also called group of disorder Characterized by a disruption in the normal functioning of consciousness, identity, memory, or the world around me Can be acute or chronic
  32. 32. CausesDrugsbroad line personality disorderAlcohol abusesexual abuseTypesDissociative fugueDissociative amnesiaDepersonalization disorders
  33. 33. Impulse Control Disorder High firm emotionTypes: Pathological gambling Sexual complexity Kleptomania Trichotillomania Intermittent explosion disorder
  34. 34. CausesDisturbance in neuro-trasmissionBad childhood experiencesFrustration
  35. 35. How Do Psychologists View Suicide? In the psychological sciences, most suicidologists admit degrees of suicide are based on individuals beliefs, strength of intentions, and attitudes
  36. 36. How People Have Explained Abnormal Behavior? The legal definition of abnormality declares a person insane when a person is not able to judge between right and wrong