Sustainable Consumption and Production Policy and Waste Management: Case of Thailand


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Sustainable Consumption and Production Policy and Waste Management: Case of Thailand by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alice Sharp Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology Thammasat University

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Sustainable Consumption and Production Policy and Waste Management: Case of Thailand

  1. 1. Sustainable Consumption and ProductionPolicy and Waste Management: Case ofThailandAssoc. Prof. Dr.Alice SharpSirindhorn International Institute of TechnologyThammasat
  2. 2. Waste generation and wastemanagement6,636SAOs*17,369 T/dBangkok8,780 T/d1,277 Municipalities14,915 T/d(2008)41,064 T/d*SAOs = Sub-District Administrative Organizations2
  3. 3. 15.03 MillionTonsGenerated 100%3.3 MillionTonsActual Recycled 22%From recovery activities:Garbage Banks,Municipal Collectors,junk shopsRecyclablePotential 80%12.63 millionTonsImproperDisposed 63%Open DumpSitesOpen BurningCollected 84%12.02 MillionTonsSanitaryDisposed 37% 98 Operated Sites* 93 Landfills* 2 Incinerators* 3 Integrated SW22 UnderconstructionSituation of Solid Waste Management inThailand3Source : Pollution Control Department
  4. 4. Waste UtilizationMillion TonWaste utilizationWaste GenerationCompost/Biogas15%Recyclablematerials82%Electricity/renewable energygeneration 3%Waste Utilization4Source : Pollution Control Department
  5. 5. Sustainable Consumption and Productionand Solid WasteNaturalResourcesProductionConsumptionWasteGenerationWasteManagement4
  6. 6. National Waste Management PolicyInternal factors• social & economic development• Government policy• Awareness in resource andenergy conservation• pollution situationExternal factors• international agreement• trade and environment• international standard• Global environmentalissuesNational WasteManagement PolicyParticipation ofstakeholdersIntegratedtechnologyClusteringPromoting3Rs6
  7. 7. Policy Frameworks1 Applying 3Rs for achieving waste reduction &utilization;2 Promoting the integrated waste managementsystem to reduce the landfill areas, increase wasteutilization, and generate the renewable energy;3 Encouraging the cooperation of adjacent LocalGovernments for establishment of wastemanagement facility;4 Endorsing public and private sectors to participate inwaste management project.7
  8. 8. Applying 3Rs for achieving wastereduction & utilization8 Green Design Product Labeling Green procurement
  9. 9. Phitsanulok – Waste Management Initiatives
  10. 10. RDFPower GeneratorMSWOrganic WastesAnaerobicDigestion Tank #1AnaerobicDigestion Tank #2SludgedryerReusable waterWastewater treatment (Aerated largoon)Composting system CompostWater SeparatorManual sorterMetal sorterSmall size organic wasteLight weight (Plastics)BiogasLandfill (sand/gravel)Landfill (sand/gravel)MetalMechanical sorterBag OpenerHomogenizerRecyclableNakhon Ratchasima - Waste Treatment System180 T/d50 T/d8 T/d21 T/d800 kWGasification หรือ เตาเผาผลิตพลังงาน10
  11. 11. Alternative Energy Development Plan 10 YearDevelopmentTowardsLow Carbon SocietyR&D BudgetInvestment fromprivate sectorSolar Wind Bio-energy Bio-FuelWasteNew forms of EnergyHydro powerTarget for renewable energy = 25% in 2021BarrelRenewable energyin 2011 = 8.98%11
  12. 12. Waste>100 T/d 25 municipalities(100-170=20 muni. 200-300 =5 muni. )Total 3,791 T/dWaste 50-100 T/d37 municipalitiesTotal 2,488 T/dWaste 10-50 T/d177 municipalitiesTotal 3,794 T/dWaste 5-10 T/d267 municipalitiesTotal 1,839 T/dWaste<5 T/d639 municipalitiesTotal 1,692 T/dWaste Quantity35 MW75 MW25 MW25 MW160 MW from waste12
  13. 13. Keys to success Technical and financial support Maximized source separation and recycle Good management and properincentives Proper regulations and guidelines Private endorsement
  14. 14. Thank