Mca Aboriginal Lands And Resource Management Forum Negotiating Equitable Ib As

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Mca Aboriginal Lands And Resource Management Forum Negotiating Equitable Ib As

  1. 1. IBA NEGOTIATIONS: EQUITABLE LEGAL CERTAINTY FOR ABORIGINAL PEOPLES? Merle Alexander Kitasoo Xai’xais, Heiltsuk-Tsimshian Co-Leader and Partner, First Nations Practice Group January 31, 2012 Aboriginal Lands and Resource Management Forum Vancouver, BC
  2. 2. <ul><li>What do FNs want from IBAs? </li></ul><ul><li>How can FNs ensure equity? </li></ul><ul><li>TOP 5 Equity-Based Tips </li></ul><ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Closing Remarks </li></ul>
  3. 3. What do FNs want from IBAs? <ul><li>Equitable role in the economy </li></ul><ul><li>Respect for our culture and TK </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental compliance that sets standards </li></ul><ul><li>Prosperous and sustained livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits that leave a legacy </li></ul><ul><li>Investment equal to extracted resources </li></ul><ul><li>Fairness stands the test of time </li></ul>
  4. 4. HOW FNS ENSURE EQUITY? <ul><li>Cooperate among ourselves </li></ul><ul><li>Share information </li></ul><ul><li>Determine Crown ’s role </li></ul><ul><li>Foster a resolution -innovative table </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise due diligence on Proponent </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage and deliver legal certainty </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>TOP FIVE </li></ul><ul><li>EQUITY-BASED TIPS </li></ul><ul><li>FOR IBA NEGOTIATIONS </li></ul>
  6. 6. DO TEMPLATE AGREEMENTS PROVIDE EQUITY? <ul><li>Yes – Hold the pen - it empowers </li></ul><ul><li>Tailor template to reflect FN values </li></ul><ul><li>Build fairness in phased negotiation process </li></ul><ul><li>Create value in pre-approved wording </li></ul><ul><li>Customize your suite of templates </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise due diligence on Proponent </li></ul><ul><li>Share with other FNs </li></ul>
  7. 7. ARE NEGOTIATIONS WITH PREJUDICE? <ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Keep consultation records </li></ul><ul><li>Manage interactions with Proponent/Crown </li></ul><ul><li>Be aware of “First Nation agrees that this Agreement fulfils the duty to consult and accommodate” language </li></ul><ul><li>Think qualified or conditional support </li></ul>
  8. 8. CAN BENEFITS PROVIDE EQUITY? <ul><li>Yes </li></ul><ul><li>Your TK study equal to baseline studies </li></ul><ul><li>Think transferable education and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Consider ownership of infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Create workable preferential bidding process </li></ul><ul><li>Establish committees that maintain PIC </li></ul><ul><li>Consider financial equity participation </li></ul>
  9. 9. CAN WE NEGOTIATE CONSENT? <ul><li>Yes – everything is negotiable </li></ul><ul><li>Set your conditions and terms for consent </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you are informed at all times </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid commitments against citizens’ freedoms </li></ul><ul><li>Do not consent at early phases of the Project </li></ul><ul><li>Implement committees to maintain consent </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure you can withdraw consent </li></ul>
  10. 10. CAN $ ACHIEVE EQUITY? <ul><li>Yes and no </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid single solution – lump sum payment </li></ul><ul><li>Do not accept – revenue sharing fulfills all accommodation </li></ul><ul><li>Consider all options. </li></ul><ul><li>Tie benefits to successful milestones </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise due diligence to maximize options </li></ul><ul><li>Be innovative and creative </li></ul>
  11. 11. QUESTIONS?
  12. 12. CLOSING REMARKS <ul><li>How do IBAs transform the law? </li></ul><ul><li>Translate constitutional rights into dynamic and concrete benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Revitalize rights to sustainable prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver certainty to the BC economy </li></ul><ul><li>Create legacies for their beneficiaries </li></ul>

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