Oracle inventory-latest

21,231 views

Published on

Oracle SCM

Published in: Career, Technology, Business
2 Comments
24 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
21,231
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
59
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2,347
Comments
2
Likes
24
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Oracle inventory-latest

  1. 1. Oracle Applications 11i Training On Oracle Inventory
  2. 2. Agenda  Introduction to Oracle inventory management  Inventory Enterprise Structure  Inventory Setup  Creating and Maintaining Items  Inventory Controls  Inventory Transactions  Inventory Accuracy Control  Inventory Planning2C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  3. 3. Introduction to Oracleinventory management What is Inventory? Stocking ,tracking and maintaining the level of different items like Raw material, Finished Goods, etc in an organization.3C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  4. 4. Introduction to Oracle inventory management Oracle Inventory enables users to satisfy a company’s business needs, area such as:  Defining part numbers  Modeling organization structures  Tracking perpetual inventory  Maintaining accurate on-hand balances  Planning material replenishments  Forecasting anticipated demand4C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  5. 5. Inventory Integration with other modules Oracle WIP Oracle Flow Manufacturing Oracle Oracle Cost Project Management Manufacturing Oracle External Purchasing Systems Oracle Inventory Oracle Order Management Oracle Master Oracle Scheduling/MRP Engineering Oracle Bills Oracle of Material Shipping5C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  6. 6. Inventory Integration with finance modules External Systems Oracle Oracle Payables General Ledger Oracle Inventory Oracle Oracle Receivables Assets6C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  7. 7. Introduction to Oracle inventory management7C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  8. 8. Introduction to Oracle inventorymanagement Item  Item An item is a part or service that are purchased, sold, planned, manufactured, stocked, distributed, or prototyped .  Item Statuses and Attributes Status attributes are item attributes that enable key functionality for each item. An item status is defined by selecting the value check boxes for the status attributes. Both status attributes and item status can be controlled at the item level or organization levels.8C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  9. 9. Introduction to Oracle inventorymanagement  Unit of Measure  A unit of measure (UOM) is a term used along with a numeric value, to specify the quantity of an item. For example, “each” is a unit of measure that used to specify the number of units of an item.  A unit of measure class is a group of units of measure with similar characteristics. For example, “weight” can be a unit of measure class with units of measure such as kilogram, gram, pound, and ounce.  A unit of measure conversion is a mathematical relationship between two different units of measure.9C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  10. 10. Introduction to Oracle inventory management UOM Class = Weight UOM Conversion UOM Base UOM 1 kg = 2.208 X lbs lbs Yes kg No 1 g = 0.002208 X lbs g No UOM Interclass Conversion Destination Destination Source Source Item Base UOM UOM Class Conversion Base UOM UOM Class Keyboard lbs Weight 2 Each Quantity 2 Each = 1 lb10 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  11. 11. Introduction to Oracle inventorymanagement Organization Calendar  workday calendar must be defined in Inventory if the following are to be performed : inventory forecasting ,reorder-point planning, available-to- promise analysis or cycle counting.  Inventory automatically generates a workday pattern (the base calendar) that includes all days, including non- workdays, between the start and end dates specified.  workday exceptions can be assigned to the base calendar to denote holidays, schedule maintenance, or overtime.11 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  12. 12. Introduction to Oracle inventory management Categories and Category Sets  Categories are logical groupings of items that have similar characteristics.  A category set is a distinct category grouping scheme and consists of categories.12 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  13. 13. Introduction to Oracle inventory management Category Grouping Inventory Purchasing Craig Category Category Set Category Set Set Finished Good Hardware PC Other Subassembly Software13 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  14. 14. Introduction to Oracle inventory management Inventory Controls  With Oracle Inventory locator, revision, lot, and serial number control can be implemented.  Any combination of the four controls (locator, revision, lot, and serial number) can be implemented for each item. Inventory controls are optional for all items.  User can choose to implement inventory controls for specific items.14 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  15. 15. Introduction to Oracle inventory management15 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  16. 16. Introduction to Oracle inventory management Inventory Transactions Transaction  A transaction is an item movement into, within, or out of inventory. A transaction changes the quantity, location, or cost of an item. Inventory supports a number of predefined and user-defined transaction types.  Every material movement has a corresponding set of accounting transactions that Oracle Inventory automatically generates.  All transactions validate the various controls (revision, locator, lot number, and serial number) enabled for items.16 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  17. 17. Introduction to Oracle inventory management Material Flow Business Flow Receive Goods WIP Purchasing Move Goods Inventory Ship Goods MRP Order Entry17 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  18. 18. Agenda  Introduction to Oracle inventory management  Inventory Enterprise Structure  Inventory Setup  Creating and Maintaining Items  Inventory Controls  Inventory Transactions  Inventory Accuracy Control  Inventory Planning18 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  19. 19. Inventory Enterprise StructureInventory Enterprise Structure The Oracle Applications organization models define organizations and the relationships among them in arbitrarily complex enterprises. This organization model serves as the cornerstone for all of the Oracle Applications products. It dictates how transactions flow through different organizations and how those organizations interact with each other.19 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  20. 20. Inventory Enterprise StructureOrganization Structure BG Set of Books LE LE LE LE OU OU OU OU OU OU IO IO IO IO IO IO IO IO IO IO IO IO20 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  21. 21. Inventory Enterprise Structure Multi-org  Multi-Org is a key component that provides secure access to the different organizations of the enterprise supports multiple organizations of the enterprise structure in a single database.  Operating Unit is the primary organization unit through which user secures transaction data, but also creates processes and reports on financial applications data. An Operating Unit can be used to model an autonomous business unit that performs one or more business activities and creates transactions with financial impact.21 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  22. 22. Inventory Enterprise Structure Business Group Business Group This is an Organization that represents the consolidated enterprise, a major division, or Set of Books an operation company and has no accounting impact. The Business Group partitions Human Legal Entity Resources information and the Purchasing Approval Hierarchy. If you request a list of OU employees (in any module) you will see only those employees in the Business Group of which your Operating Unit is a part. Multiple Legal Inventory Organization Entities can relate to a single Business Group.22 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  23. 23. Inventory Enterprise Structure Set of Books  Set of Books is the financial reporting Business Group entity that secures financial entries and Set of Books account balances within the GL application. SOB will be based on 3C’s (Currency, Legal Entity Calendar, Chart of Accounts)  A Set of Books is the highest level that OU impacts accounting. A Set of Books is associated with a single Business Group, Inventory Organization but multiple Sets of Books may be associated with a single Business Group23 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  24. 24. Inventory Enterprise Structure GRE/Legal Entity Business Group  The Legal Entity represents a legal company for which the user prepares Set of Books fiscal or tax reports. Legal Entity  Legal Entities are associated with a Set of Books. One or more Legal Entities OU may be associated with a single Set of Books, and multiple Legal Entities may Inventory be associated with a single Business Organization Group.24 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  25. 25. Inventory Enterprise Structure Operating Unit – An operating unit represents an organization that uses Business Group any Oracle subledger application, for example, Order Management, Payables. It may be a sales office, a Set of Books division, or a department. An operating unit is associated with a legal entity. Information is secured by operating unit for these applications. Each user sees information Legal Entity only for their operating unit. Inventory Organizations OU – An inventory organization is a facility in your enterprise where you store and transact your inventory items. The Inventory items in an inventory organization can be in the form of Organization raw materials, semi-finished goods, or finished goods for varying periods of time. – Inventory Organizations belong to an Operating Unit.25 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  26. 26. Inventory Organization Structure26 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  27. 27. Inventory Enterprise Structure Inventory Organization Structure Organization Subinventories Locators27 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  28. 28. Inventory Enterprise Structure Inventory Enterprise Structure  Organizations – An inventory organization is a facility in your enterprise where you store and transact your inventory items. The items in an inventory organization can be in the form of raw materials, semi- finished goods, or finished goods for varying periods of time. – A physical entity such as a manufacturing facility, warehouse, distribution center, or a branch office. – A logical entity such as an item master organization, which you can use just to define items but no transactions. The item master organization is discussed in detail in the lesson titled “Defining and Maintaining Items Fundamentals.28 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  29. 29. Inventory Enterprise Structure – Subinventory Subinventories are unique physical or logical separations of material inventory, such as raw material inventory, finished goods inventory, or defective goods inventory. In Oracle Inventory, all material within an organization is held in a subinventory. Therefore, you must define at least one subinventory. – Locator You use locators to identify physical areas where you store inventory items. Item quantities can be tracked by locator. Items can also be restricted to specific locators29 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  30. 30. Review Question What are the 3 C’s in Set of Books?  Currency  Calendar  Chart of Account30 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  31. 31. Agenda  Introduction to Oracle inventory management  Inventory Enterprise Structure  Inventory Setup  Creating and Maintaining Items  Inventory Controls  Inventory Transactions  Inventory Accuracy Control  Inventory Planning31 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  32. 32. Inventory Setup Required Setup Steps Step Activity Level * 1 Define Item Flexfield Global 2 Define Item Categories Flexfield Global 3 Define Item Catalog Group Flexfield Global 4 Define Stock Locators Flexfield Global 5 Define Account Aliases Flexfield Global 6 Define Sales Orders Flexfield Global 7 Define Organizations Organization * Defined Once Globally or for each organization32 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  33. 33. Inventory Setup Required Setup Steps Step Activity Level * 8 Organization access Organization 9 Defining Intercompany Relations Global 10 Define Unit of Measure Classes Global 11 Define Subinventories Organization 12 Define Item Attribute Controls Global 13 Define Categories Either Level 14 Define Category Sets Either Level * Defined Once Globally or for each organization33 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  34. 34. Inventory Setup Required Setup Steps Step Activity Level * 15 Define Default Category Sets Global 16 Define Statuses Global 17 Define Cost Types Global 18 Define Accounting Periods Global 19 Set Profile Options Global * Defined Once Globally or for each organization34 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  35. 35. Inventory Setup Flexfield Definitions * Refer System Administrator & AOL training for Flexfield set up Flexfield Name Table Name Comment1 Account Aliases MTL_GENERIC_DISPOSITIONS It supports just one structure2 Item Catalogs MTL_ITEM_CATALOG_GROUPS It supports only one structure3 Item Categories MTL_CATEGORIES This should be defined before defining items. There Can be multiple structures per instance4 Sales Orders MTL_SALES_ORDERS Defined as Order Number, Order Type, and Order Source to make each transaction unique. It’s defined before placing demand /reservations5 Stock Locators MTL_ITEM_LOCATIONS Used to capture more information about stock locators and items6 System Items (Items MTL_SYSTEM_ITEMS This should be configured before Flexfield) defining items. OE: Item Flexfield profile option should be set to specify the Item Flexfield structure that will be used for Oracle applications.35 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  36. 36. Inventory Setup Profile Options • Oracle Inventory users use the Personal Profile Values window to set profile values only at the user level. • System administrators use the System Profile Values window to set profile values at the site, application, responsibility, and user levels. • Required profiles have no default; they require input from a user or an administrator. Optional profiles have defaults which may be accepted or manually overridden.36 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  37. 37. Inventory Setup These profiles are updateable at all levels: Profile Option Req’d Default INV: Allow Expense to Asset Transaction No Yes INV: Default Item Status No Active INV: Default Primary Unit of Measure No Each INV: Dynamic Precision Option No -9,999,999.00 INV: Inter-Organization Currency Conv No Corporate INV: Item Master Flexfield Yes No Default INV: MinMax Reorder Approval No Approved37 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  38. 38. Inventory Setup These profiles are updateable at all levels: Profile Option Req’d Default INV: Proj Misc Trans Expenditure Type INV: No User Entered RC Line Failure Continue No Processing INV: Requisition Approval No Approved INV: Save Search Items No No INV: Updateable Customer Item No No INV: Updateable Item Name No No TP:INV: Cycle Count Approvals Form Concurrent No Processing38 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  39. 39. Inventory Setup These profiles are updateable at all levels: Profile Option Req’d Default Concurrent TP:INV: Cycle Count Entries Form No Processing Concurrent TP:INV: Enter Replenishment Count Form No Processing Online TP:INV: Inter-Organization Transfer Form No Processing Online TP:INV: Misc Issue and Receipt Form No Processing Immediate Con- TP:INV: Transaction Processing Mode No current Processing Online TP:INV: Transfer Between SubInv Form No Processing Online TP:INV: Update Average Cost Form No Processing39 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  40. 40. Inventory Setup These profiles are updateable at all levels: Profile Option Req’d Default Concurrent TP:INV: Server Side Online Processing No Processing INV: CCEOI Commit Point Yes No Default INV: Override Negative Qty for Backflush No No Online INV: Order Transact Form No Processing INV: Purchasing by Revision No Yes INV: Debug Trace Yes No Default INV: Debug File (Include complete path) Yes No Default40 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  41. 41. Inventory Setup These profiles are updateable at all levels: Profile Option Req’d Default INV: FIFO for Original Receipt Date No No INV: Debug Level Yes No Default INV: Detail Serial Numbers No No41 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  42. 42. Inventory Setup These profiles are updateable only at the Site level: Profile Option Req’d Default INV: Accounting Category Set Yes No Default INV: Capable to Promise Yes No Default INV: External ATP Yes No Default INV: Use Catalog Name in Item Desc. No No INV: Minimum Number of Quantity Trees No 500 INV: CCEOI Workers Yes No Default INV: Detect Truncation on UOM Conversn Yes No Default42 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  43. 43. Inventory Setup Organization Setup  Before using Oracle Inventory, one or more organizations need to be defined. Organizations represent distinct entities in a company and can include separate manufacturing facilities, warehouses, distribution centers, and branch offices.  Organizations can be classified and connected to model the overall enterprise structure. The classifications include: - Business Groups - Legal Entities (LE) / Government Reporting Entities (GRE) - Operating Units - Inventory Organizations43 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  44. 44. Inventory Setup Organization Setup  (N)> Inventory>Setup>Organizations>Locations Flagged as global, physical locations of Employees locations are and Organizations. Locations are available to all shared between Inventory, Business Groups Purchasing and Human Resources. Each organization can be associated with only one location. One or more organizations can be associated with the same location44 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  45. 45. Inventory Setup Organization Setup  (N)>setup>Organizations> Organizations organization classification is used to describe the general purpose of organization. Examples are Inventory Org, GRE / Legal Entity, and HR Organization. Inventory Organization classification is used for inventory management. Organization location field links a location to an organization to a location. This is a must for Legal Entity organizations45 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  46. 46. Inventory Setup Organization Setup  (N)>setup>Organizations> Organizations Link Between Organization & Legal entity/Set of Books & Operating Unit.46 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  47. 47. Inventory Setup Using an Item Master Organization Item Master Organization is usually the first Inventory organization that is set up. Its single purpose is for entering items. It has no subinventories and is not used for inventory transactions. Items are entered in an item master organization and then assigned to be used in child organizations. Child Organization is an inventory organization with at least one subinventory that is set up for processing inventory transactions. It is not used to enter items. It gets a list of items from the master.47 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  48. 48. Inventory Setup48 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  49. 49. Inventory Setup Organization Setup  (N)>setup>Organizations> Parameters This must be the first organization to be defined as this is a required field in parameters. Later it can be changed. There For forecasting, planning, available- can be any number of Item masters in an to-promise analysis, or cycle instance but it is advised that there is only counting, workday calendar must be one item master unless absolutely defined. This calendar is entered in necessary. the parameters screen in order to be Item master can be common across used by the above functions. When operating units, legal entity & SOB. It can defining a calendar system assumes be optionally common across business a workday pattern that includes all groups also. It is also advised that there are days, between the start and end no transactions carried in an item master dates unless specified.49 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  50. 50. Inventory Setup Organization Setup  (N)>setup>Organizations> Parameters Locator control option Decides Whether the inventory determines at which level balance in the organization can the locator is controlled. go below zero. If enabled ,does Options are None, Pre allow the inventory to go below specified, Dynamic & zero. Controlled at subinventory50 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  51. 51. Inventory Setup Organization Setup  (N)>setup>Organizations> Parameters Costing organization determines which is the costing organization for the organization in question. However Determines the costing for an average costing organization method used in the the costing organization is the same organization. Options are organization i.e. the costs cannot be Standard costing, shared. Average costing, FIFO & LIFO Valuation accounts for the organization. Once any transaction takes place in Indicate whether all transactions an organization ,these are posted in detail or summary to accounts cannot be the general ledger. changed in an Average51 costing scenario. C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  52. 52. Inventory Setup Organization Setup  (N)>setup>Organizations> Parameters Enforces unique lot numbers across items, if set. The options are Across items & None option for lot number generation. It can be generated at item level, org level or User defined Can be generated at org level or at item level option for serial number uniqueness. Options are Within organization, Within inventory & items Across organizations52 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  53. 53. Inventory Setup Organization AccessThis setup controls access toorganizations based on the userresponsibility assigned to a user bythe system administrator. Ifimplemented for one userresponsibility, it is then required forall other user responsibilitiesaccessing the same organization.53 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  54. 54. Inventory Setup Organization Setup Inventory Organizations are made up of one or more subinventories which can be made up of one or more locators Organization Subinventory Locator54 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  55. 55. Inventory Setup Subinventory set up A subinventory is a physical or logical grouping of inventory, such as raw material, finished goods, defective material, or a freezer compartment. The subinventory is the primary place where items are physically stocked. A subinventory must be specified for every inventory transaction Subinventories can be further divided into areas designated as locators.55 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  56. 56. Inventory Setup Subinventory set up (N) INV> Setup>Organizations>Subinventories Indicates whether to include items in this subinventory in Indicates whether each ATP calculations. transaction for this subinventory updates the quantity on hand for the subinventory Indicates whether to maintain Indicates whether to the value of this subinventory include this subinventory on the balance sheet while performing available to reserve calculations.56 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  57. 57. Inventory Setup Subinventory set up (N) INV> Setup>Organizations>Subinventories Can only be selected if locator control is set as Determined at subinventory level in the Organization Parameters window indicates the priority with which items Indicate whether the planning are picked from this subinventory, process uses the on–hand relative to another subinventory, balance of these subinventory items as where a given item resides. available inventory57 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  58. 58. Inventory Setup Subinventory set up (N) INV> Setup>Organizations>Subinventories These valuation accounts are used in a standard costing scenario. For average costing org, system picks up the accounts from org level58 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  59. 59. Inventory Setup Workday Calendar Workday calendar can be defined both in Inventory and Bills of Material. It defines which days are “ON” within an organization and which shifts are available to be worked. The workday calendar is the Oracle term for a manufacturing calendar. The workday calendar is separate from the Oracle General Ledger calendar. Each organization references a workday calendar.59 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  60. 60. Inventory Setup Workday Calendar (N) INV> Setup>Organizations>Calendar workday calendar consists of a start date, and end date, and on and off days that follow one or more defined workday patterns. A workday calendar can also include shift information and exception dates, such as holidays/scheduled down time. Workday exceptions identify deviations to the workday calendar. Shift exceptions identify deviations for a shift. Attention: Shift exceptions take precedence Note: Before using a calendar it must over workday exceptions. be built using tools>build option60 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  61. 61. Inventory Setup Units of MeasureUnits of measure (UOM) are defined for tracking/moving/storing& counting items. Each item defined in Inventory must have aprimary UOM. Each transaction performed in Inventory must havea UOM associated with the transaction quantity and a conversiondefined back to the primary UOM.Multiple related UOMs are grouped together in a class with abase unit of measure Inventory uses the base UOM to performconversions between units of measure in each class and betweentwo different unit of measure classes.61 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  62. 62. Inventory Setup Units of Measure Perform the following steps to define multiple UOMs and set up conversions: Define one base UOM Define UOM classes for each UOM class Define multiple non base UOMs for each class Define intraclass conversions Define interclass conversions62 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  63. 63. Inventory Setup Units of Measure Classes (N) Inventory>Setup>Units of Measure>Classes63 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  64. 64. Inventory Setup Units of Measure (UOM) (N) Inventory>Setup>Units of Measure>Units of Measure A unit of measure (UOM) is a term used along with a numeric value, to specify the quantity of an item. For example, “each” is a unit of measure used to specify the number of units of an item.64 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  65. 65. Inventory Setup Units of Measure Conversions (N) Inventory>Setup>Units of Measure>Conversions If items are transacted in UOM belonging to classes other than theirunit of measure conversion primary UOM class, conversions between the base units ofis a mathematical measure in different UOM classes mustrelationship between two be defineddifferent units of measure.For example, 10 Kilograms= 1 Each, or 2.2 pounds = 1kilogram.65 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  66. 66. Agenda  Introduction to Oracle inventory management  Inventory Enterprise Structure  Inventory Setup  Creating and Maintaining Items  Inventory Controls  Inventory Transactions  Inventory Accuracy Control  Inventory Planning66 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  67. 67. Creating and Maintaining Items Setting up item Definition 1 Choose Item Attribute Control Levels 2 Define Status Define Create Define Define Categories Templates Catalogs Control UOMs and Levels Category Define Sets Statuses 3 Define Items67 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  68. 68. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Attributes Item attributes are fields in the item table used to store specific characteristics of an item, such as item status, unit of measure, revision control, etc.. These can be controlled at either the master or the organization level. Attributes Controlled at the Master Level An item has the same value for such attributes in all organizations in which it is defined. Master-level attributes can be only updated by using the Master Item window.  Inventory reflects your changes in all organizations that carry the item.68 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  69. 69. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Attributes Attributes Controlled at the Organization Level An item may have different values for such attributes in each organization in which it is defined. When defining items in the item master, defaults for organization-level attributes can be specified. Values of organization-level attributes can be updated only by using the Organization Item form in each organization that carries the item.69 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  70. 70. Creating and Maintaining ItemsItem Attributes (N) Inventory>Setup>Items >Attribute Controls Control level can be determined using this field70 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  71. 71. Creating and Maintaining ItemsStatus Attributes Each status attributeis dependent on at least oneother attribute. For exampleStockable attribute cannot beset to yes if Inventory Itemattribute is set to No. Defaults Value: Value of this attribute defaults when assigning the status to an item. Can be changed. Not Used: Use neither default nor status control. Sets Value: Value of this attribute defaults when assigning the status to an item. Once assigned the default cannot be changed.71 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  72. 72. Creating and Maintaining Items Status Attributes and Functionality Status Attribute Functional Area Functionality Allows to store the item in Stockable Inventory an asset subinventory Inventory, Order Allows to transact the Transactable Management, item Inventory, OM, PO Purchasing, WIP and WIP Purchasable Purchasing Allows to place the item on a purchase order Allows to build the item Build in WIP Work in Process on a discrete job and/or a repetitive schedule72 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  73. 73. Creating and Maintaining Items Status Attributes and Functionality Status Attribute Functional Area Functionality Allows to place the Customer Orders Order Management item on a sales order Enabled Internal Orders Inventory, Order Allows to create an Enabled Management, internal sales order for Purchasing the item BOM Allowed Allows to create a bill Bills of Material of material for the item Allows to create an Invoice Enabled Receivables invoice for the item73 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  74. 74. Creating and Maintaining Items Item StatusWhen defining an item, status must be given by using the ItemStatus attribute. The Item Status attribute has a user defined setof yes/no values for the status attributes. The values are appliedto the status attributes when an item status code is chosen whendefining an item.For example, in the beginning of a product development cycleItem Status attribute is set to Prototype with all of the statusattributes defaulted to yes except for Customer Orders Enabled.When the item is ready the Item Status attribute is set to Active toallow all functions for the item.74 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  75. 75. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Status (N) Inventory>Setup>Items>Status Codes75 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  76. 76. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Attributes Status Control An unlimited number of status codes can be defined by the user. One or more of these status codes can be assigned to an Item for implementation on a future date. The status codes then automatically change on their user specified effectivity dates.76 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  77. 77. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Templates Templates are defined sets of attributes that can be used over and over to create many similar items. Templates make initial item definition easier and more consistent. Templates can be applied at any time after the item is created. Multiple templates can be applied to a single item. Templates can hold a complete set of attributes or a partial set. If a partial set, then only values stored in the template overwrite those on the item77 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  78. 78. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Templates Users can define their own templates or predefined templates include: ATO Model ATO Item Kit PTO Model Phantom Item Purchased Subassembly Freight ATO Option Class Finished Good Outside Processing Item PTO Option Class Planning Item Reference Item Supply Item Product Family78 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  79. 79. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Templates (N) Inventory>Setup>Items>Templates79 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  80. 80. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Categories A category is a logical classification of items that have similar characteristics. A category set is a distinct grouping scheme and consists of multiple categories. Some application modules, Inventory , for example require that all items are assigned to a category. The user specifies a default category for this purpose in each of these modules. Categories and category sets are used to group items for various reports and programs.80 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  81. 81. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Categories - Setup Define the Flexfield structures for the item categories Flexfield. Define categories. Define category sets and assign the categories to the sets. Each set can use a different Flexfield definition if required. Assign default category sets to each functional area, like Purchasing, Planning and Inventory Assign items to categories. An item can be assigned to only one category within a set.81 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  82. 82. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Categories - Define Categories (N) Inventory>Setup>items>Categories>Category Codes82 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  83. 83. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Categories - Define Category sets (N) Inventory>Setup>items>Categories>Category sets This option should only be enabled for user defined category sets. Functional category sets cannot have Category is assigned to category same item with multiple set from here. categories within itself.83 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  84. 84. Creating and Maintaining Items Item Categories - Assign items to Categories(N) Inventory>Setup>items>Categories>Category sets>Assign84 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  85. 85. Creating and Maintaining ItemsDefining ItemsWith the Master Item window, items and the attributesassociated with them (such as description, unit of measure orlot control) can be defined and updated.Much of the information for an item is optional. Only theinformation needed to maintain the item are defined.An item cannot be defined at the Organizational level.Oracle will automatically switch to the Master Item windowwhen defining a new item.85 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  86. 86. Creating and Maintaining ItemsDefining ItemsAn item is a part or service that is purchased, sold, planned,manufactured, stocked, distributed, or prototyped. Thefollowing Modules use items: Inventory Purchasing Attributes Attributes Service Order Management Attributes Attributes Work in Process Bills of Material Attributes Attributes Receiving Items Costing Attributes Attributes Lead Time MRP/MPS Attributes Attributes Planning Invoicing Attributes Attributes86 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  87. 87. Creating and Maintaining ItemsSteps to Setup, Define and Maintain items 1 Copy templates Copy items Enter attribute values Enable in child organizations Update organization level attributes Define item costs87 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  88. 88. Creating and Maintaining ItemsMaster Item vs. Organizational ItemWhether an item attribute is defined/maintained at the Masterlevel or the Organization level can be designated.Attributes at the Master level are the same across allorganizations that the item is assigned to.If an attribute is maintained at the Organization level, it can havedifferent values in each organization the item is assigned.Some attributes can be maintained at only the Master level or theOrganizational Level. Unit of Measure should be maintained at theMaster level. Min-Max should be maintained at the organizationallevel if multiple organizations are used.88 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  89. 89. Creating and Maintaining ItemsOrganization Assignment and Organization ItemItem can be enabled in all child organizations under masterorganization or child organizations where the item to be used ischosen. Inventory propagates item to all organizations in whichthe item is to be defined.Organizational attributes for item attributes which are enabled inthat organization, can be entered or changed which are enabled inthat organization. For example, go to an organization to choosereorder point planning for an item, and then go to anotherorganization and choose Min-Max planning for the same item.89 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  90. 90. Creating and Maintaining ItemsDefining Items(N) Inventory>Items>Master Items90 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  91. 91. Creating and Maintaining ItemsDefining ItemsOrganization Assignment91 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  92. 92. Creating and Maintaining ItemsDefining Item RelationshipsThe following types of relationships can be defined for items: Item cross-references Substitute items Related items Manufacturer part numbers Customer item numbersRelationships between items can be defined to improvepurchasing management and item searching capabilities.Substitute items can be received in Oracle Purchasing.92 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  93. 93. Creating and Maintaining ItemsDefining Item Relationships(N) Inventory>Items>Item Relationships93 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  94. 94. Creating and Maintaining ItemsCross–reference typesCross–reference types define relationships between itemsand entities such as old item numbers or supplier itemnumbers. For example, a cross–reference type Old can becreated to track the old item numbers , and a cross-referencetype Supplier to track supplier part numbers.multiple cross-reference types can be assigned to a singleitem.94 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  95. 95. Creating and Maintaining ItemsCross–reference types(N) Inventory>Items>Cross References95 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  96. 96. Creating and Maintaining Items Customer Items(N) Inventory>Items>Customer Items>Customer Items Allows the entry of customer part numbers and the customer(s) they are associated with. These items can also be associated with commodity codes and container types96 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  97. 97. Creating and Maintaining ItemsCustomer Item Cross References(N) Inventory>Items>Customer Items>Customer Items Used to define cross references between inventory items and the customer items defined above.97 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  98. 98. Agenda  Introduction to Oracle inventory management  Inventory Enterprise Structure  Inventory Setup  Creating and Maintaining Items  Inventory Controls  Inventory Transactions  Inventory Accuracy Control  Inventory Planning98 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  99. 99. Inventory ControlsOverview With Inventory locator, revision, lot and serial number control can be implemented Flexibility: - Inventory controls are optional for all items. - any combination of the four controls (locator, revision, lot and serial number) for each item can be implemented.99 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  100. 100. Inventory Controls Locator setup Locators are optional structures within subinventories. Locators are the third level in the enterprise structuring scheme of Oracle Inventory . Locators may represent rows, aisles, or bins in warehouses. Items can be received directly into and shipped items directly from locators.100 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  101. 101. Inventory Controls Locator setup (N) INV> Setup>Organizations>Subinventories Indicates the priority for picking items from this locator relative to another Subinventory to locator. which the locator belongs110 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  102. 102. Inventory Controls Revision Control A revision is a particular version of an item, bill of material, or routing. By using the ‘Revision control’ option while defining items item quantities can be tracked by item revision. To do so a revision is a must for each material transaction. Revision control is enabled for items for which version changes or changes that are significant enough to track but are not affecting the function and feature of the item are tracked .  RevisionControl item attribute cannot be changed when an item has quantity on hand.120 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  103. 103. Inventory Controls Revision Control When defining Revision numbers letters, numbers and characters such as A, A1, 2B, etc can be used. Letters are always in upper case and numbers may include decimals. To ensure that revisions sort properly, decimals should always be followed by a number. Revisions are sorted according to ASCII rules. Each revision must be greater than the previous revision. For example, revision 10 cannot be used after revision 9 because, according to ASCII sorting, 10 precedes 9.130 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  104. 104. Inventory Controls Lot Control  Inventory provides complete lot number support for inventory transactions. A lot identifies a specific batch of an item that is received and stored in an organization. Lot control is a technique for enforcing the use of lot numbers during material transactions, thus enabling the tracking of batches of items throughout their movement in and out of inventory. If Lot Control is turned on for an item, the lot number must be indicated to perform a transaction.140 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  105. 105. Inventory Controls Lot Control Lot Control must be turned on at the item level. lot numbers must be assigned whenever items under lot control are received into inventory. An inventory receipt can be split in to several lots, as necessary. Quantities can be added to existing lot numbers. Inventory will generate default lot numbers by using the default lot number generation method which is configured in the Organization Parameters window during setup.150 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  106. 106. Inventory Controls Lot ControlLot can have anexpiration date byassigning a number oflot control shelf life daysor by entering a lotexpiration date.The expiration datecontrols the availabilityof the lot for transactingand planning purposes.160 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  107. 107. Inventory Controls Lot Control An Expired Lot: is not considered as on-hand supply when performing min- max, reorder point or MRP planning calculations. cannot be reserved for a date beyond the expiration date. can be transacted and is included in on-hand quantities. is included in all inquiries and reports. is included in a cycle count and count entry and adjustments are allowed. is included in a physical inventory and tag entry and adjustments are allowed.170 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  108. 108. Inventory Controls Lot ControlDisabled Lots:Disabling a lot only prevents itfrom appearing in a list of valueswhen performing receipttransactions.180 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  109. 109. Inventory Controls Lot ControlA Disabled Lot:is included in available to transact, available to promise andavailable to reserve calculations.is included as on-hand supply when performing min-max,reorder point or MRP planning calculations.is included as on-hand in all inquiries and reports, includinginventory valuation reports.can be transacted with Inventory functions and theTransaction Open Interface.can be reserved.190 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  110. 110. Inventory Controls Serial ControlA serial number is an alphanumeric piece of informationassigned to an individual unit of an item. A serialized unit is acombination of an item number and a serial number.Individual units of items can be tracked by using serialnumbers. Serial number control is a system technique forenforcing the use of serial numbers during a materialtransaction. Serial numbers can be used to track items overwhich a very tight control is to be maintained.One serial number per unit of an item can be assigned101 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  111. 111. Inventory Controls Serial ControlGenerating Serial NumbersDepending on how Serial Number Control is set at the MasterItem level will determine how serial numbers are generated.If No Control is specified as the serial number control type, noserial number control will be enforced.If Predefined is specified as the serial number control type,serial numbers for that item must be predefined.If control At inventory receipt or At sales order issue, optionallyserial numbers for the item can be predefined.111 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  112. 112. Inventory ControlsSerial ControlGenerating Serial NumbersInventory uses the startingserial number prefix and thestarting serial numberspecified in the Item screen .The process of generatingserial numbers is donethrough a concurrent report.This does not assign numbersto units in inventory, it simplyreserves serial numbers for anitem, for later use.121 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  113. 113. Agenda  Introduction to Oracle inventory management  Inventory Enterprise Structure  Inventory Setup  Creating and Maintaining Items  Inventory Controls  Inventory Transactions  Inventory Accuracy Control  Inventory Planning131 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  114. 114. nventory Transactions Overview  Understanding of Transaction Types  Overview of Inventory Transactions  Miscellaneous Transactions  Subinventory Transfer  Inter Organization Transfer  Receipts  Move Orders141 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  115. 115. nventory Transactions A transaction type is the combination of a transaction source type and a transaction action. It is used to classify a particular transaction for reporting and querying purposes. Transaction Transaction Source Type Action Transaction Type151 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  116. 116. nventory Transactions System Defined Transaction Types System defined transaction type codes for different inventory transactions. Each transaction type is linked to source type and action161 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  117. 117. nventory Transactions User Defined Transaction Types Use user defined terminology to define transaction type. The transaction type can be only linked to pre seeded values of source type and action171 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  118. 118. nventory Transactions Types of Inventory Transactions Miscellaneous Transactions- This transaction is used to doadjustments in stock due to damage, obsolescence, issuingitems for R & D or issuing track able expense items. Subinventory Transfer- This transaction is used to transfergoods from one stockroom to another with in the same inventoryorganization. Inter ORG Transfers- This transaction is used to transfergoods from one inventory organization to another.181 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  119. 119. nventory TransactionsTypes of Inventory Transactions  Receiving Transactions- This transaction is used to move goods from receiving dock to specified subinventory and locator.  Sales Issue- This transaction is used to move goods from pick subinventory to staged subinventory.  WIP Issue- This transaction is used to issue materials against production orders.191 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  120. 120. nventory Transactions Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Receipt Issue Subinventory Organization Subinventory Locator Locator Subinventory Subinventory Transfer Transfer Locator Locator Direct Interorganization Interorganization Transfer by Way Transfer of Intransit Organization102 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  121. 121. nventory Transactions Miscellaneous Transactions Select the transaction type Account for passing adjustment If you want to enter transactions transaction line by serial number for serialized item check this box112 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  122. 122. nventory Transactions  Initial loading of item on-hand quantities when you start implementing Oracle Inventory  Scrapping items by issuing them to expense accounts denoting scrap  Issuing items to individuals, departments, or projects  Receiving items that were acquired by assorted means (without purchase orders)  Entering adjustments and corrections to system quantities due to theft, vandalism, loss, shelf-life expiration, or inaccurate record keeping122 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  123. 123. nventory Transactions Miscellaneous Transactions - Transaction Lines Enter the quantity to be adjusted Lot or serial number can be entered if item is a serial controlled or Lot Controlled132 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  124. 124. nventory Transactions Subinventory transfer  Use the Subinventory transfer window to: Transfer material within your current organization between subinventories, or between two locators within the same subinventory142 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  125. 125. nventory Transactions Subinventory Transfer The type can be Subinventory transfer to transfer from one subinventory to another or any of the user defined transaction type for source inventory & action subinventory transfer152 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  126. 126. nventory Transactions Subinventory Transfer Transaction Lines Enter source Enter subinventory destination Enter subinventory Quantity Saving the record will complete the transaction.162 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  127. 127. nventory Transactions Inter Org Transfer • We can perform inter–organization transfers as direct or in transit shipments. Go s od th t h v d p rte fro th a ae e a d m e d p tc is a h , lo d g a in , o s ip in r hpg p in b t h v n t y t a e a th o t u a e o e rriv d t e re e t c ip , o a in fflo d g , o d liv ryp in r e e ot . A oc lle ls a d intra sit n in e to v n ry o s ck r to intra s n it . We can transfer one or more items in a single transaction. We can also transfer partial quantities of the same item to different subinventories and locators in a single transaction. • We can also transfer expense and asset items from one organization to another using in transit inventory172 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  128. 128. nventory Transactions Inter Org Transfer You need to define shipping network before doing inter organization transfer Pune Mumbai Organization Organization Use Intransit Inventory Use Intransit (FOB = Receiving) Inventory (FOB = Shipping) Austin Organization Require Direct Internal Order Transfer Delhi to Ship Pune Organization Organization182 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  129. 129. nventory Transactions Inter Org Transfer Direct Inter–organization Transfers  We can use a direct inter–organization transfer to move inventory directly from a shipping organization to a destination organization.  The validity of a transfer transaction depends on the controls we have defined in both the shipping and destination organizations for the items we want to transfer.192 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  130. 130. nventory Transactions Inter Org Transfer Inter–Organization Transfers via Intransit Inventory We usually transfer material to intransit inventory when transportation time is significant. When we perform the transfer transaction, we do not need to specify the delivery location. We only need to enter the subinventory we are shipping from, a shipment number, the freight information, and, depending on the inter–organization transfer charge that applies between the organizations, a percentage of the transaction value or a discrete amount that Oracle Inventory uses to compute transfer charges.103 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  131. 131. nventory Transactions Inter Org Transfer Shipping Network Check this box if internal order is required Enter FOB as receipt or shipment to identify who owns the inventory after Select Transfer shipment has been made type as Intransit or Direct113 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  132. 132. nventory Transactions Inter Org Transfer Shipping Network There are three options for transfer charge. Predefined % of transaction value. The % is maintained here. The other two options are requested % or requested value. In this case value is mentioned at the time of entering Inter ORG transaction123 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  133. 133. nventory Transactions Inter Org Transfer Shipping Network Enter the accounts for transfer credit and PPV if On these form maintain destination organization uses Inter ORG receivable standard cost and payable account133 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  134. 134. nventory Transactions Inter Org Transfer - In transit Enter Source & Destination Select type as Organization Intransit or Direct shipment Enter the order number143 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  135. 135. nventory Transactions Subinventory in Subinventory in the shipping the receiving organization organization153 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  136. 136. nventory Transactions As transaction type in Inter ORG order was in transit shipment, the inventory is shown in transit after shippingNote: Receiving for Inter ORG orders will be covered as a part of receiving transactions163 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  137. 137. nventory Transactions Receipts Type of Receipt Transactions  Receive both internally and externally sourced shipments  Process unordered receipts  Receive substitute items  Inspect items for quality control and invoice matching needs  Correct transaction errors  Receive returned items into invento  Return delivered items to receiving Note: As part of inventory training only standard receiving transaction will be covered with receipt routing as Direct173 Delivery C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  138. 138. nventory Transactions ReceiptsUse the FindExpected Receiptswindow to:Find sourcedocuments for whichyou can enterreceipts.Use the Supplier andInternal tabbed regionto search forPurchasingdocuments.183 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  139. 139. nventory Transactions Receipts Use the Receipt Header window to enter header information for all types of receipts. Enter packing slip number Enter other information like shipped date, number of containers etc.193 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  140. 140. nventory Transactions Receipts Use the Receipts window to enter receipt line information. As routing is direct receipt, the inventory is delivered on saving the Default transaction Enter the receipt subinventory quantity from PO. It can be overridden104 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  141. 141. nventory Transactions Move Orders Overview Of Move Orders •Move orders are requests for the movement of material within a single organization. • Manage all material requisition and request processes within an organization by manually or automatically creating, approving, and transacting a move order. • Used for movement of material within a warehouse or facility for purposes like replenishment, material storage relocations, and quality handling.114 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  142. 142. nventory Transactions Move Orders Move Order Type Transaction Type Generation & Approval • Account Move Order • Manually Generated Transfer Requisition • Optional Approval • Subinventory Processing Transfer • Automatically • Kanban Replenishment • Generated Min Max Move Orders • • Pre-approved Replenishment • Ready for • Count Transaction Pick Wave Sales Order Pick • Pre approved Move Orders Internal Order • Print Pick Slip Pick124 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  143. 143. nventory Transactions Move Order Process Flow Approve Move order move order Move order locates requisition material sources Pick created Ticket In case of shortage move order can be re-planned Put away Picking Destination Source location location134 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  144. 144. nventory Transactions Move Order Header Default source subinventory for move order Select Transaction Type144 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  145. 145. nventory Transactions Move Order Lines Enter Item and Default transaction for transfer type from header. It Quantity to be can be overridden transferred154 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  146. 146. nventory Transactions Move Order Allocation Press Allocate to generate reservation from source After allocation reservation subinventory to destination can be viewed and updated subinventory manually if required.164 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  147. 147. nventory Transactions Transact Move Orders Print Pick List for Picker Press Transact to move the inventory from source to destination subinventory174 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  148. 148. Agenda  Introduction to Oracle inventory management  Inventory Enterprise Structure  Inventory Setup  Creating and Maintaining Items  Inventory Controls  Inventory Transactions  Inventory Accuracy Control  Inventory Planning184 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  149. 149. nventory Accuracy Control  Cycle Counting Cycle counting is the periodic counting of individual items throughout the year. Count items of higher value more frequently than items of lower value. The differences between the system quantity and counted quantity are adjusted to correct the system quantity and inventory value in the system.  Physical inventory A physical inventory is a periodic reconciliation of system on- hand balances with physical counts in inventory. It is normally done once in a year as a part of financial auditing requirement to verify inventory assets on balance sheet. Production is stopped at the time of carrying out this activity.194 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  150. 150. nventory Accuracy ControlCycle Counting ABC Classification of items Define cycle count header Update cycle-count items Schedule items to count Generate count requests Enter cycle counts Approve cycle counts105 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  151. 151. nventory Accuracy ControlABC Classification ABC Analysis •ABC analysis is a method of determining the relative value of items in your inventory sites. • An ABC analysis involves ranking your items according to a criterion and then grouping items into classes.115 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l
  152. 152. nventory Accuracy ControlABC Classification ABC Analysis Define ABC compilation Define ABC classes Define ABC group Assign items to ABC classes Update class assignments Purge ABC information125 C ma yC n e tia o p n o fid n l

×