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The Continuing Significance of Race:       Insights for the Philanthropic                Community                        ...
Today‟s Conversation    • The continuing significance of race    • Kirwan‟s work       o Stimulus / ARRA: FairRecovery.org...
THE CONTINUING    SIGNIFICANCE OF RACE3
Are we post-racial (yet)?            President Barack Obama             Inauguration Day 2009   4
A Post-Racial Society? No.    • Obama‟s victory does not change the facts:       o Black and Latino children are much more...
History shapes our present & future6
We were separated from each other…        •                                                     Detroit‟s “Wailing Wall”  ...
Opportunity still plays out across space8    • Measures of segregation (i.e.     the “dissimilarity index”) have     nudge...
Segregation leads to disparate (racialized) outcomes                 School                                       Lower   ...
From Redlining       to Reverse        Redlining                        A historical view of                        redlin...
Foreclosure Crisis                                                             •African American borrowers are            ...
Race Matters• Barring the existence of widespread, explicit, individual  racism, what accounts for the differences in the ...
New Sites of Racialization• Structural Racialization: the processes and practices of  inter-institutional arrangements tha...
Why We Need to Talk about Race     • To not talk about race is to talk about race.     • Race plays a critical role in the...
Understand and Communicate our Linked Fates      • Racialized structures and policies have created the        correlation ...
THE WORK OF THE KIRWAN     INSTITUTE16
Kirwan‟s Mission & Vision     • Mission        o Contribute meaningfully to the body of research and          scholarship ...
Transformative Agenda Around Race• Reframing the way we talk about, think about, and act on  race   o Investigating how ex...
Kirwan‟s Perspective: Structural Racialization                  • Structural Racialization                        o Invest...
Opportunity Mapping       Inequality has a geographic                 footprint20
K-12 Education and School Integrationo Illuminating the benefits of school  integrationo Investigating the structural caus...
Working With Communities – Cleveland, OH       Advocating for a regional    Promoting minority            perspective     ...
Other work     • Exploring how implicit bias affects the ways in which       messages are received and processed     • Exa...
Fair Recovery     • Our Recovery Platform        o Recovery fund investments must be marked by full          transparency ...
25
Recovery Program: Challenges & Opportunities• Opportunities   o Massive investment in State‟s and communities   o Neighbor...
When are funds disbursed to communities?                                      ARRA Tota l Projected Spending by Yea r     ...
28
Allocation of ARRA Funds from the GAO29
Toward a Just Economic Recovery     • What are these billions of dollars actually fixing?        o Are we only fixing the ...
Mind the Gap & Fix the Gap     • Reduce the existing disparities between communities of       color both in terms of peopl...
Florida: Equity and Recovery Initiative• Collaborating with the Miami Workers Center and RISEP• Tracking the impact of the...
Funds in Florida                      Federal Contracted Funds to Florida-Based Businesses, by Type                $300.00...
THE ROLE OF PHILANTHROPY34
Ways to Produce Change• How do foundations think about ways in which you  can make change?3 options:  1) Do what‟s “fair” ...
Transformative Change• What can foundations do to produce transformative  change?   o Collaborate and focus your efforts  ...
Opportunities for Philanthropy     • Employ strategic communications regarding race        o Help push national dialogue t...
Opportunities for Philanthropy Related to the Stimulus      • Draw on your experience and research         o Present a cle...
For more information: www.KirwanInstitute.org                                                39
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The Continuing Significance of Race: Insights for the Philanthropic Community

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The Continuing Significance of Race: Insights for the Philanthropic Community

  1. 1. The Continuing Significance of Race: Insights for the Philanthropic Community john a. powell Director, Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and EthnicityWilliams Chair in Civil Rights & Civil Liberties, Moritz College of Law San Francisco Foundation & the Akonadi Foundation October 19, 2009. San Francisco, CA
  2. 2. Today‟s Conversation • The continuing significance of race • Kirwan‟s work o Stimulus / ARRA: FairRecovery.org • The role of philanthropy2
  3. 3. THE CONTINUING SIGNIFICANCE OF RACE3
  4. 4. Are we post-racial (yet)? President Barack Obama Inauguration Day 2009 4
  5. 5. A Post-Racial Society? No. • Obama‟s victory does not change the facts: o Black and Latino children are much more likely than white children to attend high-poverty schools o A white man with a criminal record is three times more likely than a black man with a record to receive consideration for a job o Minority home-seekers, many with good credit scores, are steered disproportionately to high-cost, sub-prime mortgages, thus devastating their communities in light of the foreclosure crisis By prematurely proclaiming a post-racial status, we ignore the distance we have yet to travel to make this country truly a land of equal opportunity for all, regardless of racial identity. 55
  6. 6. History shapes our present & future6
  7. 7. We were separated from each other… • Detroit‟s “Wailing Wall” being constructed 77 http://www.albany.edu/jmmh/vol2no1/sugrue.html
  8. 8. Opportunity still plays out across space8 • Measures of segregation (i.e. the “dissimilarity index”) have nudged downward a tiny bit but are still high • Outward growth can pull resources away from existing communities • The “favored quarter” has a disproportionate share of high quality opportunity structures8
  9. 9. Segregation leads to disparate (racialized) outcomes School Lower Segregation & Educational Concentrated Outcomes Poverty Increased Neighborhood Flight Segregation of Affluent Families9
  10. 10. From Redlining to Reverse Redlining A historical view of redlining zones in Philadelphia and areas of foreclosure in minority communities10
  11. 11. Foreclosure Crisis •African American borrowers are estimated to lose between 71 and 122 billion dollars in wealth, while Latino borrowers will lose 76 to 129 billion.[1] •Subprime loans are three times more prevalent in low-income neighborhoods than in high-income neighborhoods; they are five times more likely in African American neighborhoods than in white neighborhoods.[2][1] Ellen Schloemer, Center for Responsible Lending, Losing Ground: Foreclosures in the Subprime Market and Their Cost toHomeowners, 16 tbl.6 (2006). 11[2] U.S. Dep‟t. of Hous. & Urban Dev., Unequal Burden: Income and Racial Disparities in Subprime Lending in America (2000).
  12. 12. Race Matters• Barring the existence of widespread, explicit, individual racism, what accounts for the differences in the situatedness of white and non-white Americans?• How should these disparities be addressed? How do we talk about race? 12
  13. 13. New Sites of Racialization• Structural Racialization: the processes and practices of inter-institutional arrangements that continue to distribute racialized outcomes in part because of our different situatedness.• Implicit Bias: ambivalence that unconsciously impacts our racial meaning and practices 13
  14. 14. Why We Need to Talk about Race • To not talk about race is to talk about race. • Race plays a critical role in the creation and perpetuation of many social, political, and organizational structures that control the distribution of opportunities. • Race affects all aspects of our lives. • We must address race to understand the history of our nation‟s democracy and the future well-being of its people.14
  15. 15. Understand and Communicate our Linked Fates • Racialized structures and policies have created the correlation of race and poverty. People assume that only people of color are harmed. • BUT: these effects are far reaching and impact everyone – we share a linked fate • Example: credit tightened for everyone after the subprime fiasco15
  16. 16. THE WORK OF THE KIRWAN INSTITUTE16
  17. 17. Kirwan‟s Mission & Vision • Mission o Contribute meaningfully to the body of research and scholarship on race and social justice with a focus on marginalized populations  Reframe the way we talk about, think about, and act on race  Increase the general understanding that despite many differences, human destinies are intertwined  Ensure that all research and scholarship has explicit or implicit policy implications • Vision o Stimulate and facilitate transformative change to bring about a society that is fair and just for all people17
  18. 18. Transformative Agenda Around Race• Reframing the way we talk about, think about, and act on race o Investigating how explicit and implicit messages about race impact our attitudes and behaviors o Framing research findings to maximize policy impact o Creating effective strategic messages that resonate with “open but skeptical audiences”  Advocating for and researching the benefits of diversity  Supporting affirmative action 18 Source: Lester, Julius. Let’s Talk About Race
  19. 19. Kirwan‟s Perspective: Structural Racialization • Structural Racialization o Investigating and challenging institutional arrangements that cause and perpetuate social inequality o Explaining the incompleteness of racial animus to understand racialized outcomes o Examining the impact of inequality over time -tems Theory “cumulative causation”e: Systems Thinking: A DE C » An understanding of systems theory helps us to understand the dynamics of structural B racializationn s. E 19 Causation is reciprocal, mutual,
  20. 20. Opportunity Mapping Inequality has a geographic footprint20
  21. 21. K-12 Education and School Integrationo Illuminating the benefits of school integrationo Investigating the structural causes of educational inequalityo Partnering with school districts to amend their school assignment plans in light of Parents Involved 21
  22. 22. Working With Communities – Cleveland, OH Advocating for a regional Promoting minority perspective business development22
  23. 23. Other work • Exploring how implicit bias affects the ways in which messages are received and processed • Examining the opportunities and challenges of African American – immigrant alliances • Studying digital inequality23
  24. 24. Fair Recovery • Our Recovery Platform o Recovery fund investments must be marked by full transparency and accountability o Families and communities hit hardest by the economic crisis merit focused attention in the recovery process o Investments must promote equity and expand opportunity for all (targeted investment)24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. Recovery Program: Challenges & Opportunities• Opportunities o Massive investment in State‟s and communities o Neighborhood based investment (NSP) o Potential for Job Creation o Green Economy• Challenges o Primary focus only on ARRA o Most funds stabilizing existing programs in State Budgets o Most funds not “on the street” as this time o Use of existing programs and pipelines to get funds out to communities (many agencies involved) o Capacity challenges and other barriers for contracting to MBE‟s and DBE‟s 26 o Lots of data (little of it useful for answering questions around equity)
  27. 27. When are funds disbursed to communities? ARRA Tota l Projected Spending by Yea r $120 $108 $100 $80 $63 Billions $60 $48 $49 $40 $37 $23 $20 $14 $9 $6 $3 $0 As of July As of Sept 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 09 0927
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. Allocation of ARRA Funds from the GAO29
  30. 30. Toward a Just Economic Recovery • What are these billions of dollars actually fixing? o Are we only fixing the „status quo‟? o Are we transformative yet? o Are opportunity gaps shrinking?30 30
  31. 31. Mind the Gap & Fix the Gap • Reduce the existing disparities between communities of color both in terms of people and places while growing the economy for all31
  32. 32. Florida: Equity and Recovery Initiative• Collaborating with the Miami Workers Center and RISEP• Tracking the impact of the economic crisis and the impact of ongoing economic recovery activities o Looking at impact across lines of race, ethnicity, class, gender and geography• Tracking is complicated due to the limited funding released at this time and data access challenges o Mixed methods approach 32
  33. 33. Funds in Florida Federal Contracted Funds to Florida-Based Businesses, by Type $300.00 $284.67 $250.00 $221.14 $200.00 Millions $150.00 $108.30 $100.00 $51.80 $50.00 $31.71 $23.73 $20.03 $6.33 $5.38 $0.0033
  34. 34. THE ROLE OF PHILANTHROPY34
  35. 35. Ways to Produce Change• How do foundations think about ways in which you can make change?3 options: 1) Do what‟s “fair” - a lot of people receive a little help 2) Triage – help those who are in the worst situation 3) Transformative – figure out what went wrong in order to correct it 35
  36. 36. Transformative Change• What can foundations do to produce transformative change? o Collaborate and focus your efforts  Allocate your money strategically – a little bit in a lot of places is not as effective as focused efforts that can later be replicated elsewhere o Invest in learning models o Invest in communications models and capacities 36
  37. 37. Opportunities for Philanthropy • Employ strategic communications regarding race o Help push national dialogue to overcome the common binary of (1) we‟re in a post-racial world where race „doesn‟t matter‟; (2) we‟re stuck in the past where race is „everything‟ o Emphasize productive discussions around race that thoughtfully inform policy design and advocacy • Capacity building o Increase the participation of marginalized groups in policy design o Improve data collection, monitoring, and evaluation of state and federal programs37 37
  38. 38. Opportunities for Philanthropy Related to the Stimulus • Draw on your experience and research o Present a clear, informed perspective regarding communities of color that have been devastated by the economic recession • Foundations need to proactively shape and direct the flow of money. o Intervene in the public dialogue:  Targeting the flow of stimulus money dispersed to states  Connecting education and housing policy through the targeted use of LIHTC funds38 38
  39. 39. For more information: www.KirwanInstitute.org 39

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