Equity and Sustainability in a New Era


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Equity and Sustainability in a New Era

  1. 1. Equity and Sustainability in a New Era john a. powell M a y 2 1 st, 2 0 0 9 PRISCM Sustainable Calvert Forum Special thanks to Sponsors: THE AFFORDABLE HOUSING COALITION, CONCERNED BLACK WOMEN OF CALVERT, THE INTERFAITH COUNCIL, AND THE PUBLIC LIBRARY
  2. 2. Presentation Overview Calvert County Trends Regional Context Economic Recovery & BRAC Impact What’s Next for Maryland and Calvert County?
  3. 3. Calvert County
  4. 4. Calvert County has benefitted from growth Opportunity mapping shows Calvert as having high opportunity…Source: U.S. Census 2000, Kirwan Institute
  5. 5. Infrastructure Development Military investments in Dowell Infrastructure investments:  Maryland RTA  Thomas Johnson Bridge  Maryland Route 4 Photo Source: Calvert Marine Museum, kid baltimore
  6. 6. Growth in Calvert County Calvert County Maryland Population100,000 80,000 60,000 40,000 20,000 0 Source: U.S. Census Bureau
  7. 7. Growth in Calvert County Change in Population by County: 2000-2007 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0-0.05 Source: U.S. Census Bureau
  8. 8. Growth in Calvert County Calvert County Housing Construction 8,000 7,000 6,000 5,000Units 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 0 Source: U.S. Census Bureau
  9. 9. Calvert County Change  In 1850, African Americans comprised 62.4% of the county’s population  By 1930, African Americans were 47.4% of the population, remaining somewhat stable  Since the opening of a Navy training site in 1942, the African American population has continued to decrease …to today’s 13%  Rising cost of living (push)  Job opportunities closer to D.C. and Baltimore (pull) Photo from BaltimoreSun.comSource: Calvert County, Maryland; www.co.cal.md.us
  10. 10. Calvert County Change (con’t) Many African Americans moved to the D.C. and Baltimore areas…  However, recent rising costs to live in those areas has led to some residents moving back to Calvert County, while others are being priced out of the region altogether Photo from DCGentrification.com
  11. 11. Who lives in Calvert County? Demographic Trends90.0%80.0%70.0% White60.0% Black50.0% Male40.0%30.0% Female20.0% Owner Occupied10.0% Renter Occupied 0.0% Calvert Maryland Source: U.S. Census 2000
  12. 12. Who lives in Calvert County? Pct. Below Poverty Level in 199916.0%14.0%12.0%10.0% 8.0% 6.0% 4.0% 2.0% 0.0% White Black White Black Calvert Maryland Source: U.S. Census 2000
  13. 13. Who lives in Calvert County (con’t)? Calvert County Demographic Trends 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 1970 1980 1990 2000 2007 Black White Other (estimate) Source: U.S. Census Bureau
  14. 14. Change in Poverty by Race: 1990-200030.0%25.0%20.0%15.0%10.0% 5.0% 0.0% Anne Arundel Baltimore County Calvert Harford Howard Montgomery Prince Georges Baltimore City 1989 % of Whites Below Poverty 1999 % of Whites Below Poverty 1989 % of Blacks Below Poverty 1999 % of Blacks Below Poverty
  15. 15. Increasing inequality in Calvert County Despite an 8.4% increase in median household income between 2000 and 2007, poverty also increased in Calvert County during the same period. Median Household Income(U.S. Census 2000) % African American % With at least Bachelors Degree % Below Poverty Level (in 2007 dollars) Maryland 27.7% $65,797 11.9% 8.3%Calvert County 13.0% $82,072 9.1% 4.3% (A.C.S. 2007) % African American Median Household Income % With at least Bachelors Degree % Below Poverty Level Maryland 28.8% $66,873 12.8% 8.0%Calvert County 13.2% $88,989 11.7% 4.7% Source: U.S. Census Bureau
  16. 16. Regional context
  17. 17. Regional Opportunity Thompson indicatorsDC MetroAreaIndicators
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  19. 19. 20
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  21. 21. Economic Recovery & BRAC
  22. 22. BRAC Impact  While Fort Monmouth will be closing, Aberdeen Proving ground will be gaining 14,159 employees, and will see a $6.5 billion per year increase in research and development activity  Fort Meade will gain 10,679 employees, including 4,300 from Arlington. Calvert Co.Source: BaltimoreSun.com
  23. 23. BRAC Impact on MarylandMd. officials to announce $65 million for BRACThe Associated Press 8:19 AM EDT May 1, 2009 Maryland officials say the state is set to receive about $65 million to help with transportation needs related to military base realignment. The money will is slated to help pay for improvements to roads and mass transit near the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Harford County and Fort Meade in Anne Arundel County. Maryland is preparing for nearly 30,000 jobs that are headed to the state due to the 2005 base realignment and closure process.http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/local/brac/bal-brac0501,0,7235338.story
  24. 24. The ARRA Impact on Maryland  A proposed $1 billion dollar investment in MD  $17 MM to Calvert County  How will the Recovery Act impact the opportunity landscape?  Equitable opportunity?  Decreased disparity?  …or the reverse??
  25. 25. The Recession & Recovery Although the U.S. has been in a recession for more than a year, people of color have been in a recession for nearly five years and have entered a depression during the current economic crisis The black family poverty rate increased 2.8% from 2000 to 2007. The Hispanic family poverty rate (19.7%) is roughly twice that of the overall poverty rate (9.8%)  Yet African Americans and Latinos are under- represented in the industries targeted through the Reinvestment Act 27
  27. 27. What is sustainability in the 21st Century? We need integration with opportunity to have a truly just and sustainable society  A society where a geographic identifier does not predict an individual’s life chances  Diverse (healthy, integrated) economic, social, religious, civic, neighborhood, housin g and academic options for all  A society where everyone has the means to live a life they have reason to value (Amartya Sen)  **Public funding shrinks opportunity divides, it does not widen them**
  28. 28. Sustainability for people  Daniel Janzen, the world’s foremost tropical biologist writes: “Heres what nature does for us no matter who we are or where we live...Human animals carry around this big brain, this big device for processing input. Part of our ability to use that device depends on the complex stimuli that challenged it throughout our evolution. Nature — whatever is out there, from a single tree to a whole forest — provides a big wad of the possible information that we can process. If you diminish nature, you diminish the diversity of those stimuli. When we don’t get input from nature, we don’t end up having much sense of smell, hearing, or vision. Television becomes our reality. The Importance of the Outdoors in Childrens Lives, Bright Horizons E-Family News
  29. 29. Inequality in Maryland Maryland experienced the 7th largest growth in the U.S. in income inequality over the last two decades. The richest 20 percent of Maryland families have average incomes 7.3 times as large as the State’s poorest 20 percent of families. The average income of the poorest fifth of families did not change significantly. Source: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
  30. 30. Inequality in Maryland Source: Center on Budget and Policy Priorities
  31. 31. Inequality in Maryland Title I funds to Maryland increased at a rate more than twice that of Washington and Virginia in the last two years. In Maryland, Title I funds went from almost $170 million in 2006 to more than $191 million in 2008, representing an increase of more than 12%. Economists and advocates say this increase points to climbing unemployment, a persistent income gap, and pockets of concentrated poverty. Source: Erika Woodward, “Federal Funding Shows Poverty May be on Rise in MD.” Sothern Maryland Online. May 6, 2009; citing U.S. Department of Education statistics.
  32. 32. Foreclosure Impacts State- and region- wide, foreclosures have surged in the third quarter of 2008:  Maryland up 22%  D.C. quadrupled  VA tripled The top three counties in MD foreclosures, second quarter 2008:  Prince George’s County (32.0%)  Montgomery County (14.7%)  Baltimore City (11.1%)
  33. 33. The Price of Inequities Wasted Creative Capacity  The wasted creative capacity associated with a lack of social, economic and educational opportunity drags down competitive strength. Fragmented Economic Voice  To attract investment in the global economy, regions must act collectively to promote themselves, and they must align key infrastructure and assets to be more innovative, efficient and competitive Paying for Exclusion  Residential segregation is fueled by exclusionary housing policies, but these policies come at a price for all residents Inefficient Infrastructure and Government Services  Regions that are highly fragmented into hundreds of local governments are often inefficient (redundant) with respect to infrastructure and government services
  34. 34. Equitable Recovery Moving Beyond Reactionary Recovery  Recognizing our linked fate  Developing equitable systems  Ensuring sustainable investment and recovery
  35. 35. Equitable Recovery Towards an Equitable Recovery  Transparency and Accountability  Targeted Universalism  Equity and Opportunity for All Source: http://statestat.maryland.gov/recovery.asp
  36. 36. Communities of Opportunity Everyone should have fair access to the critical opportunity structures needed to succeed in life Affirmatively connecting people to opportunity creates positive, transformative change in communities 38
  37. 37. Housing is opportunity anchor and key leverage point 39 Health Employment Childcare Housing Effective Education Participation Transportation
  38. 38. Neighborhoods shape access to schools…. 40
  39. 39. Jobs… 41
  40. 40. …impacts health &safety, determines access to neighborhood resources… 42
  41. 41. Calvert County’s Comprehensive Plan  Calvert County’s Comprehensive Plan promotes both environmental stewardship and cultural and ethnic diversity  How to affirmatively act on this plan  Don’t lose the third E in Sustainability  Environment  Economic development  EQUITY
  42. 42. Calvert County’s Housing Opportunities While working to maintain the rural nature of the County, the Board of County Commissioners has also initiated a number of strategies to encourage the development of housing to meet the diverse needs of its citizens. These initiative include: Establishment of the Calvert Housing Opportunities Loan Fund, which provides start-up funding to encourage the development of affordable housing and bridge loans for single-family home ownership; Partnership with the State of Maryland to provide down-payment and closing cost assistance for first-time homebuyers through the House Keys 4 Employees Program; Incorporation of new Planning & Zoning tools to provide additional opportunities for the construction of affordable housing within the County, including accessory apartments over or adjacent to businesses and a pilot project to promote duplexes, triplexes or quadplexes in certain zoning categories; Waiver of the purchase of Transfer Development Rights (TDRs), (required for increased density housing) available for qualifying affordable housing developments. The development of a Housing Information Guide, which provides a listing of local housing resources. http://www.co.cal.md.us/business/housingopportunites/
  43. 43. Calvert County’s Housing Opportunities These measures are a good start, but will not do enough without also:  Affirmatively recruiting (and maintaining) families from across the region with housing outreach services (i.e. counseling)  Producing a variety of affordable housing types (i.e. three- bedroom apartments)  For example, “Granny flats” affirmatively recruit and meet the needs of the elderly population but will not meet the needs of lower-income families
  44. 44. Opportunity Based Housing: Integration into Opportunity 46 Rethink fair housing… Not just integration but integration into opportunity Inclusive fair housing means access to good schools, jobs, doctors, child care, transportation, parks, and the civic fabric
  45. 45. Linked Fate New paradigm for social justice work  Strengthen our democracy  Re-conceptualize society to promote the political, economic, spiritual, and psychological health of all Recognize the interconnectedness of our being and our fate Reject the myth of scarcity Target within universalism  Collaborate and focus on coalition building
  46. 46. Thank you!Please visit www.kirwaninstitute.org