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Cluster coordinators training programme

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Cluster coordinators training programme

  1. 1. Cluster Coordinators Training Programme B.R.SHIVAKUMAR DD(Tech) KARWAR 4 -7 -2010 2=30PM - 4=00PM
  2. 2. Topics to be covered Protection of water sources Equitable distribution of water Reduction of pumping hours Action plan to increase the household connections
  3. 3. View of Earth
  4. 4. WATER Water is a chemical substance with the chemical formula H2O Water is a liquid, but it often co-exists on Earth with its solid state, ice, and gaseous state, water vapor or steam. Water covers 70.9% of the Earths surface, and is vital for all known forms of life
  5. 5. Where is water found On Earth, it is found mostly in oceans and other large water bodies, with 1.6% of water below ground in aquifers and 0.001% in the air as vapor, clouds, and precipitation. Oceans hold 97% of surface water. Glaciers and polar ice caps 2.4%, and other land surface water such as rivers, lakes and ponds 0.6%.
  6. 6. How much water is where Oceans, Seas, & Bays 96.5% Ice caps, Glaciers, & Permanent Snow 1.74% Ground water 1.7% Fresh 0.76% Saline 0.94% Soil Moisture 0.001% Ground Ice & Permafrost 0.022%
  7. 7. How much water is where Lakes 0.013% Fresh 0.007% Saline 0.006% Atmosphere 0.001% Swamp Water 0.0008% Rivers 0.0002%
  8. 8. Potable & Safe Water Water fit for human consumption is called drinking water or potable water. Water that is not fit for drinking but is not harmful for humans when used for bathing, cooking and similar activities is called safe water
  9. 9. Water sources Ground water sources o Bore Wells o Open Wells o Shallow dug wells, Springs. Surface Sources  Rivers, Lakes,Ponds,Streams,Jhari’s,etc  Sea -in countries where Desalination is being done then is the source.  Reservoirs
  10. 10. Access to drinking water in the third world
  11. 11. Why protect water sources Low percentage of availability To ensure quality To ensure quantity does not deplete To prevent contamination To ensure sustainability To ensure potability
  12. 12. Protection of water sources Protection of quality Prevent contamination both surface and under ground Protection of Quantity Prevent abuse, encourage recharge
  13. 13. GROUP DISCUSSION1. How does water get contaminated?2. How to prevent it ?
  14. 14. EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION OF WATER What is Equitable Distribution? Why is it necessary? How can it be achieved? Who is responsible? EQUITY IN QUALITY AND QUANTITY
  15. 15. Reduction in hours of pumping Why should we reduce the hours of pumping? How can we achieve it ? How can the community contribute to it ? Coordinators as change agents ! Impact on O & M
  16. 16. INDIVIDUAL HOUSEHOLD TAP CONNECTIONS What does it mean to the lady of the house? Benefits to the household Benefits to the water supply system. Role of coordinator Over all impact
  17. 17. DEBATE Should the number of individual household tap connections be increased to cover the entire village ? Advantages and Disadvantages Percentage of Coverage
  18. 18. Questions ??THANK YOU !!!!! B.R.SHIVAKUMAR DD(Tech) KARWAR 9448357750,