Motivation theory


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Motivation theory

  1. 1. A. Introduction of motivation B. Theories of motivation     C. D. Theory X Theory Y Maslows theory Expectancy theory Video of Motivation & Explanation Conclusion
  2. 2. “Motivation is the act of stimulating someone to get a desired course of action.” ---- Michael Jucius A motive is an inner state that energies, activates or moves and directs or channels behaviour towards the goal. -----bernald berelson.
  3. 3. “Nowadays, everyone wants to start their own businesses. You cannot expect them to commit all their energy to the company. You have to find a common ground and respect their wishes.”
  4. 4. Douglas McGregor’s Theory X According to This theory, managers believe workers Dislike work Lack ambition Are irresponsible Are resistant to change Prefer to be led
  5. 5. Douglas McGregor’s Theory Y Manager Assumes that worker…….. Are willing to work Are capable of self control Accept responsibility Are imaginative and creative Self-directed
  6. 6. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs 1.Physiological 2.Safety 3.Love 4.Esteem 5.Self-Actualization
  7. 7. 1.Physiological Needs These are the basic needs for air , water , food , sleep, shelter and other bodily needs.  These needs are independent of each other.  Employees are motivated by salary and wages , healthy working condition and basic amenities .  2.Safety Needs Needs for protection against danger , threats and accident arise.  Employees are motivated by providing good home , fresh air , water , hygienic work environment , Safe working condition .  Security of job also motivate the employees. 
  8. 8. 3.Social Needs Need for love , affection and affiliation arise.  Individual want to become a part of group and want to be loved and guided by the group and wants to have a respected place in the society  An individual wants friendly relationships with people at work place 
  9. 9. 4.Esteem Needs Everyone has a need for self-respect.  This produces the desire for strength, confidence, prestige, recognition and appreciation.  These needs are rarely fully satisfied.  5.Self-actualization Needs This need is highest level needs. in this need the person want to become example setter . people prefer growth achievement and out standing performance  In this need the employee want challanging job as they want to become innovative and creative 
  10. 10. EXPECTANCY THEORY  expectancy theories are more complex than needs-based theories of motivation on several factors ◦ they introduce a cognitive aspect of motivation-people think about expected payoffs for their efforts ◦ they suggest motivation involves not just the individual but also opportunities, rewards, and incentives and the work environment  to have different skills and abilities and that people tend to exert more effort in the areas that they believe they are more likely to perform well
  11. 11.  motivations can be impacted in three ways ◦ choose rewards that are of value to particular workers ◦ managers can work to change the expectancy of existing outcomes so that the link between hard work and rewards is strengthened ◦ managers can attempt to change the valance of existing outcomes – or shared goals for the individual and organization
  12. 12. Motivation basically refers to need, ability and rewards. For Unskilled workers required theory X. For skill worker need to theory Y. In GURU movie Abhishek Bachchan who performing the role of Gurukant Desai use Both theory, i.e Theory X and Theory Y. For achieve his goals he self-motivated and also motivate to others.