A. Introduction of motivation
B. Theories of motivation
Video of Motivation & Explanation
“Motivation is the act of stimulating someone
to get a desired course of action.”
---- Michael Jucius
A motive is an inner state that energies, activates
or moves and directs or channels behaviour towards the goal.
“Nowadays, everyone wants to start their
own businesses. You cannot expect them
to commit all their energy to the company.
You have to find a common ground and
respect their wishes.”
Douglas McGregor’s Theory X
According to This theory, managers
Are resistant to change
Prefer to be led
Douglas McGregor’s Theory Y
Manager Assumes that worker……..
Are willing to work
Are capable of self control
Are imaginative and creative
Maslow’s Hierarchy of
These are the basic needs for air , water , food , sleep,
shelter and other bodily needs.
These needs are independent of each other.
Employees are motivated by salary and wages , healthy
working condition and basic amenities .
Needs for protection against danger , threats and
Employees are motivated by providing good home ,
fresh air , water , hygienic work environment , Safe
working condition .
Security of job also motivate the employees.
Need for love , affection and affiliation arise.
Individual want to become a part of group and want
to be loved and guided by the group and wants to
have a respected place in the society
An individual wants friendly relationships with
at work place
Everyone has a need for self-respect.
This produces the desire for strength, confidence,
prestige, recognition and appreciation.
These needs are rarely fully satisfied.
This need is highest level needs. in this need the
person want to become example setter . people prefer
growth achievement and out standing performance
In this need the employee want challanging job as
they want to become innovative and creative
expectancy theories are more complex than
needs-based theories of motivation on several
◦ they introduce a cognitive aspect of motivation-people think about expected payoffs for their
◦ they suggest motivation involves not just the
individual but also opportunities, rewards, and
incentives and the work environment
to have different skills and abilities and that
people tend to exert more effort in the areas
that they believe they are more likely to
motivations can be impacted in three
◦ choose rewards that are of value to
◦ managers can work to change the
expectancy of existing outcomes so that
the link between hard work and rewards is
◦ managers can attempt to change the
valance of existing outcomes – or shared
goals for the individual and organization
Motivation basically refers to need, ability and
For Unskilled workers required theory X.
For skill worker need to theory Y.
In GURU movie Abhishek Bachchan who
performing the role of Gurukant Desai use Both
theory, i.e Theory X and Theory Y. For achieve his
goals he self-motivated and also motivate to