Six DifferentTypes OfDocumentaries
Poetic Documentaries This sort of documentary was first produced in the 1920’s. Unlike many other types of documentaries p...
Expository DocumentaryThis documentary is much more opinionated, and direct. It will generally have a voice overof the cli...
Observational DocumentaryThis documentary is to try and show how people really live and react to situations withoutbeing s...
Reflexive DocumentaryThis type of documentary is awareness of the process. Its mode acknowledges the constructednature of ...
Performative DocumentaryA performative documentary shows the emotions and subjective aspects of its documentaryand shows a...
Participatory ModeUnlike the documentary mode of observational, the participatory mode engages between thefilm maker and t...
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Modes of documentary[1]

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Modes of documentary[1]

  1. 1. Six DifferentTypes OfDocumentaries
  2. 2. Poetic Documentaries This sort of documentary was first produced in the 1920’s. Unlike many other types of documentaries poetic documentaries allow the audience to interoperate what they are seeing and allows there imagination to take over. It is open for them to take in what they are seeing and make judgement for themselves. They tend to have no voice overs , just sounds and music both dieagetic and non dieagetic. From the use of editing of scenes, images and clips it creates a story which you can follow, but things arent as always simple as what they seem. The use of music is a huge factor in which changes your mood and tone whilst the story is being told.Here is a poetic documentary called Barakahttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aH_N_ca27dU&feature=related
  3. 3. Expository DocumentaryThis documentary is much more opinionated, and direct. It will generally have a voice overof the clips shown and will narrate whats going on in the documentary. Generallyinfluence how you think and feel through out. In this type of documentary the narratorwill speak whilst looking at the camera to make eye contact with their audience watchers.This is because they will be generally speaking in a persuasive form of tone and put acrosstheir opinion on what’s been saw. Therefore they are trying to persuade the audience tothink and feel how they are feeling because they think we should all feel the same asthem. In most of expository documentaries it will be a male voice because in the mediaindustry it is seen as the ‘voice of God’ as God is seen as male and all powerful.PanoramaEuro 2012: Stadiums of Hatehttp://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/b01jk4vr/Panorama_Euro_2012_Stadiums_of_Hate/
  4. 4. Observational DocumentaryThis documentary is to try and show how people really live and react to situations withoutbeing set up. Its the natural environment of things, what ever is being shown is real and a realsituation. They try and film what every they can sometimes it leads to poor camera shots whichseems less professional however it is just showing how things really are.This sort of documentary isnt to try and turn and sway peoples opinions as such but to givethem a wider understanding and an insight to something they might have judged before lookedinto. Its job is to simply observe a lived life with a minimum of interruptions. By doing this theaudience gets a real insight into the life instead of a fake and set up one. Filmmakers whoworked in this sub-genre often saw the poetic mode as too abstract and the expositorymode as too didacticChannel four documentary MyBig Fat Gypsy Wedding http://www.channel4.com/program mes/big-fat-gypsy- weddings/4od#3325442
  5. 5. Reflexive DocumentaryThis type of documentary is awareness of the process. Its mode acknowledges the constructednature of the documentary and shows it to the people conveying to the audience that its notthe necessarily truth but a reconstruction of what the truth is. The audience is aware that whatis being shown is not the whole truth but it is the mode of the documentary. Reflectivedocumentries dont see themselves as a transparent window on what the world can see butinstead they draw attention to their own contractedness and the way they are represented.The Man With The Movie Camera DzigaVertov (1929)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Fd_T4l2qaQ
  6. 6. Performative DocumentaryA performative documentary shows the emotions and subjective aspects of its documentaryand shows all different types of ideas to create its context. This means its open for theaudience to interoperate what they want and take different meanings from whats beingshown. These types are often autobiographical. They are very personal and unconventionaland they can include hypothetical events to make the audience experience what it may be likefor us to possess a certain perspective on the world that is not our own. They can have apoetic feel to them so can confuse the audience.Here is an example: Supersize me MorganSpurlockhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQj2u4ap5bo
  7. 7. Participatory ModeUnlike the documentary mode of observational, the participatory mode engages between thefilm maker and the issue/ subject in the documentary. The filmmaker himself becomes a bigpart in the events being recorded. The filmmakers involvement in the documentary isacknowledged and is often celebrated. Participatory documentries believe that it isimpossible for the act of filmmaking to not influence or alter the events of being filmed.Not only is the filmmaker part of the film, we also get a sense of how the situations in the filmare affected or altered by the presence of the film maker.Martin Bashir: Michael Jacksons "Secret World"part 1http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tsETlx9BCio

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