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Religious Views on Sexual Behaviour & Human Relationships

Useful for RS A2 students taking AQA Ethics Paper

Dualism – the division of the world between physical and spiritual
Stiocs – a group of Greek philosophers who condemned the sense of loss of control and animalistic instinct involved in sexual excitement
Unitative – the uniting aspect of sex
Sacrament – traditionally, am outward sign of grace ordained by God
Conjugal – married love making
Covenantal – a group bound by a covenant with God
Patriarchal Views – views that are related to or characteristic of a system of society controlled by men
Ascetic Tradition – describes lifestyle characterised by abstinence from various sorts of worldly pleasures
Annulment – when the Church declares a marriage null and void from the beginning (decided through church court)
Diriment impediment – 12 ground s which allow annulment to occur
• Man 16+ woman 12+ , impotence, married before, not baptised, vow of chastity, forced to marry, killed spouse to remarry, consanguity (related), affinity (related via law), living together after invalid marriage ceremony, adopted siblings, in holy orders
Concupiscence – strong sexual desire, lust
Agape – unconditional love, expecting nothing in return
Eros – erotic sexual love
Philia– community, brotherly/sisterly friendship bonds
Storge – affection, parents to offspring
St Augustine – may have such a dark view on sex due to his guilt from past experiences (leaving his mistress and son)

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Religious Views on Sexual Behaviour & Human Relationships

  1. 1. Religious views on sexualbehaviour and humanrelationshipsPresented by Kirsty Jane Thornton
  2. 2. Key Terms Dualism Stoics Unitative Sacrament Conjugal Covenantal Patriarchal Views Ascetic Tradition Annulment Diriment Impediment Concupiscence
  3. 3. Dualism
  4. 4. Stoics
  5. 5. Unitative
  6. 6. Sacrament
  7. 7. Conjugal
  8. 8. Covenantal
  9. 9. Patriarchal Views
  10. 10. Ascetic Tradition
  11. 11. Annulment
  12. 12. Diriment Impediment
  13. 13. Concupiscence
  14. 14. LoveWhat is love?
  15. 15. Love Agape Eros Philia Storge
  16. 16. Agape
  17. 17. Eros
  18. 18. Philia
  19. 19. Storge
  20. 20. Christianity and Love Love is understood to have different meanings withinand between different religious traditions Fletchers Situation Ethics –based upon agape love “love thy neighbour” “no greater love hath one man than to lay down his life forthe life of a friend”
  21. 21. Sex and Relationships Catholic – religious orders and priesthood are celibate Orthodox and Protestant – see priesthood as compatiblewith marriage Unity and procreation are the key purposes of marriage– for Catholics these must always occur in sex, otherchurches don’t enforce this Love, sex and marriage are all considered boundtogether in Christian thinking
  22. 22. St Paul Sexuality is a necessary part of the physical world – butshould not be all consuming Argued that in order for a man to direct his sexual urgesin an appropriate way he must be married
  23. 23. St Augustine Sex was once pure and innocent – only corrupted afterThe Fall The stain of original sin is passed on through sexualintercourse “To many, total abstinence is easier than perfectmoderation”
  24. 24. Love, Sex and the Bible Genesis 1:27“So God created humankind in his image , in the image of Godhe create them, male and female he created them” Be creative like God “imago dei”– against contraception and homosexuality Only male and female are mentioned– against homosexuality
  25. 25. Love, Sex and the Bible Thessalonians 4:3-8“abstain, remain holy, pure and honourable” Only sex under marriage is acceptable, and only with intentto reproduce Don’t abuse the body – misendevours etc
  26. 26. Love, Sex and the Bible Corinthians 6:9“...wrongdoers will not go to heaven: fornicators, idolaters,adulterers, male prostitutes, sodomites, thieves, greedy...” Sexual misendevors seen as sinful Marital sex is acceptable
  27. 27. Love, Sex and the Bible Corinthians 6:19“...use your body to honour God- treat it as a temple – theHoly Spirit is within...” Honour Him by sharing in His creation- No contraception or homosexuality Don’t share your body with every one – save for marriage
  28. 28. Marriage Over the Years1662 (Book ofCommon Prayer) Roman Catholic Priorities in marriage: Procreation of children Avoid fornication Mutual comfort andcompanionship PROCREATIVE2000 (Anglican Bookof Common Worship Anglican Priorities in marriage: Unity of heart, body andmind The joy of sex Family life Companionship UNITIVE
  29. 29. Homosexuality and the Church At present the government is reviewing legislation so thatsame sex marriage may occur – it is not currently legal Still a criminal offence in other parts of the world The are fears of a slippery slope occurring – if they ignorethe Bible regarding this what next? Quakers will perform a spiritual marriage – but are unableto legally marry people Roman Catholics and most Anglicans are against the changedue to biblical teachings Non-conformists believe there is place for this change Civil partnerships are already allowed – providing the samelegal benefits as marriage – but so religious aspect allowedin ceremony
  30. 30. Gay Love, Gay Sex and the Bible Genesis 1:28“Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it” Only heterosexual intercourse can lead to reproduction-Against homosexuality-Against contraception Reproduction is more important than pleasure
  31. 31. Gay Love, Gay Sex and the Bible Genesis 1:31“God saw everything that he had made, and indeed, it wasvery good” God accepts everyone and all that they do God would like more of His creation to be made
  32. 32. What to include: Know key terms Explain “love” Discuss ethics of sex in relationships – where marriagefits in Contrast old/modern perspectives on love Christianity ideas and concepts on love Homosexuality and the church