1.   Supracondylar # of the humerus :A.    Most common in childrenB.    Not cause compartment syndrome (forearm)C.    Can ...
E. Vertebrae8.   Traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder :A.   Is caused by forced adduction and internal rotationB...
A.    Known as traumatic spondylolisthesis of c2B.    First noted on crimal in death sentenced by hanging as post-mortem e...
A.   Early onsetB.   Premature closure of growth plateC.   Persistent lateral uncovering of femoral headD.   Deformed femo...
D. Fracture of lesser trochanter of the femurE. Ankylosed hip31. Fractures:A. When due to repetitive stress are called pat...
B.   Lateral collateral ligament injury is commonly cause bleeding.C.   ACL tear does not require surgical treatmentD.   C...
A.    associated with fracture of the humeral headB.   Is a complication following traumatic shoulder dislocationC.   Resu...
D. Passive abduction of the thumb cross the palm is painfulE. Resistant ……..surgical sitting of the thickened tendon sheat...
B.   Loss of sensation of ulnar three and a half fingersC.   Low lesion due to carpal dislocation ?D.   High lesion, long ...
B. Ulnar 3 fingers sensation is lossC. Cause loss of adduction of thumbD. Affect lumbrical which cause metacarpophalangeal...
72. Radiological features of OAA. Subchondral cystB. Osteophyte formationC. Widening of joint spaceD. AnkylosisE. Perioste...
C.      Bone lining cells are immature cellsD.      Osteoclast is used for bone resorptionE.      Osteoclasts found in ‘ru...
C. Above knee amputation, weight is taken on the ischial tuberosityD. Elderly patient refuse to use above knee prostheses ...
A.   Is forward shift displacement of vertebrae above on stable vertebrae belowB.   Common at L4,L5 and L5,S1C.   Cannot o...
E. secondary to bone99. anterior shoulder instabilityA. Commonly occur in elderly men followed by an acute traumatic event...
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Ganyang Ortho questions

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Ganyang Ortho questions

  1. 1. 1. Supracondylar # of the humerus :A. Most common in childrenB. Not cause compartment syndrome (forearm)C. Can coz cubitus valgusD. Vascular insufficiencyif brachial artery compressedE. Ant. displacement of distal part2. Colle’s #A. ‘ dinner fork’ deformity TB. Distal fragment show ulnar side displacementC. Elderly patient treat by internal fixationD. Coz stiffness if elderly patient afraid to move the jointE. Tear of flexor pollicis longus (FPL) a few weeks after #3. # femoral neckA. Common in elderly manB. Look distortion of Shenton”s line (x-ray)C. Garden stage 11 ( show complete & minimal displaces)D. Treat surgicallyE. Increase incidence of AVN4. Compartment syndromeA. bleeding and edema increase pressure of osteofacial compartmentB. can still be present in the presence of palpable distal pulseC. complication of tight castD. treated with analgesic and elevated limbE. cause little long term disability5. Indication of internal fixationA. when fracture is unstable and prone to displaceB. open fracture with gross contaminationC. polytrauma, when to minimize risk of acute respiratory distress syndromeD. pathological fracture, whereby bone disease may prevent healingE. shortage hospital bed6. Causes of pathological fractureA. repetitive stressB. osteomyelitisC. bone cystD. previous traumatic fractureE. secondary to bone tumour7. The common sites of fractures in patients with osteoporosis are :A. Femoral neckB. Distal tibiaC. SacrumD. Distal radius
  2. 2. E. Vertebrae8. Traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder :A. Is caused by forced adduction and internal rotationB. Causes the head of the humerus to end up just below the coracoids processC. Is less common occurred as compare to posterior dislocationD. Would result in axillary nerve injury as a complicationE. Would likely to become recurrent if occurred in younger patient9 . Regarding fractured bone healing :A. The process starts subsequently from inflammation stage,reparative stage and remodeling stageB. Stabilization of the fracture ends is necessary for healing process to occurC. Osteoprogenitor cells within the periosteum are mobilizedD. Healing is always associated with callus formationE. Remodeling stage would take two weeks to complete the process10. Factor associate in non-union fractureA. InfectionB. SmokingC. Splintage with POPD. Interposition of periosteum between fragmentsE. Excessive traction11. Sports injuries of kneeA. Meniscus tear is most commonB. Haemarthrosis usually occur due to torn meniscusC. Swelling of the knee for the next day commonly due to cruciate ligament tearD. Positive posterior drawer test indicate anterior cruciate ligament tearE. Lateral meniscus tear is more common rather than medial meniscus tear12. Safety and road traffic accident :A. Accident is misnomer term, because mostly accident caused by the negligenceB. Usage of technologies can cause the accidentC. Strict law totally abolish RTAD. Accident can give give impact to economic growth and insuranceE. Road design itself can induce accident13. TB spondylitisA. Biopsy is a helpful diagnosisB. Multiple drug regime is the treatment of choice for uncomplicated caseC. Destructive process caused by delayed hypersensitivity reaction14. Spinal injuryA. Vertebral fracture commonly cause spinal cord injuryB. Neurovascular examination is performed to reveal the level of spinal cord injuryC. Resuscitation is the initial management of spinal cord injury15. Hangman’s fracture
  3. 3. A. Known as traumatic spondylolisthesis of c2B. First noted on crimal in death sentenced by hanging as post-mortem examinationC. Symptom – pain radiating along the course of greater occipital nerveD. Initial management – immobilize with Philadelphia collar16. In low back painA. Associated with cauda equine syndromeB. Acute disc prolapsed can occur in patient between 40-50 years of ageC. Advice on care of the back is of great importanceD. Spinal claudication is typical of spondylolisthesisE. X-ray of the spine do not usual show any abnormality in acute disc prolapsed17. Loose body in the knee joint can be produced byA. Synovial chondromatosisB. Osteochondritis dissecansC. OsteoarthritisD. Pigmented villous nodular synovitisE. Osteochondral fracture18. The feature that should trigger more active investigation of TB of jointA. A long history of joint swellingB. Involvement of multiple jointC. Marked synovial thickeningD. Periarticular osteoporosisE. Marked muscle swelling19. Factors/aetiology of DDDA. ObesityB. Genetic and hereditaryC. Frequent cracking the knuckles of fingerD. DME. Gout20. AmputationA. Diabetic gangrene of the foot require amputation at the distal tibiaB. Below knee amputation ,weight is taken on the stumpC. Above knee amputation,weight is taken on the ischial tuberosityD. Elderly patient refuse to use above knee prostheses because of the high energy requirementE. Pain due to neuroma formation is a complication21. Bone tumourA. Osteochondroma has tendency to develop into low grade chondrosarcomaB. Giant cell tumor of bone will not metastases to the lungC. Multiple echondromatosis also known as Ollier’s diseaseD. Ewing’s tumor may associated with elevated ESRE. Metastases tumor are the most common malignant tumor in elderly patient24. The unfavourable long term prognostic indication for Perthes
  4. 4. A. Early onsetB. Premature closure of growth plateC. Persistent lateral uncovering of femoral headD. Deformed femoral headE. Limited extension25. Regarding the clubfootA. Can occur in the association with arthrogryposisB. Female is more predominantC. 50% bilateral involvementD. Deformity described as fixed equines,heel varus,fore foot and mid foot adductionE. Surgical correction is gold standard26. Imaging of osteomyelitisA. Earliest changes include minimal periosteal destruction and thickeningB. Usefulness of radionuclide scanning limited by an overall lack of specificity and marginal sensitivityC. MRI can also evaluate extents of infectious problemsD. CT scan distinguish between soft tissue and bone infections and aids in biopsy and aspiration site(MRI)E. Sclerotic changes and periosteal new bone formation suggest acute OM27. Achilles tendon ruptureA. Common in people > 40 years oldB. Simmond’s test positiveC. Result in difficult to walk tip-toeD. Cannot be treat non-operativelyE. Treatment via surgical reconstruction will result in wound dehiscence as28. Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder) :A. Commonly occurs in patient aged 40-60 years oldB. Is presented with loss of shoulder movement in all directionsC. Is caused by a trauma to the shoulderD. Is a self limiting diseaseE. In association with diabetes mellitus would result in poor recovery29. PseudogoutA. Is presented as an acute attack of arthritis which is self limitingB. Is due to deposition of monosodium urate crystalC. Is demonstrated by positive birefringent in polarized light microscopyD. Can result in the formation of thopusE. Is shown as chondrocalcinosis on plain x-ray30. Trendelenburg’s sign in hip examination results is positive when conducted on patient with :A. Non-union femoral neck fractureB. Poliomyelitis affecting hip abductor musclesC. Chronic hip joint dislocation
  5. 5. D. Fracture of lesser trochanter of the femurE. Ankylosed hip31. Fractures:A. When due to repetitive stress are called pathological fracturesB. When due to forcible traction by a tendon are referred to as avulsion fractures.C. Are classified to as comminuted when there is more than 1 fragment.D. Will usually unite even the bone ends lie side by side with fractures surfaces making no contact at al.E. In adults when incomplete are referred to as greenstick fractures.32. Factors associated with non union of fractures include:A. Fracture angulationB. SmokingC. Splintage with Plaster of ParisD. Interposition of periosteum between the fragments.E. Osteoporosis33. In Monteggia fractures:A. The upper half of the ulnar is fracturedB. The upper half of the radius is fracturedC. The radial head is dislocatedD. The distal radioulnar joint is dislocatedE. Open reduction and internal fixation is done in adults because it is an unstable fracture34. Compartment Syndrome:A. Occur when bleeding or edema increases the pressure in one of the osteofascial compartmentbeyond systemic blob pressure.B. Is characterized by excruciating painC. Is a complication of a tight plaster castD. Is adequately treated by analgesics and elevating the limb.E. Cause little long term disability in untreated condition.35. Regarding traumatic paraplegia.A. Complete paralysis and anaesthesia is a consequence of spinal shock.B. Bladder training is required TC. Flexion contracture cannot be avoided.D. Bedsore developed after 2 day.E. Emotional rehabilitation is not vital36. Neck of femur fractureA. Avascular necrosis is late complicationB. Occur commonly in older menC. Occur commonly in osteoporoticD. Surgery is not indicated if displaced fractureE. Garden type II is complete with minimal displacement.37. Sports injury:A. Lateral meniscus is commonly affected
  6. 6. B. Lateral collateral ligament injury is commonly cause bleeding.C. ACL tear does not require surgical treatmentD. Cruciate ligament tear will cause joint swelling after 2 days.E. Posterior tibia sagging is a sign of PCL tear.38. OsteosarcomaA. Present most commonly in the 6th decade of life.B. Typically affects the diaphysis.C. Affects males and females equally.D. Is a tumour arising from bone and producing bone.E. Spreads mainly to the regional lymph nodes.39. In Peripheral nerve lesion:A. Neuropraxia is a permanent lesionB. Neurotmesis occurs when the nerve is completely dividedC. Recovery is unlikely when axonotmesis occursD. Axonal regeneration proceeds at a rate of 1mm a day.E. Associated with a closed fracture is usually an axonotmesis or neurapraxia.40. GoutA. Rarely seen in young womenB. Most commonly due to myeloproliferative diseaseC. Diagnosis beyond doubt by finding birefringent crystal in synovial fluid.D. Can be confused with septic arthritis in an acute attackE. Treatment with allopurinol in acute stage.41. Rheumatoid arthritisA. ESR increase TB. Positive rheumatoid factors makes diagnosis certainC. Periarticular erosions on xrays are characteristicD. Diseases show relentless progression in majority of casesE. Splintage of inflamed joint is contraindicated as it causes stiffness.42. Traumatic posterior dislocation of the hip jointA. Occur following a dashboard injuryB. Cause the hip to be positioned into externally rotated and flexedC. Will result in avascular necrosis of the femoral head as its late complicationD. Will be associated with femoral nerve injuryE. Require an urgent open reduction43. In acute hematogenous osteomyelitis:A. Adults are more commonly affected than childrenB. Can result in septic arthritis if occur in young childrenC. Plain x-rays changes are evident within 1 weekD. C-reactive protein will be positiveE. Emphirical antibiotic is given without knowing the causative organism44. The axillary nerve injury
  7. 7. A. associated with fracture of the humeral headB. Is a complication following traumatic shoulder dislocationC. Results in weakness in shoulder abductionD. Results in numbness over the proximal forearmE. Occur following a closed injury is often neupraxia45. Prognostic features for Perthes disease in a child is based on:A. AgeB. SexC. Degree of the head involvementD. Duration of the hip painE. Present of Trendelenberg sign46. Concerning limb amputation:A. It is indicated in mangled limb.B. In below knee amputations, the weight bearing is taken on the stump end.C. The energy requirement to move the prosthesis is higher as the level of the amputation is more distal.D. Formation of neuroma will occur if the nerve is severed near the stump endE. Phantom limb is a known complication following amputation47. GanglionA. Occurs most commonly on the anterior aspect of the wristB. Is due to cystic degeneration in the joint capsule or tendon sheathC. Sometimes disappears after some monthsD. Must be incised to prevent pressure necrosis of the underlying boneE. On the dorsum of the hand is often tender48. Injuries to the physisA. Commonly occur along the germinal zone of the growth plateB. Are classifieds as Salter Harris Type 2 when fracture occur through the physis andmetaphysicC. Is associated with haemathrosisD. Do not warrant treatment via open reduction and internal fixationE. May result in premature fusion of the growth plate49. Features suggesting tuberculosis of the joints includeA. Involvement of multiple jointsB. A short historyC. Marked synovial thickeningD. Marked muscle wastingE. Periarticular osteoporosis on plain x-rays50. In De Quervein’s diseaseA. The sheath containing the extensor pollicis longus is inflamed and thickenedB. Tenderness is felt at the ulnar styloidC. Abduction of the thumb againt resistant is painful
  8. 8. D. Passive abduction of the thumb cross the palm is painfulE. Resistant ……..surgical sitting of the thickened tendon sheath51. Complication of plaster immobilizationA. Vascular compressionB. Pressure soresC. NonunionD. AllergyE. Skin abrasion or laceration52. In injuries of the spine:A. Fracture of the pedicle C1 is known as Hangman’s fractureB. Anterior wedge compression fractures will affect the anterior, the middle, and posterior column ofthe vertebraC. Fracture dislocation are unstableD. A fall from height landing on the feet is associated with fractures at the thoracolumbar junctionE. Neurological deficit occur in the majority of patient53. Acute lumbar disc prolapseA. Commonly occur at the level of L4/L5B. At the level of L4/L5 will compress the L4 nerveC. Can result in sciaticaD. Can be diagnosed through plain X-RaysE. Is treated surgically in the presence of cauda equina.54. Congenital Talipes Equino Varus (CTEV)A. Is a polygenic inheritanceB. Occur more in female compare to maleC. Bilateral involvement is 1/3D. Pathoanatomy talus is pointing upwardsE. Correction after 5 years old is difficult55. Tredelenburg sign is positive in this conditionA. Femoral neck fractureB. Poliomyelitis affecting abductor muscleC. Dislocated hipD. Fracture of lesser trochanter of femurE. Synovitis of hip joint56. Foot disorder in Diabetes mellitusA. Clawing toes as result from intrinsic muscle imbalanceB. Dry gangrene of toes following angiopathy may need urgent amputationC. Ulcer formation around pressure area suggestive of neuropathic complicationD. ABSI is useful parameter to assess peripheral angiopathyE. Loss of proprioception may lead to charcot joint57. Median nerve palsyA. Thumb opposition weak
  9. 9. B. Loss of sensation of ulnar three and a half fingersC. Low lesion due to carpal dislocation ?D. High lesion, long flexor of little finger is paralysedE. High lesion has pointing index sign when clinch the hand58. Degenerative spine diseaseA. Hyperthropied facet joint may cause nerve compression in lateral canal stenosisB. Positive Babinski may be the only manifestation of cord myelopathyC. Neurogenic claudication can be relieved by sitting or squatting downD. Surgery is main choice of treatmentE. Osteophytic formation induced by vertebral instability59. Indication of internal fixationA. Gustilo type 3B. Wound >5cm with massive tissues destructionC. Unstable joint fracture with large articular surface involvement need accurate reductionD. Polytrauma with comminuted fracture that need nursing careE. Availability of surgeon expert in internal fixation60. Compartment syndrome…A. Bleeding and edema can increase at one of the osteofascial compartmentB. Can be present in the presence of pulse distal to the fracture siteC. The limb distal to the fracture became parasthesiaD. Can adequately treated by elevating the limb and antibioticsE. Can lead to muscle contracture if not appropriately treated61. Fracture of the forearm bonesA. Galleazi fracture is a fracture of the proximal ulna with dislocation of the radial headB. Fracture neck of radius can cause posterior interosious nerve injuryC. Malunion of the Monteggia fracture can lead limitation of the supination and pronation.D. Proximal forearm fracture usually leads to compartment syndromeE. Displace fracture of the shaft of the radius need the ORIF62. Colles fractureA. Extraarticular fracture of the distal radiusB. The distal fragment will displace anteriorlyC. Most common type of all fractures in elderlyD. Need the ORIFE. malunion can cause ‘gunstock’ deformity.63. Regarding Tuberculosis, which statement is true:-A. Start as synovitisB. Pain at night is worse and is called as “nightmare cries”C. May result ankylosisD. Treat by Arthrotomy64. Regarding ulnar Nerve:-A. More clawed in higher lesion
  10. 10. B. Ulnar 3 fingers sensation is lossC. Cause loss of adduction of thumbD. Affect lumbrical which cause metacarpophalangeal extend65. Ankylosing SponylititsA. Associated with HLABRA 7B. Always associated with false positive rheumatoid factorC. Common in Africans66. In stenosing tenovaginitis (trigger finger):A. The extensor tendon is commonly involvedB. The usual cause is thickening of the fibrous tendon sheathC. The triggering occurs during flexion of the involved fingerD. A tender nodule can be felt in front of the affected areaF. The ring and middle fingers are most commonly affected67. Gas gangrene:A. Is caused by Streptococcus pyogenes infectionB. Is characterized by myonecrosisC. Often manifests itself within 24 hours of injuryD. Causes little pyrexia but increases pulse rateE. Is treated mainly by strong antibiotics68. Rotator cuff tears:A. May occur as a complication of chronic tendinitisB. Is mostly presentable as limitation of glenohumeral joint movement in all directionsC. Is associated with ‘hook’ shaped acromionD. Is commonly occur to supraspinatus tendonE.Is ideally repair surgically in all elderly patients69. Developmental dislocation of the hipA. Can be demonstrated by Ortoloni test.B. Trendelenburg test is positive in a child who is able to stand.C. It is common in a child who presented with breech position during intrauterine.D. Boys are more common than girls.E. Increase acetabular angle in plain x-ray.70. Regarding malignant bone tumoursA. Fibrosarcoma can arise from giant cell tumourB. Ewing tumour presented with ‘onion peeling’ in plain x-ray.C. Osteoblastic activity in prostate carcinoma71. Management of diabetic foot ulcer (risk of amputation)A. Superficial ulcerB. Uncontrolled hyperglycaemiaC. Previous amputationD. Uncontrolled infectionE. ABSI > 1.1
  11. 11. 72. Radiological features of OAA. Subchondral cystB. Osteophyte formationC. Widening of joint spaceD. AnkylosisE. Periosteal osteoporosis73. Ganglion cyst around wrist:A. Common in maleB. Present as solitary nodule onlyC. Mucoid degeneration of collagen and connective tissueD. Contain mucin, albumin and globulinE. Common in volar aspect of wrist74. In crystal deposition disorderA. Exclusively in goutB. Gout can be diagnosed by characteristics of crystals in joint fluidC. Intake of purine can diminish the symptom of goutD. Pseudogout characterized by calcium pyrophosphate depositionE. Acute symptom of gout can be treated by NSAIDs75. AmputationA. Diabetic gangrene of the foot require amputation at the distal tibiaB. Below knee amputation ,weight is taken on the stumpC. Above knee amputation,weight is taken on the ischial tuberosityD. Elderly patient refuse to use above knee prostheses because of the high energy requirementE. Pain due to neuroma formation is a complication76. Regarding tenosynovitis:A. In the proliferative type, it starts within the synovial lining of tendon sheath or invades the tendon from involvement of a contagious joint.B. In crystalline type, precipitation of crystalline outside the confines of an enclosed space triggers fulminant inflammatory reaction.C. Calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease can cause acute inflammatory tenosynovitis within carpal tunnel.D. In stenosing tenovaginitis synovial proliferation is commonE. De Quervain’s disease involves first compartment of the extensor part of the wirst.77. Gene therapy:A. Used to replace the non functional gene to become functionalB. RNA interference is used to activate a silent geneC. Rota-viruses are used as carriers for the gene to be inserted into genomeD. Gene therapy is used to treat multifactorial gene problemE. Gene therapy is used to produce bone growth.78. Bone cells:A. Osteoblast is a polynucleated cellB. Osteocyte is a mature bone cell trapped in matrix
  12. 12. C. Bone lining cells are immature cellsD. Osteoclast is used for bone resorptionE. Osteoclasts found in ‘ruffled border’79. Rheumatoid ArthritisA. Incidence is peak in 20-30 years of ageB. HLA-DR is occurs in 70% of people with RAC. T-cell produced anti-IgG auto antibody, which is detected as Rheumatoid factorD. Muscle weakness common presentE. In early stage, plain X-ray can show periarticular osteopenia80. Charcoat joint caused byA. NeurosyphilisB. RAC. Multiple myelomaD. Peripheral neuritisE. Gouty arthritis81. DVTA. Homan’s sign reliable clinical sign toward the diagnosisB. Present with pain in calf regionC. Followed hip arthroplastyD. Confirmed by Doppler ultrasoundE. LMW heparin are used as prophylaxis and treatment82. In slipped capital femoral epiphysisA. Affects girls more than boysB. In 30% of acute slip with history of traumaC. Slip occur in the proliferative zone of epiphysis plateD. Confined to prepubertal growth age83. in fracture of phalanges and metaphalangesA. Undisplaced # of phalanges can be splinted to its neighborB. It is important to correct malrotationC. Bernett # occur at the base of 5th metacarpalD. Immobilization should be at least 6/52E. Stiffness is the most important complication84. Regarding CTEVA. Hindfoot is dorsiflexedB. Forefoot is internally rotatedC. Forefoot is evertedD. Calf muscle is underdevelopedE. Treatment begin within 2-3 days after birth85. Regarding AmputationA. Diabetic gangrene of the foot require amputation at the distal tibiaB. Below knee amputation ,weight is taken on the stump
  13. 13. C. Above knee amputation, weight is taken on the ischial tuberosityD. Elderly patient refuse to use above knee prostheses because of the high energy requirementE. Pain due to neuroma formation is a complication86. Fat embolismA. Occurs after 3 daysB. Treatment mainly oxygen therapyC. Shortness of breath, mild confusion and restlessnessD. Commonly seen in elderly patient followed minor traumaE. Due to circulating fat globules87. Archilles tendon ruptureA. Occurs in degenerate tendonB. Positive Simmon’s testC. Cannot be treated conservativelyD. Patient have difficulty in walking tiptoeE. Complicated with wound dehiscence of surgical treatment88. Carpal tunnel syndromeA. More common in men than womenB. Caused hypothenar muscle wasting in late caseC. Happened in hypothyroidD. Paraesthesia of fingers after fully palmarflexion in 1 minuteE. Treated surgically with incision of anterior carpal ligament89. regarding examination of the kneeA. Anterior drawer test indicate PCL instabilityB. Lachman tset is elicit in 90o flexion of kneeC. Q angle is required for patella subluxationD. Positive patella tap indicate grossly knee effusionE. Mc Murray classically for bucket handle tear of knee menisci90. posterior hip dislocationA. Less commonly than anterior dislocationB. Lies in extension, abduction and externally rotatedC. Occur in dashboard injuryD. If involved with # of femoral head, closed reduction will be failE. Sciatic nerve injury is a complication91. acute lumbar disc prolapsedA. Common at L4 and L5B. If occur at L4 & L5, L4 will be compressedC. Plain xray is diagnosticD. Sciatic nerve injuryE. Surgical intervention if involves cauda equine92. spondylolisthesis
  14. 14. A. Is forward shift displacement of vertebrae above on stable vertebrae belowB. Common at L4,L5 and L5,S1C. Cannot occur in degenerative processD. In childhood is painfulE. Operation is indicated in neurological deficit93. multiple myelomaA. Malignant B cell lymphoproliferative disorder of marrowB. Sclerotic lesion is seen through out skeletonC. Associated with increase blood viscosityD. Bensen Jenssn protein in urine in 90% of patientE. Sensitive to ankylating cytotoxic agents94. bone healingA. The process starts subsequently from inflammation stage,reparative stage and remodeling stageB. Stabilization of the fracture ends is necessary for healing process to occurC. Osteoprogenitor cells within the periosteum are mobilizedD. Healing is always associated with callus formationE. Remodeling stage would take two weeks to complete the process95. # in childrenA. Rotational malalignment of # bone corrected by remodeling processB. Metaphyseal alignment avulsion # lead to premature closure of adjacent growth plateC. Apophysis injury lead to longitudinal growth arrest of boneD. Salter Harris type IV treated by conservative treatmentE. Displaced supracondylar # of humerus treated by close reduction and percutaneous pin under imageintensifier96. definite indication for internal fixationA. When # is unstable and prone to displace after closed reductionB. Open # with gross contaminationC. Polytrauma, afraid of ARDSD. Pathological # which bone disease prevent healing processE. Humeral # associate without radial nerve injury97. frozen shoulder (shoulder tendinitis)A. Commonly found in younger ageB. Restrict movement in forward flexion onlyC. Cause by trauma to shoulderD. Self limiting diseaseE. Recover process is difficult in DM98. Causes of pathological fractureA. repetitive stressB. osteoporosisC. bone cystD. previous traumatic fracture
  15. 15. E. secondary to bone99. anterior shoulder instabilityA. Commonly occur in elderly men followed by an acute traumatic eventB. Can cause humeral head articular damageC. Is associated with Bankart lesionD. Positive Apprehension testE. Mainly treated by conservative treatment100. Late complications of fracture includeA. Non-unionB. Joint contractureC. OsteomyelitisD. Muscle atrophyE. Bleeding

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