TERRORISM<br />DEFNITION<br />The calculated use of violence (or the threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature; this is done through intimidation or coercion or instilling fear.<br />
ORIGINAND USE<br />"Terror" comes from the Latin verb terrere meaning "to frighten”. The cambric terror was a panic and state of emergency in Rome in response to the approach of warriors of the Cambric tribe in 105 BC. The Jacobins cited this precedent when imposing a Reign of Terror during the French Revolution after the Jacobins lost power, the word "terrorist" became a term of abuse. Although the Reign of Terror was imposed by a government, in modern times "terrorism" usually refers to the killing of innocent people by a private group in such a way as to create a media spectacle.<br />
TERRORISTS<br />Terrorists can be anyone who believes in a cause strongly enough to commit violence to make a point. <br />
HOW IS A TERRORIST TRAINED<br />A person from a very poor family is selected . Then their family would be paid a lumsum and the child is taken for the terror training. Apparently it might be because of his whish or not but it’s our fate. <br />
TERROR IN INDIA.<br />Following is the list of organization designated as terrorist by the Government of India. <br /><ul><li> United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA).
National Democratic Front of Bodoland (NDFB) </li></ul> in Assam.<br /><ul><li> People’s Liberation Army.
OPERATION BLUE STAR<br />Operation Blue Star was launched to eliminate the violent extremists who had sought cover in the Amritsar Golden Temple Complex. The Sikh militants within the Harminder Sahib were led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale and former Maj. Gen.Shabeg Singh. Maj. Gen. Kuldip Singh Brar had command of the action, operating under Gen. Sunderji.<br />
OPERATION.<br />20:00 hrs - 22:00 hrs<br />The first element was the destruction of Shabeg Singh's outer defences. Much of this had been completed in the preliminary shelling. Major-General Brar had hoped to force Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale into surrendering, which did not occur. The destroyed defenses included seventeen houses which the police believed Bhindranwale's followers occupied in the alleys surrounding the Golden Temple. Nearby was the Brahmbuta Akhara, a large building housing the headquarters of a Sikh sect. Then there were three main towers which had been fortified to create positions from which Bhindranwale's men could defend. Because the towers rose well above surrounding buildings, they were excellent observation positions for tracking the movement of Indian troops in the narrow alleys surrounding the temple. The tops of these towers were destroyed in the preliminary artillery fire<br />22:00 hrs–23:30 hrs<br />Between 10:00 and 10:30 on 5 june commandos from 1st Battalion, the Parachute Regiment, were ordered to run down the steps under the clock tower on to the parikarma, ("pavement"), and move quickly around the edge of the sacred pool to the Akal Takht. As the paratroopers entered the main gateway to the Temple they were gunned down by light machine-gun fire from both sides of the steps. The few commandos who did get down the steps were driven back by a barrage of fire from the building on the south side of the sacred pool. In the control room, a house on the opposite side of the clock-tower, Major-General Brar was waiting with two supporting officers to hear confirmation that the commandos had established positions inside the complex.<br />
The few commandos left regrouped in the square outside and reported back to Maj. Gen. Brar. He ordered them to make another attempt. The commandos were then to be followed by the 10th Battalion of the Guards, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Israr Khan. This second commando attack managed to neutralize the machine-gun posts on both sides of the steps and get down on to the parikarma. They were followed by the Guards who came under heavy fire and were not able to make any progress. They radioed for permission to fire back at the buildings on the other side of the tank. That would have meant that the Golden Temple itself, which is in the middle of the pool, would have been in the line of fire. Brar initially refused, but started to receive reports of heavy casualties from the commander of the Guards.<br />23:30 hrs - 01:00 hrs<br />Brar again requested tanks after an APC was destroyed by a rocket fired by a Sikh militant. His request was granted and seven tanks rolled into the Golden Temple complex. They cleared the ramparts and later assaulted the Akal Takht in order to neutralize the militants remaining in the structure. The shelling achieved its objective and the primary target of removing militants from the Akal Takht was achieved by 01:00. However, the secondary objective of removing militants from other neighbouring structures went on for a further 24 hours<br />
IMPACTS.<br />SOCIAL .<br />ECONOMIC.<br />TOURISM.<br />TECHNOLOGY.<br />ON SOCIETY.<br />PHYCOLOGICAL.<br />ON THE HARMONY OF THE NATIONS.<br />