1.3 ARCHITECTURAL CONSIDERATION
Engineering drawings depict the mind behind the architect. They have some
common features which convey the following critical information.
Geometry of the item
Finish and quality standards
Carpet Area -refers to the total usable area within the four walls of a space
• It is that area where actually a carpet can be laid. It does not include the
pillars or any other side walls. It is the area which we use on a daily basis.
Plinth area –refers to the entire carpet area along with the thickness of the
external walls of the space.
Built-up area - area covered by plinth area, outer wall to outer wall in
addition to the area covered by the balconies and projections on the
windows (rainwater shelters).
• Built up area = Carpet area + Area of wall thickness + Area covered by
Super built-up area - Total built-up area plus proportionate area of
common area wherever the construction has been done.
• Plinth area along with the share of all common areas proportionately
divided amongst all the unit owners makes up the super built-up area.
Floor area ratio FAR/ Floor space ratio (FSR) Floor space index (FSI). -
Ratio of building’s total floor area (Gross floor area) to the area /size of
the piece of land upon which the building is constructed.
FAR/FSI = Sum of area covered by all floors of the building/ Area of the plot
on which the building is built.
• A series of drawings showing the layout of the parts of the building: the rooms, their sizes and shapes, doors
and windows, and details that would otherwise take thousands of words to communicate to a reader.
• Lines, numbers, symbols, and a few words are all that it takes to make a blueprint.
Purpose of Blueprints
• basic talking point‘ between the owner and the architect.
• It conveys detailed information to the people in the trade
• Helps to install plumbing fittings and fixtures electrical fittings and wiring, audio-video Systems, gas-pipe
• Helps check the level of performance of the work done.
• To determine the quantity of materials required for refurbishing and redecorating - amount or sizes of floor
coverings, wall coverings, paint, plaster, wallboard and drapery
• To determine manpower requirements in housekeeping and maintenance.
• A blueprint may also be used as a basic tool in energy management. An energy saving renovation plan can be
developed by reviewing blueprints.
Legal Requirements for a design of
• Building Permit For The Hotel Business
• Hotel Business Registration
• Fire safety permit
• FSSAI Food Business License
• Health Trade License
• Eating House License
• Liquor or Bar license
• Police permit for hotel
• Lift Clearance
• Music License
• Signage License
• Pollution Certificate
• Certificate of Environmental Clearance (CEC)
• GST Registration &GST Return Filing
• PF Registration In Hotel Business
• ESI Registration In Hotel Business
• Shops & Establishments License
• Insurances - Public Liability, Product Liability
• Fire Policy
• Building and Asset