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The capacity to acquire and use language is a key aspect that distinguishes humans from other beings.

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  1. 1. Linguistc Seminar Created by Joel AcostaFacilitator: Mirna Quintero April, 2012
  2. 2. language comprehend Process Languageperceive Acquisition humans capacity acquire Produce + use + words = comunicate
  3. 3. Successfully use of language ToolsSyntax Extensive vocabulary Phonetics
  4. 4. Is the language acquisition process the same for all children?  Game  Rules  Articulate words  Put together the words to be acceptable and understand by people
  5. 5. Children do not use language like adults Acquiring language is a gradual process ‘ErrorsChildren will learn to speak the dialect(s) and language(s)that are used around them Children follow their own rules
  6. 6. How do children develop? Children are individuals Children are learning how to function adequately in their environment Much of this learning takes place through language itself
  7. 7. Do children copy adults exactly?Children do not simply reproduce whatever they are exposed to...  Children are developing physically  Children are developing cognitively
  8. 8. How long does it take to acquire language? Language acquisition takes time, a long time Children learn language through natural interaction with caring people in everyday settings
  9. 9. Do all children learn at the same rate? Language acquisition is not a competitive sport They are competing only with themselves, on their own terms Language is only part of what children have to learn Children wont learn anything which they are not ready for
  10. 10. How do children handle the language acquisition process? Children will develop their own strategies for learning whatever they find relevant to learn around them, including language Language is just a tool that gets things done for them Children may prefer to be expressive through intonation
  11. 11. What strategies do children use in learning language?  Learning strategies:  Physical ability (Learn in stages)  Intellectual ability Generalize from past experience
  12. 12. How do children acquire pronunciation? Difficult sounds and easy sounds, and difficult and easy distinctions between sounds Children usually replace difficult sounds with sounds that are easier for them to articulate Childrens spontaneous play also shows a progression from gross to sophisticated control over their body Baby-words for mummy and daddy
  13. 13. Vowels (the sounds usually spelt a, e, i, o, u in English) are easier thanconsonants and are generally learned first Prolong the vowels
  14. 14. How do children acquire words? Generalization:Children modify words, replace, add and remove word bits to make themconform to a general pattern that they find easier to tackle (banana)
  15. 15. How do children acquire sentences?An interesting fact of this learning is the hyperregularization inflections,or use the same inflections of verbs regular and irregular, showing thatthe child looks for patterns in language
  16. 16. Where can you learn more about language acquisition? David Crystals book Listen to your Child: A Parents Guide to ChildrensLanguage (Penguin, 1989) offers a very accessible and very entertainingaccount of what children do with their own language learning. Eve Clarks book First Language Acquisition (Cambridge University Press,2003) is a comprehensive -- and more technical -- account of child languagedevelopment. The Learning Disabilities website lists typical milestones in cognitive,linguistic and social development.
  17. 17. Sources, L. (1970) Language Development: Form and Function in EmergingGrammars.