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  2. 2. Personality <ul><li>Combination of stable physical and mental characteristics that gives a person their identity </li></ul><ul><li>PERSONALITY DETERMINANTS: </li></ul><ul><li>Biological factors: </li></ul><ul><li>heredity, physical features, brain </li></ul><ul><li>Environment: </li></ul><ul><li>socialization process, identification process, home environment </li></ul><ul><li>Situational factors </li></ul>
  3. 3. Personality Attributes <ul><li>Self-esteem </li></ul><ul><li>Self-efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Self-monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Locus of control </li></ul><ul><li>Type A & B personalities </li></ul><ul><li>Risk Taking </li></ul><ul><li>Machiavellianism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Self-Esteem <ul><li>A belief about one’s own self worth based on an overall self-evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>related to job satisfaction </li></ul>
  5. 5. Self-Efficacy <ul><li>A person’s belief about his or her chances of successfully completing a specific task. </li></ul><ul><li>Sources of Self-Efficacy Beliefs : - Prior experience - Behavior models - Persuasion from others - Assessment of physical/emotional state </li></ul>
  6. 6. Self-Monitoring <ul><li>The extent to which a person observes their own self-expressive behavior and adapts it to the demands of the situation. </li></ul><ul><li>High self-monitors </li></ul><ul><li>Low self-monitors </li></ul>
  7. 7. Locus of Control <ul><li>Extent to which people believe that they are the masters of their own fates </li></ul><ul><li>Internal </li></ul><ul><li>External </li></ul>
  8. 8. Type A and Type B <ul><li>Type A </li></ul><ul><li>Achieve more in less time </li></ul><ul><li>Moves, walks, eats rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>Impatient </li></ul><ul><li>Do many things at once </li></ul>
  9. 9. Type A and Type B <ul><li>Type B </li></ul><ul><li>Less time urgency </li></ul><ul><li>Plans for fun and </li></ul><ul><li>Can relax without guilt </li></ul><ul><li>Less discussion of accomplishments </li></ul>
  10. 10. Risk Taking <ul><li>Degree to which people will take or avoid risks </li></ul><ul><li>High risk takers make faster decisions and use less information </li></ul>
  11. 11. Machiavellianism <ul><li>Degree to which an individual maintains emotional distance and believes that the end justify the means </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulates more </li></ul>