Kinooze November 2012 Issue - News And Facts For Kids


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Kinooze November 2012 Issue - News And Facts For Kids

  2. 2. Copyright © 2012, All rights reservedUnless otherwise noted no part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system ortransmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopied, recorded orotherwise, without express written permission of, except for brief quotations orcritical reviews.At the time of this book’s publication all facts and figures cited are the most current available.The authors and make no warranties or guarantee concerning the informationand materials given out and are provided to you on “as-is” basis only. If you find any error orbelieve that a resource listed here is not as described please contact Parents,teachers and other adults: We strongly encourage you to monitor children’s use of theinternet.Dear Parents and Teachers: Copies of NEWS AND FACTS FOR KIDS NOVEMBER 2012 maybe reproduced for home or classroom use only.Authors: Chanda Agarwal, Shweta Sinha and Tara AgarwalEdited by kinooze.comThis issue’s cover page uses image from “Becoming what you read” underCC-BY-ND 2.0 licenseAll other images reproduced under Creative Commons CC-BY licenseReach us at:
  3. 3. Contents1 2012 7 1.1 November . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Now You Can See it, Now You Can’t! (2012-11-08 03:13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Seven Natural Wonders of the World (2012-11-01 14:34) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Who was Charlie Chaplin? (2012-11-03 02:37) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Record Breaking Plantation Drive in Leh (2012-11-01 16:33) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 The Rubbing Tool (2012-11-04 15:49) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 UFO spotted in Ladakh (2012-11-03 02:35) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 The Escape of The Turtles! (2012-11-03 15:54) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Three Fingered Frog (2012-11-03 15:54) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 US Gearing up for Elections (2012-11-05 17:25) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Plastic Indian Flags Might be Banned (2012-11-10 03:53) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Sunita Williams Spacewalks Again (2012-11-04 15:48) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Discovery or Invention? (2012-11-10 03:12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Why is Plastic Harmful for Environment? (2012-11-07 04:32) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Wooden Cars And Paper Planes (2012-11-05 17:28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Spade-Toothed Beaked Whale Exists (2012-11-09 06:21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Barack Obama Re-elected as the US President (2012-11-07 06:06) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 First Sandy now Nor’easter hits NY (2012-11-08 04:48) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Precious Sunshine (2012-11-09 03:41) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Avast! Ye Pirate (2012-11-12 06:53) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 No Bursting Crackers After 10 p.m. (2012-11-12 04:13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Spacecraft or Helicopters? (2012-11-15 05:18) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Manned Space Mission ’Made in China’ (2012-11-14 04:21) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Deepavali - The Festival of Lights (2012-11-13 05:26) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Chacha Nehru’s Birthday (2012-11-14 05:18) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 Strange Socotra (2012-11-15 18:27) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 3
  4. 4. Rare Indian Diamond sold for Record Price (2012-11-15 18:22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Israel attacks Gaza (2012-11-15 18:00) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 Grow Taller in Space! (2012-11-18 16:54) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Change of Guard in China (2012-11-16 16:29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Tomatoes trying to Catchup? (2012-11-16 16:27) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Cobras Rescued (2012-11-16 16:28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Mysterious Stones (2012-11-20 16:41) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 Free Floating Planet with No Sun (2012-11-17 18:29) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Do not be a Genie, Just be a Parent (2012-11-20 04:28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Sunita Williams back from Space (2012-11-19 05:50) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 WaterSpout formation in Australia (2012-11-19 03:28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Israel Hamas face off continues (2012-11-19 17:22) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Please Pass the Banana (2012-11-19 17:23) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Safety Plan for Kudankulam Nuclear Power Project (2012-11-20 16:43) . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Israel to Put off Attacks Soon (2012-11-20 16:42) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Thousand Fruits On A Platter (2012-11-20 16:43) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Largest Spider in the World (2012-11-23 15:55) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 Round and Round Around your Waist (2012-11-22 17:16) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Discovery of Stone age House in UK (2012-11-24 15:54) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Aesop’s Fables (2012-11-21 15:31) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Secret Passageways (2012-11-26 03:53) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Greenland losing Ice.. (2012-11-23 16:01) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 How Do We Learn? (2012-11-22 17:14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 Mount Tongariro erupts (2012-11-21 15:34) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 The Spirit Of ThanksGiving (2012-11-21 15:33) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 Curiosity is Keeping a Big Secret (2012-11-21 15:34) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Who was Albert Einstein? (2012-11-23 16:00) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Israel Gaza agree to Ceasefire (2012-11-22 16:59) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Rhino Poached in Kazhiranga (2012-11-22 17:13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 India-China Fight over Border Areas (2012-11-23 15:55) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 What Our Kids Want to Tell Us? (2012-11-25 16:05) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 House On The Road (2012-11-25 16:05) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 The Sun and The Sky (2012-11-26 16:48) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Dust Storm On Mars (2012-11-26 16:49) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Letter To Santa (2012-11-27 15:36) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424
  5. 5. The Maple Syrup (2012-11-28 17:31) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43Why is Equator Very Hot? (2012-11-27 15:53) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44Phantom Islands (2012-11-28 17:30) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44Buildings On Mars (2012-11-28 17:27) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45Celebrating Guru Nanak’s Birthday (2012-11-27 16:43) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46More Forests in Brazil Now (2012-11-30 03:11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46Around the World Without Flying (2012-11-28 17:28) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47The Olympic Swimmer (2012-11-30 01:23) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47Noah’s Ark (2012-11-30 01:20) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48Huge Black Hole Found (2012-11-30 01:50) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. Chapter 120121.1 NovemberNow You Can See it, Now You Can’t!(2012-11-08 03:13) Look at this picture of rocks and stones. Can you spot a frog? With the body color that completely matches the rocks, the frog stays hidden. This frog is safe from its attackers as long as it does not move.Can you find the owl in the above picture?You can if you look very closely. The owl’sbody is so similar to the trunk of the tree that italmost blends in the tree. A predator who is usingvision to hunt will almost miss the owl. This methodthat allows animals, people or objects to stay hiddenand blend into their environment is called camouflage.This allows prey to avoid predators, and for predatorsto sneak up on prey. 7
  8. 8. This butterfly pretends to be a fierce owl when in trouble. The owl eyes shape on its wings gives it a chance to scare off the attacker. Hognose snakes that are usually found in USAWhile some animals can stay still for a long are entirely harmless. There is a misconception thattime, some can’t. The ones that keep moving all the they are venomous because they have a broad head.time have the ability to merge in the background When threatened, the hognose snake tries to imitateby changing their color. For example, this stone a real cobra. When this trick fails it pretends to beflounder Kareius bicoloratus, becomes spotted when dead. Smart huh!it is resting on the sand and becomes spotted when itsits on the ocean floor. Inspired by nature, humans also use camou- flage but mostly for military purposes. The uniforms of soldiers, warships, troop carriers, air crafts are also designed to blend in the background. Now imagine, if you had the power to camou- flage, the power that you are around, but go unnoticed, what would you do with it?Animals with fur are often camouflaged by sea-son. When the season changes these animals undergocolor changes. For example, the Arctic Fox’s coatis brown in color, changes to white as the winter Seven Natural Wonders of the Worldapproaches. (2012-11-01 14:34) Our Earth is full of marvels carved out by nature. Gi- gantic mountains, breathtakingly beautiful waterfalls,8
  9. 9. fiery volcanoes, mysterious forests and many morebeauties like that. But some stand out among therest. The top seven natural wonders of the world are: Mount Everest - Mount Everest, which lies in the Himalayas, is the Earth’s highest mountain.Grand Canyon - Grand means large and Canyonmeans big crack in the ground. Grand Canyon refersto a place in Arizona, United States, where thisenormous crack formed in the ground because of theColorado river. Aurora - Aurora is the natural display of Bright red, green and blue lights in the sky. They are usually associated with winter nights when it is the darkest.Great Barrier Reef - Great Barrier Reef nearthe coast in Queensland, Australia has 14000 differentplants and animals and is the biggest coral reef in theWorld. A coral reef is an underwater structure madeup of corals. 9
  10. 10. not five or ten. It’s because ancient Greek associated number seven with perfection!Parícutin Volcano - is a volcano at the top ofthe conical hill made out of a volcano in the Mexicanstate of Michoacan. We know when it was formedand that makes this volcano special. It started asa small fissure in the cornfield of a Mexican farmer. Who was Charlie Chaplin? (2012-11-03 02:37)For three weeks, there were strange noises that cameout from the ground and then finally ash and stoneserupted out. It kept on erupting for nine years beforefinally settling down in 1952. Entertainer Charlie Chaplin was probably the most well-known actor of the early 20th century. AlthoughVictoria Falls - Victoria Falls in Africa is the his childhood was very difficult and sad, he madelargest waterfall on Earth. It is on Zambezi river the best comedian of his times. His silence was fun-between Zambia and Zimbabwe. nier than the words. His costume that consisted of baggy pants, bamboo cane, bowler hat, and over-sized shoes became world famous. This sweet little man was adored by everyone. Even the dictator, Adolf Hitler copied his moustache style so that people would like him as well as Chaplin. Charlie Chaplin was born in London in 1889. He traveled to the United States when he was a teenager, and there he met a director who started his career in comedy. Chaplin was not only an actor he was also a director and a composer. He was the first actor to appear on Time magazine on July 6, 1925. Four years after his death, Ukrainian astronomer, aHarbor of Rio de Janerio - Rio de Janeiro Har- big fan of Chaplin, Lyudmila Karachkina named anbor is also known as River of January and as one of asteroid after him. Ms. Karachkina named the aster-the most beautiful natural harbors. It is said, “God oid 3623 Chaplin.made the world in six days and on the seventh, heconcentrated on Rio.” Look at this beautiful clip from his film, surely it will bring a smile to your face.You might be wondering why only seven...why
  11. 11. Record Breaking Plantation Drive in Leh The Rubbing Tool (2012-11-04 15:49)(2012-11-01 16:33) ”You make way too many mistakes while writing. If it were not for the eraser your notebook would be filled only with criss crosses”, Myra told Ken. Ken smirked and said, ” If I had a time machine, I would go back in time to thank the person who in- vented the eraser. But who should I thank because IOn October 29, there was a massive plantation drive do not even know the person who invented it”.in the beautiful city of Leh tucked in Himalayas andonce capital of Ladakh. ”Hey! wouldn’t it be interesting to find out who in- vented the eraser, to know how he came up with the idea and how erasers actually erase out things.”, Myra said inquisitively. Ken thought that this was the first smart thing Myra said since morning and agreed that this would be re- ally interesting to find out. That afternoon both of them went to the library to scout for the answers. Soon they found all their an- swers in ”The Great Book of Inventions”. The person that they were looking for was an Englishman named Edward Naime, who accidentally invented the eraser. Before the rubber eraser was discovered people used white bread to erase the pencil marks. Eww!. One day while working Naime accidentally picked up a chunk of rubber instead of bread to erase. He noticed9,814 volunteers planted 99,103 saplings in Ladakhi that the rubber erased much better than the bread.willow within one hour. Earlier the record of planting Soon enough Naime started selling erasers. But there66,000 trees was set in Philippines in January last was one problem. Rubber like bread would go badyear. over a period of time. They were perishable. Much later a person called Charles Goodyear, invented the process of vulcanization (for converting rubber into more durable materials) that made rubber stable and made it a household name. 11
  12. 12. staying in the sky for three to five hours before disap-So its the rubber in the erasers that clears pencil pearing.marks. It is super simple. Rubber erasers are made These objects might not be alien but they are definitelyup of very tiny particles that are extremely sticky. unidentified.And the pencil marks you see on the paper are ac-tually tiny graphite particles. So when the eraser isrubbed over pencil marks the graphite particles stick The Escape of The Turtles!up to the eraser particles and leave the paper surface (2012-11-03 15:54)!!Ken got up from his chair and said smilingly,” If I hadthe time machine now I would know exactly whom tothank for inventing the rubbing tool.”Did you know?Erasers have evolved over years from being just aplain chunk to being colorful, designed and shapedlike animals or like toys or cartoons, and many otherdelightful shapes. Enjoy watching this video of beau-tiful Japanese erasers: Around 580 Indian Mud Turtles were being stolen from Vizag district, AP and taken to West Bengal and the Northeast, where turtle meat is considered a delicacy. Luckily they escaped as the truck overturned.UFO spotted in Ladakh (2012-11-03 02:35) The turtles were later released in lakes in the Kam- balakonda Wildlife Sanctuary. Three Fingered Frog (2012-11-03 15:54)Units of the Indian Army and the Indo-Tibetan BorderPolice Force (ITBP) have reported Unidentified Fly-ing Objects (UFOS) in the Ladakh region of Jammuand Kashmir.The ITBP started spotting them in August and tillOctober reported 100 sightings of yellowish spheres The tiny, three-fingered frog, Brachycephalus tridacty-lifting off from the horizon on the Chinese side and lus, was found in a rainforest reserve in southern12
  13. 13. Brazil. Plastic Indian Flags Might be Banned (2012-11-10 03:53)This frog was discovered in Feburary 14, 2007 bybiologist Michel Garey.But it was not until June this year that the discoveryof this new species – Brachycephalus tridactylus – wasofficially established.Wonder where this frog lost its fourth finger? Indian government wants to ban the use of large num- ber of plastic Indian flags used at national, cultural and sporting events.US Gearing up for Elections(2012-11-05 17:25) Plastic is harmful to the environment as it takes years to degrade during which time harmful residues seep into the ground. Instead goverment is suggesting the use of bio- degradable paper for making flags for these events. Very environment friendly thought indeed!! Sunita Williams Spacewalks Again (2012-11-04 15:48)United States general elections will be held on Tues-day, November 6th, 2012.Current President and Democratic Party memberBarack Obama is contesting for a second term of pres-idency against Republican Party Presidential Candi-date Mitt Romney. Indian-American Nasa astronaut Sunita Williams re-Latest polls reveal that the race among the two pres- cently completed her seventh spacewalk. Any timeidential candidates will be very close. Both of them an astronaut gets out of a vehicle while in space, itare equally likely to win the elections. is called a spacewalk. A spacewalk is also called an 13
  14. 14. EVA meaning extravehicular activity. has a tiny hole ;)She ventured out along with Japanese astronaut Aki- Invention on the other hand means to make or createhiko Hoshide for about six hours to fix an ammonia something new that never existed before. For example,leak in the International Space Station’s cooling sys- ’Insulin’ a medicine for people whose pancreas don’ttem. function properly was invented by Frederick Banting. Airplanes were invented by the Wright Brothers andSunita already holds the record for a female astro- the ’the father of computing’, Charles Babbage in-naut spacewalking. It is over 44 hours during six vented computers.previous excursions. It was third spacewalk for Aki-hiko Hoshide. While inventions usually are extremely helpful and contribute to the society, a discovery may or may notDid you Know? always be very helpful.The first person to go on a spacewalk was AlexeiLeonov. He was from Russia. The first spacewalk was Now here is a little trivia for you.on March 18, 1965. It was 10 minutes long. Was zero discovered or invented?Discovery or Invention? (2012-11-10 03:12) Keep thinking and let us know !! - Why is Plastic Harmful for Environment? (2012-11-07 04:32)Imagine if no one had discovered dinosaur fossils wewould not have known that these majestic creaturesexisted. If Issac Newton would not have discoveredthe law of gravity, we would still be clueless about whythings fall downwards and don’t fly back up. Think ifcars, planes and computers were not invented. With-out these incredible discoveries and marvelous inven-tions, the world we live in would be a totally differentplace, right? Wait a minute... Are discoveries any dif-ferent from inventions ? Yes, they are very different.Discovery means finding out something new whichexists, but was earlier unknown. For example, peoplediscovered gold in the gold rush in 19th and early 20th You must have observed that grocery shops these dayscenturies. The gold had always been there, but people do not use plastic bags. They hand out all your thingsjust found out about it one day. Discovery could be as in either paper bags or cloth bags. So what happenedsmall as you discovering one morning that your sock to the plastic bags that we used? There is a reason14
  15. 15. plastic is slowly disappearing. In fact, it is a conscious Imagine a world without metal. Cars would be madeeffort by everyone as plastic is very harmful for our of stone. Or maybe of wood like a bullock cart! Wouldenvironment. Of course, now you would want to know we have aeroplanes then? Stone would be too heavywhy. to fly, and wood might break!Whenever we throw something like paper, food peels,leaves etc there are small tiny creatures in nature –the bacteria – who eat these things up or turn theminto useful products that nature loves. These thingsare called Biodegradable’. Non-Biodegradable things, on the other hand, likeglass, steel and plastic – can not be turned into useful,nature friendly products. The bacteria just can’t eatthem up or break them up.Plastic is harmful because it is Non-Biodegradable’.When thrown on land it makes the soil less fertile.When thrown in water it chokes our ponds, rivers andoceans and harms the sea life. If animals eat plastic,it gets stuck in their tummy and makes them sick. Sounds strange, right? But did you know that a worldWhy? because the bacteria in their stomach cannot without metal did exist? A very long time ago peoplebreak the plastic up into smaller pieces. only had clay, wood and stone to make stuff. They had not discovered metal yet. That time is called theFactories that make plastic have to make tons of them “Stone-age”, as most things like hunting spears wereevery day because people ask for plastic bags – in made of malls, grocery stores, everywhere. We canhelp these factories by giving back the unused plasticbags in our house – this is called “Recycling”. Recy-cling helps factories make fresh plastic by using theold ones. We can also help by using cloth bags forshopping instead of plastic bags. Imagine if all of usstop asking for plastic bags the factories will have noreason to make them – they can then start makingbeautiful cloth bags.Wooden Cars And Paper Planes(2012-11-05 17:28) Then someone found a metal called copper and mixed it with another metal called tin to make bronze. Peo- ple were overjoyed as metal was easier to use than stone. Spears became sharper and cooking pots lighter. This era is known as the “Bronze-age”. 15
  16. 16. Spade-Toothed Beaked Whale Exists (2012-11-09 06:21)Soon after, someone smarter discovered iron. Theybegan using fire to remove iron from rock. Iron ore orraw iron was more easily available than copper and tin. The spade-toothed whale is a very little known be-We just didn’t know how to melt it out earlier. Iron cause it is the rarest species of beaked whales. It waswas magic metal. It was much stronger and harder unknown until a partial jaw was found on Pitt Islandthan bronze. It made people’s lives simpler. Improved in New Zealand in 1872 by a geologist named Jamestools for digging and farming became common. Now Hector.we could build large bridges and sturdy houses. Sev-eral forts were constructed for safety. In December 2010, a female and a baby whale were found stranded on Opape Beach,New Zealand. TheyIf you have ever visited a fort, you may remember died soon and were at first thought to be Gray’slong pipelike weapons propped on its walls. These beaked whales. Later DNA analysis revealed thatcannons were used to shoot heavy iron balls on the they were spade-toothed whale. They provided theenemy. Without iron, even the cannon would not ex- first ever complete specimen of spade-toothed You must have guessed by now what this era iscalled – the “Iron-age”! This species of whale inhabit Pacific Islands Region and have never been seen alive. It rarely gets washedEven today iron is everywhere. It is the main in- ashore. So far we know nothing about their popula-gredient of steel, a metal used in cars, aeroplanes, tion or behaviour.houses and machines. Walk into your kitchen, you’llfind several cooking pots made of steel. Peek intodad’s toolbox- the hammer, pliers and screwdriversare all iron and steel. Look around - what else can Barack Obama Re-elected as the US Presi-you see that is made of steel? dent (2012-11-07 06:06)16
  17. 17. Precious Sunshine (2012-11-09 03:41)Barack Obama has been re-elected by the people ofUnited States of America to be the 45th president oftheir country. He gets a second term which meansanother four years to serve the office. He had a verytough challenge from Republican Mitt Romney.Obama thanked all the voters online by tweeting fromhis official account ”This happened because of you.Thank you. Four more years.”In 2008, Barack Obama then an Illinois Senator fromthe Democratic Party, went to become the first AfricanAmerican president in the history of United States.Congratulations Mr. president! Sunshine shines Sunshine shines Oh! look the dark cloud whines Its rays are falling bright yellow Making me so calm so mellow..First Sandy now Nor’easter hits NY I am sure you all know that sun’s rays are super for(2012-11-08 04:48) us. But have you ever wondered why they are so cher- ished? Sunshine helps us in many ways. When it falls on our body, it acts like medicine and destroys certain fungi and bacteria that live on our skin. The sun rays also make our white blood cells healthy and active. White blood cells in our body primarily fight germs and prevent us from falling sick. So you see sunshine actually strengthens our body’s army - our immune system. Of all the vital vitamins that our body needs, sun’s rays are the only source of vitamin D, which is very, useful for our bones. Our nervous system that send messages to our brain about what we feel, hear, smell, taste and also aboutNew York and New Jersey residents have been warned how we move around. This system gets all chargedto evacuate their homes as a new storm hits the area. up from the sunlight. No wonder most us feel happier on bright and sunny days than dark and cloudy ones.The storm moving towards NY area has alreadybrought some snow. So far around 1200 flights have So while, you must remember to hog five or ten min-been cancelled and there will be more power cuts. utes of sunshine every day, do not be too greedy. Ex-Although the storm is not as strong as Sandy the cess sun bathing might not be a good idea as it canauthorities are still very cautious. give you an itchy patchy sun burn!! 17
  18. 18. Anne never was a captain herself, but the pi- rate crew of The Revenge’ respected her as one. She joined the crew in 1719 after marrying their captain,Avast! Ye Pirate (2012-11-12 06:53) Calico Rackham. Soon she became a feared pirate herself. She led several daring sea-robberies off the coast of Jamaica. A year later, the crew is celebrating their lat- est booty, pillaged from a Spanish merchant ship. “Splice the Mainbrace!” they cheer, unaware of their imminent arrest. When their ship is attacked, only Anne and Mary are awake to defend it. They fight bravely but are outnumbered. The entire crew is captured.“Aye Matey, ye ready?” Anne asks her friendand crew-mate, Mary. Wrong deeds never pay, and the pirates are brought to trial. Fitting punishment is given to all includingIn reply, Anne sees Mary grasp her pirate cut- the women. Their buccaneering (buhk-uh-neer-ing)lass. Anne herself is more than ready, brandishing days are finally over. Yet their stories have inspiredpistols in both hands. Her dagger is tucked safely in many adventure novels and movies like Pirates of theher waistband. Caribbean’. Want to Pirate-speak?Anne approves Mary’s clothes. Like her, she is Avast – Stopback in men’s khaki pants and a shirt. While Anne Pirate cutlass - A heavy curved swordtucks her red hair in a tri-cornered hat, Mary is To splice the mainbrace – Have a drink (or several)wearing a bandana. Hang the jib – To look ill-tempered Shiver me timbers – I am so surprisedThen Anne notices Mary’s frown. She under- Deadlights – Yer eyes, lad!stands why. The rest of the crew is hiding under the Booty – Goods seizeddeck even at a time like this – out cold from their Hornswaggle – To cheatmerry-making! Jolly Roger - A black flag bearing white skull and crossbones.“Blimey Captain, arrgh!” she scorns her hus-band, “Come up, you cowards, and fight like men.”But neither the captain nor the crew ever joins themin their fight with the Governor’s men.Have you guessed who Anne Bonny and MaryRead are? And what were they doing on a ship ina stormy night like this? Why, they were two of themost infamous pirates of all times. Women pirates,really? After all didn’t the Pirate Code of Conduct’strictly forbid the women on ships? Yes, womenpirates were rare. Still, a few like Anne, braved allodds and proved themselves in this male-dominatedoccupation.18
  19. 19. No Bursting Crackers After 10 p.m.(2012-11-12 04:13) At present the capsules use parachutes to land in the ocean, they will be replaced by spinning blades to enable soft and controlled landings on land. A lot of testing needs to be done before it can be deployed. Manned Space Mission ’Made in China’ (2012-11-14 04:21)In Bengaluru, Karnataka, police have banned thebursting of crackers between 10 p.m. and 6 a.m. dur-ing Diwali.There can be no bursting of crackers aroundthe silent zones like hospitals.Crackers not only cause noise pollution but theirsmoke also pollutes the air and increases the air pol-lution levels way above acceptable limits.Police will patrol across the city and action will be China plans to launch its next manned space missiontaken against people who are found violating the ban. in June next year. It might carry three astronauts to space. China also plans to develop a full orbitingHoping that not only Karnataka but people across space station by 2020 and is hopeful about a Chinesethe country burst crackers wisely. landing on moon one day.Spacecraft or Helicopters? (2012-11-15 05:18) Like NASA in US, the space program of China is controlled by the China National Space Administra- tion (CNSA). China can not use the existing NASA International Space Station as Beijing and Washing- ton are not on very friendly terms. Did you know? • In 2003 Yang Liwei, aboard Shenzhou 5, became the first chinese to go to space.This achievement made China the third country to independently send a person into space after US and Russia.Soon the spacecrafts would be able to land like he- • In 2012 Shenzhou 9 carried China’s first female as-licopters. NASA has developed a new rotor landing tronaut, Liu Yang and took part in the country’ssystem that will enable the space capsules to do so. first manual space docking mission. 19
  20. 20. Deepavali - The Festival of Lights marched with him to Lanka.(2012-11-13 05:26) A battle ensued between Ram and Ravan. The war went on for several days and ended when Ram killed Ravan. Sita was finally reunited with her husband, and they returned to Ayodhya. The overjoyed people of Ayodhya celebrated the re- turn of their prince Ram by illuminating their homes with lights of earthen oil lamps. Today, people cel- ebrate the day by putting up fancy lighting in their homes, oil lamps and by bursting firecrackers. How did you celebrate your Diwali?Deepavali or Diwali is the dazzling festival of lights.’Deep’ means ’light’ and ’avali’ means ’a row’. HenceDeepavali means row of lights. It is the biggest festival Chacha Nehru’s Birthday (2012-11-14 05:18)celebrated by Hindus across the world and especiallyin India. The reason why Diwali is celebrated is men-tioned in the great Hindu epic of Ramayana.Long time ago there lived a prince named Ram whowas exiled from his kingdom Ayodhya for fourteenlong years. Ram set out to live in a jungle and wasjoined by brother Lakshman and wife Sita in this ban-ishment. They built a hut and were living peacefullyin the jungle. One day a Sita saw a beautiful goldendeer. She insisted on having the deer brought backinto the hut. Ram went away to get it and put Lak-shman in-charge to guard Sita. When Ram did notreturn after a long time, Sita ordered Lakshman to Today 14th November, is celebrated as the birth an-go look out for him. Worried about her safety, Lak- niversary of Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru, the famousshman drew ’lakhshman rekha’ - a protective magical freedom fighter and the first prime minister of freeline outside the hut and requested Sita not to overstep Mr Nehru, fondly called as Chacha Nehru, by allAs soon as Lakshman left, a Brahmin came to the the children had a special love for children. He firmlyhut asking for some food. Unaware of any danger, believed in the educational development of Indian chil-Sita crossed over the line to hand out some food to dren. And that is why 14th November is celebratedthe Brahmin. The Brahmin was none other than as children’s day all over India.Ravan, the king of Lanka. He kidnapped Sita andbrought her to Lanka against her wishes. Children’s Day is celebrated on 20th November in the rest of the world, every year as declared by theRam and Lakshman were outraged when they found United Nations in 1954.Sita missing and set out to bring her back. On theway, they met several people including Hanuman and Happy children’s Day!his monkey-faced tribe. They became his army and20
  21. 21. Strange Socotra (2012-11-15 18:27) The islands have rare species of plants, reptiles and land snails that are found no where else in the world. Ever since the ancient time these islands have interested the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans who thrived on the natural treasures of Socotra. Aromatic resins such as frankincense, medicinal aloe extract, and the dark red sap of the dragon’s blood tree were used for healing and as colors for painting. These days Socotra holds the interest of researchers and tourists for its diverse flora and fauna. It is highly amusing to see how the plants have evolved to survive the harsh dry conditions. A famous example is the desert rose. It has a high thick trunk with a leafy top. The trunk stores water, and takes fascinating shapes to fix itself to the rocks. The flowers are pink in color and are commonly referredWhere the strange plants and animals exist, a to as desert 220 miles away from Yemen is called Socotra.Socotra is a collection of four islands in the IndianOcean, near the Gulf of Aden. Millions of yearsago, when Earth had just one landmass, even thenthis island stood apart on its own. Because of beingisolated for so long this island is truly unusual andunique. There may be many undiscovered species of in- sects on Socotra. Because of the regular monsoon winds in the area, many Socotran insects have evolved little wings, which prevents them from being blown out to sea. There are enormous centipedes that 21
  22. 22. can reach a length of more than 20 centimeters andcan give a serious pinch. Ouch! Also, present are A 19th century rare Indian diamond ’Archduke Josephfreshwater crabs, and large spiders that spin golden diamond’, named after its first owner Archduke Josephwebs across wood land gaps. Harmless to humans, August of Austria, was sold at world record price ofbut scary nonetheless!! Herpetologists believe that $ 21.5 million (about Rs. 118 crore) at an auction inthere are still some undiscovered species of reptiles Geneva. The auction for 76 carat diamond was con-on the island. ducted by Christie, a very established auction house. The diamond was possibly mined at Golconda or Kol- lur mines near Hyderabad. Two other world famous diamonds mined here are Koh-i-noor and Hope. Koh- i-noor is among the British Crown Queen Jewels and the Hope diamond is displayed in the Smithsonian Institute in U.S. However, the buyer of ’Archduke Joseph diamond’ remained anonymous. Have a look at the gorgeous diamond: diversity, this island is remarkably similarto Galapagos island, but it is more densely populatedthan Galapagos. More than 50,000 people live onthe main island of the archipelago. Fishing, animalhusbandry, and the cultivation of dates are the chiefoccupations of the indigenous population. Israel attacks Gaza (2012-11-15 18:00)Sadly, the development and the modernizationof these islands is slowly destroying the cultural andnatural habitat of the place. Hopefully the traditionalaboriginal people of will somehow keep it as it is.Rare Indian Diamond sold for Record Price(2012-11-15 18:22) Israel in Asia, on the eastern side of the Mediter- ranean Sea, is the only Jewish country. Gaza Strip is a stretch of land along the Mediterranean. The main city in the Gaza Strip is called Gaza inhabited by Arabs known as Palestinians. The strip is not part of any recognized country. It is currently ruled by Hamas - a Palestinian group.22
  23. 23. vertebrae (or spine). Now this vertebrae is in the form of a coiled spring. The gravity on Earth pulls this spring downwards. Have you ever tried pushing down on the spring with your finger? The spring is compressed, but when the force is released, the spring stretches out. The same thing happens to the spine, it elongates by up to three percent while humans travel in space. There is lesser gravity pushing down on the vertebrae in space than Earth, so they can stretch out - up to 3 inches. Keep- ing this fact in mind astronaut suits are designed to be longer.(Mapcourtesy: Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a dispute betweentwo groups of people with claims control over the samearea of land - The Gaza Strip.Israel has attacked more than 200 targets in the GazaStrip to chase and kill Hamas leaders..Grow Taller in Space! (2012-11-18 16:54) A similar thing happens when your are sleeping at night. All of us look taller while lying down because the force of gravity is not pushing us down. Hmm! So when someone asks for your height whichWhat? Really? This is a fact and not just an il- one should you tell? On Earth or the one in space.lusion. Astronauts have been known to gain over 2 Think about it.inches of height in space which returns back to nor-mal once they are back to earth. You know why? Allbecause of zero gravity.We all know that our height is determined by our 23
  24. 24. Change of Guard in China (2012-11-16 16:29) Have you ever wondered why ketchup is called so. Well it can be easily called tomato sauce by just ev-Xi Jinping has become the new general-secretary of eryone. Then why ketchup?China’s ruling Communist Party will now take chargeof the world’s number two economy for next ten years. The mystery of the name lies in the Chinese origin ofHe is succeeding President Hu Jintao. the sauce. In the late 17th century, the Chinese mixed pickled fish with spices and in their language (whichXi Jinping has a few challenges to face as the Com- was mandarin) called it ke-chiap - meaning the brinemunist Party is facing slower economic growth and a of pickled fish. By the beginning of 18th century, thispublic protest to end corruption. sauce made its way into the neighbouring countries (present day Malaysia and Singapore). By now the sauce was called kechap.Tomatoes trying to Catchup? Soon enough this delicacy was discovered by British(2012-11-16 16:27) explorers. Many versions of the sauce were made over the century. And then the version with lots of toma- toes stayed on. That word kechap also evolved over the years into the English word ”ketchup”. Today, H. J. Heinz Company, the largest distribu- tor of ketchup in the world.Ketchup!Ha! See I made you smile :)We are talking about the same red tomato sauce thatyou lap up while eating fries or that gooey cheesypizza. A lot of people also call it ’catsup’. Did you know? The study of how the words originated and also the24
  25. 25. way in which their meanings have changed throughout Mysterious Stones (2012-11-20 16:41)history is Etymology. Can you find some words withinteresting Etymology??Here is one to start with - Vermicelli comes fromLatin word ’vermiculae’ meaning ’little worms’ sincethe pasta resembles wriggly worms.Cobras Rescued (2012-11-16 16:28) (Image Courtesy: Wikimedia Commons) Imagine you are walking on a lush green beautiful country side, and abruptly you come across giant stones arranged in concentric circles. Do you think such a place exists? There is such a place that is 90 miles from the city of London in United Kingdom there lies a pre-historic monument called ’Stonehenge’. Stone- henge was built more than 3,000 years ago, any- where between 3000 BC to 2000 BC. How do we know that? Scientists have used various techniques to find out how old the stones are. The monu- ment has giant stones arranged in concentric circles.You must be thinking that why would a cobra need tobe saved, after all they are the most poisonous snakesin the world. But it is true.Thai Customs officials have seized over 600 cobrassaving them from ending on dinner tables.Snake meat is very popular in some south east asiancultures like Vietnam, Thailand and China.The driver has been charged with a violation of theWildlife Preservation and Protection Act. The seizedcobras are now under the care of the Department ofNational Parks and Wildlife and Plant Conservation. The outermost circle of stones is almost 100 feet in diameter. Large stones of the outer circle are made 25
  26. 26. of sandstone. Two standing stones have 10 feet long Free Floating Planet with No Suncurved stone across the top called lintels. Inner semi- (2012-11-17 18:29)circle is formed by even larger blocks of sandstoneand lintels. Within this inner circle, there are smallerstones called bluestones that are also arranged in acircle.A stand alone stone called Heel stone stands somedistance away from the main structure. On the morn-ing of the summer or winter solstice, seen standingfrom the center of the structure, the sun rises directlyover the Heel Stone.How were the stones dragged to the location in thoseancient times is a big mystery. Each stone was prob-ably brought from over 200 miles away and weighsabout 25 tonnes. There were no carts invented bythen, so one wonders how.Another mystery is why these massive stones werearranged in such a peculiar manner. May be it servedas an astronomical calendar. Maybe it was an an- Scientists have now found a planet that is not re-cient burial ground since archaeologists have discov- volving around the sun. Although the scientists wereered bones buried at the site. Nobody knows for sure. hoping to find such a planet this is the first time such a planet have been discovered.Stonehenge will remain a mystery untill we have away to go back in time to see for ourselves as to what It was found by researchers working at the ESO’sactually happened !! Very Large Telescope and the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope.Watch a captivating video about how Stonehenge musthave been created Do not be a Genie, Just be a Parent (2012-11-20 04:28) Be mindful of the temptation of buying just anything and everything for your kids that they desire. Many a times our kids pester us for toys or stuff that their friends have been flaunting. Sometimes immediately,26
  27. 27. sometimes after a lot of nagging we eventually give Sunita Williams back from Spacein. But should we just keep on buying toys/things for (2012-11-19 05:50)them that they do not really need? Well that is whatI did until recently. Soon I realized that even afterhaving designated one room as the toy room that hadcabinets, lofts and trolleys full of toys and just toys- the toys were now beginning to conquer my wholehouse.One night after stepping on the squeaky duck, thenhurting my feet with car wheels and then finally nar-rowly escaping a slip disc injury tripping over thebouncy ball, I made a decision. I was so done. Someof these toys had to go. It was either me or them. Idecided to update the kids about my decision, gently.I asked for their help as they were to give away thesetoys to less privileged children. Surprisingly my kidswere tremendously supportive - initially. But as thetoys flowed out of the cabinets, it turned out theywanted to hold on to each and every one of them. Themore I reasoned with them the more they got upset. Sunita Williams back from SpaceI decided I was not going to give up. I was deter-mined to downsize the clutter and this time without The Russian Soyuz capsule carrying astronaut triotheir permission. Soon enough I got rid of all the toys Sunita Williams, Yuri Malenchenko and Aki Hoshidethat my kids were not playing much with. Phew! And landed at 0726 IST in the town of Arkalyk in Kaza-now I am thoroughly enjoying all the free space, and khstan, kids have begun to enjoy that too! The crew undocked from International Space StationHaving fewer toys really does benefits kids. Here, yesterday ending Expedition 33. Expedition 34 at ISSis how: begins under the command of Kevin For, with Evgeny Tarelkin and Oleg Novitskiy until March. • By you saying ’no’ for some things, you are giving The astronauts returned from 127-day journey in your kids basic lessons about impulse control. It space, since their launch on July 15, this year from gradually enforces in them the fact it is OK not the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. to own everything one desires. Williams has so far spent a total of 322 days in space • Children will give more attention to each toy and, during her two long-duration missions and also holds therefore, value their toys more. the record for spacewalking time for female astro- nauts.Commander Malenchenko has spent total of • With fewer items to look after for, they will take 642 days in space and it was end of fifth spaceflight care of their things better. for him. It was end of second space trip for Hoshide. • Also, ’clean-up time’ with a limited number of Three cheers for the trio!! toys is easy for kids. They get confused when too many things are floating around. To see a video of Expedition 33 Landing, visit www.nasa.govAnd for adults, of course living in a cleaner tidierhome is a big plus !! 27
  28. 28. WaterSpout formation in Australia(2012-11-19 03:28) United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-moon is on way to Cairo,where he intends to “appeal person- ally for ending the violence,” a statement from his office said. Leaders across the world, especially from Egypt and Iran are making efforts so that peace shall prevail be- tween both parties as soon as possible. Hoping a ceasefire instead of crossfire soon. Know more about why Israel attacked Gaza?A huge waterspout has been caught on tape off thecoast of Batemans Bay in the Australian state of NewSouth Wales.So far there has been no damage but some bad weatheris expected.Check this out: Please Pass the Banana (2012-11-19 17:23) Hamas face off continues(2012-11-19 17:22) Did you know that apes can ... what, ask for a banana? No, apes cannot say “Please pass the banana”! Though wouldn’t it be cool and funny if they did? But what they can do is grasp a banana asContinued Israeli airstrikes on the Gaza Strip and we do, by bending the thumb to touch their return rockets fired at Israel by Gaza, is causing Have you seen any other animal do that?heavy loss of life on both sides.28
  29. 29. But most importantly, they have bigger brains and are much more intelligent than monkeys. In fact, they are so intelligent than some apes have been taught to use the sign language. But that is only in captivity. They do not learn this naturally in the wild. In the wild, apes have been seen using small tools. For instance, they use a stick to poke into ant-hills. Then, when they pull it out, the stick becomes a yummy lolly with insects clinging to it. Apes, like monkeys, are very social and love living in large groups. They sleep on trees too,What’s more, they can even bend their big though mostly travel on land. Do you know whattoes to meet the other toes!! their favorite food is? Yes, right, it’s bananas and other fruits. They like eating leaves and seeds too.And do you know what else makes apes differ- Some apes also eat insects and small animals.ent from other monkeys and more like us Humans?For one, they are tailless. And, they can stand Do you know where you can find an ape? Yeah,upright on two feet. the zoo, I know, I know; but where in the wild? Well, apes love the warm and hot climate. So the rainforests in South-east Asia and Africa are their favorite habitats. Then again, apes are of two types – the great apes and lesser apes. Chimpanzees, Gorillas and Orangutans are great apes while Gibbons are lesser apes. Can you guess which other animal some scien- tists believe should be considered a great ape too? It is us, “Humans”!! 29
  30. 30. Safety Plan for Kudankulam Nuclear Power Israel to Put off Attacks SoonProject (2012-11-20 16:43) (2012-11-20 16:42) Egypt’s constant mediation between Israel and Gaza and presence of United Nations chief Ban Ki-moon in Israel may bring out positive results at last. Diplomatic efforts will reach a peak with U.S. Sec- retary of State Hillary Clinton arrival in Israel. The message of Clinton’s trip will be that it is in nobody’s interest for there to be an increased military conflict in Gaza. Know more about why Israel attacked Gaza? Thousand Fruits On A PlatterKudankulam Nuclear Power Project(KNPP) is a nu- (2012-11-20 16:43)clear power station in Kudankulam in the Tirunelvelidistrict of Tamil Nadu. A nuclear power station is amajor source of power- both heat and electricity.There were a lot of protests coming from the peoplethat live in the nearby vilages. But now the SupremeCourt on Tuesday made it clear to the governmentthat all safety measures for handling disaster must beput in place at the Kudankulam power plant beforeit starts working.SC further directed the state that if the state of TNdoes not submit the safety plans for surrounding 40villages, an order will be passed to stop any operationsat the plant. How can that even be possible? Thousand fruits on a platter. Yes it is if you dry them up and squeeze them into tiny sizes. Now can you guess what we are30
  31. 31. talking about? Dry fruits or commonly known as nuts Largest Spider in the Worldtaste terrific and are so good for you. Let us explore (2012-11-23 15:55)here which nut provides what?Have you ever heard that the shape of fruits andvegetables gives a hint as to what it is good for?Almonds - Isn’t it amusing that a nut that looks likeeyes is actually darned good for eyesight. Soaked al-monds are very good for keeping your eyesight healthythroughout your life.Walnuts - No prizes for guessing that this nut cando wonders for you brain. Packed with nutrients wal-nuts keep you healthy and wise.Cashew nuts - Okay this smiley nut, which is shaped,as a smile keeps you happy. It has vitamins that will If you guessed Goliath Birdeater, you would be right!keep your heart smiling too. These huge, hairy spiders are the largest spiders byRaisins - These tiny little drops of sugar are the most mass, and they belong to the tarantula family. Guessnutritious of all the dry fruits. They are sugary and how powerful they are??sweet and so much better than candies. They haveantioxidants that keep your blood remarkably clean. Goliath Birdeaters can grow upto a foot long with one inch long fangs!! The tiny spiders in your housePistachio - A hard nut to crack! but packed with are not even an inch long!!extreme goodness. This little green seed helps ingrowth of good bacteria and, so it is commonly called Their long, pointy fangs contain poison. These spiders”nut for the guts”. It keeps digestive system healthy hunt mostly in the night. Even with eight eyes, theseand boosts immunity. tarantulas have poor vision, so they hunt by sensing the vibrations of the moving prey.Dates - A date a day keeps the doctor away. Dates arean excellent source of iron. One date daily is necessary Are you scared? Breathe a sigh of relief. Their bite isfor a balanced and healthy diet. harmless to humans, and you are too big for them to swallow you. Although they have these tiny tarantulaI am nuts about nuts. Aren’t you? hair that might irritate you, there is nothing much they can do to hurt you. When threatened, they rub their abdomen with their hind legs to release very fine bristle like hair that can irritate your skin and mucous membranes. That will make you itchy and wanting to cough. Take a look at this video. The funny thing is that Goliath bird eater does not normally eat birds. So why does it get that name? It is because the explorers who named it, witnessed this tarantula eating a hummingbird. 31
  32. 32. • Aaron Hibbs from Ohio spun the hula for theDid you know? longest time - 74 hours and 54 minutes between October 22-25,2009.Giant Huntsman spider is the world’s largest spiderby leg-span. • Record for most hoops twirled in one go is 132 held by Paul ”Dizzy Hips” Blair on November 11, 2009.Round and Round Around your Waist(2012-11-22 17:16) • The largest hoop - 45.55 feet in circumference was twirled by Asrita Furman of United States in September 2005. Happy Hooping!! Discovery of Stone age House in UK (2012-11-24 15:54)No points for guessing! It is the plastic hoop thatyou spin around your waist or at least try to. Thereare some who can twirl it for hours, but if you areone of them who can’t hold it long enough, watch thisvideo. After all everything is all about learning thetrick and practicing. hoop is not a modern day invention. It hasbeen there since the 5th century. Ancient Greeksmade the hoop with dried up shrubs and stiff grasses.It was used for recreation as well as exercising. Oh During a construction work near Edinburgh, UK re-yes! shaking your body with the hoop sure burns a mains of an extremely old house have been found. Thelot of calories :) house has a large oval pit, and remains of more than 1,000 of old tools and arrowheads.Until 19th century, the ring was just called ’hoop’.Then some British soldiers travelling to Hawaiian Is- Big quantities of burnt hazelnut shells were also foundlands noticed that the body movements while perform- suggesting whoever lived there roasted the nuts foring traditional Hawaiian dance ’hula’ are extremely food.similar to body movements when one spins the hoop.Ever Since then ’hula’ has inseparably attached itself Archaeologists believe that the house could be moreto the ’hoop’ to become Hula Hoop!! than 10,000 years old possibly belonging to the Mesolithic period.Many world records are attached with hula hooping.32
  33. 33. Aesop’s Fables (2012-11-21 15:31) known as Aesop’s Fables or the Aesopica. Aesop’s fables from Greece and Jataka Tales and Pan- chatantra from India have many stories in common. The details sometimes differ widely. For instance, the fable of ’The Wolf and the Crane’ is told in India as a story of ’A Lion and another bird’.Have you heard the fable of ”The crow and the pitcher”where the thirsty crow gets the water level in thepitcher up by filling it up with stones? This storyteaches us ”Necessity is the mother of invention”.There is another one about “The tortoise and thehare” where both the animals decide to get into a race. Therefore, some historians debate whether, in ancientContrary to the expectation of swift hare winning the times, the Greeks learned these fables from Indianrace, the unhurried tortoises wins. So it is said ” The storytellers or the other way round.slow and steady always wins the race”. I must haveheard or read these a hundred times. Well it does not matter who wrote them first they are wonderful stories!! Secret Passageways (2012-11-26 03:53)Most of the fables that we read today were actuallywritten sometime between 620 and 560 BC by a Greekslave named Aesop. He wrote hundreds of fables whilehe was in captivity. He keenly observed incidentsaround him and weaved gripping tales around them.In the end, he always added an intelligent advice.Collection of fables written by Aesop is commonly 33
  34. 34. Greenland losing Ice.. (2012-11-23 16:01)Long ago, when castles, mansions, alcazars, fortressesand palaces existed, then within these also existedsecret passages. These secret passages were hiddenroutes somewhere inside the building. Only a fewtrusted people knew about these tunnels. These con-cealed tunnels led to private rooms or to an exit faraway from the building. Anybody crawling throughthem could enter or exit buildings without being seen.Obviously then the question is why were they con-structed at all? After all, we don’t have hidden routesin our homes these days.In the olden times, there was always a looming threatof enemy attack. Hidden routes inside palaces pro-vided the king and the royal family one of the waysto hide or avoid the danger.But that is not the only reason, there is more toit.Ancient Egyptians built rooms hidden deep beneaththe main passages inside the pyramids. These weredecoy rooms with few valuable items to trap the tombraiders. This way raiders could be caught before theyreached actual burial chamber. Smart, huh!During the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, priests practic-ing Catholic traditions were punished. Many Englishhomes had small, cleverly hidden spaces constructedto hide a Catholic priest during sudden raids by thequeen’s men. These hidden chambers were calledpriest holes. Today, you can still find priest holes inmany of England’s historic homes.In 2006, a tunnel was discovered running from Ti-juana, Mexico to Otay Mesa, California. The tunnelwas used to smuggle goods and carry out illegal activ-ities. Taking a cue from olden times, a modern day Glacier-covered Greenland has had an average nettunnel gets built but only to used for evil activities... loss of 200 million tons of ice every year since 2003,That’s sad. scientists who are studying the changing mass of the island using satellite data have confirmed that. Scientists use the rate of melting ice in Greenland as the measure of rate of Global warming. The really interesting part is that is that the ice is shrinking at the edges but getting thicker in the mid- dle.34
  35. 35. How Do We Learn? (2012-11-22 17:14) learn and understand the world around us as we grow. Asking question also comes naturally to kids as soon as they are able to talk. The vision: Your eyes are at work as long as they are open. They are like camera clicking away pictures of each and every thing that you see. Then they send the information to your brain for processing so the brain knows what’s going on outside of your body. Ohh! the smell: Your nose helps you breathe and smell. It has Olfactory cells line the top of the nasal cavity. These cells contain special receptors that help you smell and distinguish a flower’s sweet smell from a pig’s stink. The sound of music: Do you wonder how your ears do this amazing job of listening. Your ears collect all the different sounds that you hear and send them to the brain to process. Ears help you with one more thing and it is not related to hearing - they help to maintain your body’s balance. No wonder mama has to yell, ”Clean you ears!!”, when you constantly Do ignore her remember the time when you were all babies?Were you as smart then as you are now? Have Where is the flavor?: Ever tried sticking outyou wondered how have you learnt whatever you your tongue? Do you see those tiny bumps on yourhave learnt? Tell me how would you answer all the tongue? Well lying under those are the taste buds orquestions asked below. the sensory organs that help you differentiate sweet from sour and spicy from bitter.Do you know the colors of the rainbow? Seeit Touch me not: The skin contains general re- ceptors. These receptors can detect touch, pain,Do the flowers smell the same as pigs or differ- pressure, and temperature. You have them all overent? Smell them. your skin. Skin receptors generate an impulse when activated, which is carried to the spinal cord andIs the chirping of birds same as the roar of then to the brain.Lion? Hear it.Does a stone feel as soft as cotton? Touchit.Are carrots as delicious as Fries? Taste them.You answered all of them correct. How? Youlooked, you touched, you smelt, you ate, you listenedand you asked a thousand questions. Interesting thing is that all these senses report to the brain. No prizes for guessing who the boss is?We are all born with five senses that help us 35
  36. 36. By using all these senses you have grown so Yesterday the volcano erupted again ejecting ash cloudmuch and you will continue to grow and use them all at least 2km(1.25 miles) into the air. This latest erup-your life. tion lasted for around five minutes.Go start discovering new things. Volcanic ash fall Could affect the Waikato, Hawkes Bay, Gisborne and Bay of Plenty areas. The Spirit Of ThanksGiving (2012-11-21 15:33)Mount Tongariro erupts (2012-11-21 15:34) I love thanksgiving dinner. Actually, I love that special carrot cake mom makes every year. I wait all year just for that. Only problem is, everybody loves it. And when there are plenty cousins to share with, I rarely get enough.Mount Tongariro is in the Tongariro National Park, This time I wanted more. But mom wasn’tNorth Island of New Zealand. just going to hand me more, right? And no one would donate me their share either. So I had to devise aMt Tongariro which was dormant since 1897 ,erupted plan.earlier this year in august for the first time in over acentury. I could make mom and dad happy, and maybe they would reward me. That’s it! I would help them with dinner preparations. I went turkey shopping with dad and helped him with the light fixtures. When I entered the kitchen, mom was measuring flour for the cake. “Can I help?” I smiled inwardly. Mom probably raised an eyebrow but said nothing. Soon I was whipping cream, breaking eggs and grating carrots. By the time the oven tinged, I was covered in cake goo. “What’s up?” Neil confronted me.36
  37. 37. “Here’s a cake mix, just follow instructions.”I feigned innocence, “Just helping out.” Thankfully the instructions were simple. For“You hardly move out of your room, but today all my “helping-out” I deserved a gigantic piece even baked the cake!” People started pouring in by five. The turkey“I’m trying to get into Santa’s good books.” was carved, the yams were passed out, and the mashed potatoes were scooped. As always I hung“Seriously?” my kid brother narrowed his eyes. back in my corner, impatient for the party to end.I wanted to say, “Mind your own business,” but then “Sheila, please serve the cake,” mom called out.he walked out quietly. Great, that was my chance! I carefully cut it and stowed away the biggest piece. Then I began“Neeiiil,” I was awakened by mom’s yell the serving the morning. She was in the kitchen holding thecake. “Mmmm&. Amazing, Emma!”“I had to check,” Neil whimpered, “I was sure “Sheila baked it,” mommy gloated.Sheila had spoiled it.” Soon everyone was all praises. I became the“Aahhhh!” it was my turn now. The cake was star of the evening. Everybody took helpings till theruined. That big scoop on the side, could we serve it plate was squeaky clean.anymore? I skipped back to the kitchen with a wide grin,“What do I do now? I have no carrots. And when a small voice piped in.all shops are closed&,” mom was panicking. “Can I have more?” that was Neil.I wanted to say, “Let’s eat it!” Instead, foundmyself saying, “Let’s bake a regular cake, cut this one “I’m sorry&” mom began, but I cut in.and layer it.” “Actually mom, there is a little more,” I said,“Great idea; go ahead, bake one.” handing over my share.“Me& no, I can’t!” I did not even taste the cake that year. But what I tasted was much more delicious – togetherness 37
  38. 38. of my family and the joy of sharing. The total spirit Who was Albert Einstein? (2012-11-23 16:00)of thanksgiving!Curiosity is Keeping a Big Secret(2012-11-21 15:34) Albert Einstein was one of the most famous sci- entists of the 20th century. Here, are a few things about his life you might like to know.So what is the big news from curiosity that the scien-tists are keeping under wraps. Even though it is notvery clear what the news is, it is something phenome-nal enough to go in the history books.The mystery will be revealed shortly, though.Grotzinger told Wired through e-mail that NASA He was born on 14th March, 1879 in Germany towould hold a press conference about the results dur- a businessman father. His mother was particularlying the 2012 American Geophysical Union meeting in interested in music, so Einstein learned music fromSan Francisco from Dec. 3 to 7. very early age. He played Beethoven’s sonatas and Mozart’s melodies beautifully on violin.The scientists want to thoroughly check the resultsbefore revealing it to the public. When Einstein was around four, his father gave him a magnetic compass. He tried hard to understand howLet us see what the future brings. the needle worked in the closed case of the compass. This was the first incident that showed Einstein’s in- clination towards science and mathematics. When Einstein was ten years old, an older friend and38
  39. 39. a medical student introduced him to popular books Israel Gaza agree to Ceasefireon science, mathematics and philosophical writings. (2012-11-22 16:59)These included Immanuel Kant’s Critique of Pure Rea-son, and Euclid’s Elements (which Einstein called the”holy little geometry book”).At the age of seventeen, he passed the high-schoolexam with mostly good grades. He scored a top gradeof 6 in physics and mathematical subjects, on a scaleof 1-6. Though only seventeen, he enrolled in thefour-year mathematics and physics teaching diplomaprogram at a University in Zurich, Switzerland. Ein-stein got Swiss citizenship at age 22.Later in life, Einstein came up with theories aboutlight, matter, gravity, space, and time. He came upwith ”the world’s most famous equation” that is ” E= mc2 ”. It means that energy and mass are different Israel and Gaza have finally agreed on a ceasefireforms of the same thing. In 1921, he received the to end Israel-Palestinian conflict for now. Both sidesNobel Prize in Physics ”for his services to theoretical are claiming victory.physics, and especially for his discovery of the law ofthe photoelectric effect.” In warring Germany, when Peace finally prevailed after a week of air attacksHitler came to power, he began imprison Jews. Ein- that left many people dead and injured.stein who was also a jew had to leave Germany in1933. Einstein went to the United States and lived UN council appreciated Egypt’s President Mohamedthere with the help of the Advanced Academic Re- Morsi for constantly mediating between the two Center at Princeton in the country. Einsteinwas granted American citizen in 1940. On 17 April1955, Albert Einstein died at the age of 76. His brain Rhino Poached in Kazhirangawas preserved by scientists because they wanted to (2012-11-22 17:13)find a reason for his unmatched intellect. His brainis remarkably different from most people and couldbe related to his genius. References Albert Einstein- Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Retrievedfrom Einstein One horned rhinos that are already an endangered species are still being attacked. As their horns have extremely good medicinal quali- ties, poachers hunt them and then cut out the horn. Yet again a rhino was killed and its horn removed 39