Communication & Play SkillsNancy Nee, M.S.C.C.C.,SLP
Speech & Language Milestones By 1 Year• Recognizes name• Says 2-3 words besides "mama"• and "dada"• Imitates familiar words• Understands simple instructions ex. “time for bed”
Speech & Language Milestones One – Two Years Old
One – Two Years Old• Understands "no"• Uses 10 to 20 words, including names• Combines two words such as "daddy bye-bye"• Waves good-bye and plays pat-a-cake• Makes the "sounds" of familiar animals• Gives a toy when asked• Uses words such as "more" to make wants known• Points to his or her toes, eyes, and nose• Brings object from another room when asked
Speech & Language Milestones Two-Three Years Old• Identifies body parts• Carries on conversation with self and dolls• Asks "whats that?" And "wheres my?"• Uses 2-word negative phrases such as "no want".• Forms some plurals by adding "s"; book, books• Has a 450 word vocabulary• Gives first name, holds up fingers to tell age• Combines nouns and verbs "mommy go"• Refers to self as "me" rather than by name
Two- Three Years Old•Likes to hear same story repeated•Talks to other children as well as adults•Solves problems by talking instead ofhitting or crying•Answers "where" questions•Names common pictures and things•Uses short sentences like "me want more"or "me want cookie"•Matches 3-4 colors, knows big and little• May say "no" when means "yes"
Two – Three Years OldTalks to other children as well as adults
Two – Three Years OldLikes to hear stories over and over
Speech & Language Milestones Four-Five Years Old• Has sentence length of 4-5 words• Uses past tense correctly• Has a vocabulary of nearly 1500 words• Points to colors red, blue, yellow and green• Identifies triangles, circles and squares• Understands "In the morning" , "next", "noontime"• Can speak of imaginary conditions such as "I hope"• Asks many questions, asks "who?" And "why?"
Uses approximately 1000 words! Sentences may have 4-5 words
Speech & Language Milestones Three-Four Years Old• Can tell a story• Has a sentence length of 4-5 words• Has a vocabulary of nearly 1000 words• Names some color• Understands "yesterday," "summer", "lunchtime", "tonight", "little-big"• Begins to obey requests like "put the block under the chair"• Knows his or her last name, name of street on which he/she lives and several nursery rhymes
Knows last name, name of street and some nursery rhymes John Doe Jack and Jill Main St.
Three – Four Years Old Understands requests with location conceptsin on under
Indicators of Language Delay• Poor Listening Skills• Does not use age appropriate sentences• Disorganized Conversation/Story Telling• Word Finding/Vocabulary Recall Difficulties• Social/Emotional Language Delays/Needs
Articulation Development• Speech sounds are developmental in nature• Some sounds do not develop until 8 years old• Some children may mispronounce sounds and still be within “normal” limits• If you or strangers can not understand 75% of your child’s speech, refer for a speech evaluation
Promoting Language and Speech Development• Talk about things you see, things you do, places you go• Answer questions• Listen to your child• Read and talk about books• Tell stories together• Play games• Pretend• Model• Expand• Praise
Language & Speech Disorders• Autism• Selective Mutism• Developmental Apraxia of Speech• Phonological Disorders• Language Delays
Who wants to play with her? I said sit down and I SAID build! PLAY!Do I have to Don’t make show you me playhow to play with you! too!?!!
Play Play Play• Play should not look like work!• Be engaging• Be an active participant Choo All aboard• Keep conversation Choo based on play themes• Save the quiz questions for later
How to Engage a Learner• Ask for a turn• Just join in• Play in area near a child• Invite them
How to Keep the Learner Engaged• Keep it fun This is so• Vary your play (push much cars, race cars, build fun! bridges, etc.)• Vary your conversation• Change toys/themes Again? Is she if they get bored for real?
Simple Play• Engage child• Play with materials as a model• Prompt appropriate play with hand over hand, gestures, etc. as needed• Reinforce appropriate play• Fade prompts as play becomes independent
Functional Play Skills• Model how to use toys• Engage child in play theme• Prompt appropriate play and verbal responses• Expand play and verbal responses with modeling and prompting• Reinforce appropriate behaviors• Fade prompts as play becomes independent
Representational Play• Set the stage – Organize play materials according to theme• Model the play scheme• Engage student with prompting (i.e. hand over hand, verbal direction, etc.)• Keep it going – Change actions, words, routines within play theme – Add comments related to theme throughout play• Insert Drama – Use dramatic exaggerations in your physical presentations and vocalizations• Reinforce appropriate play and vocalizations• Fade prompts as play becomes independent
Role Play• Set the stage• Engage student by assigning roles – When applicable allow students to choose• Model appropriate play and roles within theme• Prompt students to participate in thematic play• Use scripting to initiate and expand play in role• Reinforce appropriate play and vocalizations• Fade prompts as play becomes independent
Summary• Remember to… – Have Fun – Be Positive – Talk about what you are doing – More Comments, Less Questions – Always use language the child can understand – Keep it simple – Model, Prompt, Fade – Expect more and you will get more
Special Thanks• Plymouth Family Network• Mt. Pleasant Preschool• Roxanne Pitta