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  1. 1. Latin America’s Physical Geography EQ: What are characteristics of Latin America’s physical features?
  2. 2. Your Task:  We are going to participate in a Museum Walk! You will travel around the room with a partner and complete sections of your chart at each station.  Do NOT draw the illustrations at this time. You will work on those when I show you the photographs.
  3. 3. Latin America is divided into 3 Regions:  Mexico and Central America  The Caribbean  South America
  4. 4. CentralCentral AmericaAmerica The CaribbeanThe Caribbean SouthSouth AmericaAmerica
  5. 5. I. Mexico and Central America  2,500 miles (about as wide as the US)  Mountains dominate the region  Part of a huge system that extends from Canada, through the US, and all the way to the tip of South America  Central plateau in Mexico  Lies between Sierra Madre mountains and makes up more than half the country’s area  Central America is an Isthmus  Isthmus = a narrow strip of land that has water on both sides and joins 2 larger bodies of water  Many volcanoes in Central America, as a result, their soil is arable (fertile) and many people farm lands
  6. 6. Mexico and Central America
  7. 7. Gulf of Mexico  Body of water  Bordered by the US to the north, 5 Mexican states to the south, and Cuba to the east
  8. 8. Sierra Madre Mountains  Mountain system in Mexico  Three major chains: the Sierra Madre Occidental in the west, the Sierra Madre Oriental in the east, and the Sierra Madre del Sur, which extends along the southern coast  The Sierra Madre range contains some of the highest mountains and volcanoes in Mexico.
  9. 9. Sierra Madre Mountains
  10. 10. The Sierra Madres
  11. 11. Panama Canal  canal across the isthmus of Panama in Central America  Major “shortcut” that allows ships to travel between the Pacific and Atlantic oceans  handles a large volume of world shipping and enables vessels to avoid traveling around South America, reducing their voyages by thousands of miles and many days.  Consists of artificially created lakes, channels, and a series of locks, or water-filled chambers, that raise and lower ships through the mountainous terrain of central Panama
  12. 12. Panama Canal
  13. 13. The Panama CanalThe Panama Canal
  14. 14. The Caribbean Islands  Small islands are made of coral  Skeletons of tiny sea animals, rock-like substance  Larger islands are tops of underwater mountains  Examples: Cuba, Jamaica
  15. 15. Caribbean Sea  Surrounds the islands of the West Indies  East of Central America  A major trade route for Latin American countries  A popular tourist area— noted for its mild tropical climate and beautiful waters
  16. 16. Caribbean Sea
  17. 17. South America  Andes Mountains—4,500 miles along west coast of South America  They rise at some points to 20,000 feet—same height as twenty 100 story buildings stacked on top of each other  2nd largest mountains; Himalayas are the 1st  Amazon River Basin—contains the largest tropical rain forest (Amazon Rain Forest) in the world; covers 1/3 of the continent
  18. 18. Andes
  19. 19. Andes Mountains (Peru)
  20. 20. Llamas in the Andes
  21. 21. Amazon Rain Forest
  22. 22. Amazon Rain Forest
  23. 23. Deforestation in the Amazon
  24. 24. South America  Atacama Desert (Chile)—one of the driest places on earth; very little rainfall  Between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains
  25. 25. Atacama Desert
  26. 26. Atacama DesertAtacama Desert
  27. 27. South America—Water  Rivers serve as natural highways where it’s hard to build roads  provide food and hydroelectric power  Amazon River—2nd largest river in the world (1st --Nile River)  4,000 miles from Peru across to Atlantic Ocean  Contains 20% of all fresh water in the world!
  28. 28. Amazon River—view from space
  29. 29. Pacific Ocean  World’s largest ocean  Covers the western coast of South America
  30. 30. Your Task  We are going to create a class “quilt” of Latin America’s physical features!  On your sheet of construction paper, please include the following:  1. Name of feature  2. What it is  3. Where it’s located  4. COLORFUL illustration