OVERVIE W INTRODUCTIONDEFINETIONSTRUCTURE AND BASIC WORKINGBIOCHIP IMPLANTAPPLICATIONADVANTAGESCONCLUSIONFUTURE
INTRODUCTION :- Collection of miniaturized test sites(microarrays) arranged on a solid substrate. Permits many tests to be performed at the same time. Surface area is no longer than a fingernail. Perform thousands of biological reactions in a few seconds. Used to analyze organic molecules associated with living organisms. Help in identifying gene sequences, environmental pollutants, airborne toxins, or other biochemical constituents.
DEFINETION :- • Collection of micro array arranged on a solid substrate. • Can perform millions of mathematical operations. • Can also perform thousands of biological operations. • Increase speed of identification of genes. Fig : Biochips
COMPONENTS :-Biochip implant system consist of two component...• Transponder• Reader or scanner
TRANSPONDER :-• It is the Actual Biochip Implant.• Two Types of Transponder- Passive & Active.• Using a Passive Transponder.• Biochip & Reader Communicate Via low Frequency Radio Waves.• Transponder Consist of Four Parts :-1. Computer Microchip2. Antenna Coil3. Tuning Capacitor4. Glass Capsule
• Computer Microchip :- The microchip stores a unique identification numberfrom 10 to 15 digits long.• Antenna Coil :- This tiny, primitive, radio antenna “ receives & sends ”signal from the reader or scanner.• Tuning Capacitor :- This capacitor is charged by the small signal sent by thereader.• Glass Capsule :- “Houses” the microchip, antenna coil, capacitor. It ismade of biocompatible material such as soda lime glass.
READER OR SCANNER :-• Consist of an “exciter” coil which creates electromagneticsignal.• Provide energy to “activate” the implanted biochip.• Also carries a receiving coil to receive ID number.• Contain the software and components to decode the receivecode & display the result in an LCD display.•All done in millisecond.
WORKING:- • Reader transmits a Low-power radio signal and activate the implanted biochip. • ID Number is transmitted by the transponder and received by the reader. • Reader display the ID number on the reader’s LCD display
BIOCHIP IMPLANT :- • Injected by a hypodermic syringe beneath the skin. • Injection is safe and simple. • Anesthesia is not required. • Usually injected behind the neck.
APPLICATION :- With a biochip , tracing of a person/animal anywhere in the world. A biochip can store and update financial, medical and demographic data, basically everything about a person. Biochip leads to a secured E-commerce system. Biochip really have potential in replacing passport, ATM, medical records etc. Medicinal implementation of biochips- as glucose detector, as oxygen sensor, as a blood pressure sensor etc.
ADVANTAGES :- Small in size. Faster & powerful. Perform thousand of biological reactions in a few seconds. Increase speed of diagnosis of unknown pathogens. Ability to detect multiple viral agent in parallel. Ease of use.
FUTURE :- A chip implanted some where in human body might serve as a combination of 1. Credit card 2. Driving license 3. Passport 4. Personal identification etc. No longer would it be needed to worry about losing all above thing. Can also widely established in veterinary field.
CONCLUSION:-Biochips are :- Fast Accurate Miniaturized Advantages upon conventional Analyzer Expected to become economically advantageous attributesthat make them analogous to computer chip.