Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Prepare B y : Abdulelah Farrag Al-malki
Specimen 
Patient Preparation: Patient should be on a stable diet 
for 3 weeks, and fast 9-12 hours before collection, 
re...
Devises 
Ultracentrifugation Electrophoresis
A lipid profile typically includes: 
• Total cholesterol —this test measures all of 
the cholesterol in all the lipoprotei...
Normal Ranges 
Total cholesterol 
(U.S. and some other 
countries) 
Below 200 mg/dL Desirable 
200-239 mg/dL Borderline hi...
(HDL-C) 
o Measures the cholesterol in HDL particles; 
often called "good cholesterol" because it 
removes excess choleste...
Normal Ranges 
HDL cholesterol 
(U.S. and some other 
countries) 
Below 40 mg/dL (men) 
Below 50 mg/dL (women) 
Poor 
40-4...
(LDL-C) 
o Often called "bad cholesterol" because it 
deposits excess cholesterol in walls of blood 
vessels, which can co...
Normal Ranges 
LDL cholesterol 
(U.S. and some other countries) 
Below 70 mg/dL Ideal for people at very high risk 
of hea...
Triglycerides 
• low levels of triglycerides can be present : 
 Patients who carry genes for familial 
hypobetalipoprotei...
Normal Ranges 
Triglycerides 
(U.S. and some other 
countries) 
Less than 100 mg/dL Optimal 
101 - 150 mg/dL Normal 
150-1...
(VLDL-C) 
• Calculated from “ triglycerides/5 “ > this 
formula is based on the typical composition of 
VLDL particles. 
N...
Chylomicron 
Chylomicron range in size from 75 to 1200 nm in 
diameter and their mass ranges from 50 x 106 
to 1 x 109 D
(LDL-P) 
This test measures the number of LDL particles, rather 
than measuring the amount of LDL-cholesterol. 
Reference ...
• Lp(a) Ultra : 
o Determination in serum and plasma 
o Measuring range: 3 - 130 mg/dL 
o CHD and ischemic stroke. 
• Apol...
• Apolipoprotein B : 
o Determination in serum and plasma 
o Measuring range: 40 - 800 mg/dL 
o Increased > Diabetes ..etc...
Reference 
• http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
Lipid profile
Lipid profile
Lipid profile
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Lipid profile

15,924 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Diabetes is Now a Thing of the Past! A completely new and readily available solution may now be found below! With it you no longer have to worry about all the horrors formerly associated with this dreadful and merciless disease! Just go now to the link immediately below for the full facts: ■■■ http://t.cn/A6vI6Tyi
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Sex in your area is here: ❶❶❶ http://bit.ly/2ZDZFYj ❶❶❶
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • Dating direct: ❤❤❤ http://bit.ly/2ZDZFYj ❤❤❤
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • The Kidney Disease Solution EBOOK Download Link ●●● http://ishbv.com/empoweredh/pdf
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Lipid profile

  1. 1. Prepare B y : Abdulelah Farrag Al-malki
  2. 2. Specimen Patient Preparation: Patient should be on a stable diet for 3 weeks, and fast 9-12 hours before collection, recommended. • Specimen Type: Blood • Container: Green (Li Heparin) or Red top tube (No Gel), tubes containing EDTA . • Collection: Routine venepuncture • Special Processing: Lab Staff: Centrifuge specimen, remove plasma/serum aliquot into a plastic sample cup. Sample to be run within 2 hours.
  3. 3. Devises Ultracentrifugation Electrophoresis
  4. 4. A lipid profile typically includes: • Total cholesterol —this test measures all of the cholesterol in all the lipoprotein particles. • Total cholesterol = LDL + HDL + (1/5 triglycerides) For example, if one has HDL of 40, LDL of 100 and triglycerides of 100, then the total cholesterol = 100 + 40 + (1/5 of 100=20) = 160.
  5. 5. Normal Ranges Total cholesterol (U.S. and some other countries) Below 200 mg/dL Desirable 200-239 mg/dL Borderline high 240 mg/dL and above High
  6. 6. (HDL-C) o Measures the cholesterol in HDL particles; often called "good cholesterol" because it removes excess cholesterol and carries it to the liver for removal.
  7. 7. Normal Ranges HDL cholesterol (U.S. and some other countries) Below 40 mg/dL (men) Below 50 mg/dL (women) Poor 40-49 mg/dL (men) 50-59 mg/dL (women) Better 60 mg/dL and above Best
  8. 8. (LDL-C) o Often called "bad cholesterol" because it deposits excess cholesterol in walls of blood vessels, which can contribute to atherosclerosis. o Usually, the amount of LDL cholesterol (LDL-C) is calculated using the results of total cholesterol, HDL-C, and triglycerides.
  9. 9. Normal Ranges LDL cholesterol (U.S. and some other countries) Below 70 mg/dL Ideal for people at very high risk of heart disease Below 100 mg/dL Ideal for people at risk of heart disease 100-129 mg/dL Near ideal 130-159 mg/dL Borderline high 160-189 mg/dL High 190 mg/dL and above Very high
  10. 10. Triglycerides • low levels of triglycerides can be present :  Patients who carry genes for familial hypobetalipoproteinemia . • High levels of triglycerides can be present :  Metabolic syndrome .  Risk factor to CAD . • Very high levels of triglycerides “ 500 mg/dl”:  can be concerning for development of pancreatitis .
  11. 11. Normal Ranges Triglycerides (U.S. and some other countries) Less than 100 mg/dL Optimal 101 - 150 mg/dL Normal 150-199 mg/dL Borderline high 200-499 mg/dL High 500 mg/dL and above Very high
  12. 12. (VLDL-C) • Calculated from “ triglycerides/5 “ > this formula is based on the typical composition of VLDL particles. NORMAL LEVEL : 30 mg/dL or 0.77 mmol/L
  13. 13. Chylomicron Chylomicron range in size from 75 to 1200 nm in diameter and their mass ranges from 50 x 106 to 1 x 109 D
  14. 14. (LDL-P) This test measures the number of LDL particles, rather than measuring the amount of LDL-cholesterol. Reference Range for LDL-P : A value of less than 1.000 is considered ideal. Above 2.000 is considered very high. Ideal: <1000 Moderate: 1000-1299 Borderline High: 1300-1599 High: >1600
  15. 15. • Lp(a) Ultra : o Determination in serum and plasma o Measuring range: 3 - 130 mg/dL o CHD and ischemic stroke. • Apolipoprotein A-1 : o Determination in serum and plasma o Measuring range: 30 - 270 mg/dL o Increase >> Physical exercise ,Pregnancy & statins. etc. o Decrease >> Chronic kidney disease , Smoking & obesity …etc
  16. 16. • Apolipoprotein B : o Determination in serum and plasma o Measuring range: 40 - 800 mg/dL o Increased > Diabetes ..etc. o Decrease > Hyperthyroidism .. etc. • Phospholipids : o Determination in serum and plasma o Measuring range: 40 - 800 mg/dL
  17. 17. Reference • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov

×