women’sClothing provides comfort, warmth and security as well as Reward is not only given to the good and kind treatmentmaking one look good – this is how the relationship between towards mothers. In fact, Islam has designated a specialthe husband and wife is defined in Islam. reward for raising daughters that is not granted for raising sons.Love & Mercy in Spousal RelationsThe Prophet (peace be upon him) also encouraged men The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever Allah has given two daughters and is kind towards them, they will be a reason for him entering rights in islam to treat their spouses in the best Paradise.” way, “The best of you are “And among His those who are best signs is that He created (in treatment) to their Conclusion for you wives amongst yourselves wives.” that you may dwell in tranquillity Before Islam, women were considered shameful, femalewith them; and He has put love and Aisha (the Prophet’s wife) children were buried alive, prostitution was rampant, was once asked how the divorce was only in the hands of the husband, inheritance mercy between your (hearts). Prophet’s conduct was was only for the strong, and oppression was widespread. Surely in this are Signs for people in his home. She said, Islam came and abolished these practices. Even now, in who reflect.” “He was like one of you “developed countries”, women are not granted respect, Qur’an 30:21 at home, yet he was most dignity and honour, let alone equal pay for equal work. Islam, lenient and most generous ... He however, regards women as precious and valuable, not to was ready to give a helping hand to his be disrespected or disgraced. The mistreatment of womenwives in the ordinary work of the house, [he] sewed his own in some Middle-Eastern countries or Muslim families is dueclothes and mended his own shoes.” In general, he helped in to cultural factors that some Muslims wrongly follow, notwhatever work his wives did. because of Islam. Why would many women around the world willingly enter Islam if it is an oppressive religion?Lofty Positions of Mothers & Daughters We end with the words of our Lord and your Lord, the Creator and Sustainer of all men and women:A mother has the greatest influence on a child especially respectedin the earlier years through her affection, care and love.Undoubtedly, the success of a society is due to mothers. “Surely the men who submit and the womenTherefore, it is only right for Islam to honour and raise their who submit, and the believing men and thestatus. believing women, and the obedient men and theAllah says in the Qur’an:The Prophet (peace be uponhim) was once asked, “O “And we have enjoined on man to obedient women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women, and the humble men and the honoured cherished be dutiful and kind to hisMessenger of Allah, who Parents, His mother bears humble women… Allah has prepared for themamong people is most forgiveness and a great reward.”deserving of my good him with hardship andtreatment?” He said, “Your she brings him Qur’an 33:35mother.” The man asked forth with hardship.” learntwice more, “Then who?” and Qur’an 46:15was given the same response. “Allah has promised those who believe and do good deeds that forOnly until the fourth time did the Prophet them there is forgiveness and a mighty reward.” Qur’an 5:9 therespond, “Then your father.” For further information please visit: www.iisna.com/pamphlets or (+961) 3 9354-7500 basics www.iisna.com/pamphlets
Women in Islam are thought to be subjugated, degraded, If we compare Islam to other religions, we see that it offers Aside from external and internal anatomical differences,oppressed - but are they really? Are millions of Muslims justice between the sexes. For example, Islam dismisses the scientists know there are many other subtle differences insimply that oppressive or are these misconceptions fabricated idea that Eve is more to blame than Adam for eating from the way the brains of men and women process language,by a biased media? the forbidden tree. According to Islam, Adam and Eve both information and emotion, just to mention a few. Over fourteen hundred years ago, sinned, they both repented and God forgave them both. A socio-biology expert, Edward O. Wilson of Harvard “And Islam gave women rights that University, said that females tend to be higher than males in for women are women in the West have only Equal Right to Knowledge verbal skills, empathy and social skills, among other things,rights over men, similar recently began to enjoy. In the while men tend to be higher in independence, dominance, to those of men over 1930’s, Annie Besant observed, Both men and women are equally encouraged to seek spatial and mathematical skills, rank-related aggression, and “It is only in the last twenty knowledge. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, other characteristics. women.” years that Christian England “Education is compulsory for every Muslim.” Qur’an 2:228 has recognised the right of It would be foolish to treat both genders the same and to Also, great female Muslim Scholars existed at and around the ignore their differences. Islam teaches that men and women woman to property, while time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Some were from have complementary, yet different, roles because it is best Islam has allowed this his family and others were his companions or their daughters. suited to their nature. God says:right from all times. It is a slander to say that Islam Prominent amongst them was Aisha, the wife of the Prophetpreaches that women have no souls.” (The Lifeand Teachings of Mohammed, 1932). (peace be upon him) through whom a quarter of the Islamic “Does law has been transmitted. not the One whoMen and women all descended from a single person “And the- the Prophet Adam (peace be upon him). Islam does Other females were great scholars of jurisprudence and had male is not like created, know? And Henot accept for either of them anything but justice and kind famous male scholars as their students. the female.” is the Most Kind,treatment. Qur’an 3:36 the All Aware.” Equal Right to Choose a Spouse Qur’an 67:14Equal Reward & Equal Accountability Islam has honoured women by giving them the right toMen and women worship Allah in the same way, meaning choose a spouse and keep their original family name oncethey worship the same God (Allah), perform the sameacts of worship, follow the same scripture, and hold married. Additionally, many have the impression that parents force their daughters into marriage. This is a cultural practice, The Family Unitthe same beliefs. Allah (the Arabic word for the One and has no basis in Islam. In fact, it is prohibited. God created men and women to be different, with uniquetrue God of all creation), judges all human beings fairly roles, skills and responsibilities. These differences are notand equitably. Allah emphasises the just At the time of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), a viewed as evidences of superiority or inferiority, but oftreatment and reward due to both men woman came to him and said, “My father has married me specialisation. In Islam, the family is of central importance.and women in many verses of the “Never to my cousin to raise his social standing and I was forced The man is responsible for the financial well being of theQur’an: will I allow the into it.” The Prophet sent for the girl’s father and then in his family while the woman contributes to the family’s physical, loss of the work of any presence gave the girl the option of remaining married educational and emotional well being. This encourages “Allah has cooperation rather than competition. By fulfilling their mutual worker amongst you, male or nullifying the marriage. She responded, “O Messenger promised to the believers, or female; you are of one of Allah, I have accepted what my father did, but I wanted responsibilities, strong families are created and hence strong men and women, gardens another.” to show other women (that they could not be forced into a societies. under which rivers flow, to marriage).” Qur’an 3:195 Also, emotionally, neither men nor dwell therein, and beautiful “They are women live a happy life without mansions in gardens of Equal yet Different one another. Allah describes this clothing for you and everlasting bliss.” These verses beautifully by saying: you are clothing While men and women have equal rights as a general Qur’an 9:72 show that reward is for them.” dependent upon one’s actions principle, the specific rights and responsibilities granted to and not one’s gender. Gender does them are not identical. Men and women have complementary Qur’an 2:187not play any part in how a person is rewarded and judged. rights and responsibilities.