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The Preamble to Faith
A descriptive translation of the Urdu work: Tamhid e Iman
IMAM AHMED RIDA KHAN AL-BARAYLAWI رحمہ اللہ
The majority of Muslims in India belonged to traditional Sunni faith until dissenting groups began to appear in the early 19th century [the 12th century after Hijrah]. Ironically, the grandsire of most splinter groups thereafter, Ismāýīl Dihlawī,1 was the grandson of a prominent Sunni scholar of his age Shāh Aĥmed Dihlawī, famously known as Shāh Waliyullāh.
Shāh Ismāýīl’s books like Taqwiyatu’l Īmān, Şirāt e Mustaqīm and pamphlets like Ek Rozi introduced ideas imported from ancient and modern heresies unknown to common folk and thus ignited the fire of sectarianism in the subcontinent. Scholars, including his own cousins, Shāh Makhşūsullāh Dihlawī and Shāh Mūsā Dihlawī refuted him. Indeed, many of those who
staunchly opposed him, like Fađl al-Ĥaqq Khayrābādi, were students of his illustrious uncle Shāh Ábd al-Ázīz al-Dihlawī.