THE MANUAL OF HAJJ AND UMRAH

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THE MANUAL OF HAJJ AND UMRAH

  1. 1. n.II•• ••••, ~&.a.II_" r. r.ao_
  2. 2. Books published by the author 1- The Mini Library of Islam 2- Commentary on al-Aqeedah al-Wasitiyah By al-Harras, Ibn Uthaimeen & al-Fozan 3- Abridgment of the Prophets Biography by Ibn Hisham 4- Life & Beliefs of Muhammad b. Abdulwahhab 5- Exposition of the Articles of Faith 6- Rulings on Fasting 7- The Other Side of Sufism 8- Searching for the Truth 9- Muslim Womans Guide 10- The Islamic Methodology of Aqeedah & Fiqh 11- The Book of Tawheed By Dr. S. AI-Fozan 12- The Message of Islam 13- The Loftiness of Allah & other publications.
  3. 3. Th• •cuaual of ~&umrlRulift, I fcatcuuca Compiled by.ahmoud R• •Ufad
  4. 4. C> CeoperaIM . . . . fwai a c...... " _ A.... ,2IOZ Kiq F.hd Natlo••1UbtarJ C.ta &-i.. .. blicatie. 0..Murad, Mahmood Ridha The lllIl1uo1 of Hajj ond Umnh. -Riyadh 181 p.; 12 em. ISBN 9%0-9384-6-8 1- AI-Hajj 2-AI-Urnroh 1- Title 252.5 de 3029/23 Lopl Deposit ao. 302911J ISBN 9%0-9384-6-8 Revised Edition Third Edition, 142712006 Copyright Mahmoud R. Murad All rights reserved 1422/2001
  5. 5. Foreword by His Highness, Shaikh Salih bin Abdil-Aziz bin Muhammad Aal ash-Shaikh The Minister of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Dawah & Guidance All praise is due to Allah,the Rubb of the worlds, andMay He exalt the mention ofour Prophet, and render him,his household and Companionsfree from every derogatorything. Allah, Subhanah, l theExalted, has brought this greatuniverse into existenceaccording to a precise system,I Subhanah, means Allah is free fromevery imperfection and derogatory thing. a
  6. 6. and has connected thisuniversal system with mansactions, good or otherwise; sothat any form of corruptionman does, it defects theuniverse proportionally. The perfection of theuniverse depends on attainingthe pleasure of Allah,Subhanah. While His slavesdirely needed to know what Heloves and approves of to do,and what He abhors to avoid;He therefore, sent themMessengers and supportedthem with the Divine revelationto give good news to those whoobey them, and warn those who b
  7. 7. disobey them. Since Divine Message has discontinued by the mission of our Prophet, Muha mmad , may Allah exalt his mention, peopl es need for someone toclarify to them their Deen, and teach them its rituals is nowdirer than ever . Due to Hismercy, Allah, Subhanah,provid es them in every ageand place a Muslim, whoassumes this great responsibilityin accordance with themethodology of the PiousPredecessors, and according topEq>les <XJ:lditicn; and languages,and according to the need of c
  8. 8. those Muslims who live inWestern countries forelucidating the sciences ofShari ah and its injunctions intheir own language a clear andsimple style, which helps themstreng then their ties with Allah,Subhanah, and clarify whatmay confuse them. Hence, brother, Shaikh Mahm oud bin Ridha Mura d has compiled the Mini Library containing the most significant issues in the topics of Aqeedah, Jurisprudence, Shari ah and Transactions; an appreciated endea vor for which we ask Allah to rende r it beneficial to d
  9. 9. its compiler and reader, and useus all in the sphere of Hisobedience. He certainly is mostattentive and receptive. Allpraise is due to Allah, the Rubbof the worlds. e
  10. 10. Preface to Third Edition More than three years havepassed since The Mini Librarywas first published. It is sincehas been revised and edited sothat there would be no need forfurther editing or revising, toconcentrate on the Mini LibraryII which will include differentIslamic topics that are beneficialto readers in sha-Allah. A number of people havegraciously revised the 3rdedition of the Muslims MiniLibrary, after the 2nd edition ranout of print, corrected itstypographical errors, andedited every book in it bearing a
  11. 11. in mind that regardless howhard man keeps improving hiswork, it remains a humanswork, Le., vulnerable andimperfect in comparison withthe Book of Allah. One of the main changes Ihave made in the Manual ofArkaan is the issue of Istiwa ofAllah above His Throne. I havechanged the verb to mountinto the verb to ascend andexplained that ascending theThrone means that Allah isabove it without touching it;thus, to allow no chance ofmisinterpreting this Divineaction. May Allah reward those b
  12. 12. brothers who drew myattention to this valid point. You may notice the changethe title of this work; it is now"The Muslims Mini Library"because it contains the basicinformation a Muslim, new orotherwise, needs to know. It is a privilege to expressmy gratefulness to those whowere gracious enough to reviewthe Mini Library and those whohave made valuable observationson its contents, structure andstyle. May Allah grant them thebest of rewards. I also ask Allah to rewardme for this work, and help me c
  13. 13. accomplish the Muslims MiniLibrary II, which will includeworks that will be of greatbenefit to the students ofknowledge in sha Allah. All praise is due to Allah,the Rubb of the Worlds. M.Murad 142612005 d
  14. 14. Contents Introduction... 1 Excellence of Hajj ... 7 Incitement. .. 10 Admonishing... 24 Lawful things to do ... 41The Prophets Pilgrimage... 43 Arkan of Hajj ... 54 The Wajibat of Hajj...55Things to do before Ihram ...57 Conditional Ihram .. . 59 Types of Hajj... 60 Requirements of Ihram ...65 Prohibited things ...66
  15. 15. AI-Mawaqeet... 69 The Sunan of the Tawaf ..74 Hajj for children 80 Hajj for women 82 Hajj on behalf of others... 84 Notice... 85Details of Hajj & Umrah in the Quran... 87 Procedure of Umrah 92 Hajj Day by Day 99 Innovated Practices 120 Visiting Madinah 122 Selected Fatawa 125 *****
  16. 16. Introduction All praise is due to AllahWhom we praise, and Whose aidwe implore. We seek Hisforgiveness and guidance, and wetake refuge with Him against ourown evil and sinful acts. He, whomAllah guides aright, none can leadastray; and whom He leads astray,none can guide aright. I testify that there is no true godexcept Allah alone Who has nopartner, and I testify thatMuhammad is the slave of Allahand His Messenger. May Allahreward him the best of rewards as asatisfaction for his Ummah(nation) and exalt his mention and 1
  17. 17. render him safe from everyderogatory thing, and may Hereward his Companions Kr 1beirendurance and sincerity intransmitting the Deen to theirsubsequent generations. Hajj is.not just a pillar of Islam;it is more than that. If we considerwhat it involves, we realize itsgreat significance notwithstandingthe fact that it is enjoined once in alifetime. When one perfonns itcommitting no sin in it Jannah willbe his reward. Nevertheless, inorder to get its great reward onemust learn the rituals of Hajjbefore observing them. 2
  18. 18. Therefore, I have forwarded thisbook with invaluable adviceoffered by the Scholar, the erudite,the Imam of the Hadeeth, ShaikhMuhammad Nasirud-Deen al-Albani, may Allah grant himmercy and admit him into theGardens of endless bliss, in hisbook, Haiiatun-Nabi The ProIiJetsPilgrimage." I expect the reader totake them seriously to performHajj that may never have anotherchance to perform again. I have based this book on theabove mentioned-work becauseImam al-Albani taught us to followthe proof from the Quran and the 3
  19. 19. Sunnah instead of mens opinionsregardless how scholarly they are. A Muslim must bear in mindthat Allah, the Exalted, commandsus in His Book to follow HisMessenger, may Allah exalt hismention, and He threatens topunish severely those who refuseto do so saying: Whatever theMessenger gives you; follow it,and whatever he forbids you;refrain from it, and fear Allah.Surely, Allah IS severe inretribution."! The reader will notice a newmethod in compiling works that1 Q. 59:7 4
  20. 20. deal with acts of worship. I havesupplemented this book with acollection of selected Fatawa thatwere issued by renowned scholarsof Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama ah forthe benefit of those pilgrims whomay have violated Ihram l or otherprerequisites of Hajj. Keep in mind the promise thatAllah has made by the tongue ofHis Messenger, may Allah exalthis mention: "He who performsHajj without committing sexualoffense2 or sinful behavior, will1 Ihram is the practical intention of theHajj or Umrah.2 Sexual offense in this context meanssuggestive talk with women, which is 5
  21. 21. return home sin-free like the dayhe was born.". I ask Allah to guide us to theright course to allow us to drinkfrom the Hawdh (pool) of HisMessenger, may Allah exalt hismention. Aameen. M.R.Murad 142512004 gdaim@yaboo.comconducive to sexual intercourse, or thelike.1 Bukhari & Muslim 6
  22. 22. Excellence of Hajj Hajj is the visitation to theInviolable House in Makkah andother sacred sites for performingcertain rites during the months ofShawwal, Dthul-Qadah and thefirst ten days of Dthul-Hijjah. Itwas prescribed in the ninth yearafter the Hijrah. It is a duty to beperformed once in a lifetime byevery adult, sane, Muslim who canafford it. Allah says: Surely the first House of Allah 1designated for mankind is that inMakkah. It is blessed and aguidance for the worlds. In it are1 Inviolable Masjid in Makkah. 7
  23. 23. clear signs, and the station ofIbraheem. He, who enters it, enjoyssafety. And pilgrimage to thisHouse is a duty men who canafford it owe Allah. He who deniesit, then let it be known that Allahneeds none of His creatures. l Abu Hurairah reported: "TheMessenger of Allah, may Allahexalt his mention, was asked:What is the best of deeds? Hesaid, Believing in the Oneness ofAllah, and in His Messenger. Hewas further asked, What is next?He said: Fighting in the cause of1 Q.3:97 8
  24. 24. Allah. What is next? he ~ asked, Aflawless Hajj. He answered."l The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah exalt his mention, said: "Hewho performs Hajj withoutviolating it with sexual activity orsins would return home sin-freelike the day he was bom. 21 Bukhari, Muslim & others.2 Ibid. 9
  25. 25. Incitement Hajj is obligatory on every adultMuslim who can afford it, and theProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, encouraged his Ummahto perform it. He was asked, Whatis the best of deeds? He, mayAllah exalt his mention, said,Believing in Allah and HisMessenger. They further asked,Then what? He said, Jihad(Fighting) for the advancement ofthe cause of Allah. What else?he was asked. He said, A sin-:fi:eeHajj.l1 Bukhari & Muslim 10
  26. 26. He also said: "He who,performs Hajj committing noRafath,l nor indecency, would becleansed from his sins as the dayhe was born."2 He said: "There is no reward fora sin-free Hajj other thanJannah."3 Ibn Shimasah said: "We visitedAmr b. al-Aas when he was dying.He wept for long, then said, WhenAllah placed Islam in my heart, IcanIe to the Prophet, may AllahI RaJa/h, is suggestive talk about or withwomen which is conducive to sexualactivities.2 Ibid.3 Malik, Bukhari, Muslim & others. 11
  27. 27. exalt his mention, and said,Messenger of Allah! Give meyour hand (to shake) to give youmy pledge of loyalty. When hedid, I withheld my hand. He said,What is wrong Amr? I said, Iwant to place a condition. He said,Condition for what? I said, Tobe forgiven. He said, Do you notknow, 0 Amr that Islam eliminateswhat is before it, and immigrationeliminates what is before it, andHajj eliminates what is before it? 1 Aishah, may Allah be pleasedwith her, said to the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention: "We see1 Ibn Khuzaimah 12
  28. 28. that Jihad is the best of deeds.Shall we participate in it?" Hesaid, The best of Jihad is a sin-free Hajj."1 Ibn Umar said: "I was sittingwith the Messenger of Allah, mayAllah exalt his mention, when aman from the Ansar and anotherfrom Thaqeef came in, greeted himand said, Messenger of Allah! Wecame to ask you a question. Hesaid, If you wish, I will tell whatyou came to ask me about, and ifyou wish I will keep silent and youask. They said you tell us, 0Messenger of Allah. He said,I Bukhari & others 13
  29. 29. You came to ask me about thereward you expect for going to theInviolable House, performing tworakaat of the Tawaf, the Saeebetween the Safa & the Marwah,staying in Arafah, casting thestones, offering a sacrificialanimal, and the Tawaf of Ifadhah.The man said, By the One Whohas sent you with the truth, I cameto ask you about these things. Hesaid, When you leave homeheading for the Inviolable House,every time your she-camel raisesits hoof and puts it down Allahremoves a sin of yours, and givesyou a reward instead. As for thetwo rakaaf after the Tawaf, they 14
  30. 30. are equal to freeing one of the sonsofIsmaeel. (The son ofIbraheem,may Allah exalt their mention.) Asfor the Saee between the Safa &Marwah it equals freeing 70slaves. As for staying in Arafah,you should know that Allahdescends to the lowest heaven toshow-off His slaves saying to theangels, My slaves have come toMe with shaggy hair from everyremote area begging for My mercy.Were your sins to be as much assand grains, or rain drops, or asmuch as the sea froth, I wouldforgive them. Go ahead My slaves.You as well as those you intercedefor are forgiven. 15
  31. 31. As for casting the stones, everystone you cast; a major sin of yoursis eliminated. As for yoursacrificial animal, it will be savedfor you with your Rubb. As forshaving your hair, a hasanah (areward for a good deed) will beadded to your record, and a sin ofyours will be deleted. And as foryour Tawaj around the House (theKabah) you circuit it being sin-free. An angel comes to you andplaces his hand between yourshoulders and says, Work for yourfuture, for your past sins areforgiven. 11 At-Tabarani & al-Bazzar 16
  32. 32. The merits of Talbiyah Ibn Abbas said: "A man fell offhis camel and died. The Messengerof Allah, may Allah exalt hismention, said, Wash him withwater and Sidr, and shroud himwith his two Ihram towels, but donot cover his head nor perfumehim. He will be raised on the Dayof Resurrection pronouncing theTalbiyah. I Sahl b. Sad reported that theProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, said: "Anyone whopronounces the Talbiyah everystone, tree or home to the end of1 Bukhari, MusIin&Il:nKhuzaimah 17
  33. 33. land on his right and left sides butjoins him in the Talbiyah.t The merits of kissing theBlackStone Abdullah b. Umar said: "I heardthe Messenger of Allah, may Allahexalt his mention, say, Graspingthe Black Stone and the YamaniComer eliminates the sins."2 Ibn Abbas said the Messengerof Allah, may Allah exalt hismention, said about the BlackStone: "By Allah! Allah shall raiseit on the Day of Resurrectionhaving two eyes with which it sees,1 At-Tirmidthee, Ibn Majah and al-Baihaqi2 Ahmad 18
  34. 34. and a tongue with which it speaksto testify for everyone who graspedit truthfully". 1 Ibn Abbas reported that theProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, said: "The Black Stonecame down from Jannah; it waswhiter than milk, but later on, itturned black because of the sinspeople committed."21At-Tinnidthee. ThdhfuIIy, occading toImam al-Albani, means doing so out ofobedience to Allah and following theSunnah of His Messenger, may Allahexalt his mention, not aggrandizing theStone itself.2 At-Tirmidthee 19
  35. 35. The merit of shaving off hair Abu Hurairah, may Allah bepleased with him, said that theMessenger of Allah, may Allahexalt his mention, said: "0 Allah!Grant your forgiveness to thosewho shave off their hair." Theysaid to him, ,And those whoshorten their hair. He said, 0Allah! Grant your forgiveness· tothose who shave off their hair.They said to him, And those whoshorten their hair. He said, 0Allah! Grant your forgiveness tothose who shave off their hair.They said to him, And those who 20
  36. 36. shorten their hair. He said, and to those who shorten their hair. I It is already mentioned that the Prophet, may Allah exalt his mention, said: "As for shaving your hair, you will receive ahasanah, and a sin of yours will beeliminated." The merit ofZam zam Water Ibn Abbas reported that theProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, said: "The best water onearth is Zamzam. It is wholesomefood substitute, and a remedy forsickness."21 Bukhari, Muslim & others.2 At-Tabarani 21
  37. 37. Jabir said that the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention, said:"Zarnzam water is a remedy forwhatever it is drunk for."l The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah exalt his mention, said:"Allah, the Exalted, says, A slavewhom I gave sound health andample provisions, and does notvisit Me for five years is indeedbereft."2 The Prophet, may Allah exalthis mention, said to his wives during his Farewell Pilgrimage: "It is only this Hajj for you, and after1 Ad-Daraqutni & al-Hakim2 Ibn Hibban & al-Baihaqi 22
  38. 38. that you stick to the mats of yourhomes." I This means that the Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention,limited pilgrimage to his wives toone time only. By right, thisapplies to the rest of the Muslimwomen.1 At-Tabarani 23
  39. 39. Admonition Many pilgrims when they enterthe state of Ihram for Hajj, they donot realize that they have actuallyinitiated that act of worship, whichimposes on them refraining fromwhatever Allah prohibits for themin particular and for every otherMuslim in general. Therefore, theyperform Hajj and return home without a change in their conduct prior to Hajj. This is a practical proof on their part that their Hajj was not perfect, if not rejected. Hence, every pilgrim should remember this and exert his utmost effort to avoid violating the prohibitions of Allah. Allah says: 24
  40. 40. The period of Hajj is knownmonths; therefore, he whodetermines to perform HaJJ duringthis period then let him avoidRajath, sinful behavior, andargumentation duringHajj.l The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah exalt his mention, said: He, who perfonm Hqjj without committing sexual offense or sinful behavior, will return home sin-free like the day he wasborn. 2 Ibn al-Mundthir, may Allahgrant him mercy, said:1 Q.2:1962 Bukhari & Muslim 25
  41. 41. Nothing nullifies Hajj except sexual intercourse (Rafath).l That is why Allah differentiates between Rafath and improper behavior. As for the rest of the prohibitions such as: wearing ~ or perfumes, although doing ~ is a sinful behavior but it does not nullify Hcdt according to the renowned Imams. There are some scholars whosay that sinful acts nullify Hajjamong whom is Imam Ibn Hazm.One has to bear in mind thatcommitting a sin by a pilgrim isnot like committing it by others. It1Manar as-Sabeel, YoU, P 311. 26
  42. 42. IS more serious when a pilgrim commits it, because he will not return home sin free; like the day he was born, according to the above quoted Hadeeth. This in fact is tantamount to losing the reward of his Hajj by forfeiting the forgiveness of Allah. I feel it is my duty to warn youagainst certain errors and commonmistakes that many people commit.Some people enter the state ofIhram with the intention ofperforming Hajj without realizingthat they should quit such sins dueto ignorance, heedlessness, orimitation. 27
  43. 43. 1. Shirk one of the majorcatastrophes with which someMuslims are plagued. They areignorant of the nature of Shirk(polytheism) which is the grossestof all sins. It nullifies the gooddeeds according to the words ofAllah: "If you commit Shirk yourgood deeds would be nullified". 1 Many pilgrims commit Shirkwhile they are in the InviolableHouse of Allah, and in the Masjidof the Prophet, may Allah exalt .his mention. They neglect supplicating Allah and seeking His help, instead, they turn to Prophets and1 Q. 39:65 28
  44. 44. pious people seeking their help.They swear by them and supplicatethem. Allah, the Glorious, says: And those whom they calIon do not own a skin of a date stone. If you call on them they will never hear your supplication. And if they do they will never respond to you. And on the Day of Resurrection they will denounce your Shirk. And no one informs you like the One Who knows everything. I I wonder what those peoplebenefit from their Hajj when theyinsist on observing paganistic1 Q. 35:14 29
  45. 45. rituals, that they do to gain favorwith Allah. Was this the paganspretext to justify worshipping otherthan Allah, the Exalted? Allahsays: And those who take supporters other than Allah, say, We worship them only to bring us closer to Allah .1 Dear pilgrim! Before youdetermine to perform Hajj youshould know that Shirk opposesthe belief in the Oneness of Allah.He who adheres to the Book ofAllah and the Sunnah of HisProphet, may Allah exalt his1 Q. 39:3 30
  46. 46. mention, is on the right course, andhe who neglects them, deviatesfrom it. 2. Shaving off beards. It is oneof the most common sins amongthe Muslims in this age. This isdue to Western influence on mostof their countries. The Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention,clearly forbade copying infidelsbehavior and attire saying: "Differfrom the polytheists and infidels;trim your mustaches, and youreyour beards."l In another version,he said: "Differ from the people ofthe Book."1 Bukhari & Muslim 31
  47. 47. This abominable sin entails anumber of violations: a. Disobeying the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention. b. Imitating infidels. c. Altering the creation of Allah,by obeying shaitan, who promisedAllah saying: "and I will surelycommand them to alter the creationof Allah."l d. Imitating women. TheMessenger of Allah, may Allahexalt his mention, cursed thosemen who do so. Saying: "Allah1 Q. 4:119 32
  48. 48. curses men who imitate womenand women who imitate men. 1 Oddly enough, many pilgrimsdo not shave off their beardsbecause of the restriction of Ihram;but once they terminate theirIhram, they shave them off, insteadof shaving off their heads, asrecommended by the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah exalt hismention. 3. Wearing gold rings. Somemen wear gold rings not knowingit is prohibited. Or, they know butthey still do it regardless. Whileothers know it is prohibited but1 Adaab az-Ziffaf, p. 126 33
  49. 49. say, Its only a wedding band.They do not know that wearing thisgold ring constitutes double sin.One, for disobeying theMessenger, may Allah exalt hismention, and the other forimitating Infidels. Muslims did notknow wedding bands in the past. Itis a custom, which they pickedfrom Christians. On the other hand, one shouldlearn Hajj rituals according to theBook and Sunnah to perform itproperly to be accepted by Allah,the Exalted. 4.Missing staying overnight inMuzdalifah after departing Arafat,and in the night of Eed in Mina, 34
  50. 50. because this is the Sunnah of theProphet, may Allah exalt hismention. Spending the night inMuzdalifah until morning is aprerequisites of Hajj according topeople of knowledge. Never bedeceived by some Hajj organizers,whose main concern is to savetime and money by savingthemselves the trouble of goingthrough the entire Hajj procedure,regardless if it is properly observeor not. 5. Do not allow anyone to crossin front of you while you arepraying in al-Masjid al-Haram, orin any other masjid. The Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention, said: 35
  51. 51. "Were one who crosses in front ofa praying person to know theconsequences of doing so, hewould have preferred to wait forforty than to do so. The narratorsaid, I dont know whether hemeant forty days, months, oryears."} It is impermissible for you toperform Salat without having aSutrah. 2 Rather, you should placesomething in front of you whileyou are praying. You have to stop} Bukhari & Muslim2 Sutrah is a thing which a person placesin front of him, so that no human oranimal walks in front of him while he ispraying. 36
  52. 52. anyone who tries to walk in frontof you while you are praying. TheProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, commanded placing asutrah for Salat. He said, Whenyou perform Salat, having placed asutrah to prevent people fromcrossing in front of you, andsomeone insists in doing so, tryyour best to keep him away. If hestill insists, then fight him; for heis shaitan." 1 Salih b. Kaisan said: "I sawAbdullah b. Umar performingSalat in the Kabah and he did not1 Ahmad 37
  53. 53. allow anyone to cross in front ofhim."l The general Ahadeeth thatprohibit walking in front of apraying person are not restricted toone particular masjid or place.They apply to al-Masjid al-Haram,the Prophets Masjid in particularand the other mosques in general. People of knowledge shouldavail the opportunity of meetingpilgrims in Masjid al-Haram andthe Holy sites to teach them thetenets of believing in the Onenessof Allah beside the rites of Hajjand other relevant rulings in1 Ibn Sad 38
  54. 54. accordance to the Book and theSunnah. There are many peoplewho practice polytheistic ritualswithout being aware of it. 6. Wrangling and arguingduring Hajj. Wrangling, andarguing during Hajj, is sinfulbehavior. However, clarifyingcertain judicial issues for people isnot prohibited. Ibn Hazm, mayAllah grant him mercy, said:Arguing is of two types, one isjustified, and one is not. Thejustified argument is lawful whilethe involved party is in Ihram ornot, Allah says: Invite people tothe path of your Rubb according tothe Sunnah and admonish therri in 39
  55. 55. a proper manner. Therefore, hewho argues to publicize the truth,and suppress falsehood is the onewho invites to the path of his Rubbin a proper manner. While arguingto support falsehood knowinglynullifies Ihram and Hajj becauseAllah says: "Involve yourselves inno Rafath, or sinful behavior, norwrangling during Hajj." However, a preacher mustrealize that arguing with anopponent who insists on hisopinion is futile, then it is betterfor him to quit arguing. 40
  56. 56. Lawful things to do 1. Bathing; because the Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention, didthat. 2. Scratching head and body. 3. Cupping, even if it requiresshaving off the spot were cuppingtakes place. 4. Smelling perfume, and ifones fingernail cracks he may cutit off. He may also have a toothextracted. 5. Using umbrellas, and stayingindoors and in vehicles. Ridingtopless vehicles is usually done byfanatic sects. Allah does not permitsuch extremism. It is authenticallyreported that the Prophet, may 41
  57. 57. Allah exalt his mention, orderedhis Companions to pitch a tent forhim in Namirah and he stayed in it. I ask Allah to teach us whatbenefits us and inspire us to applyit. He is the best to ask. 42
  58. 58. The Prophets Pilgrimage The Prophet, may Allah exalthis mention, stayed in Madinah fornine years without performingHajj. It was only in the tenth yearwhen he announced that he wasgoing to perform it. Many peoplecame to Madinah, wishing toaccompany him in this journey tofollow the procedure of his Hajj. He left on the 25th or the 24th ofDthul-Qadah, and took with himhis sacrificial animals. He rode hisshe-camel, al-Qaswa, intending toperform Hajj only. Then he startedpronouncing Labbaik AllahummaLabbaik and people followed suit. 43
  59. 59. Jabir, the narrator of thisaccount said: "We set off intendingto perform Hajj alone (Ifrad) notUmrah, because we were notacquainted with Umrah then.When we entered the InviolableHouse on the 4th of Dthul-Hijjah(when we entered Makkah) theProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, came to the Masjid andmade his she-camel sit down,dismounted, and entered theMasjid. He went right away to theBlack Stone, rubbed it with hishand, and then he circuited theKabah in a quick pace. When hereached Maqam Ibraheem, herecited, And use Maqam Ibraheem 44
  60. 60. as a praying place. He raised his voice so that people could hear him. He kept Maqam Ibraheembetween him and the Kabah andperformed 2-rakaat. He recitedSurat al-Ikhlas in the first and al-Kaflroon in the second. Then hewent to Zarnzam Well, drank fromit, and poured water on his head.Then he went to the comer of theKabah and grasped it with hishand. Then he went to as-Safa andal-Marwah reciting, Innas-Safawal-Marwah. 1 In another versionhe said, I begin with what Allah1 Q. 2:158 45
  61. 61. began with. 1 He climbed as-Safauntil he could see the House. Hefaced it and said, La i/aha i//aAllah Allahu Akbar. 3 times.Then he said, Lai/ahah il/a Allahwahdahu, (There is no true Godsave Allah alone. He defeated theclans alone.2 Then he supplicatedAllah in between. He repeated thisthree times. Then he went to theMarwah, climbed it, and repeatedwhat he did on as-Safa.1 This refers to a relevant ayah in whichAllah says: "Verily, tripping between As-Safa and al-Marwah are among the rites ofAllah."(2: 158)2 The Clans refers to the pagan troopswho marched to Madinah; an event whichis called The Battle of the Trench. 46
  62. 62. In the last round of Saee, hestood at al-Marwah and said, 0people! If I knew before hand whatI would be facing, I would nothave brought along the sacrificialanimals and would turn this intoUmrah. Therefore, he who has notbrought a sacrificial animal let himtenninate his Ihram, and considerthis as Umrah.I When he was asked whetherthat applied to that year inparticular or forever, he said,Forever. Therefore, peopleshortened their hair except the1 He asked to consider their circuiting theKabah and their tripping between as-Safa& al-Marwah as Umrah, not Hajj. 47
  63. 63. Prophet, may Allah exalt hismention, and those who broughttheir sacrificial animals with them. On the day of Tarwiyah (the 8thof Dthul-Hijjah) they all enteredIhram with the intention ofperforming Hajj. They marched. onto Mina with the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention, wherethey performed Dthuhr, Asr,Maghrib, Isha and Fajr; each in itsregular time. The next day, he went toArafah, and had a tent pitched forhim in Namirah. He stayed in itand remained in Arafah untilsunset. 48
  64. 64. During the day in Arafah he performed Dthuhr andA sr jointly, then he delivered a speech. At sunset and when the twilight disappeared, he moved on to Muzdalifah where he performed Maghrib and Isha jointly, with oneAdthan and two Iqamah. He didnot perform any prayer after that,but slept until dawn. He performedFajr, and then rode his she-camel,al-Qaswa, faced the Qiblah,praised Allah, and supplicated Himuntil daylight became clear. From there on, he moved ontoMina, where he cast pebbles at al-Jamrat al-Kubra, saying, AllahuAkbar with every pebble he cast. 49
  65. 65. He said, Learn your Hajj ritualsfrom me, because I dont knowwhether I would perform Hajj afterthis. Then he went and slaughtered63 camels with his own hand. Heshaved off his head, and let Alislaughter the rest. He ordered apiece of meat from each camel becooked from which both the Prophet, may Allah exalt his mention, and Ali ate. He delivered a speech on the Day of Sacrifice.} Then he rode al- Qaswa heading for Makkah where he performed· Tawa f al-lfadhah, and did not perform Sa ee.} This speech is the Khutbah, whichfollows Eeds prayer. 50
  66. 66. Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islamthat Allah enjoins once in alifetime on those who can affordthe trip physically and financially.The Prophet, may Allah exalt hismention, said: "Islam is based onfive pillars: The Testimony ofFaith, (There is no true God exceptAllah) performing Salat, givingZakat, fasting of Ramadhan, andperforming Hajj, by him who canafford it. I Preconditions of Hajj 1) Islam 2) Adulthood1 Bukhari & Muslim 51
  67. 67. 3) Sanity 4) Freedom 5) Capability 6) The mahram 1 (for women.) Capability refers to physical andfinancial ability to perform Hajj. The Prophet, may Allah exalthis mention, warned: "It isunlawful for a woman to travelwithout amahram."2 Hence, Hajj is not incumbent ona woman who does not have a1Maharim pI. of Mahram is a male escortsuch as a husband, or one of the womansmale siblings who are not lawful for her tomarry.2 Bukhari & Muslim.
  68. 68. Mahram, even if she can afford itfinancially and physically. 53
  69. 69. Arkaa n of Hajji (Indispensable Rituals) l-Ihram. 2- Staying in Arafah. 3- Tawa fal-Ifadhah. 4- The Saee.1 The difference between Rukn & Wajib;is that missing the former nullifies Hajjaltogether; while missing the latter shouldbe expiated by sacrificing one of thedesignated sacrificial animals. 54
  70. 70. The Wajibat (Duties) of Hajj The Wajibat1 are the rituals themissing of which requires offeringan animal to be killed in Makkahand be given to the poor peoplethere. The one who offers it shouldnot eat from its meat. If one cannotafford making it, he must observeten days of fasting instead: threeduring the Hajj,2 and seven afterreturning home. These Wajibatare:I Wajibat is a plural of Wajib.2 Days during which fasting is to beobserved are the 2nd, the 3rd, & the 4th ofDthul-Hiijah. 55
  71. 71. 1- Wearing the Ihram towelswith the relevant intention fromthe Meeqat. 2-Staying inAtamh until sunset. 3- Spending the following nightin Muzdalifah. 4- Spending the nights of thedays of Eed in Mina. 5- Casting the pebbles. 6- Shaving off, or shorteninghair (for men) and clipping the tips of womans hair. 7- Tawaf al-Wada. 56
  72. 72. Things to do before Ihram Clipping fingernails and toenails, trimming mustaches,plucking or shaving off armpit andpubic hair, performing Wudhu orbetter yet having a bath, or ashower. Women in menstruation orpostnatal period should have abath, or a shower. Wear the Ihram at the Meeqat,and recite the Talbiyah of theintended ritual (once only.) Youmay also say, Sub/udlah, alhamduliOah, Lailaha illdlah, ardAllahu akhar. Do not utter the intentionverbally for performing Hajj orUmrah, such as saying: "0 Allah! I 57
  73. 73. intend to perform the Hajj orUmrah, so make it easy for me".Your intention was already madein your mind the moment you lefthome. Expressing intentionverbally for any act of worship wasnot the practice of the Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention. Thus, doing so is bidah (an innovated ritual). The Prophet, may Allah exalt his mention, said: Every innovated ritual is bidah, and every bidah is a means of deviation, and every means of deviation leads to Fire. 1 1 Muslim. 58
  74. 74. Conditionallhram You may also stipulate thefollowing condition upon Allah,just in case you cannot completethe rites of Hajj or Umrah for onereason or another: Allahumma mahilli haithu habastani.o Allah! I terminate my Ihramwherever You withhold me. Having made this condition,you do not have to offer asacrificial animal, or return nextyear to perform Hajj in lieu of yourincomplete Hajj unless it is yourfirst Hajj, then you must return toperform it next year. 59
  75. 75. Types of Hajj There are three types of Hajj:Tamattu, Qiran, and Ifrad. 1-TamaIJu is performing 1h:Umrah during the months of Hajj.Once a pilgrim completes 1h:Umrah, re may terminate the Ihramonly to re-enter it on the 8th ofDthul-Hijjah (the Day ofTarwiyah) with the intention ofperforming the Hajj. A pilgrim does not have to go tothe Meeqat to re-enter the state ofIhram for performing the Hajj; hecan do so in his residence inMakkah, or Mina. This type ofHajj requires a Hadee (a sacrificialanimal.) 60
  76. 76. 2- Qiran is performing Hajj andUmrah jointly without interruptionuntil one casts the pebbles on theday of Eed, and shaves off hishead. This type requires Hadee aswell. 3- Ifrad, is performing Hajjonly. You may choose whichever typeof Hajj you wish. Yet the best typeis Tamattu . The Talbiyah The Talbiyah of Umrah: LobbaikoJ71Ilhumma hi Umraho Allah! Here I am. responding toYou to perform Umrah. The Talbiyah of Hajj only: 61
  77. 77. Labbaikalllahumma bi Hajjo Allah! Here I am responding to Youto perform Hajj.The Talbiyah of Hajj Qiran:lAbbaikJIlllllutmtm hi Umratin waHqjj.o Allah! Here I am responding toYou to perform Umrah and Hajj. The Prophet, may Allah exalthis mention, added the followingto the Talbiyah for Hajj: 1 AJlahUlltlm 1IlldJhihihfijotun fa ~~ jiha walaswnah. o Allah! This Hajj of mine isfree from hypocrisy, or boasting. And in case of the Umrah:1 This is an Authentic report by adh-Dhiyaa. 62
  78. 78. AOohummahadthihi Umratun fa ~ajihawa/asumah.° Allah! hypocrisy,or boasting. isfree from This Umrah of mine The above are to be recited onceupon wearing the Ihram, whereas,the following Talbiyah must berecited repeatedly until a pilgrimreaches certain points and timesthat will be explained later on: Labbaikal//ahumma labbaik, labbaikala shareeka laka labbaik.Innal hamda wan-nimata laka wal mulk, la shareekalak.0, Allah! Here I am responding toYou. 0, Allah! Here I amresponding to You. You have nopartner with You. Here am I.Surely, all praise and graces are 63
  79. 79. Yours, and so is the dominion!You have no partner with You. The Messenger of Allah, mayAllah exalt his mention, recitedthis Talbiyah loudly and repeatedlyuntil he cast Jamrat al-Aqabah. 11 See the Procedure of the Hajj. 64
  80. 80. Requirements of Ihram Wearing the Ihram in theMeeqat. Men should wear no sewnclothes, underwear, head covers(hats or the like) socks, gloves, orfootwear that cover the heels. As for women, they should notwear gloves, Burqu,1 or Niqab. 2But there is no harm in coveringtheir faces in presence of men.I Burqu, a piece of leather or cloth withwhich a woman veils her face having in ittwo holes for the eyes.2 Niqab: a womans face-veil, whichcovers the soft or pliable part of the nosethat extends as high as the circuit of theeye. 65
  81. 81. Prohibited Things 1- Trimming or plucking orshaving any part of the body. 2- Clipping fingernails ortoenails. 3- Covering the face (bywomen) when no male strangersare around. 4-Wearing perfume. l 5-Consummating Marriage. 6-Having sexual intercourse: Ifthis takes place during the firstIhram then Hajj or Umrah wouldbe nullified, and the pilgrim mustoffer a sacrificial animal andcomplete the rituals, but must1 This also means avoiding the use ofscented or perfumed cleaning stuff. 66
  82. 82. return next year to perform theannulled Hajj or the Umrah. Ifsuch violation takes place duringthe second Ihfam, then Hajj wouldnot be nullified, a sacrificialanimal, however, must be offered. 7- The mubasharah, 1 or doing athing which may lead to it such askissing or fondling. Umar bin al-Khattab, Ali andAbu Hurairah were asked about aman who had an intercourse withhis wife. They said that he shouldcontinue his Hajj, offer a1 Touching a woman !i<il1o skin. 67
  83. 83. sacrificial animal, and return thefollowing year to perform Hajj. 1 Whatever applies to men fromthe above prohibitions applies towomen, except for wearing sewnclothes. 2I Imam Malik, aI-Muwatta.2A woman may wear any clothes thatconform to the Islamic dress codes. 68
  84. 84. Al-Mawaqeet I Al-Mawaqeet are of two kinds: a- The Mawaqeet in terms oftime: The months of the Hajjseason: Shawwal, Dthul-Qadahand the first ten days of Dthul-Hijjah. b- The mawaqeet in terms ofplaces: I-Dthul-Hulaifah, is the Meeqatof Madinahs residents and thosewho cross it. It is 435 km. fromMakkah; and it is the furthest1 The Mawaqeet (pI. of Meeqat) areterritorial points at which pilgrims on theirway to perfonn the Hajj or the Umrahmust wear the Ihram and make up theirmind the ritual they intend to perfonn. 69
  85. 85. Meeqat from it. It is also known asAbyar Ali. 2- Al-Juhfah, is the Meeqat ofthe Syrians and the Egyptians andthose who cross it. It is a villagelocated near Rabigh, which is 180km. from Makkah. Nowadayspeople enter the Ihram fromRabigh. 3- Yalamlam, is the Meeqat ofthe Yemenis, the countries alignedwith it, and for those who cross it.Yalam1am is a valley, which is 92km from Makkah. 4- Qarn al-Manazil, is theMeeqat of the people of Najd,Taif, and those who cross it. It is 70
  86. 86. also known as As-Sayl al-Kabeer,which is 75 km. from Makkah. 5- Dthat Irq, the Meeqat of thepeople of Iraq, Khurasan, middleand north of Najd, the townsaligned with them, as well as forthose who cross it. This Meeqat isa valley, which is approximately100 km. from Makkah. As for those who live withinthe radius of the Mawaqeet, theymay assume the Ihram from theplace in which they live. A Makkan intending toperform Hajj may put on his Ihramin Makkah itself. But if he intendsto perform Umrah, he may do sofrom any place outside the 71
  87. 87. boundaries of the Haram, such asMasjid Aishah in Taneem, orJuurranah. It is not permissible for anyoneintending to perform Hajj orUmrah to cross the Meeqatwithout putting on Ihram. He whodoes so must return to the Meeqatto put on Ihram, or to do so fromwherever he happens to beprovided he sacrifices a sheep asexpiation. If he puts on Ihrambefore arriving at the Meeqat,though it is not praiseworthy to doso, his Hajj or Umrah would bevalid regardless.The Tawqf (circumambulating theKabah) seven times. 72
  88. 88. The types of Tawaf: 1- Tawafal-Qudoom (Arrival). 2-Tawafa~~adhah,w~chisarukn of Hajj the missing of w~chnullifies Hajj. 3- Tawaf al-Wada (Farewell)w~ch is the last rite a pilgrimshould do before departingMakkah. Missing it entailsexpiating by socrificingananimal. 4- Optional Tawaf. 73
  89. 89. The Sunan of the Tawajl a- Kissing, touching, or justpointing at the Black Stone withones finger upon commencing theTawaf b- AI-Idhtiba throughout theTawaf, that is, wrapping the upperpart of the body with a towel ofIhram, exposing the right arm andshoulder. Once Tawafis over, oneshould cover both shoulders andarms. c- The Ramal, which is takingquick pace during the first threerounds of Tawaf.1 Sunan are those rituals the observanceof which is rewardable, and missing themis non-punishable. 74
  90. 90. d- Grasping, not kissing therukn al- Yamani by hand everyround, if possible, otherwise,neither point at nor force your wayto it. e- The recitation of thefollowing ayah between the ruknal-Yamani and the Black Stone: "Rubbana aatina ftddunya hasanah waftl aakhirati hasanah wa qina adthabannar." 0, our Rubb! Grant us hasanahin this world, and hasanah in theHereafter, and protect us from thetorment of Fire. 11 Q. 2:201 75
  91. 91. f- Standing between the BlackStone and the door of the Kabahwhile sticking ones chest to thewall of the Kabah and supplicatingAllah earnestly. 1 The Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention, did so.2· g- After completing sevenrounds, one should proceed toMaqam Ibraheem, if possible, toperform 2-rakaat. He shouldrecite in the first rakah; al-Fatihahfollowed by al-Kafiroon, and inthe second, al-Fatihah followed byal-Ikhlas.1 This is almost impossible to do duringHajj season.2 As-Saheehah, #2138 76
  92. 92. h- Drinking from Zamzamwater after performing 2-rakaat,and then returning to the BlackStone, if possible beforeproceeding to the Masa. While in Tawaf, one shouldbehave as though he is performingSa/at; that is, he should busyhimself with the dthikr,supplication & Quranic recitation. There are no particularsupplications for each round. Onemay ask Allah for good things inthis and in the world to come. Oneshould also avoid harming peopleby pushing, forcing his waythrough, or uttering offensivelanguage. This behavior should be 77
  93. 93. observed throughout the Hajjseason. 3- The Saee: It is the tripping between as-Safa and al-Marwah. Recite thefollowing ayah on your way to theSafa to start the Sa ee: Surely, as-Safa & al-Marwahare among the rites of Allah. It istherefore, no sin on him whoperforms pilgrimage to tripbetween them. l Tripping between these two Hills seven times, beginning· from as-Safa, and ending at al-Marwah; 1 Q.2:15 8 78
  94. 94. stopping at each Hill supplicatingAllah while facing the Kabah. 4- Staying on Arafah The Prophet, may Allah exalthis mention, said: "Hajj isArafah".1 This means spendingtime on Arafah, regardless howshort it is,2 with the intention ofdoing so as a ritual of Hajj, fromthe afternoon of the ninth of Dthul-Hijjah until dawn.1 At-Tirmidthee, AOODiwoOO & ahers2 It should be remembered that this doesnot mean that one can .spend a shortperiod of time on Arafah. It means thosewho could not make it on time, and arriveat Arafah after sunset or after midnight, itdoes not make difference then how short aperiod of time they spend on Arafah. 79
  95. 95. Hajj for children Parents with children shouldintend to perform Hajj on behalfthem Such Hajj would be validaccording to the followingtradition: A woman held up her child,and asked the Messenger of Allah,may Allah exalt his mention, "Isperforming Hajj on behalf of thischild valid?" He replied: "Yes, andyou will be rewarded for himtoo."l Such Hajj is considered assupererogatory for the child. Once1 Imam Ahmad, Muslim & others. 80
  96. 96. he reaches the age of puberty, hemust perform the obligatory Hajj. If such a child is too young, hisguardian may recite the Talbiyah,and cast the stones on his behalf;otherwise, he should do these riteshimself. 81
  97. 97. Hajj for wome n Hajj is obligatory on women asit is on men, provided each womanis accompanied with her Mahram.The Prophet, may Allah exalt hismention, said: Let no man meet a woman privately m1b:>ut herM7hram.l Although her Hajj would bevalid, yet a woman would commit a sin if she goes for Hajj without a Mahram. It is illegal for her to travel with the company of other women going for Hajj, or anywhere else; for a woman, or a1 Bukhari & Muslim. 82
  98. 98. group of women do not substitute aMahram. It is recommended for a womanto have her husbands permissionto perform the obligatory Hajj. Ifhe refuses, she may leave withouthis permission, provided she isaccompanied with a Mahram. TheProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, said: "No obedience isdue to a creature if it involvesdisobeying the Creator."l On the other hand, it is ~otcommended for a woman toperform Hajj more than once. TheProphet, may Allah exalt his1 Muslim. 83
  99. 99. mention, commanded his wiveswho accompanied him in hisFarewell Hajj not to performoptional Hajj saying: It is this Hajj for you, and stickto the mats of your homesthereafter .1Hajj on behalf of others He who can afford the trip butis incapacitated by a terminalsickness, or old age, he should getsomeone (male or female) toperform Hajj on his behalf. He who intends to perform Hajjon behalf of others should have1 Fath al-Bari 84
  100. 100. already performed Hajj for himself. The Prophet, may Allah exalthis mention, heard a man saying, 0 Allah! Here I am responding toYou to perform Hajj on behalf ofShubrumah. He asked him: Didyou perform the Hajj for yourself?The man said, No! He said· tohim: Perform your Hajj first then(next year) perform it on behalf ofShubrumah .1 Notice If a woman who is performingTamattu type of Hajj menstruatesbefore starting the Tawa f and fears1 Abu Dawood & Ibn Majah. 85
  101. 101. missing some of the Hajj rites, shemay enter the Ihram with theintention of performing Qiran typeof Hajj. A woman in menstrual orpostnatal period can perform allthe Hajj rituals except for theTawaf and Salat. 86
  102. 102. Details of Hajj and Umrah in theQuran Allah, the Exalted, says: "And, complete the Hajj andUmrah in obedience to Allah. Butif you are held back, then offer anavailable sacrificial, and do notshave off your heads until thesacrificial animal reaches itsdestination. "1 "If a person is sick, or has aproblem which necessitatesshaving off his hair, he may do so,provided he expiates by fasting, orgiving food in charity, orsacrificing an animal. Once youI It means, until the sacrificial animal isslaughtered. 87
  103. 103. feel safe, then let those whoperfonn Hajj and Umrah offer anyavailable sacrificial animal. But he,who cannot afford it, let him fastthree days during the Hajj andseven when you return home; theseare ten complete days. This appliesto those who are not residents ofMakkah. And fear Allah, and knowthat Allah is very severe inpunishment. Hajj is a set of knownmonths; so he who detennines toperfonn Hajj in these monthsshould remember that no Rafath,nor improper behavior, nor anyquarrelling during Hajj. Andwhatever good you do, Allah kmwsit Am take}XOVisiom; surely, the best 88
  104. 104. of provision is righteousness. Andfear Me alone, 0 you whounderstand." "There is no sin on you if youseek the bounty of your Rubb. Butwhen you depart Arafat, rememberAllah at al-Mashar al-Haram; andremember Him as He has guidedyou, although, before this, youwere of those gone astray." "Then advance from wherepeople advance, and seekforgiveness from Allah. Surely,Allah is Most FOIgiving, Merciful." "And when you conclude yourrituals then remember Allah as youremember your fathers, or evenmore than that. And some people 89
  105. 105. say, Our Rubb! Grant us goodthings in this world; and suchshall have no share in theHereafter." "And of them there are somewho say: 0, our Rubb! Grant usgood things in this world as well as good things in the world to come,and protect us from the torment ofthe Fire. " "These shall have a share of what they have earned. Verily, Allah is swift at reckoning." "And remember Allah during numbered days; but those who hasten to leave in two days, there is no sin on them; and those who stay behind, there is no sin on them. 90
  106. 106. This is for them who fear Allah.And fear Allah and know that youwill be brought together to Him."l1 Q. 196-203 91
  107. 107. Procedure of Umrah These steps are subsequent toentering the state of Ihram fromrespective Meeqat points. 1- Entering Makkah Recite the following uponentering Makkah: Recite the ayaat and supplications in Arabic transliteration BismiDahwassalatuwassalamualaRasoolillah A1loJuorrm£f-tah lee abwaaba rahmatik. I begin with the name of Allah.May Allah render His Messengersafe from every derogatory thing.o Allah! Open for me the gates ofYour mercy. Once you see the Sacred Housesay the following: 92
  108. 108. Allahumma antas-Sa/am, wa minkas-Sa/am, fahiyyina Rabbana bissa/am. o Allah! You are the SecurityGranter, and safety is granted byYou. 0 Allah! Greet us with safetyand security. 2-Tawaafal-Qudoom Once you enter a/-Masjid a/-Haram, start with Tawaf a/-Qudoom (Arrivals Tawaf.) If it istime for a congregational Sa/at,pray first, and then perform theTawaf starting off with kissing,touching the Black Stone ifpossible otherwise, pointing at itwith the forefinger serves thepurpose. saymg: 93
  109. 109. Bismillah, Allahu Akbar Repeat this phrase wheneveryou reach the Black Stone, or theblack strip on the ground, whichindicates the starting point ofTawaf Once you reach al-Rukn al-Yamani, grasp it with your righthand, if possible, without kissingit, and recite the following on yourway to the Black Stone,: Allahumma Rabbana Aatinafiddunya hasanatan wafilakhiratihasanatan waqina adthaaban-naar Our Rubb! Grant us hasanah inthis world and hasanah in theHereafter, and protect us from thetorment of the Fire. 94
  110. 110. 3- Once the seventh round ofTawaf is completed, perform tworakaat behind Maqam Ibraheem,if possible, or anywhere else in theMasjid. Recite al- Fatihah and al-Kafiroon in the first rakah, and al-Fatihah and al-Ikhlas in the second. Let no one to walk in front ofyou while you are praying. 4- After Safat, drink as much asyou can from Zarnzam water, andpour some of it on your head. 5- Proceed to as-Safa and onyour way to it, recite the followingverse: 95
  111. 111. Innas-Sqfawal-Marwata minshaairillahfamanHcjjal-Baita awitamarajlajunam alaihi ~t¢a bihima Verily, as-Safa, and al-Marwahare among the rites of Allah, sothere is no sin on him whoperforms the Hajj or the Umrah towalk back and forth betweenthem. l Then say: Abdau bima badaAllahu bih. I start with what Allah started. When you are on as-Safa, facethe Kabah, raise your hands andrecite the following: La illaJrl iDallah AllahuAldxrr (3 times)1 Q. 2:158. This ayah should be recited athe beginning of the Saee only. 96
  112. 112. La illahJillallahu wahlahu, la shareekalah, lahul mulkuwaIhulhamduyuhiyee wa yumeetwhuwa alla kulli shain qadeer. La illaha illallahuwahlahu, la shareeka lah, anjazawadahu, wanasara alxhhu wa hazomalalTZi1bawahlah (3 times) There is no true God exceptAllah. Allah is the Greatest. Thereis no true God except Allah alone.He fulfilled His promise,supported His slave and defeatedthe clans all by Himself. In the meantime, supplicateAllah and beg Him to fulfill yourneeds, and then walk down the hill.Take a brisk walk between the twogreen lights. Once you are on al-Marwah, face the Kabah and 97
  113. 113. repeat what you recited on as-Safa,then continue tripping back andforth between the two hillsrepeating the same supplication oneach hill, thus to complete seventrips ending them on al-Marwah.l After completing seven roundsof the Saee, shorten your hair thusto mark the end of your Umrah.Shortening means cutting shortall of your hair, not just clippinglittle hair from different sides ofthe head as many people do. 21 The distance between Safa and Marwahis considered as one trip, and likewisebetween Marwah and Safa.2 Clipping few whiskers from differentsides of the head does not tenninate the 98
  114. 114. 1- if you are performingTamattu reassume the Ihram onthe Day of Tarwiyah (the 8th ofDthul-Hijjah) in order to beginHajj rituals following the sameprocedure you did in the Meeqat. Those pilgrims staying inMakkah may assume Ihram fromtheir residence, and begin Hajjrituals by saying: Labbaikallahumma hiHajj. Here I am, 0 Allah, respondingto Youto perform Hajj.Ihram. This means that any violation ofIhram afterwards entails expiating byoffering a sacrificial animal. 99
  115. 115. As for Qarin 1 and Mufrid,2 theyshould keep their Ihramthroughout the Hajj procedure. Inthe meantime, continue reciting thefollowing Talbiyah: Labbaikallldrununalabbaik, labbaika fa slaeekataka labbaik inml hamdawan- nimata takawal mulk, fa shareekalak (Until you cast the pebbles atJamratul-Aqabah). You may also place thecondition which is mentionedunder The Conditional Ihram. 2- Proceed to Mina before noon.Perform the daily prayers, each on1 A person performing Qiran Ha.ii.2 A person performing Ifrad Hajj. 100
  116. 116. time, but shorten Dthuhr, Asr andIsha to two rakaa t each.11 8tl l"_ _ .1 3- Once the sun has risen, moveon to Arafah reciting the Talbiyahand Takbeer. 4- At the time of Dthuhrperform both Dthuhr and Asrprayers jointly, two rakaa t each.Face the Qiblah, supplicate Allahpersistently, humbly, and lowlywith your palms facing upward.The Prophet, may Allah exalt hismention, said: The best of words that I and theProphets before me uttered onArafah are the following: 101
  117. 117. La illaha illallah wahdahu la shareeka lahu lahul mulk walahul hamdu wahuwa ala kulli shaiin qadeer. There is no true God exceptAllah alone. To Him belongs theDominion and all the praise is dueto Him, and He is capable of doingall things. 1 The term, standing does notmean that you have to remain onyour feet all day long. It onlymeans staying in Arafah that daystanding, sitting, or lying down, atyour convenience, as long as youearnestly busy yourself reading the1 At-Tabarani & others. 102
  118. 118. Quran, supplicating, andremembering Allah most of thetime until sunset; before which isunlawful to leave Arafah. He whodoes so commits a sin. He shouldreturn to Arafah and remain thereuntil sunset and should expiate byoffering a sacrificial animal. The time spent on Arafah isgreatly meritorious. The Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention, said:"Allah will be boastful of crowdson Arafah before the heavenshabitants (the angels) saying tothem: "Look at My slaves; they 103
  119. 119. have come to Me with dustyclothes and shaggy hair". 1 5- By sunset, move on toMuzdalifah, perform thereMaghrib Salat, 3 rakaat andfollow it with the Isha Salat, -"rakaat, at the time of the IshaSalat, then spend the night there. It is permissible for weakpeople and their dependents tomove out of Muzdalifah to Minaafter midnight, and cast Jamratul-Aqabah upon arrival.1 Ahmad & others. 104
  120. 120. ..,............ 6- Pray Fajr Salat of this day(the 2 Sunnah and the 2 fardh) inMuzdalifah. 7- Face the direction of Qiblah,remember Allah, the Exalted,praise Him, and recite thefollowing: La illaha illallah wahdahu la shareeka lahu lahul mulk walahul hamdu wahuwa ala kuili shaiin qadeer. Keep supplicating until verylate that morning. 8- Go to Mina before sunrise, andpick seven chick-pea-size pebbleson your way to Mina. It is 105
  121. 121. permissible, however, to pick themfrom Muzdalifah or Mina. 9- Keep reciting the Talbiyahuntil you reach Jamrat al-Aqabah -which is next to Makkah- then castthe seven pebbles at it saying:Allahu Akbar with every pebbleyou cast. Make sure the pebble youcast falls in the basin of the post. Ifit does not, cast another in itsplace. 1 It is not permissible to hurlbig stones, slippers, shoes, or oilierobjects at the post. You may harmpeople by doing so, or by forcingyour way through.1 You do not have to hit the post; as longas your pebble falls in the basin. 106
  122. 122. 10- After casting the pebbles,slaughter your sacrificial animal orhave it slaughtered. If you cannotafford the offering, you may fastfor three days during the Hajjseason, and seven after you returnhome. It is praiseworthy for you toeat from the meat of your ownsacrificial animal, and distributethe rest to needy people. l 11- Shorten your hair, or betteryet shave it off, for the Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention,lOoing so nowadays is not possible; forthe great majority of pilgrims do not killtheir own sacrificial animals. 107
  123. 123. invoked Allahs mercy three timeson those who shave-off their hair.As for women, it suffices them togather the end of their hair, andclip a piece of it 12- Having completed theabove rites, you may terminate yourIhram, that is, all things that wereprohibited during the Ihrambecome lawful again, except forsexual activities, even if you havenot had your sacrificial animalslaughtered. This is called thePreliminary Termination of Ihram. 13- Have a shower and proceedto Makkah to perform the Tawaf 108
  124. 124. al-Ifadhah and follow it with 2rakaaf anywhere in the Masjid. IfTawafa~Ifadhahisnotpenormedin the same day, such a pilgrimwho has terminated his Ihram, andworn his regular clothes, mustresume his Ihram until he penormsthis Tawaf This is according to theinstructions of the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention, who said: Once you cast the Jamrah inthis day,· you are permitted toterminate your Ihram except forapproaching women. However, ifyou do not penorm Tawaf beforesunset, then you should resume st• This day is the 1 day ofEed. 109
  125. 125. your Ihram as you were beforecasting the Jamrah. 1 Some scholars suggest that thismay be difficult for many people toobserve; therefore, they suggestthat there is no harm in terminatingIhram even if one does notperform Tawa fal-Ifadhah that day. However, we must always bearin mind that it is the Messenger ofAllah, may Allah exalt hismention, whom Allah commandsus to follow, no one else. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah 1 Abu Dawood 110
  126. 126. exalt his mention, said: "Learnfrom me your rituals of Hajj. "1 Textual proofs should takeprecedence over opinions on anyissue, according to the judicialmaxim: "There is no room foropinion with the available proof(from the Quran or the Sunnah)"regardless who issues suchopinion. 2 14- If you are performing HajjTamattu " you have to performI Muslim & others.2 After all, Allah says: "It does notbehoove a believing man or woman tohave a choice when Allah or HisMessenger IHiJmlfdadecilin" (33:36) 111
  127. 127. another seven rounds of Saee. Ifyou perform Qiran or Ifrad but didnot perform Saee, following thearrivals Tawaf, then you mustperform the Saee. Ihram at that-point would be terminated. 15- Return to Mina to spendthere the rest of Eeds days andnights, that is, the IIth, 12th andthe 13th of Dthul-Hijjah. Duringthis period, perform the daily Salateach on time performing the 4-rakaat Salat (Dthuhr, Asr, &Isha~ two each. 16- Casting the pebbles shouldtake place in the afternoon on these 112
  128. 128. days. On the 11 th, cast seven stonesat the first Jamrah, (al-Jamratus-Sughra) which is located nearMasjid al-Kheef, in the samemanner you did before. 17- After casting the stones,step forward keeping the Jamrahon your left side while facing theQiblah, and supplicate Allah for along time. Then move on to castthe 2nd Jamrah, (al-Jamratul-Wusta) or the middle post, withanother seven stones, then stepaside to keep it on your right, andsupplicate for a period shorter thanthe first. Then move on to cast the 113
  129. 129. 3rd Jamrah, (al-Jamratul-Kubra)where no supplication is required. 18- Follow the same procedurewhich you did on the previous day.If you wish to leave a day earlier,you should leave Mina beforesunset that day, but if you prefer tostay behind until the 13th, which isbetter, you should cast the stones atthe three Jamarat as you didbefore, and then go to Makkahafterwards to perform the Tawaf-alWada, or the Farewell Tawat ifyou are not a resident of Makkah.llajj procedure would beconcluded by the performance ofthis Tawaf 114
  130. 130. 19- It is permissible to delaycasting the stones until the 13thprovided you cast them in order,that is, to cast the first Jamrah, themiddle, then al-Aqabah. It is betterfor you to cast the stones in theafternoon, but if it is too crowded,you may cast them during thenight. The Prophet, may Allahexalt his mention, specified thetime of starting casting the stone(Le. after Dthuhr) but did notspecify the time of its end._IIIiI_."l. It is preferable to perform therites of the Eed day, the 10th of 115
  131. 131. Dthul-Hijjah, in the followingorder: 1- Cast stones at the Jamrat al-Aqabah. 2- Slaughter, or have thesacrificial animal slaughtered foryou. 3- Shave-off, or shorten yourhair to terminate the Ihram. 4- Tawafal-Ifadhah. 5- Sa ee (In case of Tamattu ) This was the procedure hich1heProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, followed. There is noharm, however, if a pilgrimperforms one rite before the other,such as shaving the hair beforeslaughtering the sacrificial animal, 116
  132. 132. or performing Tawa f beforecasting stones, or the like.,,1i• •fBiDiI_ _1J • Deputation for casting thestones is permissible only forweak, not healthy men or women.A deputy should cast his stonesfirst then his principles. • A pilgrim or a mutamirl shouldavoid lying, backbiting, slandering,or wrangling. • One must choose goodcompany, and make sure hisexpenses are lawfully earned.1 A person performing Umrah. 117
  133. 133. • It is permissible for theMuhrim l to have a bath, or ashower, or put on cleaner set oftowels. Use only unscented soapand laundry detergents. • The period of slaughteringanimals extends until the sunset ofthe 13 th of Dthul-Hijjah. • When a pilgrim wants to leave Makkah, he should not do so before performing Tawaf Al- Wada, or the Farewell Tawaf. A woman in her menstrual or postnatal period does not have to wait until she becomes clean to perform this Tawa f The Prophet,1 A person in a state of lhram. 118
  134. 134. may Allah exalt his mention, gavesuch women permission to leavewithout performing this Tawaf l1 Ahmad & Abu Dawood. 119
  135. 135. Bid a (Innovated practicesduring the Ha jj season 1- Traveling of a woman with agroup of women, witOOutamahram. 2- Entering the state of Ihrambefore reaching the Meeqat. 3- Reciting the Talbiyahcollectively and simultaneously. 4- Visiting a number of mosques around Makkah. 5- Visiting Mount Hira and other mountains in Makkah. 6- Performing more than one Umrah during the Hajj season. 7- Raising hands upon touching or reaching the Black Stone as one does for prayer. 120
  136. 136. 8- Kissing the Yarnaani comer,or pointing at it. 9- Washing shrouds and clotheswith Zarnzam water. 10- Performing najl Sa ee . 11- Walking in front of prayingpeople. 121
  137. 137. Visiting Madinah 1 While in Madinah, it is theSunnah to visit the ProphetsMasjid, pray in it, and to greet theMessenger, may Allah exalt hismention, at any convenient time. Itis also the Sunnah for a Muslim toperform Wudhu" and go to theMasjid Quba to perform tworakaat there. Such Salat is equalin reward to that of Umrah.Bida Practiced in Madinah 1- Intending to visit the grave ofthe Prophet, may Allah exalt hismention, rather than his Masjid.Taking a trip just for visiting1 Visiting Madinah is not a part of Hajjprocedure. 122
  138. 138. graves; a Prophets grave or anyother grave is bidah. 2- Visiting the grave of theProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, upon entering his Masjidbefore performing Salat in it. 3- Facing the grave of theProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, while supplicating. It isappropriate to supplicate whilefacing the direction of the Qiblah. 4- Addressing the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention, whilesupplicating him is a grave sin.Doing so constitutes major Shirk(polytheism). 5- Facing his grave after everySalat for greeting. 123
  139. 139. 6- Eating dates in the Rawdhah,the place between the Prophetsgrave, and his minbar (pulpit). 7- Spending eight days inMadinah for the purpose ofperforming forty Sa/at in theProphets Masjid, believing thatdoing so protects one who does itfrom Hell-Fire, which isgroundless belief. 8- Visiting the mosques mMadinah (excluding MasjidQuba). To make a point of doingso is bidah. 124
  140. 140. Selected Fatawa Q. A person performedUmrah during the months ofHajj, let us say, in the month ofDthul-Qadah, then he leftMakkah to Madinah where hestayed until the time of Hajj.Does he have to perform HajjTamattu, or is he free to choosethe type of Hajj he likes? A. He does not have to perfonnHajj Tamattu . However, there isno harm if he perfonns anotherUmrah and continue his Hajj asTamattu according to the scholarswho believe that his Hajj isinterrupted by traveling. He stillhas to kill a sheep. On the other 125
  141. 141. hand, if he wishes he may performHajj only, but he still has to kill asheep because traveling does notinterrupt Hajj, according to mostcorrect opinion. BinBaz Q. If one crosses the Meeqatwith the intention of performingHajj & Umrah, but he didnotplacea oondition to terminate his Haj ifhe falls sick. Later on he wasunable to complete his Hajj due tosickness. What should he do? A. This person is considered asMuhsar.l If he did not place a1 Muhsar, is a person who is preventedfrom continuing his Hajj by a disease,fear, or a similar reason. 126
  142. 142. condition, he should wait patientlyfor a chance to resume the ritual. Ifhe cannot, he should shave off hishead or shorten his hair, terminatehis Ihram, and kill a sheepwherever he may be, and distributethe meat to poor people in hislocation even if he is out side theMakkah. If no poor people areavailable there, he may carry themeat and give it to poor people inMakkah, or anywhere around hislocality. If he cannot afford it, heshould fast for 10 days, shave offhis head, or shorten his hair andterminate his Ihram. BinBaz 127
  143. 143. Q. A person put on his Ihramin the Meeqat, but forgot . topronounce the Talbiyah forperfor ming Hajj TamaJtu. Whatshould he do? A. If he intended to perform theUmrah but forgot the Talbiyah, heis considered as though hepronounced the Talbiyah. Heshould circuit the Kabah, performthe Saee, shorten his hair, andthen terminate his Ihram. He maypronounce the Talbiyah along the way. There is no harm even if he does not pronounce the Talbiyah, because Talbiyah is only a confIrmed Sunnah. He should consider it as Umrah based on his 128
  144. 144. original intention. If his originalintention was to perform Hajj andthere is enough time, it would bebetter if he turns his Hajj intoUmrah, that is, to perform Umrah,shorten his hair and terminateIhram. Later on, he can performHajjTarmttu in its due time. BinBaz Q. A person intended toperform Hajj on behalf of hismother, but forgot to reciteTalbiyah on her behalf in theMeeqat. What should he do? A. As long as he intended toperform Hajj on behalf of hismother, there is no harm if heforgot to recite the Talbiyah on herbehalf, because the intention 129
  145. 145. overrides the Talbiyah. TheProphet, may Allah exalt hismention, said: "Deeds areconsidered by intention." If oneforgets to pronounce the Talbiyahon behalf of his mother, his father,or whoever he is performing Hajj,such Hajj would be accepted onbehalf of the person intended fororiginally. BinBaz Q. Should die intmtion of Ihrambe recited in audible voice?What should one say if he intmds 10perfonn Hajj on behalf of someoneelse? A. The mind is the place ofintention. One should think ofperforming Hajj (or any other 130
  146. 146. rituals) in mind. To intendperfonning Hajj or Umrah onbehalf of others, it is commendedto audibly recite the Talbiyahsaying, Allahumma labbaika Hajjanan fulan = 0 Allah! Here I am toperfonn Hajj or Umrah on behalfof so & so. That is, his father,mother, brother, or anyone else.That is, to confinn what is in hismind, because the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention, did so forof Hqjj & Umrah. This indicates thelegitimacy of reciting the Talbiyahaudibly copying the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention. &> did theCompanions as the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention, taught 131
  147. 147. them. They used to recite theTalbiyah loudly. If a person doesnot recite the Talbiyah audiblybeing satisfied with intending toperform the ritual on behalf ofsomeone else, there is no harm indoing so even if he continues theTalbiyah without mentioning his orher name: Labbaika Allahummalabbaik, etc. as though he isreciting the Talbiyah for himself.Though it is better to name theperson on whose behalf he isperforming Hajj or Umrah. It isenough to recite the Talbiyah onbehalf of the other person in thebeginning of the Hajj or Umrah, 132
  148. 148. saying, Labbaika Hajjan orUmratan on behalf of so & so. BinBaz Q. A person who comes toMakkah for work or for acertain job, and he has thechance to perform Hajj orUmrah. Can he wear the Ihramin his residence, or should he gooutside Makkah to wear it? A. If a person comes to Makkahto visit a relative, or for businesspurposes not intending to performHajj or Umrah, and then later onhe changes his mind, he may enterthe Ihram in his residence whetherinside or outside Makkah. But ifheoriginally intended to performUmrah, he should go out to 133
  149. 149. Taneem. When Aishah wanted toperform Umrah, the Prophet, mayAllah exalt his mention, orderedher brother, Abdurrahman to takeher out to Taneem. This ismandatory for him who wants toperform Umrah. To perform Hajj,one can put on the Ihram from hisresidence as mentioned above. Bin Baz Q. Is it conditional to perform2 rakaat for Ihram? A. It is not conditional to do so.Scholars are at variance regardingthis issue. Majority of them areagreed that performing 2-rakaat iscommended just before theTalbiyah. They argue that theProphet, may Allah exalt his 134
  150. 150. mention, put on Ihram afterperforming Dthuhr prayer for HisFarewell Pilgrimage. He said:"Someone (an angel) came to meand said, Perform Salat in thisblessed valley, and say, Umrahwithin Hajj ." This is an indicativeof the legitimacy of performing 2rakaat for Ihram. Other scholars deny the above-mentioned hadeeth as a proof.They say, It refers to an obligatorydaily Salat, not performing 2rakaat for Ihram. Besides, havingput on his Ihram after anobligatory prayer does not indicatethe incumbency of performing 2rakaat for the Ihram. It only 135
  151. 151. indicates that it is better to put onIhram for Hajj or Umrah afterperfonning an obligatory prayer. BinBaz Q. What is the ruling oncrossing the Meeqat withoutputting on the Ihram for Hajj orUmrah? A. He who does so shouldreturn to the Meeqat to put on theIhram there, because theMessenger of Allah, may Allahexalt his mention, commanded:"People of Madinah should initiateHajj or Umrah from Dthul- 136
  152. 152. Hulaifah, people of Sham 1 fromloofah, people of Najd from Qam,and people of Yemen fromYalamlam. In another version, hesaid: "These territorial points arefor their peoples and those whocome their way intending toperform Hajj or Umrah." It is incumbent on a person whointends to perform Hajj or Umrahto put on Ihram in the Meeqatthrough which he crosses. On the other hand, it ispreferable during the months ofI The Sham Region includes Syria,Jordan, & Palestine. 137
  153. 153. HaJJI to perform Umrah first, i.e.,to circuit the Kabah, perform theSaee, shorten hair, and thenterminate Ihram. Then later on heputs the Ihram on for the purposeof Hajj. However, if he enters theMeeqat outside the Hajj season,like Shaban or Ramadhan, heshould put the Ihram for Umrahonly. If he enters Makkah forvisiting relatives or for business,he does not have to put on Ihramaccording to the correct opinion. Itis better if he takes advantage of1 The months of Hajj are Shawwal, Dthul-Qidah, and the fust 10 days of Dthul-Hajjah 138
  154. 154. being in Makkah and intends toperform Umrah. BinBa z Q. A person intends to perfor m Hajj, but the plane lands in Jedda h before he puts on Ihram. What should he do? A. If he arrives in Jeddah coming from Sham or Egypt before putting on Ihram, he shouldgo to Rabigh by car to initiate Hajjfrom there not from Jeddah. If hecame from Najd to Jeddah by airbefore putting Ihram, he should goto Qarn, the Meeqat of the peopleof Najd to put on the Ihram. If hedoes not go to the Meeqat andinitiates Hajj from Jeddah, heshould give an offering, i.e., 139
  155. 155. sacrifice a sheep, or one seventh ofa cow or a camel in Makkah, anddistribute its meat to poor peoplethere as an expiation. Bin Baz Q. A person does not perfor mSalat, and yet he perfor med Hajj.Is his Hajj valid? A. He who performs Hajj whilehe does not perform Salat denyingit to be a pillar of Islam, then he isan infidel, and his Hajj is not valid.If he does not pray being lazy andnegligent, scholars are at varianceregarding the validity of his Hajj.Some believe it is valid and othersdo not. The preponderant opinionis that his Hajj is not valid; 140
  156. 156. because the Prophet, may Allahexalt his mention, said: "Thecovenant which is between us andthem is the Salat, he who does notperform it commits infidelity." Healso said: "Between man andinfidelity and polytheism isabandoning the Salat." Thisapplies to both, a person whodenies it, and a person who doesnot perform it out of negligence. BinBaz Q. If a woman has hermenstrual or postnatal periodafter she enters the Ihram, canshe perform the Tawaf! A. Such woman can perform allof the Hajj rites except the TawafOnce she becomes clean, she can 141
  157. 157. perfonn the Tawaf and the Saee.But if her period occurs after theTawaf and Sa ee, and before theFarewell Tawaf, she does not haveto perfonn the latter, because suchwomen are exempted :from FareellTawqf. BinBa z Q. If Iqama h for Salat iscalled while a person has notfinished the Tawaf or Saee.Shoul d he stop or continue? A. He should join in the Salat,and then perfonn the remainingrounds of the Tawafor the Saee. BinBa z 142
  158. 158. Q. Is it incum bent to perfor m the 2 rakaa t of the Tawa fbehin dthe Maqa m? What if a personforgets perfor ming them? A. It is not mandatory toperform these 2 rakaat behind theMaqam, rather anywhere shoulddo. Nor is there harm if one forgetsto perform them, because they arenot prerequisite. BinBaz Q. Can a person delay Tawa f al-Ifadhah until just beforedepar ture to perfor m it with theintent ion of perfor ming theFarewell Tawa fl A. There is no harm in doing so,for Tawa f al-Ifadhah at that pointIS sufficient for Farewell Tawaf as 143
  159. 159. well whether one intends it forboth or not. The point is thatTawaf al-lfadhah alone would besufficient whether a person intendsto perform two in one or not. It isalso permissible to perform thatTawaf day or night. Bin Baz. Q. Is Wudh u necessary forTawa fand Saee? A. Wudhu is necessary forTawaf, not Sa ee; but it is better toperform Sa ee with Wudhu. Bin Baz. Q. Is the Farew ell TawaJnecessary for Umrah? Is itpermissible to do shopp ing afterFarew ell Tawqf! 144
  160. 160. A. Although it is better toperform Farewell Tawaf forUmrah, but it is not necessary.There is no harm in leavingMakkah without performing it.However, it is a duty to perform itafter the Hajj, because the Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention, said:"Let none of you depart before hecircuits the House. l " This was anaddress to pilgrims in general. On the other hand, one maypurchase his needs, even if they arefor commercial purposes, providedhe does not stay longer than1 The 1mn House refers lolhe Kabah. 145
  161. 161. necessary. Otherwise, he shouldperfonn another Farewell Tawaf. BinBaz Q. Is it permissible to performSaee before the Tawafin Hajj orUmrah? A. Tawaf according to Sunnahshould be perfonned before Saee,whether in Hajj or Umrah, butthere is no hann if some does it theother way round unknowingly. Aman told the Prophet that heperfonned the Saee first, he said,No harm. BinBaz Q. Is it better to shave off orshorten the hair after the Hajj orUmrah? Is it permissible toshorten part of the hair? 146
  162. 162. A. It is better to shave off thehead at the end of Hajj or Umrah;because the Prophet, may Allahexalt his mention, asked Allahthree times to grant mercy andforgiveness to those who shave offtheir heads, and only once forthose who shorten their hair. It isbetter during the Hajj season toshorten hair at the end of theUmrah, so that one would be ableto shave off the head at the end ofHajj; because Hajj is better thanUmrah. However, if there isenough time between Umrah andHajj for the hair to grow, then it isbetter to shave off after Umrah,and do the same at the end of Hajj. 147
  163. 163. On the other hand, it is notsufficient to shorten part of thehair. One should either shave off orshorten all of the hair. Either wayone should start with the right sideof the head. BinBaz Q. What is the ruling onspending the nights of Tashreeq(11 t 12t & 13th of Dthul-Hijjah) outside Mina willfully, ordue to the lack of space? Whenshould a pilgrim leave Mina? A. Spending the nights of 11 th& 12th in Mina is a duty on bothmen and women according to theauthentic verdict. Those who find 148
  164. 164. no space are exempted, and they do not have to expiate. A pilgrim may leave Mina after casting the Jamarat on the afternoon of the 12th , but it is better if he stays behind until he casts the Jamarat on the afternoon of the 13 th . Bin Baz Q. Is it permissible to pic k stones from grounds aro und the Jam rat ? A. It is permissible; becausestones in the area of Jamrat are notbeen used for casting. As for thestones in the basin, it is notpermissible to pick and use forcasting. Bin Baz 149
  165. 165. Q. If someone is doubtfulabo ut the rig ht num ber of stonehe casts; wh at should he do? A. Such person should completethe number even if he picks thestones from the ground around theJamrat. Bin Baz Q. My mod1er k sick and old; k itpent1RibIe to per for m Hajj on herbehalf? A. There is no hann if you dothat provided you have alreadyperformed Hajj for yourself. Ifhowever, she becomes able toperform Hajj in the future, it would be better if she herself 150
  166. 166. performs the Hajj just to be on thesafe side. Allah knows best. Ibn Manee Q. Is it permissible to take a loan to perfor m Hajj? A. It is permissible, but not necessary to do so. A person who is financially incapable, he isexempted. Hajj is a duty only on aperson who can afford it.Therefore, he who does not haveenough funds, he does not have toborrow money to perform it; for heis exempted on the grounds ofincapability. Allah knows best. Ibn Manee 151
  167. 167. Q. A woma n wants to perlolDlUmrah, but she doe! not have amohram;l can she accompany hersister and her husba nd toperfor m Umrah? A. It is unlawful for a womanwho believes in Allah and the LastDay to travel without a mahram.Her brother-in-law is not herMahram. Therefore; she is notpermitted to travel with him evenifher sister accompanies her. If shedoes go with them, then shecommits a sin; because by so1 A mahram, is a male escort such as ahusband, or one of the womans malesiblings who are not lawful for her tomarry. 152
  168. 168. doing, she disobeys the Messenger of Allah, may Allah exalt his mention, who forbade women to travel without a mahram. Scholarshave said that the ability toperform Hajj or Umrah for womenmeans the availability of aMahram. If a woman does nothave a Mahram, then she isexempted from Hajj, even if shecan afford it physically andfinancially. Allah knows best. Ibn Manee Q. I finished the Umrah butforgot to shorte n my hair. I tookmy Duam off, and put on myclothes. What should I do? 153
  169. 169. A. The Prophet, may Allah exalthis mention, said: "Allah forgivesmy Ummahs mistakes, sinscommitted out of forgetfulness,and things they do undercoercion. "1 No expiation is due on you.You should take off your clothes,put the Ihram on, then shave offyour head, or shorten your hairsoon as you become aware of theruling. If you remember and yetyou do not do that, then you haveto kill a sheep for not observing aduty of Hajj, i.e., shaving off your1 Ibn Majah 154
  170. 170. hair or shortening it. Allah knowsbest. Ibn Manee Q. Is it permissible for me to perfor m Hajj when I am in debt? A. There is no relation betweenHajj and debts; hence, it ispermissible for a person in debt toperform Hajj. If the debt is due,then he should pay it off; becauseprocrastination on the part of awealthy person is wrong. It entailspunishing and disgracing. In thatcase, he should payof f his debt; hemay perform Hajj later on, if hecan afford it Otherwise, he isexempted. Allah says: "And Hajj 155
  171. 171. to the House is a duty which men,who can afford it, owe Allah.". On the other hand, if he goesahead and performs Hajj while being in debt, although, he commits a sin by doing so, but his Hajj would be valid. Allah knows best. Bin Ba z Q. Some people COBmme Tawqfwhile dIe imam is delivering theKhutbah of Jum ah pra yer , and they supplicate loudly and roIIedively. Is it pen11tisibIe to per for m Taw af or Sa ee at tha t point? 1 Q. 3:97 156
  172. 172. A. Such a person who is a traveler is exempted from performing Jum ah prayer. It appears to me that he is not aware of the command of keeping silent while the imam delivers the Khutbah if his intention is toperform Dthuhr, not Jum ahprayer. However, if he intends toperform Jum ah prayer, or if he isa resident whose duty is to attendthis prayer, he must sit and listento the Khutbah. Once the Jum ahprayer is over, he can continue theTawaf. Allah knows best lbnMa nee 157
  173. 173. Q. I perfor med Hajj TamatJubut did not pertOnn Sa~ after TawqfaJ.lfadlUlh, thinki ng that Sa ee forUmrah would satisfy for Saeefor Hajj, then I went back to mycountry. Was what I did right? A. People of knowledge, mayAllah grant them mercy, are atvariance whether a Mutamattilshould perform Sa ee twice;2 onefor Umrah and another for Hajj.1 Mutamatti, a person performing HajjTamattu, which is performing Umrah andHajj separately.2 Saee in this context means performingseven trips between the Safa & theMarwah, not a single trip as one maythink. 158
  174. 174. The majority of them believe that one should perform Sa ee twice, once for Hajj and another for Umrah. That is, the first Sa ee belongs to the Umrah, which is an independent ritual from the Hajj. While Hajj is another ritual that has its own rites, one of which isthe Saee. However, some scholars believethat one Saee satisfies for bothHajj & Umrah, just like the Mufridand the Qarin whose Saee afterthe Arrival Tawa f satisfies for theSa ee of Tawa f al-Ifadhah. Thisopinion is related to Imam Ahmad.Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyahdescribed this as the preponderant 159
  175. 175. of the Imam s two differentopinions. He elaborated on itsaying, Those who performedHajj Tamattu with the Prophet,may Allah exalt his mention, didnot perform Sa ee between theSafa & Marwah more than once.Abdullah, son of Imam Ahmadsaid: "My father was asked, Howmany times should a Mutamattiperform Saee. He answered, It isbetter if he performs Tawa f andSaee twice, but there is no harm ifhe performs it once. However, Iprefer performing Sa ee twice. Imam Ahmad said that Ibn Abbas used to say, It is enough for 160

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