THEIslamicSTANDARDNahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious Predecessors‫اﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺞ‬Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad...
2The Islamic StandardNahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious PredecessorsFirst Edition 1424AH/2004 CEThis book is not ...
3“And the first to lead the way, of the Muhajireen and theAnsar and those who followed them in goodness - Allah iswell ple...
4
5ContentsAbout the Author 7Introduction 9Chapter 1: The Islamic Standard 13Chapter 2: The Unison between Muhammad & the Sa...
6
7About the AuthorSheikh Omar bin Bakri bin Mohammad was born in 1958 into anorthodox and wealthy family in the ancient Isl...
8ascribing to the deviant and innovated Maaturidi beliefs to that of theSahabah and the Salafu Saalih, the A’qeedah of Ahl...
9IntroductionInnal Hamdu lillaah, Nahmadahu wa Nastaeenahu wa Nastaghfirahoo waNatoobu Ilaah Wa Na’ Awthoo billaahi min sh...
10shunned Allah’s order, and instead one after another have fallen overeach other to be with the camp of Bush.Not only hav...
11as the Salaf) to take our Deen from, we find people referring to scholarsof the Khalaf (latter day people); consequently...
12
13NC H A P T E R 1The Islamic StandardAs Muslims we have entered into an ‘Aqd (contract) with Allah (swt)such that we agre...
14Why are the Sahabah the Standard?The Sahabah were the Companions of the Messenger Muhammad (saw)and were taught directly...
15generations including the Tabi’een and Tabi’ Tabi’een but must alsoinclude following and supporting all those sincere ‘U...
16Regarding the understanding of the Sahabah, another evidence wepresent is as follows,‫ﻪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫...
17Sakinah in this ayah means Wahi or Revelation as opposed totranquillity of the Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) heart.In the Isl...
18(iv) It is also found to mean Al-Qawl Al-Thaabit, the firm saying, asAllah (swt) says,ِ‫ﺖ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬...
19‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ِ‫ﺠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ...
20for them testifying their truth. The greatness and importance of thesahabah is also such that their example is not only ...
21ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬ِ‫ﺰ‬‫ﹸﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺋ‬‫ﻶ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻦ...
22In this Ayah it is manifestly clear that Allah (swt) is addressing thosewho follow a way or path other than that of the ...
23they will be pleased with Him. He has prepared gardens forthem under which rivers flow…’13In this Ayah, not only does Al...
24principle of majority is a unislamic principle, derived from the failingconcept of Democracy and propagated incessantly ...
25It is reported from Imaam Nawawi’s Majmou’, Vol 8 pg. 275, ImamSuyuti’s book ‘The Command to Follow and Prohibition to I...
26Na’eem Ibn Hamad Al-Ash’ari, who was one of the Sheikhs of AbuHanifah (ra) said,“The Jama’ah is what is in accordance wi...
27NC H A P T E R 2The Unison (at-Talaazum) betweenMuhammad (saw) and His SahabahWhen one delves into the life of Muhammad ...
28sacrifice my mother and father for you.’ In one narration Saad Ibn AbiWaqqas (ra) said to his mother who undertook a hun...
29between the Sahabah and the Messenger Muhammad (saw); we areable to establish a Qaa’ida (principle) in Usool ud-Deen,“Th...
30‘He is the one who sent the illiterate ones a Prophet fromamongst them, reciting to them the ayat of Allah, purifyingthe...
31The subsequent Ayah in Surah al-Jummah continues, ‘That is the Graceof Allah, He gives to whoever He wishes.’ The ‘Grace...
32
33NC H A P T E R 3Evidences Regarding the Fadaail(Virtues & Merits) of the SahabahAs we have mentioned, the Sahabah were t...
34And Allah (swt) says,ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹸﻢ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹸﻢ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹸ...
35Allah (swt) has also called those who made the Hijrah and fought inHis way the ‘True Believers’;‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ...
36The Battle of UhudAs with the Battle of Badr, Allah (swt) revealed numerous ayatregarding the battle of Uhud. In fact ar...
37‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻑ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬ÿِ‫...
38The Battle of al-KhandaqThe battle of al-Khandaq was a unique battle facing the Prophet (saw)and his companions. In it t...
39‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫...
40never changed (their determination) in the least: that Allahmay reward the men of Truth for their Truth, and punish theh...
41and their goods, and of a land which ye had not frequented(before). And Allah has power over all things.”28Finally, Alla...
42people who were treacherous, deceitful and disloyal to the MessengerMuhammad (saw) and Allah (swt)? Nay, in fact this is...
43then took the Baya’at ash-Shajarah (Allegiance of the Tree) and Allah(swt) revealed,‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬...
44hosts of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is ever Knower,Wise That He may bring the believing men and the believingw...
45‫ﺠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻳ‬ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫...
THE  Islamic STANDARD Nahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious Predecessor
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THE  Islamic STANDARD Nahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious Predecessor
THE  Islamic STANDARD Nahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious Predecessor
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THE Islamic STANDARD Nahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious Predecessors ﻧﻬﺞ اﻟﺴﻠﻒ اﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ
Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad اﻟﺸﻴﺦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻜﺮي ﻣﺤﻤﺪ

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THE Islamic STANDARD Nahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious Predecessor

  1. 1. THEIslamicSTANDARDNahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious Predecessors‫اﻟﺼﺎﻟﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻧﻬﺞ‬Sheikh Omar Bakri Muhammad‫اﻟ‬‫ﻣﺤﻤﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺮي‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﺸﻴﺦ‬
  2. 2. 2The Islamic StandardNahjus Salaf Saalih - the Path of the Pious PredecessorsFirst Edition 1424AH/2004 CEThis book is not protected by copyright. Any quotation,reproduction or photocopying is allowed, as the copyright lawis prohibited in Islam. It was written, compiled and edited inEngland and distributed by Ad-Da’wah Publications. Allmoney goes towards the Da’wah. For more information,please contact Ad-Da’wah Ppublications.ALM PublicationsUnited Kingdom : P.O. Box 349London N9 7RRTel: 07956 600 569
  3. 3. 3“And the first to lead the way, of the Muhajireen and theAnsar and those who followed them in goodness - Allah iswell pleased with them and they are well pleased with Him,and He hath made ready for them Gardens underneath whichrivers flow, wherin they will abide forever. That is supremetriumph.”11Al-Qur’an – Surah At-Tawba, 9 : 100
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. 5ContentsAbout the Author 7Introduction 9Chapter 1: The Islamic Standard 13Chapter 2: The Unison between Muhammad & the Sahabah 27Chapter 3: Regarding the Fadaail of the Sahabah 33Chapter 4: More Virtues of the Sahabah 63Chapter 5: The Implications of attacking the Companions 67Chapter 6: The Dispute Between the Sahabah 73Chapter 7: Ahl us-Sunnah on Swearing against the Sahabah 83Chapter 8: Ma’rifat us-Sahabah 103Chapter 9: The Sahavah and the Khilafah 115Chapter 10: Conclusion & Final Words 123Appendix 1: The Titles Bestowed upon the Sahabah 127
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7About the AuthorSheikh Omar bin Bakri bin Mohammad was born in 1958 into anorthodox and wealthy family in the ancient Islamic city of al-Halab(Aleppo) Syria. From the age of five he was enrolled into al-KutaabIslamic Boarding Schools, wherein he studied the Sciences of Quran,Hadith, Fiqh, Seerah and so forth. In his early adulthood, he continuedhis studies through Musahaba (companionship) with numerousnoteworthy and respected Ulema of Ash-Shaam studying Usul al-Fiqh,Al-I’jaaz, Arabic Language, I’lm al-Khataba, I’lm al-Tassawuf, Fiqh andIlm as-Seerah.He then joined the Shari’ah Institute at Damascus University where hestudied Fiqh and Shari’ah. Having completed his studies, obtaining aBA in Shari’ah and Usul al-Fiqh, he proceeded to Al-Azhar, Beirut wherehe began his studies in Shar’iah transferring to Al-Azhar, Cairo forcompletion. He obtained his MA in Fiqh ul-Madhaahib from the ImaamUzaie University, Lebanon. In the early eighties, Sheikh Omar moved toSaudi Arabia, where he joined the Madrassah Al-Saltiyyah studyingand completing a Diploma in Jami’ Al-Qur’an. During this time he alsocompleted a thesis entitled, ‘Nizaam al-Khilafah fil Islaam’.Throughout his life, Sheikh Omar joined many Islamic movementsincluding Muslim Students, Ebad ul Rahman, al-Ikhwan (al-Taliahsection), and Hizb ut Tahrir. He established the Al-Muhajiroun Islamicmovement in 1996, and continued as its Ameer until 2003. Currently heheads the Atbaa’ Ahl Sunnah wal Jama’ah movement. As has been wellpublicised in the Arab Media, following a period of deep research,studies and reflection Sheikh Omar changed his A’qeedah from
  8. 8. 8ascribing to the deviant and innovated Maaturidi beliefs to that of theSahabah and the Salafu Saalih, the A’qeedah of Ahl Sunnah Wal Jama’ah.He is the author of many books in Arabic and English, including:Usul al Fiqh (The Foundation of Islamic Jurisprudence)Ahkam al Salah (The rules of prayer)Ahkam al Nikah (The rules of marriage and divorce)Ahkam al Boyou (The rules of transactions)Khabar al Ahad (The book on single reports)The duty of Jihad between Mind and TextHow to observe RamadanWhy Islam declares war against InsurancePolitical struggle in IslamA nation without a cause is like a body without a soulThe way to PalestineA quick reference to the Islamic economic systemBusiness and Company Structure in IslamThe Road to JannahAhul Sunnah Wal JamaahIn addition to being a speaker and khateeb in many mosques, he alsohas audio and visual tapes, including the commentary on the Quran.Sheikh Omar is currently the Principal lecturer at the London School ofShariah where he teaches Usul ad-Deen and ad-Deen according to theunderstanding of Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jama’ah.
  9. 9. 9IntroductionInnal Hamdu lillaah, Nahmadahu wa Nastaeenahu wa Nastaghfirahoo waNatoobu Ilaah Wa Na’ Awthoo billaahi min shurrooree anfusina wa minsaiyaati amalina Mayahdee Ilaahu falaa mudhillalah, wa may yudhlil IlaahufalaaHadeeya lahSurely all praise and thanks are to Allah, we praise and thank Him andseek His help and ask His forgiveness and repent unto Him. And weseek refuge (help) in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the evil ofour actions, He whom Allah guides none can lead astray, and he whomAllah misleads, none can guide.Bismillahi ar-Rahman ar-RaheemThe Islamic Ummah at the present time is passing through tests whichare shaking the very basis of the belief of much its adherents. Onlyhaving recently seen the destruction of the Islamic Khilafah, we nownote the occupying forces of the Kuffar armies spreading their wingsand establishing military bases in all of the Muslim lands, with the fullconsent and compliance of the local puppet apostate leaders. Havingdeclared his famous statement, ‘You are either with us or with theterrorists’, Mr George Bush, leader of the Kuffar nations and head of the‘Camp of Shaytaan’, ordered the Muslims to choose to ally themselveseither with himself i.e. the camp of Kufr, or with Sheikh Osama binLaden i.e. the camp of Islaam. Despite a similar declaration made by theMalikul Mulook (King of kings) at the very beginning of Creation whenAllah (swt) recorded in the Divine Tablet (al-Lowh al-Mahfooz), ‘Indeedfor you Shaytaan (devil) is your enemy; so treat him as your enemy,’we have seen that many of those who are Muslim by name, have
  10. 10. 10shunned Allah’s order, and instead one after another have fallen overeach other to be with the camp of Bush.Not only have the Tawagheet (apostate rulers) of the Muslim lands,realigned themselves and proclaimed publicly their Kufr (disbelief) butalso famous figures, personalities, singers and so-called scholars,whether black or white, new-Muslim or old, Arab or non-Arab, havevied for the titles, ‘Murtaad’ (apostate), ‘Kaafir’ (disbeliever) and‘Munaafiq’ (hypocrite) to add to their already lengthy lists of treachery.We have also found many so-called Ulema, such as the Sheikh of Al-Azhar, siding with the Kufr law of France instead of standing with theHaqq and what Allah (swt) says, by ordering Muslim sisters there toobey and observe the ban on the Hijaab inside secular schools; citingthe Fiqh of Minorities as his excuse. Others have permitted countriessuch as Saudi Arabia to ally with the Americans and to provide aplatform from which they can bomb and cause death and destruction totheir fellow Muslims in Iraq and elsewhere; justifying it underInternational Law and helping the War against Terrorism (a.k.a. Waragainst Islam and Muslims). They have reared their heads and insteadof using their tongues for khair (good things) and zikr (remembrance ofAllah (swt)) they use it either to justify the actions of their apostateleaders or as a mouthpiece for the Kuffar.For the awaam (general) Muslims, there is great confusion as to who isour leader and to whom we should turn. Who is the real scholar? Whois upon the Haqq? How can these scholars be incorrect when they havenumerous titles, degrees and awards from places such as Azhar,Jame’at Dimishq or the Az-Zaytuna Institute? How can we darequestion these famous scholars who frequent our satellite channels? It isspecifically to answer these questions that this short work has beencompiled. The Muslim Ummah in general has lost touch with the greatheritage that the Prophet (saw) and his Companions have left us with.Instead of referring back to those of the first three generations (known
  11. 11. 11as the Salaf) to take our Deen from, we find people referring to scholarsof the Khalaf (latter day people); consequently, more often than not, thefataawa (religious edicts) of these modern day pseudo-scholarscontradict basic Islamic texts, teachings and the consensus of the Salaf.In this short work, we will draw attention to who the Islamic Standardare: both to highlight those who we should follow and to use them as abenchmark to compare the modern day scholars against. We pray toAllah (swt) that this work goes some way in guiding the MuslimUmmah to the truth and helps spark a desire to revive the teachings ofthe first three generations so that they can be implemented over thewhole world.
  12. 12. 12
  13. 13. 13NC H A P T E R 1The Islamic StandardAs Muslims we have entered into an ‘Aqd (contract) with Allah (swt)such that we agree to follow and adhere to all that Allah (swt) hasrevealed to us through the Messenger Muhammad (saw) via the Qur’anor the Sunnah (the sayings of the Messenger Muhammad (saw));collectively these are known as the Haqq (absolute truth). The Haqq isknown through the Wahi (revelation) and not through the people,although people may carry the Haqq. This is important since the Haqqin the form of the Qur’an and Sunnah cannot be influenced nor changedwhereas people may err and are open to influence by the whisperingsof Shaytaan and by other means. The Islamic Standard is that standardwhich Allah (swt) has ordered us to follow and comprises the Islamicway of life in terms of beliefs, actions and transactions as understood bythe Prophet Muhammad (saw) and his Companions primarily, andelaborated on by those who subsequently followed i.e. the Tabi’een andTabi’ Tabi’een. As a totality the Sahabah, the Tabi’een and Tabi’ Tabieenare known as the Salafu Saalih, pious predecessors. And those thatfollow them and their understanding are known as as-Salafiyyah2 orthose who follow the Nahj3 of the Salaf.2 It must be emphasised that there is a vast difference from as-Salafiyyah and Salafism.Salafiyyah as we mentioned is the following of the Qur’an and the Sunnah upon theunderstanding of the best three generations that walked the earth; salafism being theblind following of the divine texts literally without consulting the sahabah, nor theunderstanding of the subsequent two generations. A similar problematic parallel can bedrawn with any of the –isms; such as Madhab and Madhabism. Madhab being a validIslamic school of thought regarding the understanding of Fiqh, whereas Madhabism is
  14. 14. 14Why are the Sahabah the Standard?The Sahabah were the Companions of the Messenger Muhammad (saw)and were taught directly by him (saw). Thus they were proficient in allthe sciences of Islaam including the Arabic language. They had the bestteacher in Muhammad (saw) and he (saw) had the Best of the Bestteaching through Allah (swt). We do not ask of the MessengerMuhammad (saw) and his Companions if they ever studied the rules ofArabic grammar or if they were proficient in reading and writing of theArabic language as the standards that we use to measure these sciencesare used to advance us to their level and not the other way round. Togive an example to illustrate this, at the time of the Prophet, thewritings of Arabic did not include the tanqeet (dots), nor the tashkeel(vowel marks) such that the letters Daal (‫)د‬ and Zaal (‫)ذ‬ would look thesame. Since the Arabic language, like the other Islamic Sciences were sowell entrenched in the Prophet’s Companions that it was part andparcel of their aptitude, they would be able to read these texts withoutmaking any mistakes. However, for those who came afterwards whowere unable to emulate them in this, such standards and principles hadto be laid down to help them. If this is the case for the Arabic language,it is more so for the sciences of Ahadith and the other sciences from thesciences of al-Islaam.Thus for all topics in Islaam we must refer back to the understanding ofthe Messenger Muhammad (saw) and his companions. If we then baseour actions upon this standard, it can be said that we have al-Ittibah, orfollowing. This Ittibah is not only restricted to following the firstthe blind Taqleed (following) of a particular Madhab irrespective of whether a particularruling within it is in contravention of clear-cut ahadith on the matter or itself is basedupon unconfirmed or weak sources.3 Nahj means the path or way. Thus those who follow the Nahj us-Salaf, must follow themin their Aqeedah, Fiqh and Manhaj. If one strays in any single one of these then theymust be advised to return to the Islamic Standard, lest they are no longer on the Nahj us-Salaf.
  15. 15. 15generations including the Tabi’een and Tabi’ Tabi’een but must alsoinclude following and supporting all those sincere ‘Ulema who areupon and follow this standard, even till this day.Evidences for following the SahabahWe have mentioned how the Nahj us-Salaf encompasses the ‘Aqeedah(belief), A’mal (actions) and Minhaj (method) and now we will presentthe evidences from the Qur’an and the Sunnah in which Allah (swt)orders the Muslims to follow the Sahabah and their understanding.Allah (swt) has declared in the Holy Qur’an that we must follow theImaan of the Prophet and his Sahabah as an obligation. He (swt) says,‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ِ‫ﻞ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺜ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ٍ‫ﻕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﺷ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬ِ‫ﺈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‘And if they believe the way you believe then they will beguided. And if they do not then they are misguided / deviant.Allah will deal with them and Allah Sees and Hears all…’4Linguistically, in the above ayah Allah (swt) uses the plural of the wordto believe, amantum signifying that it is addressing not only theMessenger Muhammad (saw) but those who believed with him, i.e. thesahabah. Elaborating on this matter further, it is reported by Ibn Kathirthat Qatadah, Ibn Abbas and Ibn Masoud said that, “And if they believethe way you believe…” means,‘…if the people believe in what the Messenger and his Companionsbelieve…’4 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Baqarah, 2 : 137
  16. 16. 16Regarding the understanding of the Sahabah, another evidence wepresent is as follows,‫ﻪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹶﻧ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‘When those who disbelieved had put in their hearts prideand haughtiness then Allah (swt) sent down His Sakinah(calmness and tranquility) upon His Messenger and upon theBelievers, and made them stick to the word of Taqwa(piety)…’5“And made them stick to the word of Taqwa (piety)” implies that Allahmade the Sahabah stick to the word of Taqwa (piety). Again the pluralform of the verb is used indicating that it includes both the MessengerMuhammad (saw) and his Companions. Further elaborating the ayat,Ibn Abbas said in his Tafseer (Explanation),“Kalimatu Taqwa is the Tawheed and the Wahi (Revelation)”The same ayah then continues‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ٍ‫ﺀ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻖ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬‘…and they are entitled and worthy for it. And Allah isAware of all things.’In Imam Qurtubi’s Tafseer, it is reported from Qatadah and Al-Bara IbnAzib that al-kalima tu-Taqwa is ‘Laa ilaaha ilallah’ i.e. the testament offaith. It is also reported from Ibn Abbas and Qatadah that the word5 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Fath, 48 : 26
  17. 17. 17Sakinah in this ayah means Wahi or Revelation as opposed totranquillity of the Prophet Muhammad’s (saw) heart.In the Islamic Divine Texts, the statement Kalima tu-Taqwa has thefollowing meanings:(i) Laa Iaaha ilallah – the Shahadah or testification of faith asexplained above(ii) It is reported that Sa’eed Bin Jubair and Dahaaq referred toUrwatil Wuthqa as the Kalima tu-Taqwa in the verse,‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ِﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﺷ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹶﺪ‬‫ﻗ‬ ِ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻛ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﺍﻧ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﺓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‘There is no compulsion in religion; truly the right way hasbecome clearly distinct from error; therefore, whoever rejectsTaghout and believes in Allah, he indeed has laid hold on thefirmest handle (Urwatil Wuthqa), which shall not break off,and Allah is all-Hearing, all-knowing.’6(iii) Kalima tu-Taqwa means Kalima tu-Tayyibah, as mentioned inthe ayah,‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻃ‬ ٍ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺿ‬ ‫ﻒ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺖ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﺛ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬‘Have you not considered how Allah sets forth a parable of agood word (Kalimat ut-Tayyibah) like a good tree, whoseroot is firm and whose branches are in heaven’76 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Baqarah, 2 : 2567 Al-Qur’an – Surah Ibrahim, 14 : 24
  18. 18. 18(iv) It is also found to mean Al-Qawl Al-Thaabit, the firm saying, asAllah (swt) says,ِ‫ﺖ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻳ‬‘Allah will make the believers stand firm on Qowl al-Thaabit’8It is reported in Saheeh Bukhari, by Al-Bara Ibn Azib regarding theTafseer of this ayah that the Messenger Muhammad (saw) said,‘When the Muslim has been questioned in the grave he will testify thatthere is no one worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad(saw) is his Messenger’. And that this statement is the Qowl al-Thaabit.The Surah Al-Fath continues,‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ِ‫ﺠ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻖ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻘ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬ ِ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬ÿِ‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻖ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻯ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻱ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺷ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬ ِ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ÿ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺭ‬ ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍﺀ‬‫ﺪ‬ِ‫ﺷ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬ ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ِﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﻫ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺿ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻯ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﹶﺂ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﺝ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ٍ‫ﻉ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ِ‫ﻞ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﳒ‬ِ‫ﺈ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬8Al-Qur’an – Surah Ibrahim, 14 : 27
  19. 19. 19‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻆ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻉ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ِ‫ﺠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‘Allah confirmed the ru’ya for the Messenger and thebelievers, you will enter the mosque if Allah wills, secure,(having your hair) shaven and cut, not fearing. But Heknoweth that which ye know not, and hath given you a nearvictory beforehand He is the one who sent the MessengerMuhammad with the Deen of truth that He may cause it toprevail over all religion. And Allah sufficeth as a witness.Muhammad is the messenger of Allah. And those with him arehard against the disbelievers and merciful among themselves.Thou (O Muhammad) seest them bowing and falling prostrate(in worship), seeking bounty from Allah and (His) acceptance.The mark of them is on their foreheads from the traces ofprostration; this is their example in the Torah and the Injeel,their example is that of crops which become strong so whenthey go to the market the kuffar will become angry, the onlyone who will become angry and upset when they see them arethe Kuffar. Allah hath promised, unto such of them as believeand do good works, forgiveness and immense reward.’9Again in these ayaat, Allah (swt) is further elaborating on the status andattributes of the Sahabah such that they are, “... hard against thedisbelievers and merciful among themselves…” and then Allah (swt)confirms their excellence and sincerity in their worship towards Him(swt) by saying, “Thou (O Muhammad) seest them bowing and fallingprostrate (in worship), seeking bounty from Allah and (His) acceptance.The mark of them is on their foreheads from the traces of prostration;”Allah (swt) is highlighting to us the level of Imaan the sahabah had andthe strength of their actions, such that it is if He (swt) is being a referee9 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Fath, 48 : 27 - 29
  20. 20. 20for them testifying their truth. The greatness and importance of thesahabah is also such that their example is not only mentioned in theQur’an but also in the teachings of the prophets and people before us.As Allah (swt) has said, “this is their example in the Torah and theInjeel (gospels)”.Even the nations before the advent of the Messenger Muhammad (saw)knew about the Sahabah through their scriptures. Hence, when Omarbin al-Khattab (ra) was entering Jerusalem, the Christians, despiteconceding the city to the Muslims, would not give the key to Bait al-Maqdis to anyone except the person who would fit the prophecies asdetailed in their scriptures,‘A Prophet of mercy sent at the end of the days, their Ameer will bepushing his camel with his servant on it and he will have patches on hisclothes. He is a man of Haqq (truth) and a Muwaahid (a person ofTawheed), he will be bare-footed, he will have a broad-chest, he will betall with sharp eyes and the signs of crying in Salaat will be on his faceand he will shout saying ‘it is about time for the Haq to prevail, give methe key!’Indeed, when the people of Jerusalem saw Omar bin Khattab from adistance they cried and presented him with the key because theirpriests recognised him and would say, ‘that is the one who has beenmentioned in our scriptures’.Further Evidences Supporting Following the Path of theSahabahWe have presented some of the evidences wherein Allah (swt) hasmentioned the Prophet Muhammad (saw) with his companions asbelievers and as those who are attached to the Kalimaat ut-Taqwa. Wewill now present the evidences in which Allah (swt) directly obliges usto follow the Sahabah and the path they followed. Allah (swt) says,
  21. 21. 21ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬ِ‫ﺰ‬‫ﹸﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺋ‬‫ﻶ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﱞ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻚ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ٍ‫ﺪ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﲑ‬ِ‫ﺼ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬‘The messenger believeth in that which hath been revealedunto him from his Lord and (so do) the believers. Each onebelieveth in Allah and His Angels and His Scriptures and HisMessengers. We make no distinction between any of Hismessengers and they say: We hear, and we obey. (Grant us)Thy forgiveness, our Lord. Unto Thee is the journeying.’ 10This Ayah is clear in stating that the Sahabah were upon the same Beliefor Imaan as the Prophet (saw) himself. Therefore, if we were to followthe Sahabah’s belief, we would reach to the belief of the MessengerMuhammad (saw).‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻞ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻯ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﻖ‬ِ‫ﻗ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬ِ‫ﺼ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺟ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﱠﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻧ‬ÿِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹶﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‘And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger afterthe path has become manifest to him, and follows a pathdifferent to that of the believers, We shall keep him in thepath he has chosen. Allah forgives not shirk but forgiveswhom He wills anything other than that…’1110 Al-Qur’an – Surah al-Baqarah, 2 : 28511 Al-Qur’an – Surah an-Nisaa’, 4 : 115 - 116
  22. 22. 22In this Ayah it is manifestly clear that Allah (swt) is addressing thosewho follow a way or path other than that of the Sahabah12 as actuallyopposing the Messenger Muhammad (saw) himself, and this as we wellknow is tantamount to Kufr, disbelief. So we have established that Allah(swt) has both confirmed that the Belief of the Sahabah is the same asthe Prophet (saw) and that the path they are upon in terms of belief andactions, is also that of the path of the Messenger Muhammad (saw). Inother Ayat of the Qur’an Allah (swt) often gives special mention ofparticular groupings within the Sahabah, setting them apart andelevating them from the others as a result of a particular action or feat.Allah (swt) says,ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺣ‬ِ‫ﺈ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫َﻧ‬‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻧ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ِﻱ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺗ‬ ٍ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ِ‫ﺿ‬‫ﺭ‬‘And the first of the believers from Al-Muhajiroun and Ansaarand those who follow them…Allah is pleased with them and12 It is important to emphasise here a point regarding the Sahabah. It is known that theSahabah consisted of different tribes, colours and even races or people. Of them were theAnsaar and those of the Muhajiroun. But it is also important to emphasise that the AhluBait, Household of Muhammad (saw) are also the ashaab, companions, of Rasoolullah(saw). Often sects who have ulterior motives against Ahl us-Sunnah Wal Jama’ah such asthe Raafida Shi’ah, claim that they are the true inheritors and followers of the Householdof the Prophet (saw). However, this is simply not the case. Since Ahl us-Sunnah WalJama’ah consider the Ahl ul-Bait to have a unique position with regards to the MessengerMuhammad (saw) and consequently they are amongst the best from the Sahabah. This isfor two reasons, firstly they were in his (saw)’s constant companionship and secondly,they have been given the honour of the title of Ahl ul-Bait by Allah (swt). It is importantto iterate here that the Shi’a reject the wives of the Messenger to be of his Ahl ul-Bait,whereas the Sunnis, and in particular Ahl us-Sunnah Wal Jama’ah, consider them of theAhl ul-Bait and the Umm ul-Mu’mineen, the Mothers of the Believers as Allah (swt) hasentitled them. We consider anyone who curses, swears or defames any of the wives of theProphet (saw) as Murtadeen¸ apostates, if they were Muslim, or else as Kaafir, disbelievers[please see later for further information].
  23. 23. 23they will be pleased with Him. He has prepared gardens forthem under which rivers flow…’13In this Ayah, not only does Allah (swt) speak of His Pleasure with thosefrom the first of the Believers, but He speaks of His Pleasure with thosewho follow them (in their beliefs, actions and methods) as well;promising the two with the inheritance of paradise. In another Ayah ofthe Qur’an, Allah makes particular mention of the Sahabah who werepresent during the giving of the Baya’at ul-Aqabah. Allah (swt) says,‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ِ‫ﺿ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹶﻧ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬‘Allah is pleased with the Believers when they gave theBaya’h under the tree, He is aware of what is in their heartsand He sent down Sakinah upon them, and He rewards themwith a near victory…’14Here Allah (swt) reaffirms His pleasure with the Believers i.e. theSahabah, testifying that their hearts and intention are pure and clean.Who from amongst ourselves or even from those of the generationsimmediately after the Companions, can claim such prestige andhonour?What If the Majority do not Follow the Path of the SahabahUnfortunately, this is a common question that arises today wherebypeople assess the truth by numbers. If more people follow a certainidea, ‘Aqeedah or Manhaj then by default this must be the correct one.Consequently, those with less numbers, irrespective of whether theyhave stronger evidences or not, are automatically cast aside. The13 Al-Qur’an – Surah at-Tawba, 9 : 10014 Al-Qur’an – Surah al-Fath, 48 : 18
  24. 24. 24principle of majority is a unislamic principle, derived from the failingconcept of Democracy and propagated incessantly by the media. InIslaam, such a concept does not exist; rather, Allah (swt) informs us theopposite i.e. the majority are actually upon baatil, falsehood.Allah (swt) says in the Qur’an,‫ﻦ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﻞ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﱡﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻀ‬‫ﻳ‬ ِ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺭ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻊ‬ِ‫ﻄ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‘If you obey the majority of the people on the Earth they willtake you astray from Allah’s path. They follow nothing butconjecture and do nothing but lie...’15In addition Allah (swt) says,‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺱ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‘Most of mankind will not believe even if you desire iteagerly.’16The Truth is the Truth even if you are Alone or Few in NumberIt is narrated in Tirmizi Vol 4 pg. 467, in the Mishkat Al-Masabih Vol 1pg. 61 and narrated from Al-Imam Al-Laylikaie, in his book Sharh UsulAl-Itiqaad in Vol 1 p122, that Abdullah Ibn Masoud (ra) reported thatthe Messenger Muhammad (saw) said,“The Jama’ah (those that follow the Prophet and his Companions) iswhat is in accordance to the Haqq even if you are a single person.”15 Al-Qur’an – Surah al-An’aam, 6 : 11616 Al-Qur’an – Surah Yusuf, 12 : 103
  25. 25. 25It is reported from Imaam Nawawi’s Majmou’, Vol 8 pg. 275, ImamSuyuti’s book ‘The Command to Follow and Prohibition to Innovate’,pg. 152 and Imam Shaatibi in his book, ‘Call to the Sunnan’, Vol l at pg.83, on the authority of Al-Fudayl Bin Iyaadh that the MessengerMuhammad (saw) said,‘Follow the path of the guidance even if few people are upon it and avoidthe path of death and deviation (from my way) even if many people areupon it.’It is recorded in Imam ul-Aajiri’s, ‘Shari’ah’ p58 and Khatib Al-Baghdadi in his ‘The Honour of the People of Hadith’, pg.26 that ImamUzai (also known as the second Imam Shaafi) said,‘Follow the path of the salaf even if the people reject you, and watchout from the opinion of men even if they furnish it with their ownsayings. The matter will always be brightest and clearest when youare on the correct path.’Shams-ud-Deen Ibn Qayyim in his I’lam Al-Muwaqi’een, Vol 3 pg. 398commenting on Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said,‘Be aware that Al-Ijma and the sayings that are binding and the greatsawaad [great masses] are the scholars who follow the Haqq even ifthey are alone and even if the people of the Earth disagree with them.If you are fortunate enough to find (a single scholar) one (who is)always keen to seek the evidences and to follow (only) the Haqq (truth)wherever he may be, you will never feel alone. (But) you will feelfamiliar with him and will never lose anything when you accompanyhim’
  26. 26. 26Na’eem Ibn Hamad Al-Ash’ari, who was one of the Sheikhs of AbuHanifah (ra) said,“The Jama’ah is what is in accordance with obedience to Allah. Ifeveryone becomes Faasiq (sinners) follow what the Jama’ah’s standardis upon – that which was before the corruption - even if you are but asingle person.”
  27. 27. 27NC H A P T E R 2The Unison (at-Talaazum) betweenMuhammad (saw) and His SahabahWhen one delves into the life of Muhammad (saw) through studyinghis Seerah (biography), it becomes evident to even the most ardentenemy of the Sahabah that Muhammad (saw) did not spend his missionunaccompanied, nor did he ever travel alone or dine alone; rather, therewas always a group of people in his constant presence. Those whocomposed his family members, are known as the Ahl ul-Bait, and theseincluded his wives, children, and others where specific injunctions werelaid upon them i.e. Ali (ra) and Ja’far bin Abi Taalib; and those whowere not of his family, but entered Islam as a result of his sayings oractions and then consequently studied with him (saw).The Seerah is not therefore solely about the study of the Life ofMuhammad (saw) but is the study of his (saw) life and missionaccompanied by his Sahabah. It is important to emphasise that theword Sahabah is derived from the Arabic verb root ‘Saahaba’ whichmeans ‘to accompany’. It is usually used exclusively for those closefriends and associates of a person, such that it comes to mean ‘those whoone spent most of the day-light hours with.’ Subsequently, we may ask whois it that spent ‘Eid celebrating with the Messenger Muhammad (saw)?Who is it that prayed the Salatul Juma’ah, Janaaza and Taraweeh withhim (saw)? Who used to collect their money together for fulfilling theirIslamic duties? Who used to spend their life and say ‘I am happy to
  28. 28. 28sacrifice my mother and father for you.’ In one narration Saad Ibn AbiWaqqas (ra) said to his mother who undertook a hunger-strike as aresult of her most beloved son entering Islaam,‘Even if you were to die a hundred times as a result of not eating I willnot compromise my belief.’Why was Abu Bakr as-Siddiq willing to fight and even kill his own son,whilst he was still a Mushrik (idolater) during the battle of Badr? Whydid Mughirah ibn Shu’ba strike and kill his own father (who was aMushrik) during the Battle of Uhud? Who carried the MessengerMuhammad (saw) on his death bed and made Janaaza for him? Was itthe Maaturidis17 or the Asha’ries18? Or was it the Sufis or the Raafidhi?Was it you or I? No! In fact it was the Ashaab al-Kareem whoperformed and carried out these tasks to the best of their ability; suchthat nobody else can claim the privilege of these actions nor the covetedtitle of Companions of the Messenger Muhammad (saw).In light of the ample evidences we have presented found in Qura’nic,Historical and Biographical references, of the Talaazum that existed17 Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Mahmud Abu Mansur al-Maaturidi al-Hanafi(d.333h) was from Samarkand and compiled all the Fiqh of Imaam Abu Hanifah. Themajority of people today who claim to ascribe to the Hanafi school of thought also ascribeto the Maaturidi School of belief and consequently the majority of people from the IndianSubcontinent follow the ‘Aqeedah of Imaam Maaturidi.18 These are those who claim to follow the ‘Aqeedah of Imaam Abu Hasan Al-Ash’ari Al-Yamani (d.324h). Imaam Al-Ash’ari was born in Basra and studied there before movingon to Baghdad where he spent most of his life. For 40 years of his life, Imaam Al-Ash’ariwas a vehement mu’tazilah; then he spent a portion of his life upon the way of ta’weelwhich the contemporary Ash’arriyyah hold onto. However, for the last 5 years of his life,Imaam Ash’ari recanted his old views and became from Ahl us-Sunnah Wal Jama’ahpenning the noble work Al-Ibaanah an-Usool Ad-Diyaanah, wherein he refutes hisprevious heretical beliefs.
  29. 29. 29between the Sahabah and the Messenger Muhammad (saw); we areable to establish a Qaa’ida (principle) in Usool ud-Deen,“The Sahabah without the MessengerMuhammad (saw) are irrelevantand insignificant. And the Messenger Muhammad (saw) would nothave been able to complete his mission without the aid of theSahabah.”The purpose of the above principle is to emphasize the importance androle the Sahabah played in cementing and spreading the call ofMuhammad (saw) and demonstrates the Talaazum that was instilled inboth for each other. Allah (swt) also narrates in the Qur’an the Du’a(ritual petitioning) that Ibraheem (as) made with regards to bringing aMessenger from the land of the Haramayn,‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺚ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﳊ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺰ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﹶﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻧ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﱢﻴ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‘O my Lord! Rise up a Messenger from amongst them to reciteunto them your Verses and to teach them the Qur’an and theHikmah (Sunnah) and to give them Tazkiyyah (to elevatethem and give them a reference).’19In this ayah, we can see that the Du’a was made to rise up a Messengerfrom amongst his own people such that he could teach them the Qur’anand the Sunnah, and with that knowledge they would become purifiedand elevated. Allah (swt) reaffirms this fact in another verse,‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﱢﻴ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺚ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ِﻱ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬
  30. 30. 30‘He is the one who sent the illiterate ones a Prophet fromamongst them, reciting to them the ayat of Allah, purifyingthem, and teaching them the Qur’an and the Hikmah (i.e.Sunnah)…’20It is narrated in Saheeh Bukhari, Vol 2 pg. 298 and as well in SaheehMuslim, Hadith no. 2526, that when the Messenger Muhammad (saw)was asked about his Companions, he (saw) said,‘The best among them in Jahiliyyah (Days of Ignorance) will be thebest in Islaam if they comprehend the Deen.’Therefore, the mission of Muhammad (saw) was to teach his Sahabahthe Qur’an, the Sunnah and its understanding and explanation. Weshould highlight that if the Messenger Muhammad (saw) taught theQur’an and the Sunnah to his companions - can we call any one of themJaahil (ignorant)? The Messenger (saw) taught Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (ra)for over twenty two years so how can he (ra) be called Jaahil after that?Similarly, how could anyone say that Sayyidina Usmaan (ra) waswrong in his rulings since he was from amongst the first to embraceIslam? We find the Prophet (saw) praising his Companions in manyahadith, whether as a collective body or as individuals. We have thefamous Hadith when Muhammad (saw) said,“Do not harm me in relation to my Companions.”And also it is reported that the Prophet (saw) said,“If there would have been a Prophet after me, it would have beenOmar (ra).”19 Al-Qur’an – Surah al-Baqarah, 2 : 129
  31. 31. 31The subsequent Ayah in Surah al-Jummah continues, ‘That is the Graceof Allah, He gives to whoever He wishes.’ The ‘Grace of Allah’ isreferring both to the Grace of the rising of a Messenger, and also toAllah’s Grace in relation to choosing those who will receive theMessage with the Prophet (saw); this includes the Prophet’s (saw)’sCompanions, family and his wives. Any attack on them is therefore anattack on the Messenger Muhammad (saw) himself.20 Al-Qur’an – Surah al-Jumu’a, 62 : 2
  32. 32. 32
  33. 33. 33NC H A P T E R 3Evidences Regarding the Fadaail(Virtues & Merits) of the SahabahAs we have mentioned, the Sahabah were those who accompanied theProphet Muhammad (saw) during his life and mission. Hence, theProphet (saw) spent much of his time educating and teaching them theQur’an and Sunnah at different locations and situations. We will nowpresent some of these situations, highlighting how Muhammad (saw)regarded his Companions,The Battle of BadrDuring the battle of Badr, which was the first conflict between thenewly formed Islamic state and the Qurayshi authority, in which justover three hundred Sahabah and the Prophet (saw) had to face an armythrice their size, better equipped and more capable in combat, theProphet (saw) turned to his companions and said to Allah (swt),seeking His Nasr (support),‘If you do not give victory to these people there will never be anyTawheed left upon the earth after them.’
  34. 34. 34And Allah (swt) says,ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹸﻢ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹸﻢ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻗ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻂ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺰ‬‫ﺟ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ِ‫ﻫ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻲ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺋ‬‫ﻶ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬ِ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺐ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﺏ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ٍ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬ِ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﻮ‬‘(Remember) when He covered you (pl.) with sleep as asecurity from Him, and He caused water (rain) to descendupon you (pl.) from the sky, to clean you thereby and toremove from you the Rijz (whispering, impurities) ofShaytaan and to strengthen your hearts and make your feetfirm thereby. When your Lord revealed to the angels: I amwith you, therefore make firm those who believe. I will castterror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Therefore strikeoff their heads and strike off every fingertip of them.’21It is narrated in Saheeh Bukhari, Vol 7 pg. 40, Hadith no. 2494 in thechapter of ‘Fath of Mecca’ that the Messenger Muhammad (saw) said,‘Allah looked at the people of Badr and said, ‘Do whatever you wishfor I forgive you all.’It is also recorded in Saheeh Bukhari, Hadith No. 3983, that when Omar(ra) was asked about the status of the people of Badr, the MessengerMuhammad (saw) replied,‘Do you not know that Allah (swt) has said to them to do whateverthey wish for Allah (swt) has forgiven them?’21Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Anfal, 8 : 11 - 12
  35. 35. 35Allah (swt) has also called those who made the Hijrah and fought inHis way the ‘True Believers’;‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﻞ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﱘ‬ِ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺯ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺃ‬ÿ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﺌ‬‫ﹶـ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬ ِ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﺭ‬َ‫ﻷ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ٍ‫ﺀ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻛ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ٍ‫ﺾ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺒ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‘’Those who believed and made Hijrah and fought for the sakeof Allah and those that supported and aided them – they arethe true believers, they have forgiveness from Allah and agenerous provision. And (as for) those who believedafterwards and fled and struggled hard along with you, theyare of you; and the possessors of relationships are nearer toeach other in the ordinance of Allah; surely Allah knows allthings.’22Again, we have clear evidences stressing Allah’s (swt) pleasure with theSahabah who were present during the campaign of Badr. Allah hastestified that they are the ‘True Believers’ and that He (swt) hasforgiven them their sins. The Prophet (saw) even equated their possiblefailure as the failure of Tawheed and their success as the success andvictory for Tawheed on this Earth. We may ask - how can such greatmerits and virtues be bestowed upon people if they did not practice,nor understand the teachings of Muhammad (saw)? Thus how canpeople of later generations add to what they have brought?22 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Anfal, 8 : 74 - 75
  36. 36. 36The Battle of UhudAs with the Battle of Badr, Allah (swt) revealed numerous ayatregarding the battle of Uhud. In fact around sixty ayat can be foundsolely in Surah Ale-Imraan regarding this second great battle of Islam.Allah (swt) says,‫ﻢ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻝ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ِ‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺉ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻏ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ﺸ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹶﻥ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ِﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬ ِ‫ﻥ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬ِ‫ﺋ‬‫ﱠﺂ‬‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ِ‫ﻞ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻼ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‘And (remember) when you left your household in the morningto post the believers at their stations for the battle (of Uhud).And Allah (swt) is the all-Hearer and all-Knower. When twoparties from among you were about to lose heart, but Allah(swt) was their Wali. And in Allah should the believers puttheir trust.’23The ayat following verse 121 then proceed to describe differentsituations that arose during the war and also how the Munafiqeen(hypocrites) tried to create dissension amongst the believers before theyset out for the battle. Most of what is subsequently narrated is known asA’etaab or a kind admonition, whereby Allah (swt) advises the believerswith the best of words and manner on some of their lapses inunderstanding and then guides them to the correct way. Finally, Allah(swt) then says,‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ِﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﻞ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺳ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ﺗ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﺣ‬ِ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ِﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺸ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬23 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Imran, 3 : 121 - 2
  37. 37. 37‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻑ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬ÿِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ٍ‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺸ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ٍ‫ﻞ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ِ‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹶﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺡ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ÿ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺎﻧ‬‫ﳝ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﺱ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹼ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬“Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah asdead. Nay they are alive with their Lord, and they haveprovision. They rejoice in what Allah has bestowed uponthem of His Bounty and rejoice for the sake of those who havenot yet joined them, but are left behind that on them no fearshall come, nor shall they grieve. They rejoice in a Grace anda Bounty from Allah (swt), and that Allah will not waste thereward of the Believers. Those who answered (the call of)Allah and the Messenger (saw) after being wounded; for thoseof them who did good deeds and feared Allah there is a greatreward. Those (i.e. Believers) unto whom is said, ‘Verily, thepeople (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army)therefore, fear them.” But it (only) increased them in Faithand they said, “Allah (alone) is sufficient for us, and He is thebest Disposer of Affairs.”24The above ayat again highlights the characteristics of the Sahabah withthe Messenger Muhammad (saw), that when they would face adversitythey would turn back to Allah (swt) citing that He (swt) is sufficient forthem. Because they went out to fight against the Kuffar, Allah (swt)revealed about them that “there is a great reward” awaiting them.24 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Imran, 3 : 169 - 173
  38. 38. 38The Battle of al-KhandaqThe battle of al-Khandaq was a unique battle facing the Prophet (saw)and his companions. In it the Muslims were facing enemies who were aconfederation of supporters (ahzaab) along with the Quraish. However,those kuffar that the believers had made alliances with, namely theJewish Tribe of Banu Quraidah, were deceitful and reneged on theiragreements, allowing the ahzaab to fully surround the Muslims.However, the Munafiqeen began to make murmurings, such is the casewhen the call to Jihad is proclaimed, and Allah (swt) says,‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ِﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻏ‬ÿ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﺟ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺏ‬ِ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻔ‬ِ‫ﺋ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻃ‬ ‫ﹶﺖ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻖ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺫ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ٍ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ِ‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬“The hypocrites and those in whose hearts is disease say:‘Allah and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusions!’Behold! A party among them said: ‘Ye men of Yathrib! Yecannot stand (the attack)! Therefore go back!’ And a band ofthem ask for leave of the Prophet, saying, ‘Truly our housesare bare and exposed.’ Though they were not exposed: theyintended nothing but to run away.”25However, despite the manifest defeat that was apparently facing theProphet (saw) and his Companions, Allah (swt) sent down the supportand indeed Allah (swt) only supports those whom He (swt) loves,25 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Ahzab, 33: 12 - 13
  39. 39. 39‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬ِ‫ﺼ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﳛ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬‘O you who believe! Remember the grace of Allah, (bestowed)on you, when there came down on you hosts (to overwhelmyou): but We sent against them a hurricane and forces that yesaw not: but Allah sees (clearly) all that ye do.’26Again, the Companions of the Messenger Muhammad (saw)demonstrated great valour, courage and bravery in combat so much sothat the more the task of defeating the enemy seemed improbable, themore they believed in Allah and the more their zeal to fight increased.Allah (swt) says,‫ﻡ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﻝ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ِﲑ‬‫ﺜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺧ‬‫ﹾﺂ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ÿ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﺣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶﻯ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﳝ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺯ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻰ‬‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﹲ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺟ‬ِ‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹸﻮﺍ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻈ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬“Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah an excellentexample for him who hopes in Allah and the Final Day, andwho remembers Allah much. When the believers saw theConfederate forces, they said, ‘This is what Allah and HisMessenger had promised us was true.’ And it only added totheir faith and their Zeal in obedience. Among the believersare men who have been true to their covenant with Allah: ofthem some have died and some (still) wait: but they have26 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Ahzab 33 : 9
  40. 40. 40never changed (their determination) in the least: that Allahmay reward the men of Truth for their Truth, and punish thehypocrites if that be His will, or turn to them in mercy: forAllah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. And Allah turned backthe unbelievers for (all) their fury: no advantage did theygain; and enough is Allah, full of Strength, Exalted inmight.”27Once again, Allah (swt) testifies to the truth and sincerity of theSahabah during this battle by saying, “Among the believers are menwho have been true to their covenant with Allah: of them some havedied and some (still) wait: but they have never changed (theirdetermination) in the least”Allah (swt) then seals the Muslim’s victory by giving them the land andtrappings of the Banu Quraidah, who were a treacherous people - at thetime of great need for the believers, they dishonoured their treaty andplotted against the Muslims. But Allah (swt) loves those who fight inhis way and consequently gave the Muslims much booty and rizq(provisions) from avenues they did not expect.‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻑ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺻ‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ِ‫ﺏ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻜ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻞ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻇ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹶﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺳ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺐ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ÿ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻄ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺿ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ٍ‫ﺀ‬‫ﻲ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﱢ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻰ‬“And those of the people of the Book who aided them - Allahdid take them down from their strongholds and cast terrorinto their hearts, (so that) some ye slew, and some ye madecaptives; and He made you heirs of their lands, their houses,27 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Ahzab 33 : 21-25
  41. 41. 41and their goods, and of a land which ye had not frequented(before). And Allah has power over all things.”28Finally, Allah (swt) describes the characteristics of those Sahabah,which will be a reason for them to attain forgiveness and paradise inthe Here-After,ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﺷ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﺷ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻗ‬ِ‫ﺩ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻗ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻈ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺋ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻛ‬‫ﱠﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬ِ‫ﺜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻛ‬‫ﱠﺍ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬‘Lo! men who surrender unto Allah, and women whosurrender, and men who believe and women who believe, andmen who obey and women who obey, and men who speak thetruth and women who speak the truth, and men whopersevere (in righteousness) and women who persevere, andmen who are humble and women who are humble, and menwho give alms and women who give alms, and men who fastand women who fast, and men who guard their modesty andwomen who guard (their modesty), and men who rememberAllah much and women who remember, Allah hath preparedfor them forgiveness and a vast reward.’29How can it be that all the praise Allah (swt) heaps upon the Sahabah,and the physical support He (swt) aided them with, would be for a28 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Ahzab 33: 26 - 2729 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Ahzab 33: 35
  42. 42. 42people who were treacherous, deceitful and disloyal to the MessengerMuhammad (saw) and Allah (swt)? Nay, in fact this is impossible!The Treaty of HudaibiyyahAnother of the famous incidents in Islamic History is the signing of theTreaty of Hudaibiyyah. The Prophet (saw) saw a vision of both himselfand his Companions entering Makkah and thus gathered together all ofhis Sahabah, totalling one thousand four hundred people and travelledto Makkah to perform the Hajj. Having left Medina, the Sahabahcamped at a site a few kilometres from Makkah on the mountainousplain of Hudaibiyyah. Uthmaan bin A’ffan (ra) was sent as an emissaryto the Quraish to peacefully explain the intentions of the Believers andtheir trip.Concerning this Allah (swt) revealed:‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ِﻥ‬‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ِ‫ﺠ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻖ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺅ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻘ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺁ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬ ِ‫ﻥ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺩ‬‘Allah hath fulfilled the vision for His messenger in truth. Yeshall indeed enter the Inviolable Place of Worship, if Allahwill, secure, (having your hair) shaven and cut, not fearing.But He knoweth that which ye know not, and hath given youa near victory.’30Whilst awaiting a response from the return of Uthman ibn A’ffan, newsreached the Prophet (saw) and his companions that Uthmaan had beenassassinated in Makkah. The Messenger Muhammad (saw) imploredthe Sahabah to remain patient as they were keen to go to Mecca. He30 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Fath, 48 : 27
  43. 43. 43then took the Baya’at ash-Shajarah (Allegiance of the Tree) and Allah(swt) revealed,‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ÿ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﺒ‬‫ﹶﻧ‬‫ﺫ‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻡ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﻔ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺻ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻳ‬ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬ÿ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺼ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ﻮ‬‫ﻫ‬ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﳝ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻊ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﳝ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻭﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﺏ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹶﻧ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ِﻱ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺟ‬ÿِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬ِ‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻴ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺧ‬ ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺘ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ِﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ِﻱ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺗ‬ ٍ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺟ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺯ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ِﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻚ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺫ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺗ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﺌ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺳ‬ÿِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻘ‬ِ‫ﻓ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﺏ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﱠﺎ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬ِ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻛ‬ِ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺋ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺩ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﺀ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻇ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﲔ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﲑ‬ِ‫ﺼ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺎﺀ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺐ‬ِ‫ﻀ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻏ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ﺩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺟ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺽ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﺕ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ÿِ‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺷ‬ ‫ﻙ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻧ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻗ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻩ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺳ‬‫ﺭ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﺎﻟ‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﻮﺍ‬‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺻ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ÿ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻕ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﻥ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﻧ‬ِ‫ﺈ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺚ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺟ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﺗ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻫ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻪ‬ِ‫ﺴ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻔ‬‫ﻧ‬ ‫ﹶﻰ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹸ‬‫ﺚ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻈ‬‫ﻋ‬“Lo! We have given thee (O Muhammad) a comprehensivevictory, That Allah may forgive thee of thy mistake thatwhich is past and that which is to come, and may perfect Hisfavour unto thee, and may guide thee on a right path, Andthat Allah may help thee with strong Imaan. He it is Whosent down peace of reassurance into the hearts of the believersthat they might add Imaan unto their Imaan. Allah’s are the
  44. 44. 44hosts of the heavens and the earth, and Allah is ever Knower,Wise That He may bring the believing men and the believingwomen into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, whereinthey will abide, and may remit from them their evil deeds.That, in the sight of Allah, is the supreme triumph. And maypunish the hypocritical men and the hypocritical women, andthe idolatrous men and the idolatrous women, who think anevil thought concerning Allah. For them is the evil turn offortune, and Allah is wroth against them and hath cursedthem, and hath made ready for them hell, a hapless journey’send. Allah’s are the hosts of the heavens and the earth, andAllah is ever Mighty, Wise. Lo! We have sent thee (OMuhammad) as a witness and a bearer of good tidings and awarner, That ye (mankind) may believe in Allah and HisMessenger, and may honour Him, and may revere Him, andmay glorify Him at early dawn and at the close of day. Lo!Those who swear allegiance unto thee (Muhammad), swearallegiance only unto Allah. The Hand of Allah is above theirhands. So whosoever breaketh his oath, breaketh it only tohis soul’s hurt; while whosoever keepeth his covenant withAllah, on him will He bestow immense reward.”31Allah (swt) declares in these Ayat that those Sahabah who pledgedallegiance to Muhammad (saw) actually pledged allegiance to Him(swt) directly and that as a result of this His (swt), ‘Hand was abovetheir hands’. Allah (swt) then continues later on in the same Surah,‫ﻌ‬ِ‫ﻳ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻳ‬ ‫ﹾ‬‫ﺫ‬ِ‫ﺇ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ﺍ‬ ِ‫ﻦ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻲ‬ِ‫ﺿ‬‫ﺭ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ِﻲ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ِ‫ﺓ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺠ‬‫ﺸ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﺖ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻚ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﻮ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﺤ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﺛ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬‫ﻴ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻝ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﹶﻧ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻬ‬ِ‫ﺑ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻗ‬ÿ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﲑ‬ِ‫ﺜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻣ‬‫ﻭ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺣ‬ ‫ﺍ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ِﻳ‬‫ﺰ‬‫ﻋ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹶﺎ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﻳ‬ÿ‫ﺎ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻧ‬‫ﹸﻭ‬‫ﺬ‬‫ﺧ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﺄ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺓ‬‫ﲑ‬ِ‫ﺜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬ ‫ﻢ‬ِ‫ﻧ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻐ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﻪ‬‫ﱠ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻋ‬‫ﻭ‬31 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Fath, 48 : 1 - 10
  45. 45. 45‫ﺠ‬‫ﻌ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻓ‬‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻳ‬ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻬ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﲔ‬ِ‫ﻨ‬ِ‫ﻣ‬‫ﺆ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ﹾ‬‫ﻠ‬‫ﱢ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﺁ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻥ‬‫ﹸﻮ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺘ‬ِ‫ﻟ‬‫ﻭ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋ‬ ِ‫ﺱ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ‬ ‫ﻱ‬ِ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻳ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﺃ‬ ‫ﻒ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻛ‬‫ﻭ‬ ِ‫ﻩ‬ِ‫ﺬ‬‫ﻫ‬ ‫ﻢ‬‫ﹸ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﹶ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫ﹶ‬‫ﻞ‬‫ﺎ‬‫ﻤ‬‫ِﻴ‬‫ﻘ‬‫ﺘ‬‫ﺴ‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﹰﺎ‬‫ﻃ‬‫ﺍ‬‫ﺮ‬ِ‫ﺻ‬‘…Allah was well pleased with the believers when they sworeallegiance unto thee beneath the tree, and He knew what wasin their hearts, and He sent down peace of reassurance onthem, and hath rewarded them with a near victory; And muchbooty that they will capture. Allah is ever Mighty, Wise.Allah promiseth you much booty that ye will capture, andhath given you this in advance, and hath withheld men’shands from you, that it may be a token for the believers, andthat He may guide you on a right path…’ 32The Balagha (style) used in the above ayat are unique. Allah (swt) is notjust saying that He (swt) is pleased with them but that He (swt) tooknows what is in the innermost of their hearts and based upon thisAllah (swt) is pleased with them and rewarded them with the spoils ofthis life as well of those of the Hereafter. For this reason, no Ummahthat has come from the later generations can achieve the rank of theSahabah, and the only people who can claim such a level or higher arethe Anbiyyah (prophets). Hence, the Prophet (saw) said,“The Companions of my Ummah are like the Prophets of Bani Israel.”In the Tafseer of this Ayah in Saheeh Bukhari, under the sectionentitled, ‘Ghazwat ul-Hudaibiyyah’, Jabir Ibn Abdullah (ra) said,“We were 1,400 Sahabah on the day of (Bayat us) Sajarah.”In Saheeh Muslim Vol 4, pg. 1943, Hadith no. 2496 it is narrated that theMessenger Muhammad (saw) said,32 Al-Qur’an – Surah Al-Fath, 48 : 18 - 20

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