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  1. 1. SALAWAT (pl of Salaa)
  2. 2.   CONTENTS PAGESALAA (pl.SALAWAT) ............................................. 1DAILY SALAWAT .................................................... 4NAWAFIL OF SALAA............................................... 4SALATUT TAHAJJUD .............................................. 5SALATUL AYAT ..................................................... 10SALATUL JAMA’A................................................. 13SALATUL JUMUA’ ................................................ 18SALATUL EID ........................................................ 21SALAA ALAL MAYYIT ........................................... 22SALATUL WAHSHAT ............................................ 30HADIYA MAYYIT................................................... 31SALAA HADIYA WALIDAYN .................................. 32SALATUL GHUFAYLA............................................ 34  
  3. 3.   SALAA (pl.SALAWAT)Salaa is a pillar of religion which connects the soulto Allah.In the Quran Allah says: َ ْ ُ ْ ‫َ َ َ ْ ُ ْ ِ ﱠ َ ِْ ْ َ ﱠ‬ ‫وما خلَقت الجن و االنس اِال لِيَعبُدون‬"And I have not created the Jinn and Mankind butthat they may worship Me"Suratudh Dhariyat 51:56The purpose of life is therefore worship and salaais the best form of worship. It is not merely a fewminutes of rituals but that which concentrates ourattention on the hereafter and Qiyama thusrefraining one from evil. Salaa is a cure foranxiety, distress and fear.It is the support of the whole Muslim Umma(community). Each and every day on hearing theAdhan, Muslims assemble to pray salaa.On Friday, whole communities, villages and townsgather for Salaatul Jumua, likewise during HajjMuslims from all over the world gather togetherfor salaa.  Page 1 
  4. 4.  Salaa is the meraj (ascension) of the mumin.Salaa is like a factory which produces humanbeings. It draws out the corruption and evil from anation by working through each individual.Imam Ali (PBUH) has said: "If he/she who offerssalaa knew how much grace Allah bestows uponhim/her during the salaa, he/she would never lifthis head from sajda."To be able to attain the benefits of salaa it mustbe recited correctly and with full presence ofmind. Just like a watch which is only useful if itshows the correct time. It would still look like awatch if it did not work but would not serve itspurpose.The different types of salawaat are:1. Daily salawat2. Nawafil of Salaa3. Salatut Tahajjud4. Salatul Ayat5. Salatul Jama’a6. *Salatul Jumua’7. *Salatul EidPage 2  
  5. 5.  8. Salaat alal mayyit9. Salatul Wahshat10. Salatul Hadiya Mayyit11. Salatul Walidayn12. Salatul Ghufayla*Wajib only when established by the Imam of thetime but highly recommended in his ghaiba.  Page 3 
  6. 6.   DAILY SALAWATFajr – 2 rakatZhuhr – 4 rakat‘Asr – 4 rakatMaghrib – 3 rakatEisha – 4 rakat NAWAFIL OF SALAANafila of Fajr – 2 rakat before salaaNafila of Zhuhr – 8 rakat before salaaNafila of ‘Asr – 8 rakat before salaaNafila of Maghrib – 4 rakat after salaaNafila of Eisha – 2 rakat after salaa to be prayedsitting down (regarded as 1 rakat)Page 4  
  7. 7.   SALATUT TAHAJJUD It consists of a total of 11 raka’ts, divided into thefollowing prayers:1. Nafilah of Layl: 8 rakats (4 x 2 rakats)2. Salatush Shafa: 2 rakats3. Salat ul Witr: 1 rakatThe time for Salatut Tahajjud begins aftermidnight until the time for Salatul Fajr (morningprayers). The best time for it is just before FajrSalaa. Salatut Tahajjud is so important that even ifyou cannot recite all 11 rakats, then recite onlyone rakat of Salatul Witr. Method1. Nafilah of LaylThe 8 rakats of Nafilah are divided into four unitsof two rakats each, just like Salatul Fajr but withthe niyya of Salatul Layl. It is recommended torecite Suratul Kafirun after Suratul Fatiha in thefirst 2 rakats. In the other six recite any small suraor even leave out the sura after Suratul Fatiha. ForQunoot you can recite salawat or therecommended duas.  Page 5 
  8. 8.  2. Salat al-ShafaTwo rakats with Suratun Naas in the first rakatafter Suratul Fatiha and Suratul Falaq in thesecond rakat after Suratul Fatiha. There is noqunoot in Salatus Shafa.3 Salatul WitrOne rakat with Suratul Ikhlas 3x, Suratul Falaq 1x,and Suratun Naas 1x after Suratul Fatiha. Thenraise your hands for qunoot and recite: (You canhold a book and/or tasbee in a mustahab salaa) ‫بِسْم ﷲِ الرﱠحْ من الرﱠحيْم‬ ِ ِ ِ َ ِ ُِْ َ ْ ُْ َ ْ ‫آل اِلَهَ اِالﱠ ﷲُ الحلِيم الكريم‬There is no god except Allah, the Forbearing, theGenerous ُِْ َْ ‫َْ ﱡ‬ ‫آل اِلَهَ اِالﱠ ﷲُ العلِي العظيم‬There is no god except Allah , the High theAlmightyPage 6  
  9. 9.   َ َ ِ ‫ﱠَ َ ِ ﱠ‬ ‫سبْحان ﷲِ ربﱢ السماوات السبْع و ربﱢ‬ َ َ َ ُ ْ ‫االَرْ ضيْن السبْعِ و ما فِيھن و ما بَينَھُن و‬ َ ‫ِ َ ﱠ َ َ ِْ ﱠ َ َ ْ ﱠ‬ ِ َْ َ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ما فَوقَھُن و ما تَحْ تَھُن ربﱡ العرْ ش‬ َ َ ‫َ ْ ﱠ‬ ِ ِ َْ ‫العظيْم‬ Glory be to Allah, Rabb of the seven heavens andRabb of the seven earths and whatever is in them,and between them and above them and belowthem, Rabb of the Mighty Throne َ ُْ َ ْ َ َ َ ُْ ‫و سالَم علَى المرْ سلِيْن و الحمد ِ ِ ربﱢ‬ َ ٌ َ َ َ ِ َْ ‫العالَميْن‬And peace be on the Messengers.All praise is for Allah Rabb of the worlds. ‫و صلﱠى ﷲُ علَى محمد و آلِه الطﱠاھريْن‬ َ ِ ِ ِ ‫َ ُ َ ﱠٍ ﱠ‬ َ َO Allah bless Muhammad and his pure family.Recite 70 x ِْ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ْ ‫اَستَغفِر ﷲَ ربﱢي و اَتُوبُ اِلَيه‬  Page 7 
  10. 10.  I seek forgiveness of Allah my Rabb and I turn toHimAsk for the forgiveness of forty believers whohave died or are living, by saying 40x followed bythe name of the person:‫اَللﱠھُم اغفِرْ ل‬ِ ْ ‫ﱠ‬ O’ Allah, forgive……………Or say ‫اَللﱠھُم اغفِرْ لِ ْلمؤمنِيْن و المؤمنَات‬ ِ ِ ُْْ َ َ ِ ُْ ْ ‫ﱠ‬O Allah forgive all believers, male and femaleThen say:ُ ْ ْ ‫َ ْ َ ﱡ‬‫اَستَغفِر ﷲَ الﱠذي الَ اِلَهَ اِالﱠ ھُو الحي القَيﱡوم‬ ِ ُ ْ ْ ‫لِجميْع ظُ ْلمي و جُرْ مي و اِسرافِي علَى‬ َ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ َ ْ َ ْ ِ ْ ‫نَفسي و اَتُوبُ اِلَيه‬ ِْI seek forgiveness of Allah, He who there is no godbut He, the Ever living, the subsisting, from all myoppressions and my sins and my excesses on mysoul, and I turn (repentant) to Him Repeat 7x:Page 8  
  11. 11.   ِ َ ِ َ ِ َْ ُ َ َ ‫ھَذا مقَام العائِذ بِك من النﱠار‬This is the position of one who seeks refuge in Youfrom the fireSay 300x‫اَ ْلعفو‬ََْ (I ask for Your) pardon Then say: ‫َ ﱠ‬ َ ْ ْ َ َ ْ ْ ‫ربﱢ اغفِرْ لِي و ارْ حمنِي و تُبْ علَي‬ َ ‫َ ْ َ ﱠ‬ ‫اِنﱠك اَنت التﱠوابُ الرﱠحيم‬ ُِْMy Rabb, forgive me and have mercy on me, andturn to me Surely You are the Oft-returning, theMerciful.Complete the rakat with ruku, sujud, tashahhudand salaam and recite a tasbee of Sayyida FatimaZahra (PBUH)  Page 9 
  12. 12.   SALATUL AYATSalaatul Ayat becomes wajib when any one of thefollowing occurs:1. Lunar or Solar eclipse.Total or partial, causing fear or not.2. Earthquake.Causing fear or not.3. Any natural disaster which is likely to createfear in people. e.g. cyclones, storms, etc.Salatul Ayat is wajib only on those people wholive in the affected area.During a Lunar or Solar eclipse, the salaa can beprayed at any time from the beginning of theeclipse to the end.If it was a total eclipse and one did not know ofthe eclipse till after it was over then it is wajib forone to should pray with the niyya of qadha.For a partial eclipse, it is not wajib to recite SalatulAyat after its occurrence.In other natural disasters which create fear inpeople, Salatul Ayat should be prayed soon afterthe disaster is over.Page 10  
  13. 13.  MethodSalatul Ayat is made up of 2 rakat - each rakat has5 rukoos. There are 5 qunoots (mustahab) in total. 1st Rakat 2nd RakatNiyya / Takbeeratul Ihram Suratul Hamd & 1 otherSuratul Hamd & 1 other sura in qiyamsura in qiyam Qunoot 3rukoo 1 Rukoo 6Suratul Hamd & 1 other Suratul Hamd & 1 othersura in qiyam sura in qiyamQunoot 1 Rukoo 7Rukoo 2 Suratul Hamd & 1 otherSuratul Hamd & 1 other sura in qiyamsura in qiyam Qunoot 4Rukoo 3 Rukoo 8Suratul Hamd & 1 other Suratul Hamd & 1 othersura in qiyam sura in qiyamQunoot 2 Rukoo 9Rukoo 4 Suratul Hamd & 1 otherSuratul Hamd & 1 other sura in qiyamsura in qiyam Qunoot 5Rukoo 5 Rukoo 10Qiyam QiyamSajadaat Sajadaat / Tashahhud & Salaam  Page 11 
  14. 14.  Salatul Ayat may also be prayed using a shortermethod.After Suratul Hamd in the 1st qiyam, recite part ofanother sura. After the 1st rukoo recite a furthersection of the other sura and go into the 2ndrukoo. Continue, completing the other surabefore the 5th rukoo.Repeat the same procedure in the 2nd rakaat orpray the longer method.Page 12  
  15. 15.   SALATUL JAMA’ASalatul Jama’a means praying in congregationwith others It is highly recommended andrewarded.Wordly benefitsIn the congregation - jama’a, rich and poor, highand low, all stand shoulder to shoulder inobedience to Allah.In Salatul Jama’a, all the participants have oneniyya, speak in one language (Arabic) and haveidentical actions. It portrays the unity Muslimsshould have in all matters, at all times whereverthey may be.Muslims meet with one another in Salatul Jama’a.They get to know each others problems and try tohelp each other. New ideas are discussed andrelationships are formed; thus a caring close knitcommunity develops.Whilst praying Salatul Jama’a we stand in rows,follow the Imam of Jama’a and practise obedience  Page 13 
  16. 16.  to command. This instils in us all discipline whichis the essential feature of community life.Our masajid remain alive due to Salatul Jama’a.Spiritual Benefits (Thawab)The Prophet (PBUH) and our Aimma (PBUH) havestrongly recommended Salatul Jama’a. Thereward for praying in Jama’a is as below:e.g. If there are 2 people, the reward for eachrakaat is equal to 150 rakaats prayed alone. No of people Thawaabs for each rakat 2 150 3 600 4 1,200 5 2,400 6 4,800 7 9,600 8 19,200 9 36,400 10 72,800 More than 10 Only Allah knowsPage 14  
  17. 17.  TerminologyImam - One who leads the salaa. He mustbe baligh, sane, Shia Ithna’asheri, aadil (just), of legitimate birth and able to recitesalaa correctly.Mamun - One who prays behind an Imam.Furada - Alone (not praying with Jama’a). Aperson may be part of a congregation but furada in niyya.It is better to wait for some time and join SalatulJama’a then to pray alone at fadhilat time.Those who do not know the proper pronunciationor recitations of salaa should join Salatul Jama’aand learn the proper recitations.Mamumeen (pl. of mamun) praying behind Imamshould recite all the dhikr except the recitation ofthe first and second suwer (pl. of sura) in the 1stand 2nd rakaat.  Page 15 
  18. 18.  In every action follow the Imam. The action mustbe dome with him/her or after. The action mustnever be done before the Imam.Joining Salatul Jama’a1. In the 1st and 2nd rakaat, join whilst the Imamis reciting the first or second sura or join in rukoo.(Recite the takbeeratul Ihram on joining).2. In the 3rd or 4th rakaat of Salatul Jama’a, joinwhen Imam goes to rukoo. If you join in Qiyam,when the Imam is reciting Tasbihate Arba’a, thenyou should at least recite Suratul Hamd, but if youcannot complete the recitation of Suratul Hamdand the Imam rises from rukoo then you have tochange your niyya to Furada and complete thesalaa as furada.3. If you are late and do not know which rakaat ofJama’a is being recited, then you should wait untilthe Imam goes to rukoo.4. On entering the masjid, if you come to knowthat it is the last sijda of the last rakaat, and youPage 16  
  19. 19.  want to join Salatul Jama’a to get the thawab, youshould do niyya, recite takbeeratul ihram and joinImam in sijda, and when Imam completestashahhud and salaam*, you should rise for yourfirst rakaat (remembering not to recitetakbeeratul ihram again).*When the Imam is reciting tashahhud andsalaam, you should keep your knees off theground and place both palms on the ground untilImam completes the recitation of salaam.  Page 17 
  20. 20.   SALATUL JUMUA’“O you who believe! When the call is made forprayer on Friday, then hasten to theremembrance of Allah and leave off trading; thatis better for you, if you know”.Suratul Jumua’ 62:9Daily prayers are said individually or in the localmosque. On Jumua’ Muslims within the radius ofabout 5 miles attend one congregational prayer.Twice a year on Eid Muslims of a whole area (city)meet and once a year the international assemblyof Muslims is at Makka for Hajj.The call for Friday prayers according to theMaasumeen (PBUH) is solely the right of Sultanil‘Aadil -the Just King - in other words the Imam ofour time . In his ghayba the Jumua’ prayers areoptional which is the view of a majority of themujtahids .The first Jumua’ prayers were held at Quba - 3.5miles from Madina. When the Prophet (PBUH.)arrived at Quba on his way from Makka (Hijra), hefirst arranged for the building of a mosque there.Page 18  
  21. 21.  Then he delivered a sermon and offered theFriday prayers before proceeding to Makka.Salatul Jumua’ is the same as Salatul Zhuhr on theday of Friday (Jumua’) - however it has a fewdifferences from the regular salaa that weperform. Salatul Zhuhr is four rakat whilst SalatulJumua’ is two rakat. It is wajib that it is prayed inJama’a and in which ever locality the SalatulJumua’ is established, it is not permissible foranother Salatul Jumua’ to be held for a distance of6 km. It is wajib that before the Salaa, twospeeches are given which are part of the salaa.Imam Ali (PBUH) has even said: “The khutba(speech) is salaa.”The Contents of the Speeches of Jumua’ 1. Praise and glorification of Allah. 2. Blessings upon the Prophet (PBUH) and his progeny. 3. The people must be advised of issues currently relevant to Muslims. Imam Sadiq (PBUH) has said: “And also so that the people would be made aware of what is good for them in relation to their  Page 19 
  22. 22.   religion and religious affairs and of the worldly affairs as well.” He also said: “And surely the reason why two speeches have been made wajib is that in one of them, the praise of Allah and His glorification should be carried out. However as for the second speech, the mentioning of the needs of the people and warning them and inviting them to that which they need to know of the commandments and prohibitions (of Allah) and that which is righteous and wicked (from amongst those acts).” 4. A short sura from the Qur’an must be recited.The Imam who performs the Salatul Jumua’ mustalso follow certain manners and etiquette. Theseinclude that he should wear a turban and muststand to deliver the talks. The Imam must alsolean on or hold in his hand a sword or a stick…Page 20  
  23. 23.   SALATUL EID 1. It is only wajib in the presence of the Imam of the time. i.e. they were wajib upto the ghaibat of Imam Muhammad Mahdi (PBUH). However it is mustahab to pray Salatul Eid. It is prayed in jamaa or individually. 2. The time is from sunrise to Zhuhr. 3. It is recommended that women should not go to pray Salaatul Eid in jamaa (congregation). 4. It consists of two rakats of salaa.It is recommended that after Suratul Hamd in thefirst rakat one should recite Suratul Aala (sura 87)and in the second rakaa after Suratul Hamd reciteSuratush Shams (91).In the first rakaa, after the second Sura, do fiveTakbeers and recite Qunoot after each Takbeer.Do a sixth Takbeer and go to rukoo.In the second rakaa, after the second Sura do 4Takbeers and recite recite Qunoot after eachTakbeer. Do fifth Takbeer and go to rukoo.After salaa, recite tasbee of Bibi Fatima Zahra(PBUH)  Page 21 
  24. 24.   SALAA ALAL MAYYITIt is wajib to acquire permission from the heirs ofthe deceased to recite Salaa alal Mayyit. Salaa alalMayyit does not require any tahara and is recitedin jamaa. Everyone in the jamaa has to repeatwhat is recited.It is wajib to offer Salaa alal Mayyit for everyMuslim, as well as for a Muslim child, if he/shehas completed 6 years.The mayyit is placed on its back perpendicular tothe direction of qibla with the head on the rightand the feet to the left.Before the salaa, it is recommended that insteadof adhan, mu’mineen should be summoned topray be calling ‘As-Salaa’ three times.Those praying should stand as near as possible tothe mayyit.Other mustahabat of Salaa alal MayyitPage 22  
  25. 25.  • Those who participate in the salaa to perform wudhoo or ghusl.• If the mayyit is that of a male, then the Imam or the person offering the salaa should alone stand at the middle part of the mayyit. However, if the mayyit is that of a female then he should stand at the chest of the mayyit.• To pray bare-foot.• To raise one’s hand (up to the ears) while reciting every takbeer.• To pray in jama’a.  Page 23 
  26. 26.  The shortest way to recite it is as follows:1st Takbeer followed by Kalimat Shahadatayn2nd Takbeer followed by Salawaat3rdTakbeer followed by seeking forgiveness for allthe believers4th Takbeer followed by seeking forgiveness forthe deceased5th Takbeer ends the Salaa The reason why Salaa al Mayyit has five takbeer: Imam Ja’fer As-Sadiq (AS) has said: “Since Islam is built on five strong pillars, which include Salaa, Zakaa, Sawm, Hajj and Wilaya of the AhlulBayt, therefore Allah has designated that one takbeer to be recited for each of these pillars of religion.”Page 24  
  27. 27.  The full version is as follows: ُ ْ ‫َﷲُ اَكبَر‬ ُ‫اَشھَد اَن آلﱠ اِلَهَ اِالﱠﷲُ وحْ دهُ الَ شريكَ لَه‬ ِْ َ َ َ ْ ُ ْ ُ‫و اَشھَد اَن محمدًا عبدهُ و رسُوْ لُه‬ َ َ َُْ ‫َ ْ ُ ﱠ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ِ َ َ ْ ِْ ‫ْ َ ﱢ ِْ ﱠ‬ ‫اَرْ سلَهُ بِالحق بَشيرًا و نَذيرًا بَينَ يَديْ السﱠاعة‬ َI bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He isalone and has no partners, and I bear witness thatMuhammad is his abd and His messenger. He wassent with the truth as a giver of good tidings andas one who warns about the hour (the last day). ُ ْ ‫َﷲُ اَكبَر‬ ‫اَللﱠھُم صل علَى محمد و اَل محمد‬ ٍ‫ﱠ َ ﱢ َ ُ َ ﱠٍ ﱠ ِ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ‫و سلﱢم علَى محمد و اَل محمد‬ ٍ‫َ َ ْ َ ُ َ ﱠٍ ﱠ ِ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ‫و بَارك علَى محمد و اَل محمد‬ ٍ‫َ ِ ْ ِ ُ َ ﱠٍ ﱠ ِ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ‫و ارْ حم علَى محمد و اَل محمد‬ ٍ‫َ َْ َ ُ َ ﱠٍ ﱠ ِ ُ َ ﱠ‬ ‫كاَفضل ما صلﱠيْت و سلﱠمت و بَاركت‬ َ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ َ َ َ ِ َ ْ َ  Page 25 
  28. 28.   ‫و تَرحمت على اِبراھيم و اَل اِبراھيم‬ َِْ َ ْ ِ َ َِْ َ ْ ََ َ ْ ‫َ َ ﱠ‬ ‫اِنﱠك حميد مجيد‬ ٌِْ ‫َ َ ٌِْ ﱠ‬O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his progeny andgrant peace to Muhammad and his progeny andbless Muhammad and his progeny and send Yourmercy on Muhammad and his progeny The best ofYour blessings, and peace and mercy which youbestowed upon Ibraheem and his progenyIndeed You are the Praised worthy and Great. ُ ْ ‫َﷲُ اَكبَر‬ ‫اَللﱠھُم اغفِرْ لِ ْلمؤمنينَ و المؤمينَت‬ ِ ْ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ِْ ِ ْ ُ ْ ‫ﱠ‬ ِ َ ْ ُْ َ ِْ ْ ُْ َ ‫و المسلِمينَ و المسلِمت‬ ‫ا َْالَحْ يَاء منھُم و االَموات‬ ِ َ ْ ْ َ ْ ِْ ِ ِ َ َْ ْ ْ ْ َ ْ ْ ‫تَابِع بَينَنَا و بَينَھُم بِالخيرات‬ ‫اِنﱠك مجيْبُ الدعوات‬ ِ ََ ‫ﱠ‬ ِ ُ َ ‫اِنﱠك علَى كلﱢ شيء قَدير‬ ٌ ِْ ٍ ْ َ ُ َ َPage 26  
  29. 29.  O Allah! Grant forgiveness to all the mu’mineenand mu’minaat, and to all the Muslims, men andwomen, The living among them and the dead,Link us to them through good deeds, Indeed Youare the One who answers duaIndeed You have power over everything. ُ ْ ‫َﷲُ اَكبَر‬If the deceased is a male َ‫اللﱠھُم اِن ھَذا عبدك وابْن عبدك وابنَ اَمتِك‬ َ ْ َ َ َِْ ُ َ َ ََْ َ ‫ﱠ ﱠ‬ ِ ٍ ُ َْ ُ َْ َ ْ َ ‫نَزل بِكَ و اَنت خير منزوْ ل بِه‬ َ َ‫اللﱠھُم اِنﱠا الَ نعلَم منهُ اِالﱠ خيرًا و اَنت اَعلَم بِه منﱠا‬ ِ ِ ُ ْ َ ْ ‫َْ ﱠ‬ ِْ ُ َْ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫اللﱠھُم اِن كانَ محْ سنًا فَزد فِى اِحْ سانِه‬ ِ َ ْ ِْ ِ ُ َ ْ ‫ﱠ‬ ْ َ َْ ْ َ َ َ ِْ ُ َ ْ َ ُ‫و اِن كانَ مسيئًا فَتجاوز عنهُ و اغفِرْ لَه‬ َ‫اَللﱠھُم اجْ ع ْلهُ عندَكَ فِى اَعلَى علﱢيين‬ ْ‫ِ ﱢ‬ ِ ْ ِْ َ ‫ﱠ‬ َ‫و اخلُف علَى اَھلِه فِى الغابِرين‬ ِْ َ ِ ْ َ ْ ْ َ َ‫و ارْ حمهُ بِرحْ متِك يَا اَرْ حم الرﱠاحمين‬ ِْ ِ ََ َ َ َ ْ ِ َ  Page 27 
  30. 30. ‫ ‬‫‪If the deceased is a female‬‬ ‫اللﱠھُم اِن ھَذه اَمتُك وابنَةُ عبدك وابنَةُ اَمتِكَ‬ ‫ﱠ ﱠ ِِ َ َ َ ْ َِْ َ َ ْ َ‬ ‫َ ْ َ َْ ُ َْ ُ ٍ ِ‬ ‫نَزل بِكَ و اَنت خير منزوْ ل بِه‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫اللﱠھُم اِنﱠا الَ نعلَم منھَا اِالﱠ خيرًا و اَنت اَعلَم بھَا‬ ‫َْ ﱠ ْ َ ْ ُ ِ‬ ‫َْ ُ ِْ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫منﱠا‬ ‫ِ‬ ‫اللﱠھُم اِن كانَت محْ سنَةً فَزد فِى اِحْ سانھَا‬ ‫َ ِ‬ ‫ِْ ْ‬ ‫ﱠ ْ َ ْ ُ ِ‬ ‫و اِن كانَت مسيئَةً فَتجاوز عنھَا و اغفِرْ لَھَا‬ ‫َ ْ َ ْ ُ ِْ َ َ َ ْ َْ َ ْ‬ ‫اَللﱠھُم اجْ ع ْلھَا عندَكَ فِى اَعلَى علﱢيﱢينَ‬ ‫ِ ْ‬ ‫ْ ِ‬ ‫ِْ‬ ‫ﱠ َ‬ ‫و اخلُف علَى اَھلِھَا فِى الغابِرينَ‬ ‫َ ِْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ ْ ْ َ‬ ‫و ارْ حمھَا بِرحْ متِك يَا اَرْ حم الرﱠاحمينَ‬ ‫ِ ِْ‬ ‫ََ‬ ‫َ َ َ‬ ‫َ ِ ْ‬ ‫ْ ُ‬ ‫َﷲُ اَكبَر‬‫,‪O Allah! This man/woman is Your abd‬‬‫‪daughter/son of Your abd. He/she has come to‬‬‫!‪You, and You are the best resting place O Allah‬‬‫82 ‪Page‬‬ ‫ ‪‬‬‫ ‬
  31. 31.  We know nothing about him/her except what isgood and You know more about him/her than weO Allah! If he/she was one who did good, increasehis/her good deeds; If he/she was one who didevil, then forgive him/her; O Allah! Place him/hernear You in the highest of positions and be aguardian for his/her family foreverBestow Your mercy, O the most Merciful of thosewho show mercy. The salaa is complete after thefifth and final takbeer.  Page 29 
  32. 32.   SALATUL WAHSHAT“A dead person does not bear greater hardships inhis/her grave at any time than the first night.” Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)On the day of burial it is recommended to givesadaqa, asking for rahma (mercy) for themarhum/marhuma.In addition as a gift, one should pray SalatulWahshat if one is a near relation or Salatul HadiyaMayyit with the niyya of pleasing Allah andseeking forgiveness for the dead person.Wahshat means loneliness and anxiety. This salaacan be recited at any time during the first part ofthe night of burial, but it is better to pray it at thebeginning of the night after Isha salaa.It consists of 2 rakaats.In the 1st rakaat after Suratul Hamd recite AyatulKursi (2:254, 255, 256)In the 2nd rakaat after Suratul Hamd recite 10xSuratul QadrPage 30  
  33. 33.   HADIYA MAYYITHadiya Mayyit means a gift to the mayyit. Thesalaa consists of 2 rakaats.In the 1st rakaat after Suratul Hamd recite SuratulQadrIn the 2nd rakaaat after Suratul Hamd reciteSuratul Kawthar.After completing the salaa, ask Allah to send thethawabs of the salaa to the grave of themarhum/marhuma.  Page 31 
  34. 34.   SALAA HADIYA WALIDAYN“The deceased ones are pleased and displeasedthe same way as we are; when we rememberthem with prayers for forgiveness and reward,they are delighted. These are taken by angels asspecial gifts to them, and they in turn pray for theliving ones for their kindness.” Imam Ja’fer As-Sadiq (PBUH)Salaa Walidayn is a prayer to be offered for one’sdeceased parents. It can be prayed for one orboth the parents.It consists of 2 rakat. In the first rakat after SuratulFatiha raise hand in qunoot and recite thefollowing 10x: ‫ربﱠنَا اغفِرْ لِى و لِوالِدي و لِ ْلمؤمنِيْن يَوم‬ َ ْ َ ِ ُْ َ ‫ْ َ َ َ ﱠ‬ ْ َ َ ِ ْ ُ ْ ُ‫يَقُوم الحساب‬Our Lord! grant me protection and my parentsand the believers on the day when the reckoningshall come to pass! (14:41)Page 32  
  35. 35.  In the second rakat after Suratul Fatiha raisehand in qunoot and recite the following 10x: ْ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ َ ‫َ َ َ ﱠ‬ ْ ‫ربﱢ اغفِرْ لِى و لِوالِدى و لِمن دخل بَيتِى‬َ ‫مؤمنًا و لِ ْلمؤمنِيْن و المؤمنَات‬ ِ ِ ُْْ َ َ ِ ُْ َ ِ ُْMy Lord! forgive me and my parents and him whoenters my house believing, and the believing menand the believing women; (71:28)Complete salaa then go into sajda and recite thefollowing 10x: ِْ َ َ ََ َ ْ َ ‫ربﱢ ارْ حمھُما كما ربﱠيَانِى صغيرًا‬ َO my Lord! have compassion on them, as theybrought me up (when I was) little. (17:24)  Page 33 
  36. 36.   SALATUL GHUFAYLA“Whoever prays Salatul Ghufayla and asks Allah togrant his/her wishes, will receive a positiveresponse from Him.” Imam Ja’fer As-Sadiq (PBUH)It is a 2 rakat salaa prayed between Maghrib andEisha salaa.In the first rakat after Suratul Fatiha recite ayat 87and 88 of Suratul Ambiya ِ َُ َ ‫َ َ ﱡْ ِ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫و ذا النون اِذ ذھَب مغاضبًا فَظن اَن لﱠن‬ ْ ْ ‫َﱠ‬ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ﱡ َ ِ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫نﱠقدر علَيه فَنَادى فِى الظلُمت اَن آلاِلَهَ اِال‬ َ ِْ َ َ ِْ ‫اَنت سبْحنَك اِنﱢى كنت من الظﱠالِميْن‬ َ ِ َ ِ ُ ُْ َ َ ُ َ ْAnd Yunus, when he went away in wrath, so hethought that We would not straiten him, so hecalled out among afflictions: There is no god butThou, glory be to Thee; surely I am of those whomake themselves to suffer loss.Page 34  
  37. 37.   َ ََ َ ‫َ ﱠْ ِ َ َْﱢ‬ ‫فَاستَجبنَا لَهُ و نَجينَاهُ من الغم وكذالِك‬ َْ ْ َ ِ ُْْ ِ ْ ‫نُنجى المؤمنِيْن‬So We responded to him and delivered him fromthe grief and thus do We deliver the believersIn the second rakat after Suratul Fatiha recite aya59 of Suratul An’am ُ ْ َ َ ‫َ َِْ َ ُ َْْ ِ َ ْ ُ ﱠ‬ ‫وعندهُ مفَاتِح الغيب ال يَعلَمھَآ اِالھُو ويَعلَم‬ ٍ َ ‫ْ ﱢ َ ْ ِ َ َ ْ ِ ْ ﱠ‬ ‫ما فِى البَر و البَحْ ر وما تَسقُطُ من ورقَة‬ َ ‫اِال يَعلَمھَا و ال حبﱠة فِى ظُلُمات االَرْ ض‬ ِ ْ ِ َ ٍ َ َ َ ُ ْ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫ٍ ﱠ‬ َ‫ََ َ ْ ٍ ﱠ‬ ‫وال رطب وال يَابِس اِال فِى كتَاب مبِين‬ ٍ ْ ‫ِ ٍ ﱡ‬And with Him are the keys of the unseentreasures-- none knows them but He; and Heknows what is in the land and the sea, and therefalls not a leaf but He knows it, nor a grain in thedarkness of the earth, nor anything green nor drybut (it is all) in a clear book.Then recite the following in qunoot:  Page 35 
  38. 38.   َ ْ ِ َْْ ِ َ َ ْ ْ ‫ﱠ‬ ‫اَللﱠھُم اِنﱢى اَسئَلُك بِمفَاتِح الغيب الﱠتِى ال‬ ‫يَعلَمھَآ اِال اَنت اَن تُصلﱢى علَى محمد وآلِه‬ ِ ‫ْ ُ ﱠ ْ َ ْ َ َ َ ُ َ ﱠٍ ﱠ‬ ْ َ َْ ْ َ ‫و اَن تَفعل بِى‬O Allah! Verily I ask You in the name of the keys ofthe unseen about which no one knows anythingexcept You. Send blessings on Muhammad and hisprogeny and fulfil my wishes (mention yourneeds).Then recite: َ ُ ِ ْ َ ْ َ ْ ‫ﱠ ْ َ َ ﱡ‬ ‫اَللﱠھُم اَنت و لِى نِعمتِى و القَادر علَى‬‫طلِبَتِى تَعلَم حاجتِى فَا َ سئَلُك بِحق محمد و‬‫ْ َ َ ﱢ ُ َ ﱠٍ ﱠ‬ ْ َ َ ُ ْ ْ َ ‫آلِه علَيه و علَيھم السﱠالم لَما قَضيتَھَا لِى‬ ْ َْ ‫َ ُ ﱠ‬ ُِْ َ َ ِْ َ ِO Allah! You are the Master of every bounty givento me and You have control over that which I askfor; You are aware of my desire, therefore I askYou in the name of Muhammad and his progenyfor the fulfilment (of my wishes). (mention yourneeds)Page 36  
  39. 39. Copyright © 2010 Q Fatima