Khilafah is the Answer


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Khilafah is the Answer

  1. 1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9Khilafah 10 11 12is the Answer 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Al-Khilafah Publications 34 e-mail: 35 website: 36 37 38 39
  2. 2. 1 2 3 4 5 Contents 6 7 8 Al-Khilafah Publications 9 Suite 298 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 10 56 Gloucester Road 11 London SW7 4UB Khilafah is the Answe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9 r 12 e-mail: 13 website: The Khilafah Defined . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10 14 15 Establishing the Khilafah is Compulsory . . . . . . . . . .11 16 Ramadhan 1409/April 1989 17 Revised Evidence from the Sunnah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11 18 Jumada al ula 1423/July 2002 19 Consensus of the Companions (Ijma-as-sahaba) . . . . .15 20 ISBN 1 899 574 239 21 The Shariah Principle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 22 23 Translation of the Qur’an Evidence from the Book of Allah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 24 25 It should be perfectly clearthat the Qur’an is only authentic in its original The time limit forappointing a Khalif 26 language, Ara Since perfect translation of the Qur’an is impossible, we bic. and the consequence of not fulfilling this duty . . . . .19 27h used the translation of the meaning of the Qur’an’ throughout the book,ave 28 as the result is onlyacrude meaning of the Ara text. bic The Unity of the Khilafa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21 h 29 30 Qur’anic Ayat andtransliterated Establishing the Khilafah the Prophets wa . . . . . . .22 y 31 wo have been italicised. rds 32 The Culturing Stage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23 33 AHadith appear in bold 34 The Need to Wo as a Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 rk 35 - subhanahu wata’ala 36 - sallallahu ‘alaihiwasallam The Public Interaction Stage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25 37 ra - radhi allaho anha/anho 38 AH - After Hijrah The Ideological Struggle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29 39 CE - Christian Era
  3. 3. IntroductionCompromise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30Persecution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31 The Times Newspaper once quoted a Hindu writer as saying,Sacrifice . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 "Turkey is now reduced from being a world-influence as the head of Islam to the insignificance of a Balkan State."The Seeking of Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .34 Th was on the 7th of March 1924, a few days after the atThe Importance of Public Opinion . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 destruction of the Khilafah ruling system at the hands of the traitor Mustapha Kamal. Almost 80 ye rs later it is clear wh a a atThe Importance of Interaction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 miserable fate was to await the Muslims of Balkan States suchas Bosnia and Kosovo. Who could fo rget the sight of girls,The Return of the Khilafah is near . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37 tormented and unable to bear dishonour, hanging by their neck s from trees? Who could fo rget the fields full of bones atThe Help of Allah . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .39 Srebrenica? These we victims of crimes committed under the re noses of a cowa rdly UN protection fo that had betra its rce yedO Believe Answer the Call of Allah . . . . . . . . . . . .40 rs promise, g iven in exchange for the disarming of the local Muslim fighters defending against the Serbs. We should ask how such things could happen when the sons of Sultan Murad, who brought Islam to the Balkans 600 ye rsearlier, we only 15 minutes awa a re y by plane? How desperate we felt when planes of food and blankets and copies of Quran we sent while our armies we re re locked in their barracks! How many hundred thousand children have died in Iraq under a cruel intern ational regime of sanctions? Yet at the time of writing the doors of Iraqs neighboursare now open to a similar number of US troops in readiness for yet another killing spree, this time in the name of a "war on terror". How long will the Muslims of Afghanistan suffer American bombing and subjugation to mafiawarlords under the cover of a phoney Loya Jirga headed by a Pashtun consultant for a major American oil company? Muslims eve wherehave sensed themselves an open target fo ry r attack - easy prey whether in Palestine, Iraq, Bosnia, Chechnya , Kosovo, Afghanistan, Kashmir, Somalia, Gujarat - and the list is a ys growing. lwa
  4. 4. 6 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 7 Since the destruction of the Khilafah Muslims have been Saudi Arabias money and Sudans population and agricultura l 1plumbing the depths of despair. The Islamic wo has become rld potential should produce a huge and successful fa rming industry; 2ch racterised by failure, disunity, bloodshed, insecurity and a Gulf finance and Egyptian expertise and population should 3oppression. Our countries are totally ineffective on the produce a successful manufacturing industry - they do not, why? 4international stage and due to the dominance of our enemies they 5a unable to do anything for themselve Wo than that our re s. rse Why is it that in matters of religion, history, language and 6rulers themselves seem to be the daggerat our own thro in the ats culture we are so similar to each other, yet we are so disunited? 7hand of our enemies. 8 In the end these questions boil down to one, namely, why is it 9 It is against this sorry background of a i that the time has ffars that the once mighty and gre Muslim nation is now so weak? at 10come for the Muslims to ask themselves some searching questions, 11such as why our society has become so back rd and why our wa Our weakness is not inherent, and certainly does not lie with 12gove rnments are amongst the most ruthless in the wo rld. They Islam. Weareweak because wehaveabandoned Islam. Although 13think nothing of imprisoning subjects by the thousands without weremain Muslims, the environment and society in whichwe live 14trial, and inflicting torture and extermination upon their own is non-Islamic. 15people. 16 The present day Muslim society can no longer be said to 17 Despite all the oppression that the Muslim Ummah faces we represent Islam. The public values, ideas, concepts, l ws and a 18a ch racterised with confusion, weakness and disunity. Fo re a r ruling system proceed from the non-Islamic viewpoint of life. 19example, why had the Arab wo rld, with its money and oil, been We have changed our loyalties and commitments from Islam to 20unable to wield any influence against Israel, and why has the ignorance (Jahilliyah). Capitalism, democra cy, socialism, 21Muslim nation, more than one billion in number, been unable to nationalism, self-interest, benefit, and pride are all ideas thathave 22defe Israel, anation with a population the size of I at reland? replaced the unity of Allah (Tawheed) as the motivation of lifeand 23 source of authority. Thus, the Islamic valueshave ceased to enter 24 Why, when the Arab states alone havereceived many thousands ourhearts; our minds are no longer illuminated by the true Islamic 25of billions of dollars of oil revenues, has none of them got concepts, and our wa of life is at variance with our creed. y 26a where near becoming a newly industrialised country like Ko a ny re 27or Singapore? Who can even imagine so mu money but wh ch at When in 1924 Mustapha Kamal fo rmallyabolished the Khilafa h 28has it bought for this Ummah? It was taken from beneath our system, the Muslims finally relinquished the divine laws(Ahkam 29feet but it did not feed our poor or provide laboratories for our Shariah) as the regulator of their live Th adopted Western s. ey 30scientists or investment for our industry. It was not spent to raise codes and systems of ruling and detached Islam from lifes affars. i 31an army to gain victory for Islam and the Muslims in even one The Muslims turned awa from the sole wo y rship of Allah to 32single wa Rather, we have become used to many wa among r. rs the wo rship of man-made systems and law This is the source of s. 33ourselve and we wait for bombs to fall upon our heads in the s, our weakness and humiliation. 34name of a post September 11th war on terror as indeed wehave 35waited in impotence many times befo re. After the demolition of the Khilafah the Muslim territories fell 36 under the occupation of the European colonial powe in rs, 37 Why is there such a complete lack of co-operation and p rticular, Britain and France. These two countries directly a 38complementarity between the various Muslim state economies? imposed their capitalist systems in the fields of economics, ruling, 39
  5. 5. 8 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 9education, and politics. The countries we completely gove re rned manoeuvred and ove rpowe red the Muslims. But the Islamic 1by these secular systems. activists, throughout the Muslim countries, neverabandoned their 2 wo rk. They continued to wo in the society to confi m the rk r 3 Under the colonial powe many Western educated people rose rs, failure of the secular programmes to bring about the desired 4to high positions within the state. Th held important positions ey progress and improvement in the standard of living. They 5in government, society and the media. Th rough their influence stru ggled to refute the secularists political dogma, and to uncover 6they sought to Westernise society in the Islamic world. the conspiracies against the Muslim Ummah. 7 8 After the Second Wo Wa old style colonialism came under rld r, When the failure of these alien systems became clearly visible 9attack. The European powe facedheavy financial obligations as rs for eve ryone to see, people began to consider Islam as the real 10aresult of the wa and due to the weight of Soviet propaganda r; political altern ative to the corruption, humiliation, weakness, 11against colonialism, and more importantly, anti-colonial pressure d ivision and apathywhichhadtaken root in eve Muslim country. ry 12from the United States, the occupying powe withdrew and rs Accordingly, over the last two decades Muslims, throughout the 13pseudo-independence wasgiven to the colonies. Islamic wo rld, h returned to Islam. Arabs, Afghans, Africans, ave 14 Iranians, Ku s, Malaysians, Pakistanis, Tu s, and many other rd rk 15 These newly independent states we left in the hands of the re Muslims of diffe rent nationalities havestarted to study its beliefs, 16new generation of secular people who had been groomed by the contemplate its lawsandrules on society and state, andhavetaken 17West and cultivated under the supervision of the old imperialists. up the stru ggle to restore Islam as the regulator of their live s. 18These secularists followed in the footsteps of their fo rmer The strength of their will and conviction in Islam is so potent 19colonial masters. that it has shook thrones, forced itself onto the political agenda of 20 the superpowe and captivated the imagination and intrigue of rs 21 In an effo to achieve progress and to revive their countries rt the West. But above all, this newfound zeal for Islam has sent a 22these new secular leadersexplored eve avenue and slogan, ap rt, ry a resounding message of hope to eve Muslim that Islam will again ry 23it must be said, f rom Islam. Wh is ap a at p rent, howeve isthat the r, be brought back to the mainstream of life. Wh is required from at 24reve happened. Politically there is only corruption and rse us is to contribute to this blessed stru ggle through a profound 25oppression; and the regimes succeed only in dividing and understanding of the nature of ourproblem, the correct solution 26impoverishing the nation. Humiliatingly the Muslim countries for this problem, and the procedure to bring to fruition this 27h become increasingly dependent on their enemies. ave solution. 28 29 In sum, the secular programmes did not only fail to achieve the Khilafah is the Answer 30false dreams of the materialist thinke but pushed the Muslims rs, 31further towa total enslavement to the Western and communist rds 32blocs. Allah, the Supreme demands that people wo rship Him alone. 33 This means that they derive their concepts, values, l ws and ruling a 34 In the heroic liberation battles that we fought to free Muslim re system from Allah, i.e. Th rough the Quran and the Sunnah of the 35land, Islam was the onlyreal power that moved the people. Yet, Prophet . Adopting any other source of authority is a negation 36when the reigns of power returned to the people, the Muslims of the declaration La ilaha illa Allah - there is no deity but Allah. 37who led the battles we removed, and the secularists usurped the re 38powe In Tunisia, Algeria, Egypt and Pakistan secularists out r. Islam provides the Muslim not only with a belief (Iman) but the 39
  6. 6. 10 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 11solutions for all his problems as well. The application of these Although some refer to the system by the name of Imamah, the 1solutions to the problems of life is wo rship. When the Muslims actual ruling system is one and the same. Numerous authentic 2applied these solutions, i.e. The divine laws(Ahkam Shariyah)and traditions (Ahadith Sahiha) of the Prophet confi m this. Whilst r 3conducted all their affars according to Islam and the Islamic i either name can be used to identify the system, Islam demands 4ruling system, wewe the mightiest nation on earth and the most re that the Muslims adhere totally to the Islamic system these Hadith 5civilised society the wo has ever known. When we slackened in rld describe. 6our adherence to Islam, we declined both as a state and people. 7When weabandoned Islam and its system of life, our decline wa s The Khilafah means the common leadership of all Muslims in 8complete and our failure and humiliation wasapparent for all to the world, which implements the divine (Shariah)laws and conveys 9see. the invitation (Dawah) of Islam to the world. The Imamah means 10 the same. 11 Our revival can only occur when wereturn to Islam, believing in 12its creed and implementing its systems and law When these two s. 13interdependent elements are brought together in harmony, the Establishing the Khilafah is Compulsory 14Muslims will progress. Achieving the satisfaction of Allah , we 15will ascend to our rightful level as leaders of mankind. But so The establishment of a Khalif for Muslims is an obligation on all 16long as we implement non-Islamic laws and systems of life we Muslims all over the wo rld. The performance of this duty, like 17will continue to fumble in the depths of despair, exploited and a of the duties prescribed by Allah , must be done. There is ny 18cheated by nations who once never dreamed they could be our no choice in the matter. To be complacent, or to neglect this duty 19equals let alone our superiors. is one of the greatest sins forwhich Allah will punish seve rely. 20 This understanding is supported by evidences from the Book of 21 Currently, the non-Islamic systems of government, with the Allah , the Sunnah and the consensus of the companions of 22assistance of fo and oppression, p rce revent us from living the the Prophet , i.e. Ijmaa-as-sahaba. 23kind of life demanded of us by Allah taala. Therefo these re, 24governments must be removed, to be replaced by one Islamic 25government, i.e. The Khilafahstate. Evidence from the Sunnah 26 27 The establishment of the Khilafah state is not only a practical Abdullah bin Omar reported: 28necessity, but also a religious obligation. 29 “I heard the Messenger of Allah s ay: 30 31The Khilafah Defined 32 33 The bodyresponsible for the implementation of the divine laws 34(Ahkam Shariyah) and the propagation of Islam is known as the 35Khilafah. The Khilafah is the name given to the Islamic ruling ‘Whoso takes off his hand from allegience (baya) to 36system which is distinguishable from all other ruling systems. Allahwill meet him on the ressurrection day without having 37Based solely on the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of the any proof for him, and whoso dies while there was no 38Prophet the Khilafah system is unique. allegiance on his neck dies a death of the days of ignorance 39
  7. 7. 12 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 13(jahiliyyah).”’ [Muslim] against them." [Al Mawerdy] 1 2 Thus, the Prophet made it compulsory that eve Muslimry Muslim reported on the authority of al-Araj on the authority 3should have a pledge of allegiance (Baya) on his or her neck. He of Abu Hurarahthat the Prophet said: i 4described the person who dies without a pledge of allegiance on 5his neck as dying a death of the days of ignorance, i.e. Befo re 6Islam. The pledge of allegiance is not given to anyone except the 7Khalif. "Behold, the imam is but a shield from behind which the 8 people fight and by which they protect themselves." 9 Although the Prophet did not mention that it was compulsory 10for eve Muslim to give a pledge of allegiance to a Khalif, h ry e Muslim reported on the authority of Abu Hazim who said: 11made it an obligation that eve Muslim should have a pledge on ry 12his neck. In other wo s, it is compulsory for there to exist a rd 13pledge of allegiance on the neck of eve eligible Muslim. This ry 14necessitates the presence of a Khalif to whom eve Muslim can ry 15give the pledge. Accordingly it is the presence of the Khilafah, 16which renders possible the existence of a pledge (Baya) on the 17neck of eve Muslim. ry 18 19 Therefo this Hadith of the Prophet is an evidence that the re, 20appointment of a Khalif is an obligation (Wajib) and not an 21evidence to suggest the making of the pledge is an obligation. 22This is so, because the Prophet , in the Hadith, rebu kes the 23absence of the pledge of allegiance on the neck of the Muslim at "I accompanied abu hurairah for five years and heard him 24the time of death, and not the giving of the Baya itself. talking about the prophet saying: the prophets ruled over the 25 children of israel. Whenever a prophet died, another prophet 26 Hisham bin Urwareported on the authority of Abey Saleh on succeeded him, but there will be no prophet after me. There 27the authority of Abu Hurarahthat the Prophet said: i will soon be khalifs and they will number many. They asked: 28 what then do you order us? He said: fulfil allegiance to them 29 one after the other. Give them their dues. Verily Allah will 30 ask them about what he entrusted them with." 31 32 Abdullah ibn Abbasreported that the Prophet said: 33 34 "Leaders will take charge of you after me, there the pious 35(one) will lead you with his piety and the impious with his 36impiety, so listen to them and obey them in everything which 37conforms with the truth. If they acted rightly it is to your 38credit, and if they acted wrongly it is counted for you and 39
  8. 8. 14 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 15 "If anyone sees in his amir something that displeases him "Whoso pledged allegiance to an imam giving him the 1let him remain patient, for behold! He who separates himself clasp of his hand and the fruit of his heart shall obey him as 2from the sultan (authority of islam) by even so much as a long as he can, and if another comes to dispute with him, 3hand spand and dies thereupon he has dies the death of you must strike the neck of that man." 4jahilyyah (days of ignorance)." [Al-Bukhari and Muslim.] 5 Therefo the command to obey the Imam is an order to re, 6 In these traditions (Ahadith) the Prophet info rms us that establish him, and the command to fight those who dispute with 7leaders will run the affars of Muslims, and included in these i him is a collaborating evidence that this command is decisive in 8hadiths is the description of the Khalif as a shield, i.e. A maintaining the presence of one Khalif. 9p rotection. The description of the Imam as a shield is an 10indication of the benefit of the presence of the Imam, thus, it is 11a command of enjoinment on Muslims. This is so, because when Consensus of the Companions (Ijma-as-sahaba) 12Allah and His Prophet info us about something wherein a rm 13rebu is mentioned this is taken as a command of p ke rohibition, in All the companions (Sahaba) agreed upon the necessity of 14other wo s, to abstain from the thing. If the text, i.e. The ve e rd rs establishing a successor (Khalif) to the Prophet after his death. 15or Hadith, contains praise it is taken as a command to do the Th all agreed to appoint a successor to AbuBakr, and upon his ey 16action. If the commanded action is necessary to implement a death to appoint a successor to Umar, and upon Uthmans death 17d ivine law(Hukm Sharai), or if its neglect would cause a divine law to appoint Ali as a successor to him. 18to be abandoned, then this command is a decisive command, i.e. 19An obligation. The consensus of the companions (may Allah be pleased with 20 them) on the establishment of a Khalif manifested itself 21 The Ahadith info rm us that those who run the affars of i emphatically on the death of the Prophet . The companions 22Muslims are Khalifs. Therefo this is a command to establish or re, delayed the burial of the Prophet and engaged themselves in 23appoint them. The hadiths also include the prohibition upon appointing a successor to him. It is known that the burial of the 24Muslims sep rating themselves from the authority, and a person is obligatory(Fard), and that it is a sin (Haram) for those 25consequently, an obligation upon Muslims to establish an who are supposed to prep re the burial to engage themselves in a 26authority, i.e. Ruling. Furthermore, the Prophet o rdered the anything else until they complete the burial. In spite of this, some 27Muslims to obey the Khalifs and to fight those who dispute their of the companions engaged themselves in appointing a Khalif, 28authority as Khalifs, which in turn means a command to appoint even though theywe obliged to engage themselves in preparing re 29a Khalif and to protect his Khilafahby fighting those who dispute the burial of the Prophet . The other companions kept silent on 30his authority. their action and participated in delaying the burial for two nights, 31 despite having the ability to condemn the delay and being able to 32 Muslim on the authority of Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Ass bu the Prophet . ry 33reported that the Prophet said: 34 This action of the companions is therefo an evidence of re 35 consensus (ijma-as-sahaba) to support the appointment of a Khalif 36 rather than to bu the dead. This could not be legitimate, unless ry 37 the appointment of a Khalif is more of an obligation than the 38 burial of the dead. 39
  9. 9. 16 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 17 All the companions (may Allah be pleased with them) agreed "And rule between them by that which Allah revealed to you, and do not 1throughout their lives upon the obligation of appointing a Khalif. follow their vain desires away from the truth which came to you." 2Although at times they diffe about the person to be appointed, red [TMQ Al-Mai’dah: 48] 3they never disagreed that a Khalif should be appointed. 4Accordingly, the consensus of the companions (ijma-as-sahaba)is And He said: 5both a clear and strong evidence that the appointment of a Khalif 6is obligatory. 7 8 9The Shariah Principle 10 "And rule between them by that which Allah revealed to you, and do not 11 The establishment of ourreligion (Deen) and the implementation follow their whims, and beware that they may deviate you away from some of 12of the divine law in eve aspect of life is an obligation (Fard) ry which Allah revealed to you." [TMQ Al-Mai’dah:49] 13proven through authentic and conclusive evidences. Howeve r, 14the establishment of the deen and implementation of the divine The speech of Allah to the Prophet is also a speech to the 15l w cannot be achieved unless there is a ruler who possesses thea Prophets Ummah (nation), unless there is an evidence which 16authority to do so. Accordingly, the fulfilment of the duties to indicates this speech is limited to him. In this case there is no 17implement the divine law and to establish the deen cannot be such evidence limiting this add ress to the Prophet . Thus, the 18accomplished unless there exists the ruler. In this context the verses call upon Muslims to establish the rule of Allah. The 19shariah principle states: appointment of a Khalif does not mean other than the 20 establishment of the rule of Allah and the authority of Islam. 21 22 Regarding the authority, Allah taala obliges the Muslims to obey 23 "That which is necessary to accomplish a duty those in authority, i.e. The ruler, which is an indication that the 24(Wajib) is itself a duty (Wajib)." existence of the ruler is obligatory. Allah taala says: 25 Therefo according to this divine principle the presence of a re, 26Khalif is compulsory. 27 28 29Evidence from the Book of Allah 30 "O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the messenger and those in 31 Allah taala commanded the Prophet to rule the affars of i authority among you." [TMQ An-Nisa: 59] 32Muslims by that which He revealed to him; this command of 33Allah was conveyed in a most decisivewa Allah a ressed the y. dd Allah does not command obedience to those who do not exist. 34Prophet s aying: Therefo the existence of aruler is a must, and the order of re, 35 Allah to obey those in authority is also an order to establish them. 36 37 The implementation of the divine lawdepends on the presence 38 of the ruler, i.e. The man with authority, and the absence of the 39
  10. 10. 18 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 19ruler results in the non-application of the divine law As the . (Dawah) is beyond doubt with rega to its status in the texts of rds 1absence of the ruler results in the non-application of the divine Islamic law Furthermore, the duty is obligatory because Allah . 2l w which is a sin, the presence of the ruler is compulsory.a , made it compulsory(Fard) upon Muslims to establish the authority 3 of Islam and to protect the honour of Muslims. This duty, 4 It is apparent from these evidences that the establishment of h oweve is a collective duty, i.e. Fard Kifayah. Accordingly, if some r, 5the rule and authority amongst Muslims is a duty, and that the people accomplish it, the duty is fulfilled and the responsibility is 6appointment of a Khalif, who takes ch rge of the rule and a therefo disch rged from the rest of the nation (Ummah). But re a 7authority in order to implement the divine law - not merely for the if a section of the Ummah is unable to accomplish this duty, 8s ke of the rule and authority alone - is also compulsory. a though they undertook actions required to fulfil it, then the 9 responsibility remains and the obligation falls upon all the 10 The following Hadith of the Prophet indicates that the Muslims. The duty will not be ex cused from any Muslim so long 11obligation of establishing a ruler is not merely for the sake of as the Muslims are without the Khalif. 12authority and ruling. Auf bin Malik al Ashjayi reported on the 13authority of Muslim that the Prophet said: 14 The time limit for appointing a Khalif and the 15 consequence of not fulfilling this duty 16 17 It is forbidden (Haram) for a Muslim to remain more than two 18 nights without having a pledge of allegiance (Baya) on his neck. 19 This is concluded from the consensus of the companions (ijma-as- 20 sahaba). 21 22 As soon as the Sahaba heard the news that the Prophet wa s 23 dead, they went to the courtya of Banu Saida to discuss the rd 24 "The best of your imams (leaders) are those whom you appointment of a successor to the Messenger of Allah. At this 25love and they love you and who pray for you and you pray time the Prophet had not been buried. The Sahaba continued 26for them, and the worst of your imams are those whom you discussing the matter into the second day following the death of 27hate and they hate you and you curse them and they curse the Prophet . Thereafter they gathered in the mosque to give 28you. We asked: o messenger of allah, shall we not then the Baya to AbuBakr. When the baya had been given, the Sahab a 29declare war on them. He said: no, as long as they establish p a rep red the burial of the Prophet ; three days and two nights 30prayer among you." [Muslim] after his death the Prophet wasburied. Thus, the companions 31 of the Prophet delayed the burial until after they had chosen a 32 This Hadith clearly info rms us about the good and the bad successor. 33leaders, and about the prohibition of revolting against their 34authority so long as they establish the pra r. Establishing the ye When Umar bin al-Khattab was close to death he nominated 35p yer indicates upholding the religion and implementing its rules. ra the six people among the companions who, when the Prophet 36 had died, he had been pleased with them to select a Khalif f rom 37 Therefo the obligation upon Muslims to appoint the Khalif re, among themselve The six included Uthman, Ali and Abdul s. 38who implements the laws of Islam and conveys its invitation Rahman bin Awf ( ay Allah be pleased with them). Omar m 39
  11. 11. 20 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 21decreed that if a greement on the choice of Khalif was not reached Those who do not participate in the wo to accomplish the rk 1within threeday the one whodisagrees should be beheaded after s, duty will be sinful from threedays after the dep rture of the Khalif a 2the three day No one disputed this order, even though to kill s. until the new Khalif is appointed. This is so, because Allah had 3someone without just cause is haram. And these six we not just re entrusted them with a duty that they neither carried out, nor 4anyone; they we the best of the companions who had been re p rticipated in. Thus, they deserve the sin, the punishment and a 5promised paradise. The agreement of the companions on this shame of Allah both in this life and the hereafter. Th refrain ey 6order is therefo an Islamic evidence for us that the Muslims are re f rom establishing the Khilafah and from perfo rming the actions, 7forbidden to be without a Khalif for more than threeday After s. whichaccording to the divine law establish him. The shunning of , 8the three days of discussion and consultation with the people of a obligatory duty that Allah has enjoined upon the Muslims, ny 9Medina, Uthman waschosen as Khalif. p rticularly the duty by which other duties are implemented, the a 10 d ivine lawestablished the wo of Allah exalted and Islam carried rd 11 The appointment of a Khalif is obligatory from the moment aloft, clearly deserves the punishment of Allah . 12the previous Khalif dies or is disposed. If the delay exceeds two 13nights and the Muslims have not established a Khalif the matter 14must be examined: if the Muslims we busy engaging in re The Unity of the Khilafah 15appointing the Khalif, but due to overwhelming circumstances, 16they could not accomplish it within two nights, the sin will fall The Muslims are not allowed to have more than one Khalif and 17from them. This is so because they engaged in perfo rming the one state; this is confi med by the following hadiths: r 18duty but we unable to accomplish the duty in the prescribed re 19time because of compelling circumstances. Howeve if theywe r, re Abu Said al Khudri reported that the Prophet said: 20not engaged in the duty theywould be sinful. 21 22 To refrain from establishing a Khalif for Muslims is a gre sin, at 23because it is an absentation from fulfilling one of the most "When oath of allegiance (Baya) has been taken for two 24important duties of Islam. The implementation of the Sharia khalifs, kill the latter of them." [Muslim] 25(divine law) and the ve existence of Islam in the battlefield of ry 26life depend upon the fulfilment of this duty. Consequently, the Abdullah bin Amr bin al-Ass reported that the Prophet said: 27Muslims as a whole commit a gre sin if they refrain from at 28establishing a Khalif for themselve If they agree to abandon s. 29this duty, the sin would fall on eve single Muslim in the entire ry 30wo rld. If some of the Muslims embark on wo rking to establish 31a Khalif whilst the others do not, the sin would fall from the 32shoulders of those wo rking to establish the Khilafah, but would 33remain with the rest until the Khalif existed, becauseparticipating "Whoso pledged allegaince (baya) to an imam giving him 34in the wo to accomplish the duty (Fard) has the effect of rk the clasp of his hand and the fruit of his heart shall obey 35removing the sin from the failure to fulfil the duty. This is the him as long as he can. If another comes to dispute with 36result of theparticipation in the wo to accomplish it and a deep rk him, you must strike the neck of that man." Muslim 37hatred of the thing that prevents the accomplishment of the duty. 38 Arfajareported that the Messenger of Allah said: 39
  12. 12. 22 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 23 1 The Prophet Muhammed wasdivinely guided in his quest to 2 establish the fi st Islamic State in Medina; and as such, his wa r y 3 constitutes the divine answer to the question of how to establish 4 "Whoso comes to you, while your affair has been united the Khilafah State. 5under one man, intending to divide your staff or dissolve 6your unity, kill him." [Muslim] 7 8 When the Khilafah has been re-established its duty will be to "Say: this is my way: i call on Allah with sure knowledge, i and whoever 9annex all the other present day Muslim countries to it; thus followeth me." [TMQ Yusuf: 108] 10fo rming one state for all Muslims. The existing boundaries that 11d ivide the Muslim Ummah must be removed. There is no Islamic 12evidence to support the view that they should remain once the The Culturing Stage 13Khilafah has been established. The modern state boundaries are 14completelyartificial and are the cre ation of the colonialist nations The beginning of the Prophethood commenced with the 15that once occupied the land of Muslims. revelation: 16 17 18Establishing the Khilafah the Prophets way 19 20 In the quest of establishing the Khilafah state it is obligatory 21upon us to make the light of our guidance our Prophet "Read in the anme of your lord who created. Created man out of a clot 22Muhammed , because the duty to follow the Prophet in this (of congealed blood). Read and your lord is the most bounteous. Who 23question is the same as the command to follow him in the taught by the pen. Taught man what he knew not." [TMQ: Al-Alaq: 1- 24question of p yer(Salat), pilgrimage(Hajj) and any other aspect ra 5] 25of our deen. 26 Then, with the revelation of the last ve of Surah Ad-Duha, rse 27 Allah s ays: i.e. "The Morning Hours": 28 29 30 31 "Nor does he speak of his own desire. It is not save an inspiration that "Therefore of the bounty of thy lord be thy discourse." [TMQ: Ad- 32is inspired." [TMQ An-Najm: 3-4] Duha: 6] 33 34 And, The Prophet conveyed the Message to members of his own 35 household and to Abu Bakr, his life-long companion. With the 36 assistance of AbuBakr, the Prophet contacted people whom he 37 thought would respond to the call of Islam until Muhammads 38 "Whoever obeys the prophet obeys allah." [TMQ An-Nisa: 80] call became well known within Makkah. 39
  13. 13. 24 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 25 During this initial period - which was to last for three ye rs - a The Need to Work as a Group 1Islam was conveyed to the inhabitants of Makkah and there wa s 2no direct confrontation with the idolators(Mushrikeen) and their Individuals cannot accomplish the establishment of the 3wa of ignorance (Jahiliyyah). ys Khilafah. It is a collective duty that requires the Muslims to act in 4 a concerted manner as a group. The Prophet did not leave his 5 In this period, c re wastaken to develop dispositions, attitudes a followe to act as individuals. The Muslims would meet in Dar Al rs 6and behavioural patterns, which we the living example of the re Arqam (the house of Al Arqam) where they would learn about 7Quran. The Prophet sought to cultivate a unique group of Islam, p y together and act in eve capacity as a group - a unique ra ry 8Muslims who would be ready for the consequences of open group. 9confrontation with society that was to soon follow . 10 Practical examples of the companions (may Allah be please with 11 At the time when Prophethood was confe rred upon Muhammed them) acting as a group are numerous. For example the 12 the society, its beliefs, values, emotions and laws we non re companions came together one day and remarked that Qura ysh 13Islamic; in sum the society was Jahil. Against this background the hadneverheard the Quran distinctlyread to them ex cept from the 14culturing stagewas used by the Prophet to build up the Islamic Prophet . AbduAllah bin Masud said that he would make 15creed in the followe and to strengthen their faith in Allah . It rs Qura listen to it. So in the morning he went to the Ka and ysh aba 16was used to replace the Jahili customs, ideas, and values with read the Quran aloud, whereupon Quraysh set upon him and 17Tawheed, i.e. The unity of Allah. The Prophet would collect began to hit him. When he returned to the companions they said: 18the Muslims in Dar al Arqam and mould them according to the "This is wh we fe red would happen to you." He said: "Allahs at a 19guidance of the Quran. enemies we never more contemptible in my sight than theyare re 20 now and if you like I will go and do the same thing befo them , re 21 Today, Jahiliyyah similarly surrounds us. Our society is non- tomorrow The companions said: "No, you have done enough, ." 22Islamic, as it was at the beginning of the Prophets mission, youhave made them listen to wh they dont want to hear." at 23though we are Muslims as individuals. Accordingly, the initial 24stage of the movement to establish the Khilafah had to go Another example occurredwhen the Negus of Abyssinia called 25through this prep ration stage with the objective is to build up a the Muslims to answeraccusations made by Qura ysh, concerning 26the Islamic creed in the individuals of the group. This stage is the position of Jesus in Islam. When the summons reached the 27ch racterised by a deep and practical study of the Islamic ideology a Muslims they held a council to discuss the matter. Th decided ey 28that prep res the individual to bear the duties of offering the call a to info rm the Negus exactly wh the Quran says without at 29to resume the Islamic way of life, which will require patience, deviation and sent Ja bin Abi Talib to speak on their behalf. far 30endurance and persistence. The confidence in Islam as a whole, After hearing Ja statement, the Negus told the Muslims, "Go in far 31and in its different systems, needs to be cultivated by a good peace, whoever insults you shall be punished. Go in peace, 32knowledge of Islam and its systems so as to help restore the wherever you wish. In my land you will be secure." 33nations confidence in Islam. The aim is to establish a Pa rty 34structured upon a clear and unshake able belief in the ideology in 35readiness for the uncompromising add ress of the Dawah to The Public Interaction Stage 36society. 37 The following Quranic ve marked the transition of the call rse 38 f rom its culturing stage to that of public interaction: 39
  14. 14. 26 u Khilafah is the Answer Khilafah is the Answer u 27 The third major initiative occurred following the conversion to 1 Islam by Hamza and Umar ibn al-Khattab. The Prophet 2 arranged the Muslims into two columns, with Hamza heading one 3 column and Umar heading the other, and then they marched 4 around the Ka aba. This shocked the people of Makkah. For the 5 "Therefore proclaim (openly) that which you are commanded, and turn fi st time theywe confronted with the reality of the solid basis r re 6away from the polytheists. Verily, we are sufficient unto you against the of the Muslims. Prior to this demonstration, the Muslims pra dye 7scoffer. Who take with Allah another god but they will come to know." in private, thereafter they pra in the courtya of the Ka yed rd aba. 8[TMQ Al-Hijr: 94-96] 9 These incidents pushed the Prophet and the Muslims into 10 In this interaction stage, the Prophet began to openly the confrontational phase of the Dawah. 11confront the system of jaahiliyah within Qura ysh. He demanded 12that theyacknowledge and wo rship no god(s) beside Allah . He In this stage, the Prophet presented the Muslims as an 13chose a number of initiatives to bring Islam into the centre of organised group that was intent on challenging and changing the 14public attention. Firstly, he invited his relative among who we s, re society, its values, ideals, practices, emotions and system of ruling 15the leaders of Qura ysh, to a banquet at his home. He explained and the organisation of lifes affars. In this task, the Prophet i 16to them the Message and promised them a paradise which is as met the jahiliyyah system head on without any compromise or 17vast as the earth and heavens, and wa rned them of a fi e which: r deviation. 18 19 Heattacked the aristocratic and money conscious values of the 20 Jahiliyyah society in the following manner: 21 "On the day when we say unto hell: art thou filled? And it saith: can there 22be more to come?" [TMQ Qaf: 30] 23 24 The Prophet also went to the top of the hill of As-Safaand 25proclaimed to all the clans of Quraysh: 26 "Woe unto every slander, traducer who accumulates wealth and counts it. 27 He thinks that his wealth will render him immortal. Nay he will indeed be 28 flund into the destroyer." [TMQ Al-Humazah: 1-4] 29 30 31 32 33 "Tell me, if i were to inform you that some cavalry in the "Rivalry in worldly increase has distracted you. Until you visit the graves 34valley were about to attack you, would you believe me?" (as dead bodies). But nay, you soon shall know (the dire consequence of 35They said "yes, we have not experienced anything except this practice)." [TMQ At-Ta athur:1-3] k 36truthfulness from you." He then said, "i am a warner to you 37before a severe chastisement." [Al-Bukhari] Concerning the hypocrisy and uncaring feelings of Quraysh 38 leaders towa the less well off and deprived, Allah revealed: rds 39