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Guidance for A Muslim Wife By Shaykh Majaz Azami (r.a)


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Guidance for A Muslim Wife By Shaykh Majaz Azami (r.a)

  1. 1. Guidance for Muslim Wife ByMaulana Majaz Azami (R.A) ~1~
  2. 2. CONTENT1)Sayings of Prophet Sallallahu Alayhi Wa sallam2)Social Conduct3)The Upbringing of Children4)The Ettiquette of a Gathering5)The Rights of the Parents6)A New House, New Faces7)The Method of Living Together8)Experience and Organisation9)Caring for the Children10) Some Exemplary Incidents & Conclusion ~2~
  3. 3. SAYINGS OF RASULULLAH (SALLALLAHU ALAIHI WASALLAM)Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was extremelymerciful upon the ummah. He said "You all are about tofall into the fire and I am holding your backs andpreventing you from falling into it". RasulullahsSallallahu Alaihi Wasallam favour upon the ummat wasthat he showed men and women the way to lead theirlives. Here are a few Ahaadith advising women:HADEETH 1. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam saidthat the woman who performed her five daily prayers andkept the fast of Ramadan and protected herself from evilacts i.e. adultery and obeyed her husband, has a choice toenter heaven from whichever door she pleases.(HULYA)HADEETH 2. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "A woman has two veils: the first is the husband and ~3~
  4. 4. the second is the grave. The one that conceals more is thegrave." (TABRANI)HADEETH 3. Nabi Kareem Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "A religious widow is addressed as a martyr in theheavens" i.e. she is remembered with the honourable titleof a martyr in heaven for any act she performs.HADEETH 4. Ibn Abbas Radhiallahu anhu narrates that awoman came to Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamand said: "I have come as a representative of all women.We want to present a petition to you. Jihaad is fardh(compulsory) on men and only they obtain the reward ofmartyrdom. We women are deprived of it although wetake responsibility for all their domestic affairs".Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said: "Convey thismessage on my behalf to all the women that they canachieve the reward of jihaad by obeying their husbands,but very few women consider this to be a reward."HADEETH 5.It is reported from Hazrat Ibn UmarRadhiallahu Anhu that Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi ~4~
  5. 5. Wasallam said that when a woman leaves her homewithout her husbands consent then all the angels of theskies and the entire universe curse her for this act untilshe returns home. (TABRANI).HADEETH 6.Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam saidthat the fragrance of heaven will be forbidden for awoman who asks her husband for divorce without anyvalid reason. (TIRMIZI)HADEETH 7. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam saidthat if a woman died and her husband was pleased withher during her life, undoubtedly she has entered heaven.HADEETH 8. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "O woman, your heaven and hell is your husband"(i.e. a woman will enter heaven if the husband is pleased,and hell if he is displeased with her). (TARGEEB)HADEETH 9. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam saidthat the best woman is the one that pleases her husband. ~5~
  6. 6. When he looks at her, she pleases him. When hecommands her, she obeys him. When he absents himself(goes away on a journey etc.) she protects his wealth andhis honour. (BAIHAQI)HADEETH 10. The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam said that Shaytaan (the devil) sits on his thronedaily and dispatches his agents to work among humanbeings. One of the agents returns and says that I made acertain person commit a sin, another says I got so and soinvolved in this offence. Upon listening to all thisShaytaan says that you have done nothing great.Eventually one representative comes and says that I saw ahusband and wife extremely devoted to each other. Isowed the seeds of enmity between them. On hearing thisShaytaan becomes happy and embracing his agent saysthat you have achieved something great. (MISHKAT)The love between husband and wife is the biggest blow toShaytaan. From this it is apparent how meritorious thislove is. ~6~
  7. 7. HADEETH 11. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: The woman who applies perfume and passes by menis an adulteress. (TIRMIZI).Today the woman who applies perfume and goes to theshopping centres, alleys and cinemas should ponder howgrave a sin she is committing.HADEETH 12. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: Once I saw a ghair mahram (strange) man and ayoung woman together in a place. Consequently I had astrong fear that Shaytaan will make use of thisopportunity i.e. he will besmirch their character anddestroy the honour of the woman.HADEETH 13. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: Keep yourselves away from strange women. Onecompanion asked: "O Rasul of Allah, tell me, can thehusbands brother mix freely with his sister-in-law."Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam replied : "He islike death for a woman." (Bukhari and Muslim) ~7~
  8. 8. i.e. just as partaking of poison leads to death in this world,similarly the brother-in-laws mixing with a woman ispoison for their character and a cause of destruction of thelife of the hereafter.HADEETH 14. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "It is haram for the women of my Ummah to take abath in the public baths". (HAKIM)i.e. women should keep away from places which arefrequented by ghair mahram (strange) males. Whatpurpose do they have in a place frequented by males?HADEETH 15. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)said: Whichever woman applies scent should not join usfor the Esha prayers. (ABU DAWOOD)During the early Islamic era, women used to performsalaat behind Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam incongregation. On that occasion Rasulullah Sallallahu ~8~
  9. 9. Alaihi Wasallam said: "Those women who apply perfumeshould not come to the musjid for salaat," because there isa fear of instilling desire in the hearts of men due to thesweet fragrance of the perfume and this will be a cause ofcorruption. If Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamprevented women who applied perfume from attendingthe musjid during his noble era, there will be a greaterneed for precaution in this age of corruption.HADEETH 16.Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "The woman who boastfully parades in front ofmales after adorning herself is like the darkness ofQiyamat."HADEETH 17. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "A woman whose 3 children die in infancy or beforereaching the age of puberty and who bears the loss withpatience, hoping for reward will most certainly enterheaven. (MISHKAT)Therefore if we are confronted with such a calamity, weshould have patience and forbearance. To wail and mourn ~9~
  10. 10. is not the habit of a Muslim wife. It (the child) was theproperty of Allah which He took back. However, it is notsinful to shed tears.HADEETH 18. Nabi Kareem Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "The best women of my ummah are those that arebeautiful and whose dowry is less". (Dailami)What wisdom is there in unnecessarily burdening thehusband with an extravagant dowry especially if hecannot afford it? The success of the marriage is themutual love of the partners which cannot be purchased bywealth.HADEETH 19. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: Whoever consoled a woman that lost her child willbe given the clothes of Paradise to wear. (MISHKAT)i.e. when you go to offer your condolences to a womanwho lost her child, do not join her in wailing and crying.On the contrary, speak to her in such a manner so as to ~ 10 ~
  11. 11. induce patience in her. Allah has promised a person whodoes this the garments of Jannah.HADEETH 20. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid that Allah Subhanahu Taala says "Sight is apoisonous arrow of the devil. Whosoever, whether maleor female protects himself or herself from evil glanceswill be granted a sweet Iman (faith) which will pleasehis/her heart." (TABRANI)The disease of glancing at men without regarding it assinful is common among women. This can occur eventhough they (the woman) may be fully concealed. Thearrow of Shaytaan works discreetly.HADEETH 21. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "The worst person on the day of Qiyamah will be theone who reveals the private life of his wife to others."(Muslim) ~ 11 ~
  12. 12. Similarly some women have the habit of revealing theirprivate matters to their friends. This is a major sin whichshould be abstained from.HADEETH 22. Nabi Kareem Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "When a husband calls his wife at night to haverelations with her and she refuses without a valid Sharireason, she is cursed throughout the night by the angels."(BUKHARI)HADEETH 23. Nabi Kareem Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: There are 3 persons whose salaah is not accepted nordoes any good act of theirs reach the sky. Firstly, arunaway slave until he returns to his master. Secondly, awoman whose husband is displeased with her and thirdlyan intoxicated person as long as he does not repent fromusing intoxicants. (BAIHAQI)Imagine how serious it is to displease the husband that thewifes salaah is not accepted nor any other good deed ofhers. ~ 12 ~
  13. 13. HADEETH 24. Hadhrat Aisha Radhiallahu Anha saysthat Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam was sittingamongst the Muhajireen and Ansaar when a camel cameand prostrated before him. Upon this the SahaabaRadhiallahu Anhum said "O Prophet of Allah, if theanimals and trees prostrate to you, then we have morerights to prostrate to you." On hearing this RasulullahSallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said "Worship your Sustainerand honour me. Had I given the command to anyone toprostrate, I would have commanded the wife to prostrateto her husband. The husbands right is so great that if hecommands her to carry a stone from the yellow mountainto the black mountain and then from the black mountainto the white one, she has to fulfil this duty."HADEETH 25. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid "No woman should ask her husband to divorce hissecond wife in order to achieve her rights because she willonly receive what has been preordained for her."(BUKHARI and MUSLIM) ~ 13 ~
  14. 14. For example, a person who is married intends to marry asecond woman. This woman tells him to divorce the firstwife before she will marry him , or there are two womenin one persons nikah and one says that she will only livewith the husband on condition that he divorces the other.This has been prohibited by Rasulullah Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam because each one has her own destiny andshould be thankful for that.HADEETH 26. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "The rights of the husband on the wife are so greatthat if pus flows on the husbands body and the womanlicks it clean, then too his rights will not be fullyfulfilled." (TARGHEEB)HADEETH 27. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "The world is a commodity and its best commodityis a pious woman who assists her husband in mattersconcerning the hereafter." (RAZEEN)By being patient and enduring a life of poverty, womencan grant their husbands more spare time for religious ~ 14 ~
  15. 15. duties. However this is not prevalent today. If the husbandintends to do religious work, the wife presents a whole listof requirements to him which forces him to becomeengrossed in secular matters.HADEETH 28. Whenever a strange man and womanmeet in seclusion Shaytaan definitely is the third one byjoining them. (TIRMIZI) i.e. Shaytaan arouses theirpassions and incites them to commit evil.HADEETH 29. Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said:Make purdah (i.e. conceal yourselves) from a blind man.Ummul Mumineen Hadhrat Aisha Radhhiallahu Anhasaid "O Prophet of Allah, he is blind. How can he see us?"Rasulullah Sallallahu Wasallam replied: "He may beblind, but you are not blind". (AHMAD,TIRMIZI)Some women do not make purdah from blind peoplebecause of their inability to see. From this hadeeth we candeduce that just as it is forbidden for a man to look at awoman, similarly it is forbidden for a woman to gaze at astrange man. ~ 15 ~
  16. 16. HADEETH 30.Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "A woman should be kept concealed. When sheemerges from the home without necessity, Shaytaanmakes her appealing in the sight of men." (TIRMIZI)Evil persons are attracted to her and begin following heror mention her in the gathering of men. This implies thatshe should leave the house only out of dire necessity.Today it has become a fashion to adorn the burqa and toembroider the trousers so as to attract men. The burqawas originally made for the purpose of purdah, but wehave made it an object of adornment.HADEETH 31. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "The most blessed nikah is the one with the leastexpenses." (BAIHAQI- IN SHUABUL IMAN)Today, many of the destitute destroy the youth of theirdaughters because of not being able to uphold pettycustoms. They do not possess anything to give nor do ~ 16 ~
  17. 17. they want to have the nikah without an extravagant dowryin fear of being criticized by the other family members.In order to make our nikahs more blessed we shouldabandon these futile customs and on such occasions take alesson from the simple nikah of Hadhrat Fatima al- ZahraRadhiallahu Anha whose dowry was one water-bag andone bed.HADEETH 32. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "O women, after sitting in a gathering of women donot go home and explicitly describe any woman to yourhusbands." (MUSLIM)This may incline your husband towards her and hisaffection for you may diminish. What noble advice hasbeen given to us by our Rasul Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam.HADEETH 33. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "May Allah curse those women who imitate men inappearance and those men who imitate women."(MISHKAT) ~ 17 ~
  18. 18. Women should not appear like men in their attire andphysical appearance.HADEETH 34. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid : "When heaven and hell were shown to me I sawthat the majority of the inmates of hell were women."(MISHKAT)The reason for this is that women are ungrateful anddisobedient to their husbands. Although they will beleading a comfortable life but as soon as there is a minorproblem, they will, on the slightest pretext showingratitude.HADEETH 35. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "Shall I inform you which woman will enterheaven?" The Sahaba replied: "Yes most certainly".Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said "The womanwho has children, is lovable, when she becomes angry thehusband consoles her and when the husband becomes ~ 18 ~
  19. 19. angry she says that as long as you do not become pleasedwith me, I will not even apply surmah (antimony) to myeyes." (TABRANI)HADEETH 36. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "It is not permissible for any woman to fastoptionally without her husbands permission, and it is notpermissible for her to allow anyone into his house withouthis consent." (BUKHARI)HADEETH 37. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "When any woman troubles her husband, thecelestial bride (hur) of heaven calls out "Woe to you. Donot trouble him. He is temporarily with you. He is goingto leave you and be our guest. Why do you trouble ourbeloved?" (IBN MAJAH)HADEETH 38. The Messenger of Allah said that womenare married for their lineage, wealth, beauty and piety.You should marry one who is pious (BUKHARI). ~ 19 ~
  20. 20. HADEETH 39. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid: "It is extremely abominable for a womans shoulderto touch a man. It is better to touch a pig that is allmessed up than for a woman to touch the body of astrange man." (TABRANI)HADEETH 40. Nabi Kareem Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid "A woman cannot fulfill the rights of Allah withoutfulfilling the rights of her husband. Even if a woman isbusy at the stove and the husband calls her, in that busyperiod also she must leave all her work and answer hisrequest." (TABRANI)If Muslim wives mould their lives in the light of theabove-mentioned 40 ahaadeeth, every Muslim house canbecome a model of Jannat. All kinds of quarrels willcease and the misfortune of divorce will not prevail.Children brought up in such an environment will be anexample of piety, discipline, love and sympathy. MayAllah make every Muslim house practice upon this. ~ 20 ~
  21. 21. SOCIAL CONDUCTThere are two guardians appointed for every home : theman and the woman. For the upkeeping of the home itcannot be said that one has less responsibility than theother. The responsibility of each one can be realised fromthe following points:1. The gale that has blown from Europe today concerningthe equality of men and women has ruined many Muslimhomes. Both have their separate limits within which theymust pass their lives. If these limits cease to exist, thehome becomes an example of hell as is the occurrence inEurope. Those people who are inviting women to thisdestruction in the veil of good advice are not helpers ofwomen but great enemies.2. The relationship between husband and wife has to beendured throughout their entire lives. ~ 21 ~
  22. 22. If both their hearts are united, there can be no greaterbounty, and if there is some difference between them,(may Allah forbid) there can be no greater calamity. Asfar as possible obey your husband. Bear the littledifficulties of this world to achieve the bounties of thehereafter.3. The tongue is a means of disgrace and honour for ahuman. Great virtue can be derived if it is protected.Some women utter certain statements due to lack ofunderstanding and without contemplation. These canoffend their husbands. They utter statements at unsuitableoccasions, accuse or say something enraging in theiranger which can hurt the mans feelings. This could havedisastrous consequences. Remember well that once amans heart has been injured due to some statement youmade and you console and please him after a few days,then too the situation will not be as before. You can makea thousand excuses and apologize, but the love will not beas it was before. The human memory is very strong in ~ 22 ~
  23. 23. remembering a past misery. It will continue to haunt hismemory.4. Women are said to be the garments of men. Just as agarment remains with a person during hot and coldweather, so should the husband and wife live together. Donot ask for more than what the husband can afford. Besatisfied with whatever you get even if it be bread. Do notlook at a woman whose status is higher and becomegreedy. On the contrary, look at one who is lower thanyou and be thankful and patient. If at any time you likesome jewellery or clothing and the husband cannot affordit, do not ask him for it nor grieve or express regret at nothaving it; in fact do not even mention it.5. A woman should conceal her husbands secrets. If sheis experiencing a difficult time she should not reveal thisto anyone. She should always express joy so that thehusband is not grieved. In this manner she will win himover and her respect will increase in his sight. ~ 23 ~
  24. 24. 6. Also remember that if he brings anything for you,always express happiness whether you like the present ornot. Do not criticize the present, for that will hurt hisfeelings and he will never want to bring anything for you,but if you praise it and take it happily it will please himand he will bring something better the next time. Do notbe ungrateful to your husband because the one who isungrateful to any person is ungrateful to Allah. This is thereason why more women will go to hell as mentioned in ahadeeth. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said "Isaw many women in hell." Someone asked: "O Prophet ofAllah, why are there going to be more women in hell?"Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said " They curseothers excessively and are very ungrateful to theirhusbands". From this, one can gather how sinful it is to beungrateful to a husband.7. A successful wife is one that recognizes the husbandsnature. You should try and understand his temperament. Ifhe is angry, do not utter something that will increase hisanger. Always watch his mood before speaking. If heresponds to jokes by expressing happiness then continuedoing so, otherwise not. If he is displeased with you, do ~ 24 ~
  25. 25. not sit with a sullen face. Instead plead with him forforgiveness and try to win him over whether it is yourfault or not. This will result in his love increasing for you.8. There are many etiquettes of love without which theclaim to love is baseless. Understand well that therelationship between husband and wife cannot arise froma hollow love. With love the respect of the husband is alsoessential. It is totally wrong to regard the husbands statusas your own.9. The husbands status is more than your fathers.Therefore do not ask him to serve you in any manner. Ifhe, out of love begins serving you, do not let him do so.Ask yourself if your father were to do the same wouldyou allow it?10. Some women first search their husbands pocketswhen they return from a journey and ask them how muchmoney and how many goods they have brought notrealizing that the greatest treasure is the husband himselfwho has returned safely. Why not be happy and thankful ~ 25 ~
  26. 26. for that? When the husband returns from a journey inquireabout his health, his stay and if he experienced anydifficulties. Firstly ask him if he is hungry so that you canfeed him. When he lies down after having meals, massagehis hands and feet. Fan him if it is hot. In short, make himas comfortable as possible.11. The rights of the husbands parents are very great.When their rights over your husband are so great thatwithout obeying them he cannot be forgiven, then what isyour position? You have been commanded to obey yourhusband and he has been commanded to obey his parents.From this you can gauge how great their rights are uponyou. The husbands other relatives also have rights uponyou according to their stages.12. Whatever impression you make in the beginning willbe always remembered. From the outset have respect forthe elders and mercy for the young. Do not leave any ofyour work for others nor let your possessions lie around. ~ 26 ~
  27. 27. 13. You may have read the condition of Rasulullahsdaughter who used to grind wheat on the mill-stone. Whois a greater princess than her? Therefore do not shy awayfrom any hard work. Do not be hesitant in doing whatyour mother-in-law and sisters-in-law do. Do it yourselfwithout them telling you. In this way the in-laws love foryou will increase.14. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam has regardedan eavesdropper as a very evil person. Therefore if twopersons are speaking softly to each other, separate fromthem and do not try to find out what they were speakingabout. Also do not unnecessarily feel that they werespeaking about you as this creates hatred in the heartwhich wipes out all good deeds.15. Regard your husbands house as the centre of yourhopes. Do not live with dissatisfaction even though thenew home and new people cause uneasiness.16. Every action of yours will be scrutinized. Thereforeinculcate a habit of being moderate. Be careful when ~ 27 ~
  28. 28. conversing. Do not chatter too much because it is an evilhabit nor be so quiet because this is regarded as pride.17. If you dislike something at the in-laws, do notbackbite about it at home. To inform your mother ofevery minor thing about your in-laws and for the motherto find out about them is an extremely abominable act. Itleads to mutual arguments and disputes and eventuallyleads to separation.18. The adage "a slovenly womans home is in darkness"is famous. Never be negligent in cleanliness. Keep thehusbands possessions neat and tidy. Also keep the roomclean. You should do all the work yourself. Safeguard allyour belongings. Fold the clothes and keep them away.Do not make excuses in doing any task, nor lie because itremoves trust and even when the truth is spoken therewont be certainty.19. The love between husband and wife offends Shaytaanthe most. He plans to sow hatred between them, causesdoubt and suspicion. Bear this in mind and do not slander ~ 28 ~
  29. 29. on minor doubts, for instance by saying: you joke toomuch with so and so (female), or you go there very often,or you always sit there. If the husband is innocent you canimagine how hurt he will feel. Added to this is the sin ofthe hereafter. Even if he has such an evil habit, it will notbe remedied in this manner. To do this you will have touse wisdom. Discuss the matter with him in secret. If thismethod fails to make him realize the evil of the habit, bepatient. Do not go around telling everyone and disgracinghim. Do not become stern and harsh in order to suppresshim as this will only make him adamant and you willeventually suffer. Remember that the simplest way ofmaking him submit is to be loyal and obedient. Toexpress anger and become enraged is a grave mistake andshows lack of intellect.20. There are many instances to be found where awomans gentleness and patience have changed the man.If the husband is so wicked that he reaches the extremesin oppressing her, then Allah Taala has destroyed him.Women should not become impatient under anycircumstances. ~ 29 ~
  30. 30. THE UPBRINGING OF CHILDRENThe nature of children is like a plain paper. Whatever isimprinted on it initially will remain forever. Therefore itis important to create good images on this clean and purepage. Whatever habit, good or evil is inculcated inchildhood remains for life. Hereunder a few pointsrelating to the upbringing of children will be mentioned.1. The first nourishment of a child is the mothers milk.She should partake of halaal and pure food so that themilk which is formed from it is pure. Milk has a greateffect on the life of children.2. Muslim children have to carry the banner of braveryduring their lives. They should be taught to becourageous. Women have a habit of frightening children,sometimes from the police and sometimes from someother fearful thing. This is an abominable habit andcreates cowardice. ~ 30 ~
  31. 31. 3. Just as a weak plant rots due to excessive water, so arechildren spoilt when given excessive food and at impropertimes. Appoint a time for feeding the child so that heremains healthy. Do not overfeed him.4. Do not decorate them excessively. Yes, do considertheir cleanliness and bathe them daily in summer.5. Do not inculcate a habit in boys of wearing expensiveclothing and in girls of wearing jewellery, etc. from thebeginning. It is not a commendable habit of having vanityand pride from childhood.6. Children are covetous by nature. Therefore make anattempt to discard this habit of theirs by teaching them togive food, clothing, money etc. to the poor. In the samemanner teach them to distribute food etc. to their brothersand sisters in order to learn the habit of generosity. ~ 31 ~
  32. 32. 7. Children can learn well by means of examples. Explainthe evils of eating excessively to them, but do not mentionanyones name.8. Do not give children so much that they develop thehabit of asking nor frustrate them so much that they losehope. Do not fulfil all their wishes as this spoils theirnature.9. Friends have a great effect. Keep your children awayfrom those who have evil habits, or escape from studies orare used to ceremonious food and clothing.10. Anger, speaking lies, to be envious of others, stealing,back-biting, defending ones statement, to speak of futilethings excessively, to laugh unnecessarily and to deceiveare all dangerous characteristics. If the child commits anyof them, admonish him immediately.11. Just as a child is spoilt by impoliteness similarly is hespoilt by excessive affection and love. If he breaks ~ 32 ~
  33. 33. anything or hits someone, punish him accordingly so thathe does not repeat the act. If love and affection is shownat such an occasion, it will permanently spoil the child.12. Encourage acts of piety and inculcate the habit ofsalaah from the age of seven.13. When the child is capable of going to Madrasah, makehim first learn the Quran. Do not let him abscond.14. Occasionaly read the stories of the pious to him.15. Books that besmirch the character are very common.Do not allow him to read books that contain love stories,subject matter that is contrary to the shariat or uselessstories and poems etc. Instead, teach him to read books ofdeen and good morals.16. Moderation is praiseworthy in every act. Do not bindhim to studies all the time. When he returns from ~ 33 ~
  34. 34. madressa, permit him to play for a while so that hebecomes active, but the entertainment should not bespiritually or physically harmful.17. Besides deeni (religious) education, also teach him atrade or profession. Learning a skill will enable him toearn at the time of need and difficulty and support himselfand his family.18. Educate girls, the minimum being such that they canwrite letters and be able to calculate the expenses of thehouse.19. Inculcate in children the habit of doing their workthemselves.20. Remember that when a child does a praiseworthy acthe should be congratulated and shown love, in fact heshould be rewarded as an encouragement. When hecommits a wrong act, he should be reprimanded in ~ 34 ~
  35. 35. privacy and warned not to repeat the crime. If he repeatsthe act, punish him accordingly.21. Teach them to respect elders in general and the fathersin particular. The mother should make the child fear thefather so that he is respected.22. Do not allow the child to do any act in secret, whetherit is playing, eating, or any other work. Remember that ifhe does anything in secret he regards it as unlawful. If it issomething wrong he should be taught to forget such ahabit and if it is good like eating or drinking, he should betaught not to hide and do things suspiciously.23. Teach the child to do menial tasks and to exercise forphysical well-being e.g. calisthenics or walking for akilometer.24. Another way of pleasing the child is to give him a fewcents occasionally so that he spends them according to his ~ 35 ~
  36. 36. desire, but ensure that he does not buy something withoutyour knowledge nor anything harmful.25. Remind the child as often as possible of the followingetiquettes when partaking of meals:To begin by saying Bismillah, to eat with the right- hand,to eat from directly in front of himself, not to stare at thefood as greedy people do, not to eat hastily, to chew thefood properly, not to take another morsel beforeswallowing the first one, to take the morsel properly sothat gravy does not spill onto the clothing and the fingersdo not mess unnecessarily, not to move the face whenchewing a morsel, not to be bare-headed whilst eating, towash the hands before and after meals, to drink waterwith the right hand and in 3 breaths and to praise Allahafter eating. ~ 36 ~
  37. 37. ETIQUETTE OF A GATHERINGGood manners and habits are the best jewels. Whicheverwoman adorns herself with them will be regarded as themost beloved by all. Whoever you meet, meet them withrespect and speak gently. Do not clean your nose in thepresence of others. If the need arises, move away fromthere. If you want to yawn or sneeze, place your handover your mouth and lower your voice. Do not crack yourfingers nor look at someone every now and thenunnecessarily. Remain sitting in your place with respect.Do not speak too much nor take an oath for trivial things.Whenever possible do not begin speaking. When someoneelse speaks, listen attentively so as not to hurt theirfeelings. However, do not listen if it is something sinful.It will be better to prevent her, or to move away fromthere. Until a person has finished speaking, do notinterrupt. When someone arrives and there is no place inthe gathering, move slightly from your place. Sit closetogether so that there is sufficient place. When meetingsomeone or departing greet with Assalamu-Alaikum andin answer say Waalaikumus-Salaam. Avoid using wordslike "hello" and "bye" which are in vogue nowadays. ~ 37 ~
  38. 38. THE ETIQUETTE WITH THE HUSBANDS FAMILYUnderstand from the outset that noble girls arrive in thebridal car and depart in the funeral bier, i.e. they love thein-laws. To achieve this you have to consider thesefactors: Respect your mother-in-law in all conditions asyou respect your own mother. Always give preference toher pleasure whether you are in difficulty or ease. Do notsay something that may distress or displease her. Whenaddressing her, use words that are used for elders. If sheadmonishes you, heed her advice with silence. Do notback- answer her even though it is something unpleasantand bitter. Serve her as you would serve your mother. Ifshe assigns a task to someone else, go ahead and do ityourself.Respect your father-in-law as your own father. The sameetiquette applies to your father-in-law as we have ~ 38 ~
  39. 39. explained above with regards to the mother-in-law. As faras possible try and comfort him and serve him. If youintend going to some function, take the husbands orfather-in-laws or mother-in-laws permission. Proceedonly if permission is granted. Treat your husbandsbrothers wives and his sisters like your own sisters. Ifthey are young treat them like your young sisters, becausethey will treat you as you treat them. Be patient if thesisters-in-law annoy you. In exchange of harsh treatmentreact with kindness. Do not mention anyones faults toothers nor speak ill of anyone in his/her absence as this isbackbiting which is a major sin. Back-biting is the causeof grief and mutual quarrels. Some women say that we arenot lying because this fault is found in that person.Remember that ghibat (backbiting) is to mentionsomeones faults behind his back and if that fault is not inhim, it constitutes slander, which is a more serious crimethan back-biting. Regarding back-biting there is anincident of a woman who kept on back-biting while shewas fasting. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam didnot permit her to break her fast saying that she is notfasting (in reality). When she was ordered to vomit byRasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, a clot of bloodfell from her mouth. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi ~ 39 ~
  40. 40. Wasallam remarked that she had been back-biting all daylong and drinking the blood of people.Treat the children of your father-in-law or those related tohim with extreme compassion. Rasulullah SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam said: "The person who does not respectthe elders nor treats the young with kindness is not of us".As far as possible treat children kindly and elders withrespect according to their status. If there is a maid in thehouse, do not burden her with tasks beyond her ability. Ifa certain task is difficult assist her with it. Do not speakharshly to her. If she is ill or in some difficulty, help andserve her.ORGANISATION OF THE HOMEIf the house is well-organized it will flourish even thoughthe income is little and the poverty will not be apparent. Ifthe house is not well organized, it will be full ofmisfortune and poverty, even if the inhabitants are ~ 40 ~
  41. 41. wealthy. The most important factor is estimating theexpenses and considering their occasions. There should bemoderation in the expenses so that they do not exceed theincome, nor should they be so minimal that it leads tomiserliness. Allah Taala has expressed contempt in theHoly Quran for those who are extravagant and those whoare miserly. Love for wealth will make you hoard it andprevent you from spending it on your necessities. Spendaccording to your need. Do not desire what the wealthypossess. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said: "Inworldly matters look at the one lower than you, you willbe satisfied, but in deeni matters look at those higher thanyou so that you can be encouraged to do pious acts." Keepeverything in its proper place. Only keep those utensilsoutside which you require often. Keep the rest inside,only removing them when necessary. After the need isfulfilled return them to their places. ~ 41 ~
  42. 42. THE RIGHTS OF THE PARENTSThe parents have great rights. After obedience to theCreator of the Universe, it is compulsory to obey theparents. Allah Taala has commanded that parents shouldalways be obeyed. If both or one of them becomes old inyour lifetime, do not (regarding them as weak) even say"oof" to them nor reproach them. Always speak gently tothem.Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said: "Allahspleasure lies in the pleasure of the parents and thedispleasure of Allah lies in displeasing the parents." Inanother hadeeth Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamsaid that kindness to parents is greater than optionalsalaah, charity, fasting, haj, umrah and jihaad in the pathof Allah. He also said that the person who spends themorning in such a condition that his parents are pleasedwith him, then two doors of Jannat are opened for him, ~ 42 ~
  43. 43. and if only one of them, the mother or the father is alive,then one door of heaven is opened.If he spends the morning in such a condition that hisparents are displeased with him, two doors of hell areopened and if only the mother or the father is displeasedthen one door of hell is opened. This command applies toall conditions, whether the parents are just and kind tohim or they are unjust and oppressive. In the hadeethRasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam repeated thisstatement thrice: "Even if the parents oppress him."The attention of the previous ummat was also drawn tothe rights of the parents because it is related to the natureof man. Allah Taala addressed Musa Alaihi Salaamsaying: "O Musa! The Muslim who does good to hisparents and disobeys Me, then repents, I will note himdown as a thankful and good servant and whoever obeysMe and disobeys his parents and then repents I will stillregard him as disobedient." ~ 43 ~
  44. 44. Always beware of the curse of the parents, becauseRasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said : "A mothersdua for her children is very swiftly accepted". At anotherinstance he said: "Serve the mother because heaven liesbelow her feet". In these type of ahadeeth great emphasisis laid on obedience and service to parents. The reason forthis is that they bore great hardships for your sake. Howmany sleepless nights they spent for you. If you becameslightly ill, how much attention they paid to you. Whenyou were in any slight difficulty they were prepared toundergo a thousand difficulties to remove one difficultyof yours. Their condition is explained in this couplet:"If you were roused a little they became afraid, when youhad a little fear they were placed in difficulty".For your comfort they did not for a moment regard day asday and night as night. How much of sorrow did theyhave to experience to keep you happy. A slight change inyour face would change all their joy into grief. Onefalling tear from your eye would strike their hearts likelightning. ~ 44 ~
  45. 45. Just as the parents desire your physical comfort, similarlythey desire your spiritual well-being as well. Besidesgiving you good clothing they also disciplined you withgood character and a sound education. It is for this reasonthat you should read books which teach you nobility,discipline, sympathy and house-keeping etc. and you areprohibited from books containing false stories, legendsand subject-matter that besmirches the character. They doall this so that your character is not affected because theyrealize that children are a trust from Allah who have notonly been entrusted to them for up-bringing but also foreducation and discipline. If they are deficient in theirtraining then it is as if they are disregarding an importantcompulsion of Allah Taala and are breaching Allahstrust. On the day of Qiyamat they will have lowered headsin front of Allah due to regret. Rasulullah SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam said that every one is responsible for hissubjects and the parents are guardians of their children.On the day of judgment they will be questioned as to howthey educated their children. In view of this, theydisregard their comfort to accommodate your comfort andpeace. They have made arrangements for the tuition of apious tutor from whose company you can benefit so that ~ 45 ~
  46. 46. you can be called a well-mannered girl and be an exampleof nobility and character, thereby achieving the honourand respect of this world and the hereafter. Sisters, shouldwe not appreciate all the efforts of the parents? Should wenot obey them and serve them?Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said that the onewho forgets the favour of a human being is alsoungrateful to Allah. If we disobey our sympathetic andkind parents and do not appreciate them nor serve them,who can be more ungrateful than us. The worst sin is todisobey Allah Taala. He has emphasized obedience toparents and thankfulness to them in several places in theHoly Quran. Here are some of the verses:"Your creator has commanded you to worship nonebesides Him, and be helpful and favourable to yourparents. If one of them becomes old in your presence, donot even say "oof" to them nor reproach them but saynoble words to them. Be humble to them and continuemaking this dua for them: O my nourisher, have mercy onthem just as they nurtured me in my childhood". ~ 46 ~
  47. 47. In this verse it has been clearly mentioned that thegreatest right of Allah upon anyone is to worship nonebesides Him, that is, not to ascribe any partner to Him.Then the rights of the parents are explained. When a childis delivered from the mothers womb the parents nurturethe child in all ways. Thus He has emphasized theirobedience and gratitude. In another verse He states:"We have commanded man to obey Me and be thankful tohis parents as his mother bore burden upon burden andkept him in her womb and his weaning is after two years.Remember that you have to return to Me."In this verse the rights of the mother are more than thefather, because the difficulty of bearing the child has beenpredestined for the mother. Hence the favour of themother and her gratitude is more than the father.In another verse Allah Taala has mentioned this in moredetail: ~ 47 ~
  48. 48. "We have commanded man to be kind to his parents. Hismother bore him with great difficulty and problems andthe period of his stay in the womb and weaning is 30months. O my Guardian, grant me the ability to thankYou for this favour which You have bestowed upon meand my parents, and that I do such pious actions whichplease You and grant my children also this ability. I turntowards You in obedience".In this verse also, the mothers rights have been mentionedas being greater. For so many months she carried him inher womb, walked about with him, underwent greatdifficulties, breast-fed him for 2 years and cared for himin every possible way. She sacrificed all her comforts forhis peace and comfort. The father also shared in many ofthese difficulties and made all the requirements for up-bringing available. There is no doubt that these duties aredone naturally but the requirement of nature is that thechildren perceive the love and compassion of the parentsand be grateful for their efforts and sacrifices. This is avirtue in this world also and in the hereafter it has greatmerits. ~ 48 ~
  49. 49. On one occasion whilst climbing the pulpit, RasulullahSallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said, while placing his foot onthe first step "Aameen". Then he placed his foot on thenext step and said "Aameen" and then he placed his footon the third step and said "Aameen" . On completion ofthe sermon he stepped down. The Sahaba RadhiallahuAnhum asked: "O Rasulullah, today we have witnessedsomething new which we did not experience before".Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam remarked "JibraeelAlaihi Salaam appeared in front of me. When I put myfoot on the first step he said "Woe to that person whowitnesses the month of Ramadan and yet is notsuccessful". I said Aameen. On the second step he said"Destruction to the person in whose presence your nameis mentioned and he does not send salutations upon you. Isaid Aameen. When I placed my foot on the third step hesaid : "Destruction to the person in whose presence bothhis parents or one of them become old and they cannotmake him enter jannat. I said Aameen."Can there be any limit to the misfortune of a personwhom Jibreel curses and Rasulullah Sallallahu AlaihiWasallam says Aameen? ~ 49 ~
  50. 50. It is mentioned in a hadith that from among the doors ofjannat, the best door is the father. If you desire, safeguardit otherwise destroy it. A Sahabi asked what the rights ofthe parents are. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallamreplied: "They are your heaven or your hell i.e. earningtheir pleasure is a means of gaining jannah and earningtheir displeasure is a means of entry into hell."My sisters! Whatever details have been mentionedregarding the parents will also guide you in your newhome. Wherever you get married, there too you will haveto practice according to these guidelines to be successful. ~ 50 ~
  51. 51. A NEW HOUSE, NEW FACESIt has been predestined for women to be brought up intheir parents home and live somewhere else. At the timeof your departure to your new house your mother, sistersand near relatives will be shedding tears in the sorrow ofyour separation and bidding you farewell. On the contrarywhen you reach there you will be welcomed with smilesand laughter. The whole house will be full of love andjoy. Ecstasy will be emanating from all sides. Everyonesface will be cheerful and their speech humorous. Each andevery person will be smiling and you will reach this houselike a light that is brought to a gathering. You will be thecentre of attention. Young and old, everyone will desire tosee you. Every movement of yours will be observed andevery action criticized. But all this tumult will only be fora few days. During this commotion it is your obligation tobe cautious. You should spend the preliminary days withextreme dignity, free of pride and a cheerful dispositionfree of childishness.The first person whom you will have contact with in yournew house will be your life-partner and your companion. ~ 51 ~
  52. 52. With this person you have to spend your whole life andattach all your hopes to him. If he desires your life can beone of lament and sorrowful destruction. In short yourfuture progress or retrogress depends entirely on him.Therefore your first obligation will be to try andunderstand your life-partner and to mould all your desiresaccording to his wishes as far as possible.The most important factor is to recognize the nature of aperson. There will be comfort for each one in recognizingthe nature of the other and living accordingly. Today thereare numerous cases where the lives of the husband andwife were destroyed merely because there existed adifference in their nature and each one did not understandthe others temperament. You may have indeed heard of orwitnessed incidents like these in every city and villagewhere the union was destroyed. ~ 52 ~
  53. 53. We have information of a girl whose husband neithercalls her nor separates from her. He also does not sendany money for her expenses. Life has become worse thandeath. The cause for this conflict is not very complex. Thematter has deteriorated due to a minor issue. The girladmits that the husband initially loved her intensely, butshe did not appreciate his love. She always went againsthis opinion. Initially the matter was not serious and thehusband bore it but the girl did not change her habit. Thisresulted in more quarrels until it became impossible forthe husband and wife to live together. We are notadvocating that the husband was not at fault. He may alsohave been guilty. In short this situation arose because theydid not understand each others temperament. The womanshould realise that she is the one to suffer more harmbecause the husband is free to marry while she has manydifficulties to face.From this example you may have understood what myaim is. I am not advocating that the wife must obey everytrivial command. However I am certain that if she actsintelligently and understands the habits and temperamentof the husband, the situation will not deteriorate. ~ 53 ~
  54. 54. There is one distinguishing feature in males and that is hedoes not tolerate anything that goes against his opinion. Ifany woman does not want her life to be ruined, it is in herinterest not to openly oppose the husband in any matter. Asensible approach should be adopted to persuade him.This is called "practical wisdom".I remember an incident of Delhi which is significantbecause of the many lessons that can be learnt from it. Agirl by the name of Fathima was married to a man from adecent, well-educated family. Fathima was also well-educated, understanding and had a good nature. When shearrived at her in-laws, a new world was revealed to her.All the faces were strange and their ways unique. Besidesthe mother-in-law, there were 3 sisters-in-law. The eldestwas Azraa who had seperated from her husband afterhaving a dispute with him. This was probably due to herill-temper. The second sister-in-law was Zuhra who wasnot as yet married. The youngest was Sugra who wasabout 7-8 years old. ~ 54 ~
  55. 55. Fathima noticed from the very outset that the mother-in-law was ill-tempered. She quarrelled very often with herdaughters and son. Azraa was convinced that she couldnot live with her in-laws after her dispute with them.Zuhra also did not seem to be amicable and polite.Fathima initiallly acquainted herself with Sugra whoprovided her with the information she required. Thefather-in-law was a sensible and pious man. Fathimashusband, Aslam was educated in a western institute andwas fashion conscious. He was always engrossed inadorning himself. He had no concern for domestic affairs.Fathima was badly trapped in a house where eachindividual had a unique character. If there was someoneimmature in her place, the situation would havedeteriorated immediately. However Fathima was sensibleand determined. After assessing the situation at her in-laws she intended to remedy it.She was surprised to learn that the combined income ofthe father-in-law and husband was sufficient to run thehouse, yet it was in a deplorable state. The expensesseemed to surpass the income. The father-in-law wasunaware of the situation. He used to hand over his salary ~ 55 ~
  56. 56. to his wife and never enquired where the money wasspent. The mother-in-law spent the money as she pleased.Everyone feared her and dreaded her temper. There were2 maids in the house who were thieves. As for the maleservant, he was clamourous and never listened to thewomen. If they said anything he would answer them back.It was not the work of any ordinary person to improve thecondition of such a corrupt house. It was impossible forher to decelerate the moving train of this house all of asudden.She observed each individual with a keen eye. The ill-tempered mother-in-law used to stare at Fathima withstern eyes. The stare alone prevented her from taking anyaction. Azraa never spoke to Fathima in a respectablemanner. She used to complain day and night of her ownin-laws and this left no opportunity for Fathima toconfront her. Fathima tolerated her insults. She knew thatit was a great achievement to repel evil with nobility. Shepractised on the following verses of the Quran:When they (the pious servants of Allah)listen to futiletalk, they turn away from it and say "We have our work ~ 56 ~
  57. 57. and you have your work. Be peaceful, we seek not theignorant." (Al Quran 28:55)It is mentioned in a hadeeth that whoever listens tosomeones insult and bears it with patience, the angelsreply on his behalf. Allah loves those who have patienceand raises their status. In short, Fathima used to listen tothem but never replied. The second sister-in-law wascunning, extremely clamorous, quarrelsome and accusedfor every petty thing. However Fathima becameacquainted with her temperament.She did not give her an opportunity to begin a quarrel.However she used to hurl epithets from far off. Fathimaused to practice on the Quranic verse: "Fight off evil withgood and repel bad character with good character".Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam has said in thisregard that a brave person amongst you is not the one thatfloors the next person. However a brave person is onewho suppresses his anger. At another instance he said thatwhoever tolerates his enemys evil speech is a brave ~ 57 ~
  58. 58. person. The youngest sister-in-law was on Fathimas sidebecause she won her confidence from the outset.The mutual love of the husband and wife did not remainafter a while. There was no open confrontation becauseFathima, due to her self-respect did not let such asituation arise. However the relationship between the twowas not healthy. The main reason for this relationship notdeveloping was the mother-in-law. She used to incite theson secretly. She used to attempt to cause friction betweenthe two at every opportunity. The mothers provocationand his own attitude became a stumbling block.The mans condition deteriorated to such an extent that heused to spend all his time, besides his employment timewith other men. Now he even used to have his mealsaway from home. He used to come home from school,wash and change quickly, have tea hastily and leave hometo enjoy himself. He used to return home at eleven ortwelve oclock at night. If he desired he came. Then heused to sleep through till the morning. There was no timeleft to speak to his wife. ~ 58 ~
  59. 59. First of all Fathima attempted to bring her husband ontothe right track. She did not begin quarelling with herhusband, but instead spoke more cheerfully to him. Itnever occurred to the husband for once that his cominghome late at night displeased the wife. In fact he used toponder as to what a strange wife he has who does noteven care about anything. Whether I come home late orearly she does not even bother. But the wife was silentlyplanning.The hadeeth of Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi wa sallam inwhich he said: "O woman! Remember your husband isyour heaven and your hell." i.e. earning your husbandspleasure will entitle you to jannat and earning hisdispleasure will entitle you to jahannam, had a great effecton Fathima.She also knew another hadeeth in which it is mentionedthat amongst women the best is the one that keeps herhusband happy when he looks at her, obeys him when hecommands her, and does not earn his anger by disobeying ~ 59 ~
  60. 60. him with regards to his life and wealth. In other words thewoman that pleases her husband with her life and wealthis the best in the sight of Allah and his Rasul Sallallahualaihi wa sallam. Therefore why should she not be pleasedwhen the husband was happy. One day she found thehusband in a good mood and asked him fearfully if shecould make a comment:ASLAM: With pleasure, what is the matter?FATHIMA: It is nothing serious but it is worrying me.You remain outside the whole day. I know that men havehundreds of jobs to do, and if they remain away fromhome during the day there is no problem. Men cannotremain at home like women, but the problem is that youremain away from home for a major portion of the nightas well and I feel afraid of being alone.ASLAM: What can I do, I do not have sufficient timeduring the day. At night I go out for some fresh air as youknow it to be my habit. And there, some friend or anothertakes me away. I also want to return early but they do not ~ 60 ~
  61. 61. let me go until it becomes quite late. I regret that becauseof me you have to take the trouble of waiting. Fromtomorrow I will try coming early Insha-Allah.FATHIMA: May Allah fulfil our intentions.This incident was forgotten.The wife let the husband doas he desired and did not remind him about the incident.However there was a slight change in that instead ofreturning at eleven or twelve o clock he began returningat 9 oclock. How effective was the wifes advice and whyshould it not be because when something is uttered at theappropriate occasion it is effective.After a few days it became known that he had fallen intothe company of some vagabonds and that he was wastinghis health and his valuable time at evil places. Fathimawas not such a fool to engage herself in combat with himand immediately demand an explanation. If she had donethis she would have lost her husband as well as herrespect. She carried on planning secretly. She never spokeout of turn and did not even bring a word of complaint on ~ 61 ~
  62. 62. her tongue. She acted innocent as if she was unaware ofher husbands actions. She was looking for an opportunemoment when the advice would not go heedless.One day she found an opportunity and began saying: "Allthese companions of yours are like the wind. Theircompany is highly poisonous for you. They are all self-seeking without the slightest concern for you. I know thatwhat I am saying now may hurt you but you are educatedand understanding. I am deficient in intelligence. Toadvice you is tantamount to teaching Luqman, The Wiseand to light a lamp in front of the moon, but what can Ido, I am compelled. I cannot see you going astray orfalling into evil company with my eyes closed. Can I behappy to see you in such a condition? Can I overlook theharm that is afflicting your life and property? I cannotremain blind to all this. Remember what I am saying veryclearly. If (May Allah forbid) you fall into some kind ofdifficulty then those who are claiming to be your bosom-friends and saying that "where your perspiration falls wewill sacrifice our blood," are all companions of a movingvehicle. When the time comes no one will assist. Whatmust people be saying after seeing you in such evil ~ 62 ~
  63. 63. company? They may not be mentioning anything in frontof you out of respect, but behind your back they willdefinitely be rebuking you.What can be a more decent and interesting pastime foreducated people than reading books. How wonderful willit be if you spend your time at home reading booksinstead of wasting it in evil company. You will not onlybe cheerful but you will be safe from these indecentpeople. Do not think that I am telling you this for personalmotives. Even if it is for personal motives then what harmis there. After all I am your wife. There can be no onemore helpful and obliging than me. I do not want you tosit at my feet the whole day. Not at all. Men are notimprisoned in the house like women. The one who intendsto imprison them is insane. It is essential for your goodhealth to walk in the fresh air for a while but be moderate.The husband, on hearing this conversation agreed becausehe was understanding. At that moment he became soashamed that he could not answer. If something is said atthe appropriate time how can there be an answer for it?He kept quiet and from that moment regret for all his ~ 63 ~
  64. 64. actions was visible on his countenance and he begansaying to himself: "What must I do? I cannot change myways all of a sudden." His inner self was reproaching him.At that very moment he resolved to lessen allrelationships gradually.If Fathima was not far-sighted and understanding and waslike the women of today who begin quarrellingimmediately, she would have lost her husband. She didnot even inform her husband that she knew all about hisactivities. Whenever the husband came home, sheimmediately welcomed him cheerfully and obeyedwhatever he said. She never interrupted him nor saidanything to hurt his feelings.Fathima knew that her husband was like a sick personwho was in need of the doctors compassion and cure. Shewas compassionate to him and simultaneously begancuring him. Eventually she was successful and due to herwisdom did not disgrace herself. ~ 64 ~
  65. 65. Remember that the house you are now going to, wasunder the control of your mother-in-law. All the affairs ofthe house went according to her wishes. More importancewas attached to her opinion in all the matters of the house.Your life-partner may have also obeyed her.It is thus apparent that the whole system of the homecannot change all of a sudden. The affairs of the housewill continue to run as before. The people of the housewill continue obeying the elders. You do not have to feeloffended about this. If you have this hope that upon yourarrival all the individuals of the house will relinquish theirchoices and regard you as their superior, this is amisunderstanding on your part and from such hope youwill achieve nothing except anguish and anxiety.By accepting the guardianship of the elders one benefit isthat if any difficult situation arises, their experiencesimplifies the matter. And if there is any mistake in workdone in consultation with the elders, you will not bedisgraced. The cause of most disputes between men andwomen in this world is the lack of understanding onbehalf of the women. Men become frustrated by the lack ~ 65 ~
  66. 66. of understanding and uncouth manners of women. Theybecome annoyed and choose another road. They do notthink of coming home for years and due to the evilcharacter of the women, become stone-hearted.Some women feel that they hail from wealthy homes, theyhave brought so many commodities, thus it is below theirdignity to obey the husband, mother-in-law and father-in-law. This is sometimes so extreme that they do not evenspeak to their husbands properly. Leave aside servinghim, they do not even do their own work. They make himdance to their tune. As long as the husband fulfils all theirwhims and fancies and obeys them, there will be peace inthe house.These kind of women regret one day when all their wealthcannot prevent the separation from the husband. Thehusband becomes frustrated and annoyed while she sits athome shedding tears of blood. The reality is that nomatter how much dowry is given it cannot decrease therights of the husband. ~ 66 ~
  67. 67. THE METHOD OF LIVING TOGETHERSayings of Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Rahmatullahialaih)1. Before shutting the door at night, make certain that nocat or dog is left in the house. Sometimes they can harm aperson at night. Even if they do not cause any harm, theymake a din all night and prevent you from sleeping.2. Occasionally place your clothing and books out in thesunlight.3. Keep the house clean and tidy.4. Do not make yourself accustomed to leisure if youdesire good health. Do some manual work. The bestmanual task for women is to use the hand-mill (to grindflour). It keeps the body healthy. ~ 67 ~
  68. 68. 5. When going to meet someone do not sit for too longnor converse at length. This may frustrate or disturb her inher work.6. All the family members should be particular in fixing aplace for everything. This will prevent time being wastedwhen the object is required.7. Do not place a bed, chair, utensil, brick, stone or slabon the way. This can injure someone who accidentlyknocks it, especially in the dark.8. When anyone tells you to do something, replyimmediately either in the affirmative or in the negative sothat he/she knows whether you are going to do the task ornot. ~ 68 ~
  69. 69. 9. Sprinkle less salt on the food, because if there is less itcan always be remedied but if there is an excess it isdifficult to correct.10. Do not cut chillies and place them in daal or vegetablecurry. Grind them instead, because by cutting, the seedremains in the pieces. If any piece comes in the mouth, itburns severely.11. If you happen to drink water at night, look carefullyinto the utensil and if there is no light, place a cloth etc.over it before drinking so that no particles go in themouth.12. Do not throw a child up in the air jokingly nor let himhang out of the window. This can seriously injure thechild.13. When a utensil is emptied always wash it and place itupside down. When you want to use it again, wash it first. ~ 69 ~
  70. 70. 14. After placing a utensil on the ground when dishingfood into it, do not place it on the table or daster khwanwithout first wiping the bottom.15. If you are visiting someone at his/her house do not askfor anything. It may be insignificant but it can beembarrassing if the person does not have the requireditem.16. Do not spit or clean your nose where other people aresitting. If there is a need, excuse yourself and go to oneside.17. Whilst partaking of meals do not mention somethingwhich can offend the listener and make him feeluncomfortable.18. Do not mention anything in front of a sick person orhis family that make them lose hope in his life. He will beheartbroken. Comfort him by saying that Insha-Allah yourillness will soon be cured. ~ 70 ~
  71. 71. 19. If you want to mention something about a personwhile he is also present then do not indicate to him bywinking or by gestures. He will unnecessarily be placed indoubt. This can only be done if the statement ispermissible in Shariat, otherwise if it is unlawful then tomake such a statement will be sinful.20. Do not gesticulate too much when speaking.21. Do not clean your nose with your dress or sleeve.22. Do not cleanse yourself where there is urine and stool.Move one step away to purify yourself.23. Always dust your shoes before wearing them. Therecan be a harmful creature inside. Similarly dust yourclothes and bed as well. ~ 71 ~
  72. 72. 24. If a woman has a boil on her private part do not askher where it is as this can be embarrassing.25. Do not sit in a place where people are moving about.This causes unnecessary obstruction.26. Do not let any smell arise on the body or clothing. Ifyou do not have a clean pair of clothes, wash the one youare wearing and take a bath.27. Do not sweep where people are sitting.28. Do not throw pits and peels on anyone nor on theroad.29. Do not play with a knife, scissors, needle or any sharpinstrument. You may be careless and hurt yourself.30. If any visitor comes from a distant place ask him if hewants to relieve himself and direct him to the toilet. Do ~ 72 ~
  73. 73. not try to prepare a lavish meal as this will be timeconsuming. Prepare a simple meal so that he can partakeof it immediately. When he intends departing, arrange hisbreakfast early. In short there should be no disturbance inhis comfort and need.31. Do not emerge from the bathroom or toilet tying yourclothing on the back, rather wear the clothing properlyinside.32. If someone asks you something, first answer him andthen proceed with other work.33. Whenever you say anything or answer anyone, openyour mouth properly and speak clearly so that the nextperson understands what you are saying.34. If you have to give someone something, do not throwit from far. Damage will be caused if the other persondoes not hold it. Give it from close by. ~ 73 ~
  74. 74. 35. One should not speak or scream between two personsthat are teaching and learning or conversing.36. If someone is involved in some work or conversation,do not go and begin speaking with him immediately. Waitfor an opportunity and only begin speaking when he turnshis attention towards you.37. When giving anyone something, do not remove yourhands until the person has held it properly. Sometimesdue to a slight negligence, damage is caused.38. When eating, gather the bones in one place. Similarlydo not spread peels etc. of anything all around. When allare gathered, place them on one side.39. Do not run or put your head up when walking. Youmay fall. ~ 74 ~
  75. 75. 40. Close a book carefully. Very often the first and lastpages get folded.41. Do not praise a (ghair mahram) man in front of yourhusband. Some men get highly offended.42. Similarly do not praise other women in front of yourhusband. He may become inclined to her and leave you.43. Do not ask someone about her home, wealth,jewellery and clothing when meeting her if you are notclosely associated to her.44. Specify 3 or 4 days a month for cleaning the entirehouse. Remove all webs, lift the mats, sweep under themand put everything in its place.45. You should not take a written note or book away fromin front of someone to read it yourself. It may containsomething personal which is not meant for you. ~ 75 ~
  76. 76. 46. Be very careful when ascending and descending steps.It is better if you place your one foot on the steps, thenplace the other one on the same step as well. Thenadvance to the next step in a like manner. It is not suitablefor girls and ladies to have one foot on one step andanother on another step. Prevent the children also in theirinfancy.47. Do not dust your clothing or a book where someone issitting in such a manner that dust falls on him. Similarlyyou should not blow with your mouth or dust with a clothbut instead you should go further away and dust it.48. On hearing news about someones grief, worry orsickness do not mention it to anyone unless you havemade certain. His relatives especially should not be told,because if the information is wrong, it will unnecessarilyworry other people. ~ 76 ~
  77. 77. 49. Similarly do not inform distant relatives if there is aslight illness as this may cause unnecessary concern andanxiety.50. Do not spit or put paan (betel-leaf) on the wall.Similarly do not merely wipe your hands on the wall ordoor. Wash them instead.51. If there is need for more food on the table, do not takea utensil from in front of someone. Instead, take the foodin another dish.52. If someone is sitting on the bed or lying down, do notcall him. If you pass by, walk in such a manner that youdo not bump the bed. If you want to put something on thatbed or take something, do so quietly.53. Do not leave food uncovered. Even if you leavesomething on the table that is going to be eaten last, coverit also. ~ 77 ~
  78. 78. 54. The visitor should leave a little food on the table if heis satisfied so that the host does not get the impressionthat the food was less and thereby feel ashamed.55. Whichever utensil is completely empty and has to beput in the cupboard or unit should be placed upside down.56. When walking, lift your foot completely and stepforward. Do not drag your feet. Apart from wearing outthe shoe, it also looks unmannerly.57. Always be careful that a portion of the scarf or shawldoes not hang on the ground.58. If someone asks for salt or for some other food, bringit in a utensil, not in the hand.59. Do not speak of shameless things in front of girls asthis can make them lose their modesty. ~ 78 ~
  79. 79. FAULTS WOMEN SHOULD REFRAIN FROM1. They do not give a logical answer which can satisfy thequestioner. They add many unnecessary points and theactual answer is still not known. Always remember that ifanyone asks a question, fully understand what is beingsaid and then reply accordingly.2. When women are given some work, they listen andkeep quiet. This leaves the speaker in doubt because hedoes not know whether the answer is in the affirmative orin the negative. In this manner the task remains undone.3. Women normally scream when giving the maid a taskto perform or tell anyone something. There are two evilsin this: One is shamelessness and lack of concealment(pardah) because the sound reaches outside. The secondevil is that the message is not understood and the workremains undone. ~ 79 ~
  80. 80. 4. Women generally waste money in useless avenues evenif they have to take a loan. It is sinful to waste. Wheneveryou intend spending, first examine whether there is anydeeni benefit or any worldly need. After thoroughlypondering, if there is a need and a benefit, go ahead andspend. As far as possible avoid taking debts even if youhave to undergo a little hardship.5. Always be punctual especially when travelling. Do notdelay unnecessarily.6. Do not take too many things on a journey. This restrictsthe space. The greatest problem is for the accompanyingmen who have to look after everything. In certain placesthey have to carry the things and certain places they haveto pay the transport costs. Take similar precautions on atrain-journey because the more provisions you take, themore problems will arise.7. Upon reaching a place, women should not descendfrom the car immediately. First send a male to find out ifthere is anyone and inform them of your arrival. If there is ~ 80 ~
  81. 81. any male he will separate himself. When you areinformed that there is no male in the house, you can enter.8. When two women are conversing, it often happens thatone begins to speak while the other has not as yet finishedspeaking. In fact it occurs very often that both startspeaking together. Neither of them listen to the other.What benefit is there in speaking in such a manner?9. Women keep jewellery or money carelessly under thepillow or open in some corner even though they have themeans to protect it in a safe place.10. Sometimes you send a woman for some work and shegoes and begins something else. She returns after havingcompleted both tasks. The person who sent her isconfronted with extreme anxiety and doubt because hehas estimated that the work will take a certain amount oftime and when that time passes by, he begins to getworried. In the meanwhile the woman thinks to herselfthat there is no harm in doing both errandssimultaneously. Do not do so. First complete the initial ~ 81 ~
  82. 82. task thereby honouring his request and thereafter tackleyour other work at ease.11. A common defect is of laziness and procrastinationi.e. to leave work for later. Most often harm is caused.12. There is no brevity in the nature of some women and awoman does not realise that the situation requires haste.Therefore the task has to be done as quickly as possible.Sometimes the actual work is spoilt and the opportunitylost.13. If something is lost, women normally accuse withoutinvestigating. Do not become suspicious on the slightestof doubts.14. Too much money is spent on purchasing betel leaf(paan) and tobacco. At least five or six poor people can befed with that money. By eating paan unnecessarily, onebecomes addicted. ~ 82 ~
  83. 83. 15. If there are two people speaking about some matter,do not unnecessarily meddle. As long as you are notasked for your advice, remain silent.16. After returning from a gathering do not describe theform, clothing and jewellery of other women to yourhusband. This may incline his heart to one of themultimately resulting in anguish.17. Do not interrupt someone who is engaged in somework. This is a loathsome habit. Wait until he finishes histask and then address him.18. Always speak properly so that you are understood.Sometimes due to not understanding the messagecorrectly, animosity is created between two people.19. Listen with full attention when you are spoken to. Donot do something else or begin to speak to someone else. ~ 83 ~
  84. 84. 20. Admit your faults and do not make feeble excuses.21. Do not criticize any small or insignificant presentwhich is given to you by saying, "what was the need tosend such a present? Did the sender not have any shamein sending it?" This is an evil habit. The sender could onlyafford that much. Appreciate it and be grateful.22. Do not hesitate in doing a task which is assigned toyou.23. Do not stitch clothes while you are wearing them.24. At the time of arrival and departure, women attempt tocry even if they have to force themselves because theyfear that if they do not shed a few tears people will saythey are bereft of love.25. Do not carelessly leave a needle in the pillow as it canprick someone. ~ 84 ~
  85. 85. 26. Always protect the children from heat and cold asneglect in this regard results in illness.27. Do not feed the children when they are not hungry norinsist on feeding the visitors. ~ 85 ~
  86. 86. EXPERIENCE AND ORGANISATION1. As far as possible do not have both your sons or bothdaughters weddings at the same time because there willbe a difference between the daughters-in-law and thesons-in-law, in the features of the boys and girls, in theirneatness of clothing and in their modesty. There are manyother factors in which there will be differences and peoplehave the habit of extolling one and criticizing the other.This will unjustly hurt the feeling of the other.2. Do not trust each and every person nor be in the habitof leaving the house in someones custody. Until you arenot confident of a persons integrity, do not place yourtrust in him. In some areas many women enter the homes,some in the guise of hajees with a piece of the cloth of theKaaba, some making taweez knots etc., some as fortunetellers and some with amusements. Do not let them enterthe house. They have destroyed many a home. ~ 86 ~
  87. 87. 3. Do not leave your safe or box which contains money,jewellery and valuables open and walk away. Either lockit or take it with you.4. As far as possible do not purchase goods on credit.However if you are compelled to do so, make a note ofthe price and the date of purchase and pay as soon aspossible.5. Keep a record of the clothing given for washing. Donot rely on your memory.6. As far as possible keep the house expenses to aminimum. In fact you should save from the amount youare given to use for the house.7. Do not tell those women who habitually come to thehouse from elsewhere such things which you do not want ~ 87 ~
  88. 88. others to know of because they carry tales to manyhouses.8. Do not cook rice and flour by estimate. Approximateyour expenses and measure the ingredients for bothmeals. Do not pay heed if anyone teases you.9. When your daughters go outside, do not make themwear jewellery. There is fear of both life and wealth.10. If a man comes to the door and explains hisrelationship or friendship or any kind of contact with yourhusband, father or brother, do not allow him inside i.e.even after making pardah nor give him anything valuable.Send food etc. to him as if he is a stranger. Do not showtoo much affection and sincerity unless a male from thehouse recognizes him. Similarly do not use anythingwhich he may give you. Do not be perturbed if he getsoffended. ~ 88 ~
  89. 89. 11. If an unknown woman comes and informs you thatshe was told to come and fetch you, do not accompanyher. Do not do any work which a stranger may tell you todo, nor give him anything from the house.12. Do not let such a tree grow in the house, the fruit ofwhich can injure someone.13. Wear warm clothing in winter. Most women do notwear sufficient clothing and this inevitably results in coldsand flu.14. Teach the children the parents names and even thegrandfathers name and ask them occasionally in order forthem to remember. The benefit of this is that if the childgets lost and is asked about his parents, he can mentionthe name. In this way someone or the other can return thechild to the parents. If the child does not know the name,he will say I am mummys child or daddys, making itdifficult to trace the actual parents. ~ 89 ~
  90. 90. 15. At a certain place a woman left her child and wentaway for some work. Meanwhile a cat came and scratchedthe child so viciously that he died. Two lessons can belearnt from this: Firstly, a child should not be left alone.Secondly, dogs and cats can never be trusted. Somewomen foolishly make the cats sleep with them. Whatguarantee do they have of the cat not striking a pawdeceivingly at night, or biting or getting hold of thejugular vein.16. Before using any medicine always show it to thedoctor first. Clean it thoroughly before using. Sometimesan unqualified doctor may give you a wrong prescription.Whatever medicine remains over in a container or sachetshould be labelled otherwise no one may recognize it. Nomatter how expensive it was, it will have to be discarded.You may remember wrongly and use it for some otherillness, thus causing even more harm.17. If you do happen to give a loan, do not give too much.Give an amount which, in the event of non-repaymentwill not overburden you. ~ 90 ~
  91. 91. 18. When intending to undertake something new or major,first take the advice of an understanding, religious andobliging person.19. Keep your money and valuables safely hidden. Do notmention it to everyone.20. When writing a letter to someone write the addressclearly. If you happen to write to the same person again,do not leave your address out assuming the addressee tohave remembered it from your first letter. Allah knowsbest whether the first letter reached or not. If perchance itdid not reach, how much inconvenience the addressee willexperience especially if he does not know the address bymemory or is illiterate.21. When travelling by public transport eg. a train,safeguard your ticket very carefully. Do not be negligentand sleep in the train nor tell any fellow passenger yoursecret or mention anything about your valuables and ~ 91 ~
  92. 92. jewellery. Do not eat anything given to you by strangerseg. betel leaf, sweetmeats etc. Do not wear jewellerywhen travelling by train. Keep it safely in a box etc. Youcan wear it on reaching home.22. Always keep some loose coins in your pocket.23. Do not interfere with an insane person nor speak tohim. If he is not in his senses, he may say or do somethingthat is highly embarrassing to you.24. Do not place your barefeet anywhere in the dark noryour hand. First switch the light on and then proceed.25. Do not tell each and every person your secret. Bymentioning it to others it is more likely to be exposed.26. Keep the necessary medicines at home. ~ 92 ~
  93. 93. 27. Always ponder at the consequence of any act beforeattempting it.28. Do not purchase crockery and utensils unnecessarilyas this destroys ones wealth.29. If women are sitting in a train and their husbands aresitting in another coach, the women should not alight byobserving or hearing the name of the station they intendgoing to. Some cities have 2 or 3 stations. There is apossibility that the men may alight at another stationresulting in both parties separating and causingunnecessary inconvenience. The women shoulddisembark only when the men come to fetch them.30. Women should also keep the following items withthem: a book of masalahs (laws), a pen, paper and a jugfor wudu.31. Do not ask people going on a journey to bringanything for you nor request them to take anything. These ~ 93 ~
  94. 94. requests most often cause inconvenience. If you intend tosend a parcel or a letter, it can be posted.32. Do not partake of anything given to you by a strangeron a journey. Sometimes criminals give poison orintoxicants with the intention of looting your belongings.33. Whilst hurrying to catch the train, be careful not to sitin a class higher than the one you paid for.34. Whilst sewing, if a needle gets stuck in the cloth, donot remove it with your mouth. Sometimes it may breakor slip and pierce the palate or tongue.35. Always keep a nailclipper with you.36. Do not ever put medicine in the eyes. ~ 94 ~
  95. 95. 37. Do not interfere in other peoples affairs nor give anyadvice. However if you are requested to do so, there is noharm.38. Do not insist on someone staying over. This caninconvenience a person. What benefit is there in suchlove, the result of which is animosity?39. Do not carry something that is too heavy. Womenshould especially be careful because their joints and bloodvessels are much more delicate and sensitive.40. Do not leave a needle or any sharp object lyingaround. It can cause an injury.41. Do not punish a child or student with a thick stick norkick him. ~ 95 ~
  96. 96. 42. Do not give something heavy or dangerous fromabove someone. Even food and water should not be givenfrom above someone.43. Always inform the host if you have already eaten.This will not inconvenience him by unnecessarilypreparing food.44. Do not buy and sell at an inconvenient place.45. Children of a learning age should be given food whichstrengthens the brain.46. As far as possible do not remain alone at home duringthe night. Allah only knows what calamity can befall aperson.47. Do not allow children to do any risky or dangeroustasks. ~ 96 ~
  97. 97. 48. Do not suddenly pick up bricks, stones etc. that arelying in one place for a long time. Very often scorpions orother harmful creatures breed under them. Always liftthem up carefully.49. When intending to lie on the bed, first dust it as theremay be some creature lying on it.50. Place leaves of the margosa tree or camphor ornaphthelene balls between silk and woollen clothing toprevent moths or worms from breeding.51. When concealing money at home, always tell one ortwo persons whom you trust.52. Some people use a lock and place the key somewherenearby. This is inefficient. ~ 97 ~
  98. 98. 53. Do not light a lamp of oil as it is very harmful. Becareful when switching a lantern off. Do not place yourhand on it. Use a fan or cloth to extinguish it.54. If you want to count money at night, do so silently.55. Do not leave a burning lamp in an empty house.Similarly do not throw away a burning match. Eitherextinguish it and then throw it away or trample it withyour shoe so that no spark remains.56. Do not allow children to play with matches, fire andfireworks.57. When going to toilet with a lamp, place it carefully sothat it does not burn the clothing. Many people havesustained burns in this manner. Kerosene oil especially, isvery dangerous. ~ 98 ~
  99. 99. CARING FOR THE CHILDREN1. Wash the childs hands, face, neck, ears, and groinproperly with a wet cloth each day . When dirt collects,the flesh becomes putrefied and sores develop as a result.2. When the child urinates or passes stool, cleanse himimmediately. Do not merely wipe with a cloth as thisresults in a rash and a swelling on the body. During coldweather use warm water.3. Make him sleep separately and join the sides of the bedor place two pillows on the either side so that he does notfall. If you let him sleep next to you, there is the fear ofhim getting crushed under you unknowingly. His limbsare very tender and great precaution must be taken.4. Do not let him form a habit of playing on the swing asswings are not availabe everyhere. Also do not keep himin the lap for too long as this makes him weak. ~ 99 ~
  100. 100. 5. Form the childs habit of going to everyone. By going toone person only, the child will be unduly grieved if thatperson passes away.6. If you want a wet-nurse to breastfeed your child,choose one whose milk is good and who is young, with agood character. She must be religious; not foolish,shameless, ill-mannered, miserly and greedy.7. When the child begins to eat, do not let the wet-nursefeed him. Feed him yourself or let a responsible personfeed him so that he does not overeat and become sick.When administering medicine, have it prepared and givenin your presence.8. When he begins to understand a little, let him form ahabit of eating with his own hand. Teach him to eat withthe right hand and to eat less so that he be free of illnessesand greed. ~ 100 ~
  101. 101. 9. The parents or guardian should take care that the childis always clean. If the hands and face get dirty, theyshould be washed immediately.10. If possible, there should be someone to keep an eye onthe child while he is playing and protect him from injuryand evil company.11. The servant should be emphatically told not to feedhim in any place. If someone gives him something to eat,he should bring it home and show it to the parents.12. The child should be taught not to ask anyone foranything besides the buzrugs (saints) nor take anythingfrom anyone or take anything without permission.13. Do not show too much affection for the child therebyspoiling him. ~ 101 ~
  102. 102. 14. Do not make him wear very tight clothing.15. Inculcate in him the habit of using miswaak regularly.16. The first part of this book contains etiquettes foreating, drinking, speaking, meeting people, sitting andawakening. Teach the child these etiquettes. Do not feelthat he will learn them himself when he grows up or youwill teach him at that time. Remember that no one canlearn himself and by reading he will become aware of itbut a habit will not be formed. As long as he does nothave these habits, no matter how educated he may be, hewill always be ill-mannered and shameless.17. Do not pressurize the child to learn. Initially appointone hour for his learning, then two, three and so on. Makehim strive according to his capacity. Do not teach thewhole day as this causes excessive fatigue. If there is toomuch strain, his heart and mind will deteriorate, hismemory will weaken and he will become lazy like a sickperson. He will ultimately lose interest in studying. ~ 102 ~
  103. 103. 18. Besides a few minor vacations he should not be giventoo many holidays without necessity as this will bore him.19. Engage the service of the most perfect andknowledgeable person available in the field he haschosen. Employing cheap teachers will have detrimentalresults.20. Arrange the learning program in such a way that theeasy lessons are taught in the afternoon and the difficultones in the morning because a person becomes tired laterin the day and fears difficult lessons.21. Children, especially girls should be taught cookingand sewing.22. Teach the boys not to make istinja (purifying oneselfafter answering the call of nature) in front of others,especially females. ~ 103 ~
  104. 104. GOOD ADVICE1. It is wrong to tease someone about a past incident.Women have this evil habit of mentioning past incidentsof grief and sorrow which have already been forgiven andforgotten. This renews the enmity.2. Do not complain about the in-laws at home. Somecomplaints are sinful, show lack of patience and mostoften increase the enmity on both sides. In the samemanner do not praise your family and exalt them in frontof your in-laws. This can lead to the sin of pride andarrogance. The in-laws will be perturbed at the behaviourof the daughter-in-law.3. Do not speak too much as this can result in somethingunsuitable being uttered. ~ 104 ~
  105. 105. 4. As far as possible do not give your work to others. Doit yourself. In fact do the work of others as well. Not onlywill you be rewarded but you will be liked by everyone.5. Neither pay attention nor listen to those women whogossip. Besides this act being sinful these women causedissension.6. If you hear any complaint about your mother-in-law,sister- in-law, the wife of your husbands brother or anynear or far relative, do not conceal it in your heart. It isbetter to regard it as a lie and discard it. If you do nothave that much courage, face the person who mentionedthe complaint to you and clarify the matter so that nocorruption spreads.7. Do not be harsh on the servants. Ensure that yourchildren do not harrass the maids children because they,out of respect will not say anything verbally but will behurt within. ~ 105 ~