Blessings on theProphet Muhammad         II
The veil is lifted from us and a moon shines out to those          who look on, banishing all illusions.When our mounts re...
Blessings on the ProphetMuhammadAN IMPORTANT WORK ON THE MEANING, RELEVANCE  AND IMPORTANCE OF SENDING BLESSINGS AND     G...
Part of a series of IECRC publications© All rights reserved. No part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in a ret...
CONTENTSCONTENTS...........................................................................VIINTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK .......
The Islamic Education and Research Center (IECRC), basedin Fremont, California is a continuation of the centuries oldtradi...
INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOKAllah in the Qur’an says that the Prophet Muhammadwas sent only as a “Mercy to the entire Universe...
Ahmed Qadri strives to shed light onto the countlessbounties of Allah on the one who sends blessings andsalutations on the...
traditional exegeses, and translate small sections of theArabic poetry into English.The publishing of this title includes ...
and Rahmat Khan who have guided me to be the personwho I am today, and for my wife Fatima for supportingme throughout my s...
PREFACEBlessings and salutations on our Beloved Messengeris a source of contentment and strength for the Muslim indistress...
I am fortunate that this scholarly effort is a result ofteamwork of highly dedicated volunteers of IECRC. Iexpress my appr...
Part I Blessings on the Prophet MuhammadAll thanks and praises are due to Allah, Most High. Maypeace and blessings be upon...
2
CHAPTER ONE       Sending Blessings on the ProphetIn the Holy Quran, Allah Most High orders those whohave faith to send bl...
blessings and greetings upon the Prophet . The purposeof sending blessings and greetings on the ProphetMuhammad        is ...
upon him), in his famous biography of the Prophet            , thefamous Ash-Shifa:“The Prophet       climbed the pulpit (...
visiting the blessed place of burial of the Prophet  .about which Qadi Iyad (may the mercy of Allah be uponhim) says:“As f...
Prophet Muhammad       whenever his name or person ismentioned or whenever with oneself. O Allah! Send blessings on Muhamm...
8
CHAPTER TWO    Sending Greetings (Salaam) on the ProphetThe word Salaam has various meanings includingsoundness, unimpaire...
“    )%$%                           5 8          2                                        1) ”         WA SALAAMUN ‘ALAA A...
Surat al-Ahzab 16, the believers are enjoined to sendsalutations upon the Prophet  worthy of his status withAllah:“and sal...
command the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them)to greet and salute the Prophet        in the best possiblemanner. ...
Another point that is worth noting in the Qur’anic versein Surat al-Ahzab (33:56) is that the Prophet  has beenmentioned a...
(peace be upon him), than the Jews who were wrongfullyclaiming the inheritance of the faith of Ibraheem (peacebe upon him)...
In a famous tradition related by Abdur Rahman ibn Awf(may Allah be pleased with him) and mentioned invarious sources, the ...
with him) which many other scholars have related, thatthe Prophet  said:“He, from the Ummah, who sends a single blessing o...
CHAPTER THREE     Which has a Higher Status? Blessings or                   GreetingsSome are of the opinion that the stat...
)%$%                            5 8          2                                         1)                    RR $ ,% OP ! ...
CHAPTER FOURSending Blessings and Greetings through PoetryThe first Salaam to be recorded in Islamic history was theone pr...
means by which those who love their Messenger ,praise him and open their heart to their BelovedProphet      , expressing t...
received when he recited poetry praising the ProphetMuhammad      whom he unconditionally loved:“Sa bin Al-Musaiyab (may A...
22
CHAPTER FIVE           The Spiritual and Physical BenefitsThe past has recorded many scholars who have, throughtraditions ...
Abu Hafs Umar bin Abdul Majeed al-Mubanshi relates astory about Khidr and Ilyaas (may Allah be pleased withboth of them), ...
presence, but he doesn’t have the strength to travel. TheBlessed Prophet        replied, “Tell your father that for sevenw...
the full moon. When I buried him, I heard a voice fromthe unseen say, “The favor that Allah has bestowed onyour father is ...
HAREESUN. ‘ALAY-KUM BIL-MUMINEEN RAUFUR-RAHEEMIndeed there has come to you a Noble Messenger from amongyou - your falling ...
out of his own intellectual deduction that he was doing so ordid he have any proof for such an action (in the Sunnah). Hei...
shrine of the Prophet      and greeted him    , Abu Bakr (mayAllah be pleased with him) , and Umar (may Allah be pleasedwi...
his father. In each of the openings, Shah ‘Abd ur-Rahim(may the mercy of Allah be upon him) was visited by theProphet . He...
friend of mine brought me a glass of milk. I drank themilk and that night, in my dream I was honored with avisit from the ...
of Mercy from Allah descending upon us as life-givingrain and relieving us from our sorrow and humiliation.Finally, one mo...
CHAPTER SIX      How to See the Prophet             in a Dream       The one who longs to see the Prophet          in hisd...
of hadith that by the authority of Aws (may Allah bepleased with him), the Prophet      said:       “Do a lot of prayer on...
3. Send the following blessings on the Holy Prophet       Muhammad        100 times after the prayer is       complete:   ...
by which, on the Day of Judgment, there remains no        distance between my beloved     and I, in the        highest deg...
CHAPTER SEVEN         The Prophet            Hears Our GreetingsMaulana Muhammad Zakarraiyya, the Master of Hadith(Shaykh ...
prohibited the consumption of the bodies of the Prophets(peace be upon them all) by the Earth.These traditions clarify tha...
This does not mean that he    is deficient in his listeningcapability as granted to him by Allah Most High. TheQur’an itse...
Syed Ahmad Kabir ar-Rifai (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) in the year 555 of the Islamic Calendar (Hijri)visited the P...
Prophet      and it was famous about him that his eyeswere always moist from the adoration of the Prophet .He used to say ...
After this vision, he was removed from prisonimmediately and honorably discharged.46It was only from the love that Maulana...
CHAPTER EIGHT       The Proper Adab (Manner) of SalaamThe famous text of the Hanafi School of Thought, Nur ul-Idah, by All...
while reading “In the name of Allah Most High, entering thesanctuary of the generous Prophet      , O my Lord! Have meente...
your pious generation and upon your noble family who AllahMost High has kept pure and has cleansed well. May AllahMost Hig...
This is quite a lengthy greeting addressing the Best ofCreation       in the second person using terms like yaRasul-Allah,...
simple traffic judges, why is it that we have the       audacity to disrespect the master of kings and       judges ? Is i...
among you!” Sa (may Allah be pleased with him) sat                        d       beside the Prophet     and the Prophet  ...
CONCLUSION                          Part IAllamah Muhammad Iqbal (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) also known as the poe...
O Allah! Grant us the honor of loving the blessed sandalsof the Prophet       and give us the tawfiq to presentgreetings t...
(peace be upon him) and the family of Ibraheem (peacebe upon him). Certainly, You are Most Praiseworthy,Most Admirable.O A...
52
Part IIA Collection of Selected Famous Poetry in  Praise of the Prophet Muhammad    “The prayer of good be upon Muhammad  ...
54
The Poem of Bani an-NajjarThis is a famous poem recited often in the Muslim worldespecially by children. It was written ar...
56
Introduction to the Qasida BurdaImam Sharaf ud-Din al-Busairi (may the mercy of Allahbe upon him) used to write poems prai...
On hearing his qasida, the Prophet   left their companyand went to Imam al-Busairi (may the mercy of Allah beupon him). It...
Selections of the Qasida Burda Shareef         ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi  O Master, send blessings and peace...
‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi  O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally    Upon Your Beloved, th...
‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi  O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally    Upon Your Beloved, th...
62
Selected Pearls of Poetry from the SahabaAnd when you were born, the entire earth was illuminated        "And the skies we...
Verily, the best of all humankind on the earth is              "A prophet who removed from us the doubts of skepticism    ...
O Prophet          ! Greetings Unto You                        O Prophet! Peace be upon you       O Messenger! Peace be up...
O Prophet! Peace be upon you O Messenger! Peace be upon you  O Beloved! Peace be upon you           (Repeat twice)    $   ...
(Repeat twice)        $       Prayers of Allah be upon you       &&&&&&&&&&&&        &&&&&&&&&&&&  O my Beloved, One Immen...
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)
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Blessings on Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

  1. 1. Blessings on theProphet Muhammad II
  2. 2. The veil is lifted from us and a moon shines out to those who look on, banishing all illusions.When our mounts reach Muhammad it is forbidden for us to be found in our saddles.We are drawing near to the best man ever to walk on the earth, so we hold this ground in respect and honor — Recited by a certain visitor who looked onto the city of the Messenger of Allah III
  3. 3. Blessings on the ProphetMuhammadAN IMPORTANT WORK ON THE MEANING, RELEVANCE AND IMPORTANCE OF SENDING BLESSINGS AND GREETINGS ON THE BEST OF CREATION Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ahmed QadriIslamic Educational & Cultural Research Center, North America P.O. Box 1646, Union City, CA 94587, USA Telephone: 510-732-6786 E-Mail: info@iecrcna.org Web: www.iecrcna.org IV
  4. 4. Part of a series of IECRC publications© All rights reserved. No part of this publication may bereproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in anyform or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,recording in language or otherwise, without the prior writtenpermission of author as well as IECRC, California, USA.Date Published: May 2003 (First edition)June 18, 2004 (Current edition)Publisher:Islamic Educational & Cultural Research Center, NorthAmerica, P.O. Box 1646, Union City, CA 94587, USATelephone: (510) 732-6786E-Mail: info@iecrcna.orgWeb: www.iecrcna.org V
  5. 5. CONTENTSCONTENTS...........................................................................VIINTRODUCTION TO THE BOOK ...................................VIIIPREFACE ............................................................................ XIIPart I: Blessings on the Prophet Muhammad ................. 1Sending Blessings on the Prophet ........................................ 3Sending Greetings (Salaam) on the Prophet ........................ 9Which has a Higher Status? Blessings or Greetings .............. 17Sending Blessings and Greetings through Poetry .................. 19The Spiritual and Physical Benefits ....................................... 23How to See the Prophet in a Dream................................... 33The Prophet Hears Our Greetings...................................... 37The Proper Adab (Manner) of Salaam ................................... 43Part II: Collection of Selected Famous Poetry in Praise ofthe Prophet Muhammad ................................................. 53The Poem of Bani an-Najjar .................................................. 55Introduction to the Qasida Burda ........................................... 57Selections of the Qasida Burda Shareef ................................. 59Selected Pearls of Poetry from the Sahaba ........................... 63O Prophet ! Greetings Unto You......................................... 65Selections from the Salaam of Raza....................................... 69 VI
  6. 6. The Islamic Education and Research Center (IECRC), basedin Fremont, California is a continuation of the centuries oldtradition of our ancestors and spiritual guides to bring peaceand harmony in society by addressing the essential needs ofpeople regardless of their cast, creed, color or religion. Therole of this organization is to foster mutual understanding,tolerance and respect among the diverse population thatmakes up the United States of America in an effort toeliminate prejudice and discrimination; to providecounseling to help improve family relationships in times ofstress or crises; and present Metaphysics as a science ofspiritual guidance.As a research based organization, IECRC is dedicated topublish research journals, books and monographs on issuesrelated to multicultural groups in general, and spiritualknowledge in specific.Management, IECRCCalifornia, USA VII
  7. 7. INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOKAllah in the Qur’an says that the Prophet Muhammadwas sent only as a “Mercy to the entire Universe.” Thereis so much that each one of us owe him that if wehave to spend our lifetime attempting to describe hiscontribution to humankind and to Creation as a whole, wewould exhaust ourselves and yet not be able to comeclose to doing any justice to his achievements. The leastthat each Muslim can do to repay our debt to the ProphetMuhammad is to devote ourselves to his way (theSunnah), to honor his status by praising him abundantly,to steer away from anyone who attempts to denigrate hissupreme status, and to send abundant blessings andgreetings on him .Sending blessings and greetings on the ProphetMuhammad has been an essential practice of theCompanions (Sahaba), the Followers (Tabi’een), and therightly guided predecessors that followed them. To thisday, it remains an essential practice of the believers, yetthere remains those who are oblivious to the importance,relevance, and manner (adab) of sending blessings andgreetings on the Best of Creation .Prof. Dr. Mohammed Ahmed Qadri in his lectures anddiscourses has always emphasized the importance ofsending blessings and greetings on the Prophetwhenever his name or person is mentioned. In the timethat I have spent with Dr. Qadri, I have come toappreciate and draw inspiration from his devoted andunconditional love for the Prophet , his way and histeachings. In this monograph, Prof. Dr. Muhammad VIII
  8. 8. Ahmed Qadri strives to shed light onto the countlessbounties of Allah on the one who sends blessings andsalutations on the Best of Creation . In his work, Dr.Qadri illustrates his discourse with authentic texts andproof from the foundational sources and the earliercommunity bringing together some of the most beautifulworks of poetry and sayings of the time and the timeshortly thereafter.The attempt to write and publish this work started in thesacred month of Ramadan when Dr. Qadri and Dr. SyedaSaiqa Zubeda were discussing the importance of makingknown the meaning and relevance of sending blessingsand greetings on the Prophet . The very next morning,I received a six-page article from Dr. Zubeda, dictated byDr. Qadri outlining the main theme of this publication.Before I could start on it, I began receiving translations ofthe Salaam of Raza from Dr. Zubeda and translations ofselections from the famous Hanafi text Nur ul-Idahdetailing the manner (adab) of greeting the Prophetwhen visiting his blessed shrine, from Ayyaz Yousaf.Slowly but surely this work started taking form and aftergoing back and forth with Dr. Qadri numerous times, Iwas able to add more and more early and authenticsources to the compilation emphasizing the importance ofsending blessings and greetings on the Prophet .Finally, I received a two-hour tape from Dr. Qadri,sections of which I was able to transcribe detailing thesubject matter, which eventually became part the mainbody of this publication. By the Grace of Allah and thebarakah of His Messenger , my meager contributionto this publication was to compile the different sources, toadd tafseer (Quranic exegesis) to some of the ayaat(verses) of the Qur’an as described in authentic and IX
  9. 9. traditional exegeses, and translate small sections of theArabic poetry into English.The publishing of this title includes the efforts of Prof.Dr. Mohammed Ahmed Qadri who was responsible forthe bulk of the subject matter and for the inspirationneeded to continue this work; Prof. Dr. Abdullah Qadri,the eminent scholar of Karachi, Chairman Department ofPolitical Science, University of Karachi, Pakistan, whowas instrumental in producing many of the traditional andauthentic sources; Dr. Syeda Saiqa Zubeda, formerprincipal of the Canadian Institute of Islamic Sciences,Toronto, Canada, who helped in translating some of thepoetry and producing additional sources from originaltexts; and Ayyaz Yousaf, Managing Director, IECRCwho helped with the section on the adaab of presentingSalaam to the Prophet and in pooling and organizingthe resources needed to publish this title. Additionalthanks go to the dedicated IECRC volunteers ShaanawazKhan, Julie Minot Rehman and Fatima Rashid ofSacramento, California, for proofreading the finalizeddocument and not to forget, Naveed Agboatwalla andShagufta Ahmed Qadri for helping during the printingprocess.I am thankful to Allah for allowing me the opportunity towork on such an honorable task with my teacher Dr.Mohammed Ahmed Qadri and I ask Allah, by the rank ofHis Beloved Prophet Muhammad , to honor and raisethe degrees of my teachers, especially that of my teacherDr. Mohammed Ahmed Qadri, who showed me what itmeans to love the Beloved of Allah and all of thosewho dedicated their precious time for this work who Ihave and have not mentioned. Additionally, I amthankful to Allah for my honorable parents, Ahmed Khan X
  10. 10. and Rahmat Khan who have guided me to be the personwho I am today, and for my wife Fatima for supportingme throughout my spiritual journey and for raising ourchildren in the love of the Prophet . ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimiO Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternallyUpon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation . SHARAAZ KHAN QADRI May 2003 XI
  11. 11. PREFACEBlessings and salutations on our Beloved Messengeris a source of contentment and strength for the Muslim indistress as well as in better times. Today, Muslims havetaken to fads and behavior foreign to Islamic culturalvalues, and as a result, the traditional ways and methodsof our predecessors and elders have taken a back seat.The purpose of this monograph is to help revive thetraditional practice of sending abundant blessings andsalutations on the Blessed Prophet . In thispublication, I have attempted to clarify the importance ofthis practice using primary texts and the sayings ofrenowned personalities. All of the ahadith used in thispublication are mustanad (authentic), and the poetryincluded herein that sends blessings and salutations onthe Prophet are the very same ones that are usedworldwide in gatherings of the remembrance of Allah andHis Messenger . In this regard, I feel that thiscompilation is one of a kind and has been presented inthis form for the very first time.I would like to express a deep sense of appreciation to allthe contributors who have participated in this effortfinancially and academically. In listing myacknowledgement of indebtedness, pride and place goesto the Managing Director IECRC, Muhammad AyyazYousaf who was by my side in providing support andinspiration to accomplish this research work. Specialthanks goes to Prof. Dr. Abdullah Qadri for his scholarlycontribution and to Dr. Syeda Saiqa Zubeda for herefforts in providing additional sources to the work. XII
  12. 12. I am fortunate that this scholarly effort is a result ofteamwork of highly dedicated volunteers of IECRC. Iexpress my appreciation and debt of gratitude, especiallyto Sharaaz Khan who helped in producing this work inthe form of a book and providing supplemental textualsupport and translation, and to Khatija Jamal Locks whostarted on a separate but similar effort but chose to giveup her publication in lieu of this one. Additional thanksgo to the other volunteers who spent countless hours insupporting the manual tasks surrounding the publicationof a book especially Naveed Agboatwalla, Saad HameedQadri, Syeda Shagufta Ahmed, Shaanawaz Khan,Shakeel Rehman and Julie Minot Rehman.May Allah accept this service, which has been renderedto humanity – Ameen! PROF. DR. MOHAMMED AHMED QADRI May 27, 2003 XIII
  13. 13. Part I Blessings on the Prophet MuhammadAll thanks and praises are due to Allah, Most High. Maypeace and blessings be upon the Prophet Muhammad ,his family, his Companions, and those who followed histradition. It is only through the mercy of Allah and Hisgreat bounty on the Muslims that He has sent among usthe Prophet . If we were to spend our entire lifetimestudying the books of Islam, we will not be able tounderstand the depth in which Allah loves and honors HisProphet .The goal of this paper is to help us understand thephilosophy behind sending blessings (Salawaat/Durood)and salutations (Salaam) on the Prophet and theimportance and relevance of doing so in our lives. 1
  14. 14. 2
  15. 15. CHAPTER ONE Sending Blessings on the ProphetIn the Holy Quran, Allah Most High orders those whohave faith to send blessings and salutations (greetings)upon His beloved Prophet Muhammad .The Holy Qur’an says: ! " ” “ $ & # % ($ ) % (* ( +INNA ALLAAHA WA- MALAAIKATA-HUYUSALLOONA ‘ALAA AN-NABEY YAA AYYUHAALLADHENA AAMANOO SALLO ‘ALAY-HI WA-SALLIMO TASLEMA“Indeed Allah and His angels send blessings on the Prophet; OPeople who Believe! Send blessings and abundant salutationsupon him. (Everlasting peace and unlimited blessings be upon 1the Holy Prophet Mohammed .)”According to this commandment, Allah has made itevident that Allah and His Angels send blessings on theProphet ; and those who believe, should send blessingsand salute the Prophet abundantly ( # % ($ ) ). $ &This verse (ayat) of the Qur’an indicates an action that iscommon between Allah, His angels (mala’ika) and thebelievers (Mu’mineen), and the action is to shower1 Al-Qur’an, Surat al-Ahzab 33:56, Kanzul Iman (tr. Imam AhmedRaza Khan) 3
  16. 16. blessings and greetings upon the Prophet . The purposeof sending blessings and greetings on the ProphetMuhammad is to attach oneself with he who AllahHimself showers blessings upon. It is because of this thatsending blessings (Durood) on the Prophet isconsidered the best of worship.Narrated Sahl ibn Abdullah (may Allah be pleased withhim):“Prayer upon Muhammad is the best of worship, becauseAllah partakes in it, He and His angels, then He commands itupon the believers; as thus, the remaining acts of worship are 2unlike it.”Although there is no difference of opinion among thescholars of Islam that sending blessings (Durood orSalawaat) upon the Prophet once in a lifetime is anobligation, they do differ about whether it is an obligatoryor a recommended act to perform prayer upon theProphet each time he is mentioned. The famoustraditional scholar, Imam Zamkhshari, was of the opinionthat, in fact, it is an obligation. Others were of theopinion that it should be performed at least once in asitting in which he is mentioned repeatedly 3. There isa tradition of the Prophet stating that he who mentionsthe Prophet and does not send blessings upon him,enters the fire and is kept far away from Allah.This tradition is related by the great jurisprudent (faqih),judge (qadi) and memorizer of the Qur’an (hafiz), QadiIyad ibn Musa al-Yahsubi (may the mercy of Allah be2 Tafseer al-Qurtabi; Abu Abdullah al-Qurtabi3 Tafseer al-Qurtabi; Abu Abdullah al-Qurtabi 4
  17. 17. upon him), in his famous biography of the Prophet , thefamous Ash-Shifa:“The Prophet climbed the pulpit (mimbar) and said “Amen.”Then he climbed it again and said “Amen.” Then he did it athird time. Mu’adh (may Allah be pleased with him) questionedhim about this and the Prophet said “Jibril (peace be uponhim) came and said to me, “Muhammad , whenever you arementioned by name in front of a person, and he does not blessyou, and subsequently dies, he will enter the fire. Allah will puthim far away. Say “Amen.” So I said “Amen.” He said, “WhenRamadan comes and it is not accepted from him and he dies,it is the same. If someone has two parents – or one of them –and he does not show devotion and goodness to them and he 4dies, it is the same.”Thus, the gravity of not blessing the Prophet when heis mentioned is equated to disregarding the sanctity ofRamadan and being disobedient and wicked to parents.Additionally, the Prophet had been commanded toconfirm the seriousness of the inaction by saying “Amen”which means “may it be so” each time Gabriel (Jibril -peace be upon him) conveyed the message of Allah.In a well-known tradition related by Ali ibn Abi-Talib(may Allah ennoble his countenance), the Prophetsaid:“A miser is someone who does not bless me when I am 5mentioned in his presence.”From this tradition, it is clear that holding ones tonguefrom sending blessings when he is mentioned is plainstinginess and miserliness because it is his due rightover us. This practice is especially important when4 Ash-Shifa of Qadi ‘Iyad Musa al-Yahsubi5 Ash-Shifa , At-Tarmidhi, al-Bayhaqi, an-Nisa’i. 5
  18. 18. visiting the blessed place of burial of the Prophet .about which Qadi Iyad (may the mercy of Allah be uponhim) says:“As for the prayer and asking for peace on the Prophet ,which Allah has commanded His slaves to do, Qadi Abu Bakribn Bukayr (may the mercy of Allah be upon him) said, “This 6ayat was sent down on to the Prophet and Allahcommanded his Companions to ask for peace on him.Similarly, those after him were commanded to ask for peaceon the Prophet when they are present at his grave and 7when he is mentioned.”In another tradition, Anas ibn Malik (may Allah bepleased with him) relates that the Prophet said: “Whoever blesses me once, Allah blesses him with tenprayers and ten wrong actions fall away from him and he israised by ten degrees.” One variant adds, “and ten good 8actions are written for him.”In the light of the preceding traditions, it has becomeclear that by discarding the wonderful gift of prayer orblessings on the Prophet , one loses the benefit ofgaining righteous actions, risks being driven away fromAllah, and subsequently risks entering the fire. One alsoloses hope for the intercession of the Beloved Propheton a day when people will be up to their necks in theirown sweat. Thus, out of caution, it only follows thatprayer or blessings on the Prophet should be sent eachtime he is mentioned. At the same time, one should try todistance oneself as much as possible from being called amiser on the Day of Standing. The formula to achievethis is to send as much blessings as possible upon the6 See footnote 17 Ash-Shifa8 Ash-Shifa 6
  19. 19. Prophet Muhammad whenever his name or person ismentioned or whenever with oneself. O Allah! Send blessings on Muhammad and on his progeny. 7
  20. 20. 8
  21. 21. CHAPTER TWO Sending Greetings (Salaam) on the ProphetThe word Salaam has various meanings includingsoundness, unimpaired, peace, greeting and salutation. Inthe Holy Qur’an, Allah sends His greetings upon variousProphets and Messengers (peace be upon all of them): “ $ ,% - . 0 / 2 1 )” SALAAMUN ‘ALAA NUH. FE AL-‘AALAMEEN 9 Peace be upon Nuh (Noah) among the entire people! “2346 5% " 2 1 )” SALAAMUN ‘ALAA IBRAAHEEM 10 Peace be upon Ibraheem (Abraham)! “ 53 ) 2 1 )” SALAAMUN ‘ALAA MOOSAA WA-HAARON 11 Peace be upon Musa (Moses) and Haroon (Aaron)! “ ) %" 7 2 1 )” SALAAMUN ‘ALAA ILYAASEEN 12 Peace be upon Ilyaas (Elias)!9 Al-Qur’an, Surat as-Saffat 37:79, Kanzul Iman10 Al-Qur’an, Surat as-Saffat 37:109, Kanzul Iman11 Al-Qur’an, Surat as-Saffat 37:120, Kanzul Iman12 Al-Qur’an, Surat as-Saffat 37:130, Kanzul Iman 9
  22. 22. “ )%$% 5 8 2 1) ” WA SALAAMUN ‘ALAA AL-MURSALEEN 13 Peace be upon the Noble MessengersIn another place in the Qur’an, Allah Most High sendsgreetings upon Yahya (John the Baptist, peace be uponhim): “ #9 :,% ; <%$ ; = ; % % 1 ) ” % % % 2WA-SALAAMUN ‘ALAY-HI YAWMA WULIDA WA- YAWMA YAMOOTO WA-YAWMA YUB’ATHU HAYYA And peace is upon him the day he was born, and the day he 14 will taste death, and the day he will be raised alive.In the same chapter (Surah), Isa (Jesus, peace be uponhim) sends greetings upon himself:“ #9 :,% ; < > ; <= ; 6 % > % % 2& ”WA AS-SALAAMU ‘ALAY-YA YAWMA WULIDTU WA-YAWMA AMOOTO WA-YAWM UB’ATH HAYYAAnd peace is upon me the day I was born, and on the day Ishall taste death, and on the day I will be raised alive. 15In the preceding verses of the Qur’an, Allah honors thevarious Messengers with peace and greetings accordingto their respective degrees, yet no prophet has beenhonored in the Qur’an the way Allah has honored his lastand most beloved Prophet . At the end of the verse in13 Al-Qur’an, Surat as-Saffat 37:181, Kanzul Iman14 Al-Qur’an, Surah Maryam 19:15, Kanzul Iman15 Al-Qur’an, Surah Maryam 19:33, Kanzul Iman 10
  23. 23. Surat al-Ahzab 16, the believers are enjoined to sendsalutations upon the Prophet worthy of his status withAllah:“and salute him with a worthy salutation” $ & # % ($ )The root of the word sallim, which is the form used in theverse, is S-L-M ; 7 ? . The first form of this root isSalima, which means sound, unimpaired, blameless, orfaultless. The meaning of the root in its second formSallima means to greet, to salute, to grant salvation. Theverbal noun of Sallima is Tasleem, which is also used atthe end of the verse. Tasleem may be translated assalutation, greeting or unquestionable recognition 17.If used in the form of a command Sallim, the exact formused in the verse, it means to give the best of ones regard;to send the best of one’s salutations which implies togreet and salute in the most sound, unimpaired, andabundant manner. When Sallim and Tasleem are usedtogether as in the verse, it implies to greet and salute inthe best possible manner with unquestionable recognitionand honor.Thus, the Qur’an enjoins the believers to send the best oftheir salutations in the most sound, unimpaired, andabundant manner, recognizing the unquestionable statusof the Beloved Prophet ; an honor only worthy of hisstatus. This has been clarified in the exegesis (Tafseer) ofQadi Abu Bakr bin Bukayr (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) in which he explains the revelation of thisverse: “This verse 18 was revealed upon the Prophet to16 See footnote 117 Hans Wher: A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic18 See footnote 1 11
  24. 24. command the Companions (may Allah be pleased with them)to greet and salute the Prophet in the best possiblemanner. Likewise, those after them are commanded to greetand salute him in the best possible manner at his shrine and 19when he is mentioned.”In another verse of the Holy Qur’an that implies thehonor and degree of the Prophet , we are commandedto praise Allah and send salutations on the chosenbondsmen of Allah: !@ A * + B% C D 2 1) =%E% FG” $ “ H5% I > 5% 1J QUL IL-HAMDU LI-LLAAH WA- SALAAMUN ‘ALAA ‘IBAAD-HI ALLADHEENA ISTAFAA AALLAAHU KHAYRUN AMMAA YUSHRIKOONSay (O dear Prophet Mohammed ), All praise is to Allah,and peace upon His chosen bondmen; is Allah better or what 20they ascribe as His partners?The scholars of Islam have said that this verse commandsus to send salutations on those who were chosen(Istapha). They were the Messengers and Prophets(peace be upon them all). If Allah has blessed all of HisMessengers and Prophets by ordering us to send greetingson all of them, then it should be even clearer to us thedegree of salutation and love that should be sent on HisBeloved Prophet Muhammad . This is a degree that,even if attempted, we cannot assess the boundaries of.19 Tafseer al-Qurtabi20 Al-Qur’an, Surat al-Naml 27:59 12
  25. 25. Another point that is worth noting in the Qur’anic versein Surat al-Ahzab (33:56) is that the Prophet has beenmentioned as a prophet (Nabi) and not with his name byitself. All other Messengers in the Qur’an have beenmentioned by their respective names (peace be upon themall).Likewise, the Prophet is not mentioned by name in thefollowing verse: 8 3 C, 8 234 66 ? 8 % "” 5%K > “ L 8 %$% !8 ( + 8INNA AWLAA AN-NAASI BI- IBRAAHEEMA LA-ALLADHENA ITTABA’UO-HU WA- HAADHA AN-NABEY WA-ALLADHENA AAMANOO WA-ALLAHU WALEY UL- MUMINEENUndoubtedly among all mankind who have the best claim toIbrahim are those who followed him, and this Prophet(Mohammed ) and the believers; and Allah is the Guardian 21of the believers.From this verse, the scholars of Islam have concludedthat the reason Allah Most High does not mention theProphet by name (Muhammad or Ahmad andmentions Ibraheem (peace be upon him) by his name isbecause of the favor and love of Allah for the BelovedProphet Muhammad . This verse was revealed toshow the Jews at that time that the Prophet was morerightful of the pure faith (Deen Haneef) of Ibraheem21 Al Quran Surah Aal-Imran 3:68, Kanzul Iman 13
  26. 26. (peace be upon him), than the Jews who were wrongfullyclaiming the inheritance of the faith of Ibraheem (peacebe upon him). 22The importance of greeting the Prophet (sending toSalaam him) can be grasped by the fact that Salaam itselfis a part of the daily five prayers when the following isrecited by the one devoted to Allah: Salutations to you, O Prophet , and the mercy and grace of Allah (be upon you).Salaam in itself is made up of blessings or prayers uponthe Holy Prophet Muhammad . It becomes a source ofinspiration and mental satisfaction in which the one whosends it expresses openly his or her true love for thenoble personality of the Prophet , the personality whois the actual cause and reason behind the creation of theuniverse.Salam has been a tradition practiced since the lifetime ofthe Prophet and the rightly guided Caliphs (Khulafaar-Rashideen). Early sources of Islamic history andbiography (Seerah) of the Beloved Prophet indicatethat the Khulafa ar-Rashideen along with otherCompanions of the Holy Prophet had been following 23the tradition of Salaam .22 Tafseer al-Qurtabi, Tafseer Ibn Abbas23 See poetry of various Companions at the end of the booklet 14
  27. 27. In a famous tradition related by Abdur Rahman ibn Awf(may Allah be pleased with him) and mentioned invarious sources, the Prophet said:“I met Jibril (peace be upon him) who said, “Will you not bepleased that Allah has said that the one who greets you, Allahsends greetings on him, and the one who sends blessings on 24you, Allah sends blessings on him.”What is evident from this tradition is that Allah, throughHis infinite bounty, has bestowed upon the believers theenormous gift of blessings and salutations on theProphet , by showering blessings and salutations onthe one doing so. If we were to receive a letter from aking, we would be excessively pleased and feel greatlyhonored. We would probably end up framing the letterand passing it down from generation to generation. Whatthen, about the one who receives blessings from the Onewho is the Creator and Maker of kings and the King of allkings? Such is the extent of honor granted to the onewho sends his blessings and salutations on theProphet . He who sends blessings on the Prophet ishonored with blessings from Allah, but he who will sendgreetings as well to the Prophet , Allah will honor himwith ever-increasing blessings. These are granted to himin the form of forgiveness of wrong actions and in theform of peace and contentment. Is there anyone amongus who can deny the need of forgiveness, peace andcontentment in our lives?Allamah Sakhawi (may the mercy of Allah be upon him)mentions a tradition from Umar (may Allah be pleased24 Targheeb, Ash-Shifa, Al-Hakim, Al-Bayhaqi 15
  28. 28. with him) which many other scholars have related, thatthe Prophet said:“He, from the Ummah, who sends a single blessing on me, Iwill send ten blessings on him and the one who salutes me 25once, I will salute him ten times.”What a distinction the Muslim nation (Ummah) hasreceived through our Beloved Prophet ! No othernation has been given this distinction because theProphet was chosen for a great mission, and likewise,his nation has been chosen for a great mission. Thepurpose of relating these stories and traditions about theProphet is to make us realize that there are manybounties of Allah on this nation and often due to our ownignorance and shortsightedness, we overlook and ignorethese blessings. Many great men in the past haveexplained the numerous benefits received by way of thenoble action of sending blessings and salutations on theProphet in their books and this should be even morereason for us to consult their books and learn the benefitsas they have related.25 Fazail-e-Durood Shareef; Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya 16
  29. 29. CHAPTER THREE Which has a Higher Status? Blessings or GreetingsSome are of the opinion that the status of sendingblessings (Salawaat or Durood) is higher because of itbeing read within the daily prayers (after the Tashahhud).This is true that it is part of the prayer, however, when wepresent blessings, we are asking Allah to send blessingson the Prophet which is nothing more or less than theexpression of our love for the Prophet .On the other hand, greetings (Salaam) on the Prophet ,whether by simply saying assalam-u-alayka ya Rasul-Allah or by way of poetry or eulogy, the bounties ofAllah are remembered as well as the love for theProphet expressed. What is common between the twois that both praise Allah and express adoration for theProphet .One may wonder how is it possible that simply greetingthe Messenger equates to praising Allah? It isimportant to know that when a believer greets theProphet , he is in fact praising Allah and affirming thebounty of Allah Most High, whether it is explicitly partof the greeting or not.The following verses of the Qur’an illustrates this point: A $ M 8 OP Q 6 E% N,% P ) 17
  30. 30. )%$% 5 8 2 1) RR $ ,% OP ! =%E% 8 $ 8SUBHANA RABBIKA RABBIL ‘IZZATI ‘AMMAAYASIFUN WA SALAAMUN ‘ALA AL-MURSALEENWA AL-HAMDU LILLAHI RABBIL ‘AALAMEENPurity is to your Lord, the Lord of Honour, from all what theysay. And peace is upon the Noble Messengers. And all praise 26is to Allah, the Lord of Creation.In verse 180, Allah is praised above everything andeveryone that the idolaters associate with His Existence.Immediately following it, in verse 181, Allah Most Highsends greetings on the Messengers, after which Allah ispraised again as the Lord of the universe in verse 182.These verses imply that sending greetings on theMessengers of Allah is part and parcel of, and not anydifferent from praising Allah Most High.We should send blessings and greetings on theProphet as much as possible, for in doing so, weopenly and silently express our sincere adoration of theBeloved Prophet of Allah which is an action that Allahloves greatly. Our minds should not waver from the factthat for the one who is loved the most, is mentioned themost as described in the tradition fa man ahabba shay’anakthara min dhikrihi (the one who is loved the most ismentioned the most). If there is anyone in the Universethat Allah loves most and mentions the most, he is ourBeloved Prophet Muhammad .26 Al-Qur’an Surat as-Saaffat 37:180-182, Kanzul Iman 18
  31. 31. CHAPTER FOURSending Blessings and Greetings through PoetryThe first Salaam to be recorded in Islamic history was theone presented to the Beloved Prophet by the girls ofthe tribe of Najjar (Bani Najjar) at the historical occasionof the Migration (Hijrah) from Makkah to Madinat al-Munawwara 27.Another famous poem about the love of the ProphetMuhammad is the famous “Poem of the Cloak,” theQasida Burda of Imam Sharaf ad-Din al-Busiri (may themercy of Allah be upon him) 28. The poem was composedaround 1260-1268 C.E. and praises the Prophet in amost beautiful way.Numerous are the benefits of this poem as have beenwitnessed and experienced by many pious believers sinceit was composed by the noble Imam Busiri (may themercy of Allah be upon him). The Imam himself hadrecovered from paralysis, through the blessings (barakah)of the poem, one night while reciting it. In his dream, hewas honored with a visit from the Prophet and onawakening found the cloak of the Prophet on his bodyand the return of his health.If you read the Qasida Burda you will find verses thatpraise the Prophet , verses that send greetings, andothers that send blessings on the Prophet . Poetry is a27 See the complete poem towards the end of the book28 See the end of the book for selections of the Qasida Burda 19
  32. 32. means by which those who love their Messenger ,praise him and open their heart to their BelovedProphet , expressing the status of their BelovedProphet , his birth, his life, his kindness, and hisblessed degree. Without doubt, through this method ofexpression Allah raises those who love His Belovedby degrees unattained by other means. The example ofImam Busiri (may the mercy of Allah be upon him) isclear proof of this. He received the blessed cloak (Burda)of the Prophet only out of his heartfelt love asexpressed in his poem.Apart from the Qasida Burda, there are numerous otherexamples that our pious predecessors have related. Awell-known Companion of the Prophet , Hassaan ibnThabit (may Allah be pleased with him) used to recitepoetry to the Prophet during the time when theHypocrites (Munafiqeen) and the disbelievers used tohurl insults and accusations against the Prophet . Herecited poetry praising the Prophet in the mostbeautiful manner so that the Prophet would be pleasedwith him and so that the faith of the believers would berenewed. In return, the Prophet used to supplicate andpray for him. Poetry used for praising the Prophet(Qasa’id/Na’at) is therefore, recommended for therenewal of faith and in doing so, the Prophetsupplicates for the one who eulogizes him by poetry or byany other manner.The following has been related about Hasssan ibn Thabit(may Allah be pleased with him) and the honor that he 20
  33. 33. received when he recited poetry praising the ProphetMuhammad whom he unconditionally loved:“Sa bin Al-Musaiyab (may Allah be pleased with him) idnarrated: “Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) came to themasjid while Hassaan (may Allah be pleased with him) wasreciting a poem. (Umar disapproved of that). On that Hassaansaid: “I used to recite poetry in this very masjid in the presenceof one who was better than you (that is the Prophet ).” Thenhe (Hassan) turned towards Abu Huraira (may Allah bepleased with him) and said (to him), “I ask you by Allah, didyou hear the Apostle of Allah saying (to me), “Retort on mybehalf. O Allah! Support him (i.e. Hassan) with the Holy 29Spirit?” Abu Huraira replied: “Yes.”Following in the same tradition of the Companions of theProphet , the Followers, and our pious Predecessors(may Allah be pleased with all of them and may hismercy descend upon them), Imam Ahmed Raza Khan(may the mercy of Allah be upon him) of Bareilly, India,also composed a comprehensive poem of Salaamdedicated to the Holy Prophet . In his poem, known asSalaam-e-Raza (The Salaam of Raza) 30, he eulogizes(praises) the life of our Noble Messenger .29 Sahih al-Bukhari30 For the benefit of the greater Muslim community, selections fromSalaam-e-Raza have been compiled towards the end of this booklet. 21
  34. 34. 22
  35. 35. CHAPTER FIVE The Spiritual and Physical BenefitsThe past has recorded many scholars who have, throughtraditions and stories, clarified to us the importance ofblessings and salutations on the Noble Prophet . Infact, the one who presents the most blessings on theProphet is the one raised highest in the sight of Allah.Some scholars have said that when a Complete (Kamil)Shaikh cannot be found, the seeker must recite abundantblessings on the Prophet as an obligation uponhimself. This will be sufficient means of guidance forhim.Shaykh ul-Mashaikh Shibli (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) relates:“A man amongst my neighbors passed away who appeared inmy dream shortly thereafter. I asked him how did Allah, MostHigh, address his affair. He responded by saying, “I have seenextremely terrifying things. Munkir and Nakir (the angels whovisit the grave after death) confronted me and theirinterrogation of me was unbearable, so much that I was certainthat my end was devoid of belief. Then a voice proclaimed thatthis punishment had come upon me because I had not madeproper use of my speech when I was alive and the moment theangels of torment approached to punish me, a handsome manwith the sweetest perfume interjected. I asked him who he wasand he replied by saying that he was created from theabundant blessings that I used to send on the ProphetMuhammad and that he was ordered to help you in every 31distress and anxiety.31 Madhkur and Misbah ad-Dhulaam 23
  36. 36. Abu Hafs Umar bin Abdul Majeed al-Mubanshi relates astory about Khidr and Ilyaas (may Allah be pleased withboth of them), which Sheikh Mujadded ad-DinFairozabaadi (may Allah be pleased with him) relatesfrom a sound chain of transmission that Abu MuzaffarMuhammad bin Abdullah Khiyaam Samarqandi (mayAllah be pleased with him) said:One day on my way to the Kaa’ba, I mistakenly lost my wayand met a man who asked me to accompany him. When Ijoined him it occurred to me that perhaps he was Khidr (mayAllah be pleased with him). I asked him about his name andhe replied “Khidr bin Ishaa Abul-Abbass.” With him wasanother person who, when asked, replied that he was “Ilyaas.”I wished the mercy of Allah upon both of them and asked themif they had ever seen the Prophet Muhammad to whichthey replied, “Yes.” I then asked them to relate from theProphet what he had said about the Omnipotence(Qudrah) of Allah, which they have heard from him so I canrelate that to others. They replied, “Yes, we have heard fromthe Messenger of Allah that the one who says “sall-Allahu‘alayhi wasallam,” his heart will be purified from hypocrisy inthe same way that water purifies clothes.From the same chain, the following is related that the Prophet said:Whoever says “sall-Allahu ‘Alaa Muhammad sall-Allahu alayhewasallam,” seventy doors of mercy (rahmat) are opened forhim.The one who sits in a gathering and says, “Bismillah ir-Rahmaan ir-Rahim wa sall-Allahu ‘alaa Muhammad” Allahappoints an angel to protect him from backbiting others, andwhen that person leaves the gathering saying “Bismillah ir-Rahmaan ir-Rahim wa sall-Allahu ‘alaa Muhammad,” AllahMost High protects him from the backbiting of others.A man came from Damascus (Shaam) to visit the Prophetand said, “O Messenger of Allah , my father is very old,weak, and blind. It is his heartfelt wish to be honored with your 24
  37. 37. presence, but he doesn’t have the strength to travel. TheBlessed Prophet replied, “Tell your father that for sevenweeks, before retiring to bed, he should recite “sall-Allahu ‘alaaMuhammad.” He will see me in a dream then tell him to relatewhat I have just said to others.” He did exactly that and sawthe Beloved Prophet in a dream, and related this to 32others.Imam Darami (may Allah have mercy on him) relatesfrom Hudhaifa (may Allah be pleased with him):For any person who sends blessings on the Messenger ofAllah , his reward will reach his son, his grandson, and 33great grandson as well (three generations of grandchildren).A person was once known to read blessings only on theProphet during the Sai and Tawaaf without any othersupplication. The people asked him why did he not readthe Dua Maathewrah during these rituals. He replied thatI have vowed not to include any dua with the sending ofblessings on the Prophet because when my fatherpassed away I saw that his face had turned into that of amule. This grieved me immensely. When I slept, I sawthe Messenger of Allah in a dream and clamped ontothe seams of his garment and asked for hisintercession inquiring about the reason of my fathers faceturning into that of a mule. The Beloved Prophetreplied by saying that this person used to consume usury,and the one who does so will see consequences in thisworld and the hereafter, but because your father used tosend blessings on me one hundred times before sleeping,I will intercede on his behalf. When I awoke, I looked atmy father’s face and found that his face was glowing like32 Majlis al-Makiyyah33 Kitab ar-Raad and Ibn Bishkol 25
  38. 38. the full moon. When I buried him, I heard a voice fromthe unseen say, “The favor that Allah has bestowed onyour father is a direct result of his sending blessings onthe Beloved Prophet .34The believer, on uttering, ya Nabi salaam alayka, yaShafi al-Wara salamun alayk, ya Nabi al-Huda salamunalayk and other similar salutations benefits physically andspiritually. In a tradition related by Allamah Sakhawiwho said that Abu Bakr bin Muhammad (may the mercyof Allah be upon both of them) who said: “I was with Abu Bakr bin Mujahid (may the mercy of Allah beupon him), when Shaykh ul-Mashaikh Shibli (may the mercy ofAllah be upon him) visited. Abu Bakr bin Mujahid arose,embraced him and kissed his forehead. I saw this andexclaimed, “You and all the scholars of Baghdad know that thisis an insane person!” He replied, “I only did what I saw theProphet do.” He then related his dream; “The Prophetvisited me (in a dream), after which Shibli (may the mercy ofAllah be upon him) entered in the presence of the Prophetand I saw the Prophet raise and kiss his forehead. When Iasked the Prophet about the reason he kissed hisforehead, he replied, “After every prayer, he recitesrepeatedly from the Qur’an 2 % % 1 N % &A0 % 1 )P %H+ S %T N 2 > 7 2 = ” “ 1 9P 1 2 U +P L 8 %$%6 2 % 1 59 VLA-QAD JAAA-KUM RASUL UM-MIN ANFUSI-KUM ‘AZIZUN ‘ALAY-HI MAA ‘ANITTUM34 Al-Jawhar ath-Thameen - Shaikh Abdul Haqq Muhaddith Dehlvi(may Allah have mercy on him) 26
  39. 39. HAREESUN. ‘ALAY-KUM BIL-MUMINEEN RAUFUR-RAHEEMIndeed there has come to you a Noble Messenger from amongyou - your falling into hardship aggrieves him, most concernedfor your well being, for the Muslims most compassionate, most 35merciful.“Thereafter, he sends blessings on me.” In another tradition itwas related that he recites this verse repeatedly after eachobligatory prayer and says three times sal-Allahu alayka yaMuhammad .” Abu Bakr bin Mujahid (may the mercy ofAllah be upon him) relates that after this when he met Shibli(may the mercy of Allah be upon him), he asked him, “What doyou read after your prayers?” He then said, “I read sal-Allahu 36alayka ya Muhammad three times.”What a remarkable degree given by Allah to those whosend salutations on His Beloved ! In fact, the variouspoems that are recited about the Prophet all includeblessings on the Prophet . Whether they are poemseulogizing the birth of the Prophet , or poems about hislife, or about the blessings of Allah, all become the meansand ways of loving the Prophet .In the Nuzhat-ul-Majalis and as related by the famousMaster of Hadith (Shaikh ul-Hadith) MaulanaMuhammad Zakariyya in his book Fadaile-e-DuroodShareef, Hafiz Abu Na’im (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) relates from Hadrat Sufya Suri (may the mercyof Allah be upon him) who said: “I once met a young manwho, upon every step, recited “Allahumma salli ‘alaMuhammadin wa ‘ala aali Muhammad.” I asked him if it was35 Al-Qur’an Surat at-Taubah (9:128), Kanzul Iman36 Fazail-e-Durood Shareef 27
  40. 40. out of his own intellectual deduction that he was doing so ordid he have any proof for such an action (in the Sunnah). Heinquired about me and I said “I am Sufya Suri.” He then said“Are you the famous Sufya Suri of Iraq?” So I replied to theaffirmation. He then asked me if I knew Allah (the station ofMa’rifat). So I replied “Yes,” after which he asked me how did Imake such a claim. I replied that I know that Allah folds theday into the night and the night into the day and that Allahforms the child in the womb of the mother. He replied to me,“Forget it! You do not know Allah yet.” So I asked him how didhe know Allah. He replied, “When I intend to do something, Imake sure that I try to complete it, and after I attempt tocomplete it and am unable to do so, I realize that there isanother Existence that brings events into completion.” I thenasked him about the meaning of sending blessings andsalutations on the Prophet . He replied by relating a story.He said “When I went to Hajj with my mother, she became illand died on the way. Her face turned dark and her stomachswelled, so I asked Allah by raising my hands and as I did so Inoticed a cloud appear from the Hijaz and in the cloud was aman who came down and passed his blessed hand over herface. On this her face started to glow. Then he placed hishand on her belly after which it began to settle. So I asked himwho he was and he replied that I am your Prophet . I thenasked him “Ya Rasul Allah , please give me some advice.He replied, “When you take any step, recite “Allahumma salli 37‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala aali Muhammad.”There are many other texts that have conveyed to us theimportance of sending blessings and greetings on theProphet and his response to them. Shaikh Abual-Khayr Aqta (may the mercy of Allah be upon him)said:“I came to Medinat-ul-Munawwara and I stayed for five daysand did not get anything out of it. So I presented myself at the37 Fazail-e-Durood Shareef 28
  41. 41. shrine of the Prophet and greeted him , Abu Bakr (mayAllah be pleased with him) , and Umar (may Allah be pleasedwith him). Thereafter, I said “O Messenger of Allah , today Iam your guest” and then slept a small distance from the pulpit(mimbar) of the Prophet . In my sleep, I dreamed of theProphet and saw that Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased withhim) was at the right of the Prophet , Umar (may Allah bepleased with him) was on his left, and Ali (may Allah ennoblehis countenance) was in front of the Prophet who awokeme (in the dream). I arose and kissed the Prophetbetween his blessed eyes. The Prophet then gave mesome bread and in the dream I ate half of the bread afterwhich I awoke. On awaking, I found the other half of the breadin my hand.”This incident was a direct result of Shaikh Abu al-KhayrAqta (may the mercy of Allah be upon him) greeting theProphet . Thus, if a believer sends his greetings orsalutations in a heartfelt manner with love andcompassion, the Prophet not only listens and answersthe greeting, but also gifts those who believe and lovehim with a cloak; as in the case of Imam Busiri (may themercy of Allah be upon him), bread; as in the case of theShaikh al-Aqta (may the mercy of Allah be upon him),and other blessed items.Among those who immensely loved the Prophet wasthe father of Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlvi (may themercy of Allah be upon him), Shah ‘Abd ur-Rahim (maythe mercy of Allah be upon him), who writes about anexperience that is worth mentioning because it renews thefaith of the adorers of the Prophet . Shah WaliullahMuhaddith Dehlvi (may the mercy of Allah be upon him),in his treatise Hirs Thamin fee Mubashiratil al-Ameenrelates fourty openings (mukashifaat) as experienced by 29
  42. 42. his father. In each of the openings, Shah ‘Abd ur-Rahim(may the mercy of Allah be upon him) was visited by theProphet . He writes that my father told me that oncehe was sick and was visited by the Prophet in hisdream. The Prophet asked him, “My Son, how isyour health?” after which the Prophet gave him thegood news of health. Thereafter, the Prophet honoredhim with two hairs from his beard. ‘Abd ur-Rahim (maythe mercy of Allah be upon him) awoke completelyhealed from his illness and found the two hairs in hishands. Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlvi (may themercy of Allah be upon him) relates that his father latergave him one of the blessed hairs as a gift.The father of Shah Waliullah Muhaddith Dehlvi (may themercy of Allah be upon him) was a great scholar andadored the Prophet . To this day the devout slaves ofAllah and His Messenger that are blessed with thehonor of loving the Prophet experience the continuousmiracles of the Prophet , who bestows blessed gifts onthem. Anyone who thinks that sending blessings andgreetings on the Prophet are actions in vain ismistaken. The father of Shah Waliullah MuhaddithDehlvi (may the mercy of Allah be upon him) washonored with the hair of the Prophet and ShahWaliullah Muhaddith Dehlvi (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) mentions in the treatise the reason why hisfather received the hairs. If it were not for his love of theProphet then how would he have received such anhonorable gift?Shah Abd ur-Rahim (may the mercy of Allah be uponhim) relates, “One day I did not have any food, and a 30
  43. 43. friend of mine brought me a glass of milk. I drank themilk and that night, in my dream I was honored with avisit from the blessed Prophet . In the dream, theProphet said, “I was the one who had the milk sent toyou. With much care I put in his heart the inclination todeliver the milk to you.”What is worth noting in this incident is the fact that thosewho adore the Prophet and give the honor that is dueto him , when in trouble and difficulty, are not letdown by the Prophet whose gaze remains upon themand they are helped by the Prophet . Incidents likethese in which the Prophet gazes upon the hearts ofthe believers are not only limited to the blessed city ofMedinat al-Munawwara, but as far away as the land ofIndia where Shah Abd ur-Rahim (may the mercy of Allahbe upon him) and his friend who delivered the milk,resided.38The Prophet is an enormous aid for those who are insorrow. For such aid reaches those in sorrow who call outto him as a result of his intercession and hissupplication. Therefore, reciting poetry in the praise ofthe Prophet and greeting him in a poetic manner is away out of sorrow and our pitiful state. Only byexpressing our love for him , offering him his duehonor, sending blessings and greetings on him andseeking his help (through his intercession) can weattain the grace (Barakah) of the Prophet in the form38 Fazail-e-Durood Shareef 31
  44. 44. of Mercy from Allah descending upon us as life-givingrain and relieving us from our sorrow and humiliation.Finally, one more reason to present blessings andgreetings to the Prophet is to prove our faith. TheProphet is a witness for the believers on the Day ofJudgement. When the Prophet listens to our praiseand returns our greeting, he also becomes a witnessfor us testifying that so and so is a believer because he orshe adored me and praised me abundantly.The following verse of the Qur’an confirms thewitnessing of the Prophet : 5 # 0 #I 5 = # I Q %)% W0 P " > ” “# 5 S # 5) 0K ! X %6 " #DYAA AYYUHAA AN-NABEYYU INNAARSALNAA-KA SHAAHID (AN) WA-MUBASHSHIR(AN) WA- NADHEER (AN) WA- DAA IY (AN) ILAALLAAHI BI- IDHN-HI WA SIRAAJ (AN)MUNEERAAO Herald of the Hidden! We have indeed sent you as anobserving present witness and a herald of glad tidings andwarning. And as a caller towards Allah, by His command, andas a sun that enlightens. (The Prophet is a light from 39Allah.)39 Al-Qur’an Surat al-Ahzab 33: 45 and 46, Kanzul Iman 32
  45. 45. CHAPTER SIX How to See the Prophet in a Dream The one who longs to see the Prophet in hisdream should make it a practice to recite the following onthe Prophet in the state of purification (Wudu): O Allah, send blessings on Muhammad and his progeny by the same degree in which you love him and are pleased with him.In the same manner, you will also benefit from thepractice of the following prescription: O Allah, of all spirits, send special blessings on the blessed spirit of Muhammad O Allah , of all bodies send special blessings on the blessed body of Muhammad O Allah , of all tombs send special blessings on the blessed resting place of MuhammadThe practice of reciting abundant blessings on the HolyProphet during the Day of Congregation (yawn al-jumu’ah) was the practice of the Companions (may Allahbe pleased with them all). Thus, it is related in the Shifaof Qadi ‘Iyad and in the various authentic (sahih) books 33
  46. 46. of hadith that by the authority of Aws (may Allah bepleased with him), the Prophet said: “Do a lot of prayer on me at Jumu’ah. Your prayer is 40 shown to me.”In keeping to this practice, the prestigious scholars of ourummah have said that the one who recites the followingprescription of sending blessings one thousand (1000)times on jumu’ah will see the Beloved Prophet in hisdream or will see his future home in paradise: OAllah, send blessings on Muhammad the Messenger of the unletteredIf such a person is unable to see the Blessed Prophetin his or her dream and persists with this practice for fiveconsecutive jumu’ahs, then Allah Willing (insha-Allah),he will see a very pleasing dream.If, on the night of jumu’ah (eve of Friday), one recitestwo cycles of prayer (salaat) performing the following ineach cycle after surat al-Fatihah, such a person will berewarded with a dream of the Best of Creation : 1. Recite Ayat ul-kursi 11 times 2. Recite the entire Surat ul-Ikhlaas (Qul Huw- Allahu Ahad…) 11 times40 Abu Dawud, at-Tarmidhi, an-Nisa’i and Ibn Majah 34
  47. 47. 3. Send the following blessings on the Holy Prophet Muhammad 100 times after the prayer is complete: OAllah, send blessings on Muhammad the Messenger of the unlettered, and on his familyInsha-Allah, if it is in his allotted share, he will behonored with the blessed vision of the Prophet afterno more than three Fridays.As related from Saeeb bin ‘Ataa (may the mercy of Allahbe upon him), who said that the one who retires to a cleanand pure bed and reads the following supplication usinghis right hand as a pillow, will see the Prophet in hisdream: O Allah, I ask of Thee, by the Splendour of Your Generous Essence, to show me in my dream the blessed countenence of your Prophet Muhammad by which my eyes are cooled, and my chest is expanded (with knowledge). By which my character becomes collective, and my sorrow is removed. And 35
  48. 48. by which, on the Day of Judgment, there remains no distance between my beloved and I, in the highest degrees of Paradise. And let there never again be a distance between my beloved and I.The summary of all of this is that you must be detachedfrom all that is open and hidden (distractions) whilemaintaining your practice of abundant blessings on theProphet . And it is Allah Alone Who gives tawfeeq.Acknowledgements:This advice was taken from the Urdu translation by Dr. MuhammadYunus Qadri of the Targhib Ahl as-Sa’aadaat ‘Alaa Taktheer Salaat‘alaa Sayyid al-Kainaat of the great Muhaddith of the Sub-ContinentShaykh Abdul Haqq Muhaddith Dehlvi. 36
  49. 49. CHAPTER SEVEN The Prophet Hears Our GreetingsMaulana Muhammad Zakarraiyya, the Master of Hadith(Shaykh ul-Hadith), says that there is no difference ofopinion regarding the Prophet listening because theProphets (peace be upon them all) are alive in theirgraves. Accordingly, in the Risala of Imam Bayhaqi,Imam Bayhaqi (may the mercy of Allah be upon him)relates that Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) relatedthat the Prophets (peace be upon them all) are alive intheir graves and they offer prayers in their graves.Anas (may Allah be pleased with him) relates that theProphet said:“On the Night of Miraaj I passed the grave of Musa (peace beupon him) and found him standing in his grave and performing 41salaat.”Furthermore, the Prophet said: “I found myself praying in congregation with the Prophets(peace be upon them all) and found that Isa (peace be uponhim) and Ibraheem (peace be upon him) were standing and 42praying.”Imam Suyuti (may the mercy of Allah be upon him) alsorelates a complete treatise on the life of the Prophets(peace be upon them all) in their graves. In the secondchapter and the third tradition, he relates that Allah has41 As-Sakhawi, Sahih Muslim42 Sahih Muslim 37
  50. 50. prohibited the consumption of the bodies of the Prophets(peace be upon them all) by the Earth.These traditions clarify that the Prophet is alive in hisgrave and he listens to our blessings and greetings. Insome traditions it is related that there is an angel at thegrave of the Prophet who has been given the power tohear and collect the greetings on the Prophet whereverit is performed and presented by the angel to theProphet who then answers the greetings. Some peoplehave misinterpreted these traditions by insinuating thatthe Prophet is incapable of hearing and is only capableof listening to the greeting and responds only when theangels present the greetings. This is not the case. Thetruth of the matter is that the Prophet can hear thegreeting from close and far. The angel that is assigned tothe shrine of the Prophet is given (according to thetradition) the power and capability to hear and gather allthe greetings from the entire universe and present it to theProphet . The question that arises is why is it not thenpossible for the Prophet , the best of creation, to hearfrom far and near, those who greet him, if an ordinaryangel can? The reason for the angels to be present at theshrine of the Prophet is because of the degree of theBeloved Prophet . It is similar to the way in which acorporate officer does not approve an issue or takesnotice of it until it is presented to his immediatesubordinates. This does not mean that the officer is notaware of the issues in an organization. If the officerwanted, he could have addressed the issue directly. Justlike his subordinates are meant to serve the officer,likewise the angels are assigned to serve the Prophet . 38
  51. 51. This does not mean that he is deficient in his listeningcapability as granted to him by Allah Most High. TheQur’an itself testifies to the fact that angels presentgreetings upon the Prophet .Maulana Zakariyya says that there was a man who didnot have many commendable actions to his name andwhen he died the man appeared in his dream. Someonein the dream asked the man that he did not perform manygood actions, so how is it that he was in Paradise. Theman replied, “It so happened that my teacher, Shaikh ul-Hadeeth, during a lesson once mentioned the name of theProphet and related a tradition. As I heard the nameof the Prophet , I responded aloud by sending blessingson the Prophet . On this all those who were presentresponded aloud as well and presented their blessings tothe Prophet . Allah loved this action so much that Hegranted me Paradise just on the basis of this action andthe blessedness of sending blessings on theProphet .” 43Thus, when the name of the Prophet is mentioned,bless the Prophet aloud, whether in a group or byyourself. You never know, Allah may forgive you justfor doing so. Never feel that you shouldn’t reciteblessings or greet the Prophet in a group. Allah maygrant you salvation through the blessedness of onesincere utterance. Allah may forgive your past actionsand on the Day of Judgement you may be grantedcloseness to the Prophet . Which one of us can claimthat we do not need his closeness on that day?43 Fazail-e-Durood Shareef 39
  52. 52. Syed Ahmad Kabir ar-Rifai (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) in the year 555 of the Islamic Calendar (Hijri)visited the Prophet and started reciting blessings at theshrine of the Prophet . At the blessed shrine of theProphet Syed Ahmad ar-Rifai (may the mercy ofAllah be upon him) recited two verses of greeting(Salaam) to the Prophet . On doing so, many becamewitnesses to the fact that the blessed hand of theProphet appeared from the shrine and Shaikh SyedAhmed Kabir ar-Rifai (may the mercy of Allah be uponhim) kissed his blessed hand. 44The Prophet was so pleased with his recital that heallowed his blessed hand to be kissed by the Shaikh. Inanother book called the Tazkara, Syed Ahmed ar-Rifai(may the mercy of Allah be upon him) relates that overone hundred thousand were blessed with witnessing thisawesome act. They also observed that light emergedfrom blessed hand of the Prophet that spreadthroughout Medinat-ul-Munawwara. It is said that thisShaykh was known to recite blessings and salutations onthe Prophet abundantly.There have been numerous incidents where people wereliterally answered by the Prophet after they presented 45greetings to the Prophet . The Prophet indeedlistens to the greeting of the one near and far.Maulana Jami (may the mercy of Allah be upon him)used to present abundant blessings and greetings on the44 Fazail-e-Durood Shareef45 Fazail-e-Hajj; Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya 40
  53. 53. Prophet and it was famous about him that his eyeswere always moist from the adoration of the Prophet .He used to say that he always lives in Medinat-ul-Munawwara even though he physically lived very farfrom there. Maulana Jami (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) wrote a poem praising the Prophet andwanted to present it to the Prophet near his blessedshrine. When Maulana Jami (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) intended to leave for Medinat-ul-Munawwaraafter completing his Hajj rites, the Prophet appearedin the dream of the commander (Ameer) of Makkah. Inhis dream the Prophet admonished the Ameer to stopMaulana Jami (may the mercy of Allah be upon him)from entering Medinah Tayyabah. The Ameer of Makkahput an order out to prevent Maulana Jami (may the mercyof Allah be upon him) from leaving for MedinahTayyabah. But Maulana Jami (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) was so fond of visiting the Prophet that hesomehow managed to slip through the guards. Again theAmeer witnessed the Prophet in his dream in whichthe Prophet said, “Jami is coming here! Don’t allowhim to come here.” The Ameer sent men to stop him whobecame harsh to Maulana Jami (may the mercy of Allahbe upon him) and imprisoned him. For the third time theAmeer had a vision of the Prophet in which theProphet said, “Jami is not a criminal. He had recitedsuch beautiful verses in his poem that if he came to myshrine and recited them, I would have been compelled tooffer my hand to him (to show the honor that hedeserves). That is why I wanted him to be stopped.” 41
  54. 54. After this vision, he was removed from prisonimmediately and honorably discharged.46It was only from the love that Maulana Jami (may themercy of Allah be upon him) expressed in his poem andhis honorable and beautiful words, which he wrote thatgave such a status with the Beloved Prophet . Thosewho write poetry and send their greetings with love to theProphet are given such a wonderful status.46 Fazail-e-Durood Shareef 42
  55. 55. CHAPTER EIGHT The Proper Adab (Manner) of SalaamThe famous text of the Hanafi School of Thought, Nur ul-Idah, by Allama Sharanblali (may the mercy of Allah beupon him), comprehensively describes in the section onHajj, the proper manner of presenting greetings to theBlessed Prophet when visiting his blessed sanctuary:“And when we saw many people unaware of the rights that avisitation requires and its details, which are the traditions(Sunnan) for the visitors, we wanted to write the manners forvisiting (Adaab az-ziyarat) after completing the topic on Hajj tocomplete the usefulness of this book. So we say that the onewho intends to visit the Prophet should send blessings inabundance as a gift to Prophet because he listens to themand they are conveyed to him; and the benefits (Fazail) ofsending blessings are so famous that they don’t need to bementioned here.“On seeing the walls of Medina, one should start recitingsalutations and say the following supplication:“O Allah! This is the blessed sanctuary (Haram Mubarak) ofyour Prophet and the place of descent of your revelation sofavor me that I can enter into it; make it the means of safety forme from the fire and punishment, and make me among thosewho will be awarded the intercession of the Noble Propheton the Day of Reckoning (Yawm al-Qiyamah).”“Before entering the perfect city (Medinah Tayyabah) or after,but before the visit (Ziyarah), if possible, take a bath, adornsome perfume, and wear nice clothes. This you should do outof respect of your appearance in the presence of the NobleMessenger . After this when your companions are settled atone place and you are free from your family and your luggage,and likewise, keeping in mind the awe (Jalalah) of the place,with calmness and dignity, if possible, enter the city walking 43
  56. 56. while reading “In the name of Allah Most High, entering thesanctuary of the generous Prophet , O my Lord! Have meenter with a good entrance, and exit with good, and bless mewith helping authority from You. O Allah! Send blessings onour leader, Muhammad the Chosen (Mustapha) , and hisfamily, as You have blessed Ibraheem (peace be upon him)and his family. Surely You are All Laudable, Glorious. Forgivemy sins and open for me the doors of Your mercy and Yourbounty.”“Then, after entering the Masjid pray two cycles (Raka’atayn)of greeting the masjid (Tahiyat-ul-Masjid) near the blessedpulpit (Mimbar Shareef) and stand there such that the handleof the blessed pulpit is next to you right shoulder. TheProphet used to stand here.“And there are gardens of Paradise between the resting placeand the blessed pulpit, filled with spiritual light (Nur), as theHoly Prophet has informed us:“My pulpit is on my drinking place (Hawdh).”Read two cycles of non-obligatory prayers (Nafl) ofthankfulness other than the Tahiyat-ul-Masjid, which AllahMost High has given you the divine benefit (Taufeeq) to do soand has favored you by bringing you here. Then supplicatewhatever you like. Then bend (out of reverence) facingtowards the enlightened resting place. Stand at four armsspans from enlightened shrine (Maqsoora Shareef), your backtowards the Qibla, in front of the enlightened head (Anwar) andthe blessed face (Aqdas) of the Prophet , and think that thegaze (Nazr-Mubarak) of the Holy Prophet is towards youand he listens to you, answers your greeting, and says “May itbe so” (Ameen) on your supplication. Then say this:Peace be upon you O my master, O Messenger of Allah,peace be upon you O Prophet of Allah, peace be upon you OBeloved of Allah, peace be upon you O Prophet of Mercy,Peace be upon you O Intercessor of the Ummah (Nation) ofIslam, peace be upon you O Master of all the Prophets, peacebe upon you O Seal of Prophethood, peace be upon you Oone wrapped up (in the blessed cloak), peace be upon you Oone clothed (in the blessed shawl), peace be upon you, upon 44
  57. 57. your pious generation and upon your noble family who AllahMost High has kept pure and has cleansed well. May AllahMost High reward you better than any Prophet or Messengerhave ever been honored by his nation. I bear witness that youare the Prophet of Allah and undoubtedly you have 47delivered the message of our Lord. Another great scholar, as-Sakhawi (may themercy of Allah be upon him), in his book Qaul–al-Badi’says:“When you approach the city of light (Medinat–ul-Munawwara),fill your hearts with complete humility and awe because youare visiting the Blessed Prophet and the Prophet hearswhen you send your blessings and greetings to him. Avoiddisputation and argumentation here.” He further says, thefollowing greeting should be recited at the shrine of theProphet :”“Assalam alayka ya Rasul Allah, assalam alayka ya NabiAllah, assalam alayka ya Khayrat Allah, assalam alayka yaKhayr Khalq Allah, assalam alayka ya Habib Allah, assalamalayka ya Sayyad al-Mursaleen, assalam alayka ya Khaataman-Nabiyyeen, assalam alayka ya Rasula Rabil-‘Aalameen,assalam alayka ya Qaid al-Ghuril-Mu’ajjaleen, assalam alaykaya Basheeru, assalam alayka ya Nadheeru, assalam alaykawa ala ahl baitika at-tahireen, assalam alayka wa ala azwajikaat-tahiraat, ummahaatil-mumineen, assalam alayka wa ala as-habika-ajma’een, assalam alayka wa ala saairil-anbiyya wa al-Mursaleen, wa sairi ibaad Allah as-saaliheen, jazak Allahu‘Anna ya Rasul Allah , afzala ma jaza nabiyyun ‘an qaumihiRasulan ‘an ummatihi, wa sal-Allahu alaika kullama zakarakazaakirun, Wa kullama ghafala ‘an zikr al-ghafiloon, wa sallaalayka fil awwaleen wa salla alayka fil aakhiroon, wa afdal, waakmal, wa atyab ma salla ‘ala ahadim-minal khali ’ajma’een, 48sal-Allahu alayka ya Rasul-Allah.”47 For the complete text of this supplication consult the Nur ul-Idah48 Fazail-e-Durood Shareef 45
  58. 58. This is quite a lengthy greeting addressing the Best ofCreation in the second person using terms like yaRasul-Allah, assalam alayka, jazak Allah. Therefore,saying ya Rasul-Allah when greeting the Prophet is arighteous deed. This is the profit that one gains from thecourt of our Beloved Prophet and is reserved for onlythose who are fortunate. The more you greet theProphet and send blessings on him, whether in agroup or alone, the more you gain the favor of Allah. Itis the pinnacle of happiness and the manner of those whoadored the Prophet among his Companions (Sahaba –may Allah be pleased with them all). It is the way(Sunnah) of the Companions and we should not ask whyshould we follow their example in this action, rather weshould concentrate on how we can best perform it. The majority of scholars of the Islamic community(Jamhoor al-Ulema) have recommended the followingmanner of presenting Salaam to the Prophet :1. Perform minor ritual purification (Wudu).2. Respect the status of the Prophet by rising (standing up) before sending blessings and salutations upon him. Commentary: Common human courtesy compels us to stand up when greeting another person. If a President of a country walks into a gathering, none have the nerve to remain sitting in front of him. As such, you most probably will be held under contempt of the law for not standing. If you remain seated in any court of the world upon the appearance of the judge, you will be held for contempt in court. If we cannot dare to be disrespectful to men of power and 46
  59. 59. simple traffic judges, why is it that we have the audacity to disrespect the master of kings and judges ? Is it fair to the Prophet that we cannot so much as stand up to honor him? Rising for elders and those who are honored amongst people is not only common courtesy but there is enough evidence from the life of the Prophet that it was also the way of the Prophet (Sunnah). The following traditions prove this fact: Abu Said al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates: “The people of Quraiza surrendered accepting the decision of Sa ibn Mu d adh (may Allah be pleased with him) about them. Accordingly, the Messenger of Allah sent for Sa ibn Mu d adh (may Allah be pleased with him) who came to him riding a donkey. When he approached the mosque, the Messenger of Allah said to the Ansar, “Stand up to receive your chieftain.” Then he said (to Sa “These people have surrendered accepting your d), decision.” He replied, “You will kill their fighters and capture their women and children.” (Hearing this), the Prophet said, “You have been adjudged by the command of God.” The narrator is reported to have said, “Perhaps he said “You have adjudged by the decision of a 49 king.” In another narration Abu Said al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) says: The people of (the tribe of) Quraiza agreed upon to accept the verdict of Sad. The Prophet sent for him (Sa ibn d Mu’adh – may Allah be pleased with him) and he came. The Prophet said, “Get up for your Chief or the best49 Sahih al-Bukhari 47
  60. 60. among you!” Sa (may Allah be pleased with him) sat d beside the Prophet and the Prophet said, “These people have agreed to accept your verdict.” Sa (may d Allah be pleased with him) replied, “So I give my judgement that their warriors should be killed and their women and children should be taken as captives.” The Prophet said: “You have judged according to the King s 50 judgement.”3. Present Salaam with love and respect towards the Holy Prophet .4. Perform Salaam individually or collectively.It is quite obvious that the Prophet is the mostimportant messenger of Allah and to do justice to hisstatus and his importance, believers should send salaamto him showing the proper respect and honor. As such, itis only better to adopt the traditional adab of presentingsalaam (as described earlier).50 Sahih al-Bukhari 26:6262 48
  61. 61. CONCLUSION Part IAllamah Muhammad Iqbal (may the mercy of Allah beupon him) also known as the poet of the East, who trulyloved the Prophet once said: Surender loyalty to Muhammad , and We are your’sNot only (will you) gain the world, but the Tablet and the Pen will be your’s 51If you really want to have the angels say “may it be so(Ameen)” with your Ameen, then recite as much blessingsand greetings as possible on the Prophet . Do so inwhichever method you please with love and faith,respecting the status of the Prophet , or use some of thepoems or Qasidahs given at the end of this book. Indoing so, you will draw closer to the Prophet and inturn Allah will draw you closer to Him. By it, the gaze ofthe Prophet of Allah will be upon you. You willincrease in your faith and you will be rightful of hisintercession (Shafa’at) on the day of Judgement and inthe world, because those who love the Prophet dislikeworldliness and through their love gain both the worldand the hereafter. If you love the Prophet , Allah willlove you and when Allah loves you, than great thingsbegin to happen.51 Jawaab-e-Shikwa 49
  62. 62. O Allah! Grant us the honor of loving the blessed sandalsof the Prophet and give us the tawfiq to presentgreetings to Your Beloved Prophet . Remove all kindsof evil whisperings of Shaytan (the Devil) whispered inour hearts and followed by our intellects. Honor us topresent blessings and greetings in the way those of Yourpious friends did and continue to do to this day. O Allah!Show us the way to love your Prophet the wayHassaan (may Allah be pleased with him), Bilaal (mayAllah be pleased with him), the close Companions(mayAllah be pleased with them all), Jami (may the mercy ofAllah be upon him), Maulana Ahmed Raza Khan (maythe mercy of Allah be upon him), and the way others didand make us be the slaves of Your Beloved so that wecan say: ! " " # " $ % &Would that I be honored to wear his blessed sandals on my head So then I can proclaim, “Yes! I am also the bearer of a crown.”O Allah! Bless Muhammad and the family ofMuhammad , the way you had blessed Ibraheem 50
  63. 63. (peace be upon him) and the family of Ibraheem (peacebe upon him). Certainly, You are Most Praiseworthy,Most Admirable.O Allah! Grace Muhammad and the family ofMuhammad , the way you had graced Ibraheem (peacebe upon him) and the family of Ibraheem (peace be uponhim). Certainly, You are Most Praiseworthy, MostAdmirable. 51
  64. 64. 52
  65. 65. Part IIA Collection of Selected Famous Poetry in Praise of the Prophet Muhammad “The prayer of good be upon Muhammad May the blessed bless him! I was standing in tears before dawn. If only I knew, When death gives us different forms, Whether the Abode will join us to my beloved?” — Recited by an old women and overheard by Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) on one of his nightly rounds, after which he sat down and wept 53
  66. 66. 54
  67. 67. The Poem of Bani an-NajjarThis is a famous poem recited often in the Muslim worldespecially by children. It was written around the time ofthe Hijrah (migration) of the Prophet from Makkah toMadinat-ul-Munawwara and was recited beautifully bythe little girls of Bani an-Najjar as the news broke thatthe Beloved of Allah was soon to enter the city. ! " " The full moon has risen over us After the parting from the mountain slope " Gratitude has become obligatory for us " For what the caller has called for from Allah " O you who were raised amongst us #" " Who brought the command that must be obeyed #" Who came and blessed the City 52 with nobleness " welcome! O best caller (to Gods way)52 Madinat-ul-Munawwara (The City of Light) 55
  68. 68. 56
  69. 69. Introduction to the Qasida BurdaImam Sharaf ud-Din al-Busairi (may the mercy of Allahbe upon him) used to write poems praising kings. Due tothis he became very famous. One day he fell ill whichleft him paralyzed. Slowly, he lost his fame and with it,his friends. At this stage, he realized that he had writtenpoetry praising the kings of this world, so why not writefor the King of kings and wrote this poem and otherwell-known poems praising the beloved Prophet . Onenight while lying broken- hearted in his bed, he startedreciting the Qasida Burda and in doing so fell asleep andsaw the Prophet in his dream. The Prophet was sopleased with him that he put his cloak (Burda) on Imamal-Busairi (may the mercy of Allah be upon him). Whenhe awoke, he found the cloak of the Prophet on hisbody and through its barakah (grace) was healed from hissickness instantly.A short while after this incident, he went to themarketplace to buy some items for his needs. In themarketplace, he found a dervish (a wandering seeker ofwisdom) who asked him to recite the poem he had readfor the Prophet (may the mercy ofAllah be upon him) . The dervish replied saying “The one thatstarts with amin tadhakurin jeeraanin bi dhi salamin…”This amazed the Imam as he knew that none had anyknowledge about this poem so he asked the dervish abouthow he came to know about the poem. The dervishrelated that the night before, he was in the company ofthe Prophet and some of the other pious predecessors. 57
  70. 70. On hearing his qasida, the Prophet left their companyand went to Imam al-Busairi (may the mercy of Allah beupon him). It was through this dervish that the qasidabecame famous especially among the people who dearlylove the Prophet .Selections of the qasida from the section on praising theProphet and other often-quoted verses have been 53translated below for the benefit of those interested tomemorize and recite them.53 Taken partially and modified based on the original Arabic text bySharaaz Khan (Sacramento, California) from the translation of ! " 58
  71. 71. Selections of the Qasida Burda Shareef ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally Upon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation $ % Muhammad is the master of the two worlds and two beings (the Human and the Jinn) And the master of the two groups, those who are Arab and those who are not &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally Upon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation . There is none like our Prophet, he who commands (to truth), and he who rejects (falsehood)Neither is there one more devoted to affirmation (of truth) nor one more rejecting (of falsehood) &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& 59
  72. 72. ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally Upon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation . ( He is the beloved whose intercession one hopes for From every form of distress that one falls into &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally Upon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation . ) *His only invited to Allah, so be among those who cling to him Among those who cling to a rope that is unbreakable &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally Upon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation . %Above all he was, in external beauty and in noble characterAnd there were none who excelled him in knowledge and in generosity &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& 60
  73. 73. ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally Upon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation . ++Like a flower in it’s full-bloom, like the full moon at its zenith Like the ocean in its magnanimity, like time in its resolution &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally Upon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation . And send clouds of blessings, from Your bounty, perpetually Raining abundantly and harmoniously, upon the Prophet &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& ‘Ala Habibika khayr al-khalqi kullihimi O Master, send blessings and peace forever and eternally Upon Your Beloved, the Best of all of Creation . , * *O my Lord! By the rank of the Chosen One, have us reach our goalsAnd forgive that which has past, O Exceedingly Generous One &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& 61
  74. 74. 62
  75. 75. Selected Pearls of Poetry from the SahabaAnd when you were born, the entire earth was illuminated "And the skies were illuminated too by your light% +Now we are in the illumination of that same light of yours,traveling along the correct path of guidance —Sayyaduna Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him Uncle of the Messenger of Allah ) &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& "(O Prophet !) Created free from all defects have you "Indeed it is as if created just as wished youAnd I have never seen one more strikingly handsome than you "And no woman ever gave birth to anyone nobler than you —Hasan ibn abu-Talib (may Allah be pleased with him Grandson of the Messenger of Allah ) 63
  76. 76. Verily, the best of all humankind on the earth is "A prophet who removed from us the doubts of skepticism "A prophet who came while people were wrapped inhaughtiness + "And in the pitch-black darkness of the night of disbelief " "+Whereupon he dispelled this darkness with abundant light "And in this matter he was helped by each of those whosubmitted.54—Abd al-Rahman ibn Awf (may Allah be pleased with him) &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& " " "He left a people who preferred their minds over himAnd he dawned on a people with a light made newWhenever his forehead emerged in pitch-black darknessIt would shine like the blazing luminary of dark night55 —Hasan ibn Thabit (may Allah be pleased with him)54 The Light of the Prophet by G.F. Haddad55 See 48 64
  77. 77. O Prophet ! Greetings Unto You O Prophet! Peace be upon you O Messenger! Peace be upon you O Beloved! Peace be upon you (Repeat twice) $ Prayers of Allah be upon you &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& ! " " The full moon has risen over us After the parting from the mountain slope " Gratitude has become obligatory for us " For what the caller has called for from Allah &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& 65
  78. 78. O Prophet! Peace be upon you O Messenger! Peace be upon you O Beloved! Peace be upon you (Repeat twice) $ Prayers of Allah be upon you &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& You are the sun; you are the moonYou are nur (light) above nur (light) *You are an elixir, held most precious You are the lamp in every breast &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& O Prophet! Peace be upon you O Messenger! Peace be upon you O Beloved! Peace be upon you 66
  79. 79. (Repeat twice) $ Prayers of Allah be upon you &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& O my Beloved, One Immensely Praised! " O Bridegroom of the two horizons! " O One vindicated and exalted (by Allah)!O Leader of the two directions (of prayer)! &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& O Prophet! Peace be upon you O Messenger! Peace be upon you O Beloved! Peace be upon you (Repeat twice) $ Prayers of Allah be upon you &&&&&&&&&&&& &&&&&&&&&&&& 67

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