Jorge traduccion science ethics and the value of human life2 (1)
1 SCIENCE, ETHICS AND THE VALUE OF HUMAN LIFE Jorge Ybarnegaray Urquidi. Ph D Prof. Bioethics Universidad Católica BolivianaObservation and reason are the natural methods available to discover reality. Scienceuses the reason to analyze data observation to link causes and effects, in order to makeexperiments, develop concepts or build models.A physician is the observer of human life and he must use the cognitive and scientificmethod to be aware of the reality and as an application to a target, the development of thehuman being which must be respected.A human being with the moral sense he has, can make judgments of values, anticipatefacts and distinguish good from evil. This ethical capability is related to the evolutionaryprocess and the development of a high intellectual function of individuals, in order to beresponsible for what he has to do with his life.After a long development of scientific and technological development, we wonder if thehuman being is free to do with his life whatever he wants technically?We must admit that scientific research and our behavior should have certain limits, at firstthere are ethical limits and then legal ones.One of the most important scientific advance that make us appreciate even more the valueof human life, is the human genome research. UNESCO recognizes that research on thegenome and their application, opened immense perspectives to improve the health of allmankind and emphasizes that he must respect the dignity, the freedom and the rights ofthe individual, and at the same time forbids discrimination based on geneticcharacteristics. Proclaim of the Universal Declaration on the genome and of human rightson 20-12-1996 which first article says: "the human genome is the basis of the fundamentalunity of all members of the human family and the recognition of inherent dignity anddiversity. In symbolic meaning, the genome is the heritage of mankind"... "Each individualhas the right to be respected for their dignity and rights, regardless of their geneticcharacteristics."Pope John Paul II expressed thereon to the Pontifical Academy for Life: "the humangenome is like the last continent discovered", and encouraged scientists to continue theirresearch in molecular biology. At the same time, he showed his concern when he said:“It is alive the tendency to investigate knowledge not only to admire and contemplate, butto increase the power of things. Knowledge and power go always together and mingle withmore than one kind of logic which can imprison mankind.Those who respect human rights and the genome affirm that human life is inviolable, buton the other hand, we see that different social situations are endangering life and this fact,in social and political terms, is a real contradiction.While promoting human rights, there are those who are allowed to legislate in favor ofabortion, euthanasia or the death penalty, denying life to those who are not born yet or topeople before death.The idea of freedom is perverted with subjectivism and individualism in a world thatproudly makes human rights its flag but on the other hand, violates the lives of innocentsand defenseless beings.Human beings that fall in the mistake to think they are the absolute owners of life, arrive toethic relativism and morality, and loose the sense of the genuine freedom, autonomy andjustice.