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Smart Phones in Education


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The uses of smart phones in the classroom

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Smart Phones in Education

  1. 1. Cell Phones in Education Kim Wesson ED 598 Final Project Spring 2010
  2. 2. Do you know what today’s smart phones can really do? Kim Wesson
  3. 3. Today’s smart phones are actually small, handheld computing devices. <ul><li>One of these is really……. one of these. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  4. 4. This doesn’t work now, either. <ul><li>“You’re kidding.” </li></ul>Kim Wesson “ Sarah won’t patch us through?”
  5. 5. Do you know her? <ul><li>These days are gone. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Can this teacher reach this student?
  7. 7. Basically, anything you can do with a computer, you can do with a phone….and then some. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Today’s cell phones are more powerful than the computers used to send the first astronauts to the moon. <ul><li>This …………is more powerful than this. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  9. 9. Digital natives, students who have always lived with technology, know all about smart phones. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  10. 10. And today’s digital natives use them continually, everywhere except school. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  11. 11. Smart phones have many uses beside talking….outside of school, that is. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  12. 12. Using a computer to go online is now as simple as picking up a smart phone <ul><li>How do your students use the internet? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  13. 13. Cell phones are portable, take-anywhere computers. <ul><li>They have an ever-expanding number of applications and uses. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  14. 14. The average worker uses this technology daily. In education, it’s discouraged. <ul><li>Smart phones are just another tool in the workplace, except for the classroom. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  15. 15. We keep making rules against cell phones in school. <ul><li>However, the use of cell phones among students continues to increase, not decrease; projected sales of smart phones in the year 2012 is expected to be 70.3 million, and that figure would not include those already on the market. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  16. 16. These rules against cell phone use in school do not appear to be working. Kim Wesson
  17. 17. Aren’t we really reinforcing the message that this is to be used as a form of recreation? <ul><li>Is this preparation for the real world? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  18. 18. “ The use of cell phones, particularly smart phones, continues to explode, yet the incorporation of these phones into the school curriculum is generally discouraged.” Kim Wesson
  19. 19. Students are already on the informational technology highway. <ul><li>But are they in the correct lane? Are they headed in the right direction? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  20. 20. How many students have this? Kim Wesson
  21. 21. How many students have cell phones with smart phone technology stashed in their backpacks? Kim Wesson
  22. 22. That’s really more like an unused, privately funded computer lab contained in backpacks . <ul><li>How many computer labs does your school have? What does one cost? How many would you like? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  23. 23. In the real world, technology is not packed away. It’s everywhere. <ul><li>You can’t get away from it. It’s all over. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  24. 24. Studies show that the greatest obstacle to incorporating the use of smart phones into classroom use despite well-researched educational implications for cell phones, is simply teacher resistance to change. (“Cell phones make headway in education,” 2008). <ul><li>Things have changed . </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  25. 25. “ The curriculum in U.S. schools today traces its roots to the 19th century. In 1892, at Harvard College the Committee of Ten promulgated a curriculum that American schools needed to enact in order to prepare students to attend Harvard College. You don’t need 21st century computing technologies to teach a 19th century curriculum.” (Norris et al., 2009 ). Kim Wesson
  26. 26. The problem with this pedagogical philosophy is that it does not prepare 21st century learners; it prepares 19th century learners Kim Wesson
  27. 27. We are preparing students to work in the future, not the past. <ul><li>Things that worked then do not work now. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  28. 28. Why not use smart phones in schools in acceptable ways? <ul><li>“As cell phones have become more sophisticated and equipped with an ever-growing number of applications, their usefulness for all purposes has increased, including seldom –utilized educational purposes.” </li></ul>Kim Wesson Kim Wesson
  29. 29. Did you just say IN SCHOOLS??? It sounded like you said something about cell phones-But I know I didn’t hear THAT!!! Kim Wesson
  30. 30. DID YOU SAY CELL PHONES IN A SCHOOL?? <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  31. 31. They can already do this. Kim Wesson
  32. 32. They need to learn to function here….. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. by using this. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  34. 34. The business world rushed to integrate technology into corporate life to increase productivity. <ul><li>Smart phones are just one more tool used to share data and use information to remain competitive. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  35. 35. The business world could not function without the use of cell phones and smart phone technology on a daily basis. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson Kim Wesson Kim Wesson
  36. 36. The “real world” requires employees to know how to use hand-held smart phones to increase productivity. <ul><li>Today’s work environment utilizes technology on every level to conduct daily business. Shouldn’t our schools prepare students to do this? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  37. 37. Today’s hand-held technology allows us to multi-task. <ul><li>In almost every other environment except education, this is capitalized upon to increase productivity. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  38. 38. It doesn’t have to be like this. <ul><li>Unless that’s all they know to do. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  39. 39. This was posted to National Public Radio today 4/20/2010: <ul><li>Kristin Murphy/Deseret News via AP </li></ul><ul><li>Teen Texting Soars; Will Social Skills Suffer? </li></ul><ul><li>()    The number of teenagers who say they text-message daily has shot up to 54 percent from 38 percent in just the past 18 months, a new report finds. The typical American teenager sends 50 texts a day. Teachers worry the texting trend will hurt their students' interpersonal communication skills </li></ul>
  40. 40. How many in this photo from today’s news are smart phones? <ul><li>This was NPR, 4/20/2010 </li></ul>
  41. 41. Why don’t we try teaching- <ul><li>Less of this……….….and more of this? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  42. 42. Smart phones and hand held computing devices are used to increase productivity in most fields of endeavor. <ul><li>Why do we avoid capitalizing on this asset in the educational environment? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  43. 43. You mean like MAKE US USE THEM?? IN SCHOOL???? Kim Wesson
  44. 44. BRING MY CELL PHONE TO CLASS? <ul><li>YOU MEAN TO DO MY WORK? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  45. 45. Just let me load this here SIDEARM. <ul><li>NOW DID YOU SAY CELL PHONES? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  46. 46. * Students can use them .. To stay organized; remember assignments, test dates and homework; <ul><li>Cell phones can be used as a day planner by using the calendar and voice recording features to replace the day planner that many special education teachers provide to students at taxpayer expense to use .(Nebraska State Department of Education, 2010). </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  47. 47. to replace regular and graphing calculators; Kim Wesson
  48. 48. To use Microsoft Word; <ul><li>To create, edit, transport or share Microsoft Word Documents; </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  49. 49. For discussion forums……. <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  50. 50. To make, play or share educational games……. <ul><li>Games AND cell phones, in the same sentence? They really get excited about this. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  51. 51. To create or show Power Points; <ul><li>Students can create and display Power Points using smart phones equipped with Microsoft software; </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  52. 52. To put homework on a phone; Kim Wesson
  53. 53. To use as a whiteboard archive ; Kim Wesson
  54. 54. * to conduct research; <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  55. 55. * to send and receive emails; <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  56. 56. Consult with experts in topics of study from other geographic areas; <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  57. 57. “ You mean talk about school stuff instead of texting my buddies and making crank calls? That sounds like work.” <ul><li>“And store documents? How will we have enough storage memory to store those pictures of that yard we rolled?” </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  58. 58. Listen to teacher or student created podcasts; <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  59. 59. Teachers underutilize their own smart phones for educational purposes. <ul><li>Which one do you need to be to prepare tomorrow’s workforce? </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  60. 60. You can make podcasts…. <ul><li>Make announcements…..reminders….test notes……easily outside of school. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  61. 61. Use phones To create a call in, talk radio program…… <ul><li>BlogTalkRadio: http:// / Using an ordinary telephone and computer, hosts can create free, live, call-in talk shows with unlimited participants that are automatically archived. You can also use a simplified version of this tool to create a simple podcast and audio file with RSS feed, use http:// / Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  62. 62. Have students listen to educational podcasts with a cell phone….at home or school <ul><li>Podlinez: http:// / Podlinez allows you to listen to podcasts via cell phone or landline. Students and parents can create and listen to podcasts (no need for Internet access). You can just type in an RSS feed for a podcast and get an instant phone number. Ex: ( Museum of Modern Art) If your classroom creates a space for regular podcasts, you can then create a feed and number so that your students, parents, or school community can listen to your broadcasts through their phones. Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  63. 63. “ MY teachers never did that stuff, and I turned out ok.” Kim Wesson
  64. 64. My teacher never did that and I learnt just fine. <ul><li>Will this be your former student in a few years? </li></ul>
  65. 65. HAVE STUDENTS MAKE AND TAKE A POLL <ul><li>Poll Everywhere ( http:// / ) is text message voting application. People vote by sending text messages to options displayed on-screen. Teachers can use this to replace “clicker” activities in the classroom to engage students interactively and Poll Everywhere can be used for polling or brainstorming activities outside of class. Can share your poll as a link or embed it into a blog or website. Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  66. 66. Poll Everywhere, YOU MEAN ASK THEM WHAT THEY THINK about what we have studied? OR VOTE? <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  67. 67. THAT IS DEFINITELY A DANGEROUS IDEA . <ul><li>You’re not from around these parts now are you? You get out that phone and I’m gonna have to take you in. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  68. 68. Create a Voice Thread <ul><li>VoiceThread ( http:// / ) A VoiceThread is a collaborative, multimedia slide show that holds images, documents, and videos and allows people to navigate pages and leave comments in 5 ways - using voice (with a mic or telephone), text, audio file, or video (via a webcam). . Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  69. 69. Creating voice threads, continued . <ul><li>Voicethread Examples in Education This wiki collects examples of Voicethreads used in the classroom and includes a slideshow with a collection of several outstanding examples from a variety of grade levels and subject areas . </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  70. 70. MAKE A voice WHAT???? <ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  71. 71. Cell Phone Cameras <ul><li>Picture on the Fly Challenge Liz created a Picture on the Fly challenge so her blog readers could experiment with using cell cameras to capture and share images related to a specific prompt. See the results ( ) of her “Progress? or Progress!” prompt which was sent via text message to all users who signed up in advance and images were shared through Flickr Mobile on her blog. She also posted a detailed explanation ( ) about how she created the challenge in case you would like to replicate this activity with students. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  72. 72. Changing voice to text to send announcements, reminders or notes. <ul><li>Dial-2-Do ( ) Phone service that converts your voice to text and allows you to send emails, text messages, or reminders to individuals or groups simply by dialing the number and talking your phone. This voice-to-text capability can also improve accessibility for students who struggle to express themselves in writing but excel with oral and auditory tasks. Video tutorial. ( ) </li></ul><ul><li>YES, TEXTS. </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  73. 73. SHARING PHOTOS <ul><li>Flickr Mobile ( http:// /tools/mobile/ ) Creat a Flickr Mobile account and you will receive a unique address to email content directly into your Flickr account from your cameraphone. You can experiment with this option for photo sharing with your students and you can also link a blog account to flickr for sharing pictures to a blog. </li></ul>
  74. 74. With my CELL PHONE? In SCHOOL? <ul><li>I know. It’s just too much. </li></ul>“ I’m going to need my clip board for this!”
  75. 75. That’s shocking. <ul><li>. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Teachers can use them for <ul><li>whiteboard /blackboard archive; notes to self; handheld scanner; photos for student portfolios; instant blogging; podcasts; wiki contributions; web-based organizers for disorganized students; and the arrangement to receive assignment due notices; data collection </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  77. 77. Doesn’t that just sound fun? <ul><li>OK, don’t answer out loud. </li></ul>
  78. 78. Cell phones to file share… <ul><li> ( ( http:// /) Use to privately share your files and collaborate in real time by web, email, phone, mobile, and more. Create each drop in two clicks and share what you want, how you want, with whom you want. Links to itunes and has an RSS feed for participants to subscribe. (created test drop: http:// / ) </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  79. 79. Cell phones can also be used as an alternative for classroom response systems (“clickers and buzzers”) by utilizing, “which lets anyone post a poll or multiple-choice questionnaire that others can complete using cell phone texting.” Kim Wesson
  80. 80. “ Well you know, Andy, sometimes change is good. “ <ul><li>“ Those clickers and buzzers cost a whole heap. And those kids already have a bunch of IPhones.” </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  81. 81. * To increase the number of computers available in a very cost-effective manner; <ul><li>. </li></ul>“ many educators feel that cell and/or smart phones are the only way to provide one-to-one student-to-computer ratio when schools cannot afford laptops for each student”. Kim Wesson
  82. 82. * To increase portable computing devices available at little to no cost to the school; Kim Wesson
  83. 83. Some colleges are passing them out at registration.Will students know how to adjust? <ul><li>Colleges and universities </li></ul><ul><li>such as Madonna University in Livonia, Michigan, and the University of Michigan. The University of Maryland is creating a mobile portal which students can use to conduct daily university business and stay connected with university services. (Norris,, 2010 ). </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  84. 84. Universities increasingly use smart phones and hand-helds to replace huge textbooks in a cost effective manner. Kim Wesson
  85. 85. “ American campuses have joined the classes-via-cell-phone trend, including Louisiana Community & Technical College System and Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. Ball State nursing students began using mobile devices last school year, and downloading course material has literally taken a considerable weight off of students’ shoulders. Brandon Campbell, the nursing school’s lead technology services specialist, said electronic nursing manuals accessed on a mobile device replaced a two-foot stack of reading material that students once lugged around from class to class. Campbell and Kay Hodson-Carlton, coordinator of learning resources and extended education at Ball State’s nursing school, said acceptance of cell phone-based course material was nearly ubiquitous.” (Carter, 2009 ). Kim Wesson
  86. 86. At the Presbyterian Women’s College, Croyden, Australia, international attention was turned to the university when the use of mobile phones for exams was implemented. (Prensky, 2008). Kim Wesson
  87. 87. Universities are using this….. To replace this,,,,,,, Kim Wesson
  88. 88. This group <ul><li>Has to move from technology for play to technology for pay. </li></ul>
  89. 89. The tools we use are changing. When is the last time you wrote one one of these? Kim Wesson
  90. 90. Is our instruction changing? Kim Wesson
  91. 91. Cell phones have changed. <ul><li>From this……………… this. </li></ul>Kim Wesson
  92. 92. And students like them. Kim Wesson
  93. 93. “ Well, phones like this one here don’t work right any more. I feel much happier and more relaxed about all this now.” Kim Wesson
  94. 94. Check it out. <ul><li>Invaluable Resource: Liz Kolb’s Blog and Book: From Toys to Tools: Connecting Student Cell Phones to Education </li></ul><ul><li>Kim Wesson </li></ul>
  95. 95. References <ul><li>Bafile, Cara. (2009). Mobile technology goes to school . Education world. Retrieved </li></ul><ul><li>from www. educationworld .com/a_ tech / tech / tech 248.shtml. </li></ul><ul><li>Carter, Dennis. (2009, July 6). Cell phones used to deliver course content. eSchool </li></ul><ul><li>news . Retrieved from content . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Van drimmelen, Jeff. (2007, June 6). Eight was to use camera phones in </li></ul><ul><li>education. Retrieved from http://ed se-camera-phones-in-education. </li></ul><ul><li>Kharif. Cell phones make headway in education. (2008, August 28). </li></ul><ul><li>BusinessWeek special reports . Retrieved from ... </li></ul><ul><li>Nebraska Department of Education. (2010). Technology integration: educational </li></ul><ul><li>use of cell phones. Retrieved from . </li></ul><ul><li>Norris, cathy, and solowa, elliott. (2009). Get cell phones into schools. Businessweek. </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li>www. businessweek .com/technology/content/jan2009/tc20090114_741903. </li></ul><ul><li>Prensky, Marc. (2008). Using cell phones for exams. Op-ed submission </li></ul><ul><li>for the Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved from -using CellPhonesfor Exams- OpEd-Australia.pdf.Australia.pdf . </li></ul><ul><li>Prensky, Marc. (October 2001). Digital natives, digital immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>Vol.9 No.5, pp.1-6. Retrieved from,%20Digital%20Immigrants%20-%20Part1.pdf. </li></ul><ul><li>Technology: teen einsteins? (10/1/2007). Junior scholastic.Vol.110, Issues 3, p 5. </li></ul><ul><li>Retrieved from http:// . </li></ul><ul><li>Trotter, Andrew. Students turn their cellphones on for classroom lessons: </li></ul><ul><li>new academic uses challenge restrictions. (Jan. 2009)., Vol.28, </li></ul><ul><li>Issue 16, pages 10-11 . Retrieved from </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Uses of cell phones in education. (2010). Classroom2.O . Accessed </li></ul><ul><li>from . </li></ul><ul><li>Kathy Mitchell </li></ul><ul><li>Education Specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Alabama Public Television </li></ul><ul><li>800-239-5233 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] Kim Wesson </li></ul>