Today we will talk about how to write an experimental report. This is a report that you will write after you have done some research.
You are telling a story in a standardized format. There are two main parts – the abstract and the body. The abstract is written after writing the body of your report. It consists of the introduction, where you give an overview of your topic, the methods you used to carry out your research, the research results, a discussion of the results and a conclusion.Results: The shoes got soaking wet, the leather cracked as it dried, and the soles separated from the tops.Conclusions: These shoes were not waterproof and not meant to be worn when walking in water. In addition, the high price of the shoes is not closely linked with durability.Recommendations: In the future, the wearer of this type of shoe should watch out for puddles, not just treetops. When buying shoes, the wearer should determine the extent of the shoes’ waterproofing and/or any warranties on durability.
This study shows that students in Japan are increasingly using Facebook and Twitter in higher education.
ADP L2 Writing Good Paragraphs
ADP Lesson 2<br />Writing an Academic Paper<br />
Writing Styles<br />There are many types of writing styles.<br />Informal styles<br />Blog<br />Chat or chat message<br />Diary or journal<br />Formal styles<br />Academic papers<br />Letters when applying for jobs<br />Business reports<br />
Academic Writing<br />Has a target audience with knowledge about the topic<br />Based on research or literature review<br />Provides information, data, analysis <br />Usually for presentation or publication<br />Uses paragraph form<br />Is written in complete sentences<br />
Writing Paragraphs<br />A paragraph is an organized group of sentences about a single topic or idea.<br />A paragraph contains three main parts<br />Topic sentence<br />Supporting sentences<br />Concluding sentence<br />Begin a new paragraph when writing about a new idea<br />
Topic sentence<br />The topic sentence explains the main idea or thesis of the paragraph.<br />The topic sentence is usually the first sentence or near the beginning of a paragraph.<br />The reader should be able to understand what the paragraph is about by reading the topic sentence.<br />
Topic Sentence Examples<br />My hometown, Honolulu, Hawaii is famous for amazing natural features that attract tourists all year. <br />Currently, more universities are using Facebook for educational purposes.<br />Kansai University students are motivated to learn English to improve their writing and presentation skills.<br />
Supporting Sentences<br />Supporting sentences provides details or information that support the topic sentence.<br />Sometimes uses transition words or phrases,<br />Similarly<br />In particular<br />On the other hand<br />In contrast<br />Hence<br />First, second, third <br />Furthermore<br />In addition<br />However<br />As a result<br />
Supporting Sentences Example <br />Topic Sentence<br />My hometown, Honolulu, Hawaii is famous for amazing natural features that attract tourists all year. <br />Supporting Sentences<br />Many people from around the world visit Waikiki Beach, a beautiful stretch of white sand and blue ocean, where they swim and surf. Beside beaches, Honolulu has a well-known volcano, Diamond Head, that has a popular hiking trail. Many Japanese tourists also like to visit Moanalua Garden, where there is a huge monkey pod tree that is popular on a television show sponsored by a company called Hitachi. <br />
Types of Supporting Sentences<br />Cite data (For example, facts, statistics, evidence, details)<br />Use examples and illustrations<br />Give quotes or evidence of what experts say<br />Evaluate causes and reasons<br />Compare and contrast<br />Examine effects and consequences<br />
Concluding Sentence<br />The concluding sentence summarizes the idea of the paragraph.<br />The concluding sentence is similar but not the same as the topic sentence.<br />Words or phrases that can be used in a concluding sentence<br />In conclusion<br />In summary<br />Therefore<br />Thus<br />In the final analysis<br />As a result<br />
Concluding Sentence Examples<br />Therefore, many tourists like Hawaii because they can go swimming, surfing, hiking and sightseeing in nature. <br />In conclusion, Facebook is no longer only used for social purposes, but is growing in use in universities.<br />As a result, Kansai University students are using English in speaking, reading and writing.<br />
Group Discussion Activity<br />Write a paragraph that describes your group members.<br />Be sure to have<br />A topic sentence<br />Supporting sentences<br />A concluding sentence<br />When you are finished, post your paragraph on the ADP Facebook Group page.<br />
Writing an Experimental Report<br />Kansai University, Spring 2011<br />
Introduction<br />Opening Statement (General)<br />Introduce the problem<br />Use simple English<br />Literature Review<br />What previous studies have shown<br />Only related to your work<br />What your work shows that others do not<br />Study Overview<br />State your hypothesis clearly<br />Methods used in your research<br />
Sample Introduction<br />Introduce the topic<br />Recently, mobile phone use has increased in Japan and America. Newer models of mobile phones have features that allow users access the Internet, take videos and post comments to online sites.<br />
Sample Introduction<br />Give background information<br />Facebook has become a popular Social Networking System (SNS) all over the world. According to Yamamoto and Kubota (2010), Facebook is used by ______ people in _____ countries.<br /><ul><li>Note: When you use abbreviations (for example, SNS), always the words first with the abbreviation in parenthesis. After that you can use the abbreviation.</li></li></ul><li>Sample Introduction<br />Explain the purpose of the research<br />The purpose of this study is to compare the use of mobile phones in Hawaii and Japan.<br />The purpose of this paper is to find the SNS used most often in Hawaii and Japan.<br />
Discussion<br />Explain to the class your topic of interest or about the research that you want to do as a graduate student.<br />Ask each other questions to clarify ideas.<br />
Homework<br />Before the next class,<br />Write a general paragraph (first part of introduction) about your research topic or area of interest.<br />Introduce the problem<br /><ul><li>What is the main topic?