Climate change in East Asia


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Climate change in East Asia

  1. 1. Climate Change in Asia Kana Deteka Aya Ihara Jun Mc Gee
  2. 2. Question to think about <ul><li>Does the amount of CO2 around the Globe increase, decrease, or stay the same? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction Global Warming and Climate change
  4. 4. <ul><li>Does the amount of CO2 around the Globe increase, decrease, or stay the same? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It stays the same. CO2 is locked in permafrost, rocks and in other things. It is when you unlock them that it becomes a threat. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Notes <ul><li>When it comes to Global Warming / Climate Change there are many pros as there is cons. Like most things in life there are always negative and positives. So G.W / C.C can either be good or bad. </li></ul><ul><li>G.W / C.C is affecting the polar regions and snow in mountains around the world, whereas, other parts are still minimal. </li></ul><ul><li>Most of these problems are still consider a possibility. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Agriculture & Food Security <ul><li>Production </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in Cereal in Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>However, regional differences in the response of wheat, maize, and rice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rice production in Asia could decline 3.8% by the end of 21st Century </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>Results of crop yield projections using HadCM2 indicate that crop yields could increase 20% in East & South-East Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Central and South Asia could decrease by 30% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doubled CO2 climates could decrease rice yields even in irrigated lowlands, in many prefectures in central and southern lowlands in Japan by 0 to 40% </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Farming system and Cropping Areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the land that is suitable for cultivation in Asia is already in use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A northward shift of agriculture zones. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.) 500km will move from double planting areas to single planting areas. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2.) Suitable land and production potentials for cereals could marginally increase in the Russian Federation & in East Asia. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>As land for agriculture becomes limited, the need for more food in South Asia could likely be met by increasing yields per unit of land, water, energy and time, such as through precision farming. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intensification of agriculture will be the most likely means to meet the food requirements of Asia </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Livestock, Fishery, Aquaculture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumption of animal products such as meat & poultry has increased steadily in comparison to milk & milk products. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most regions in Asia have limited expansion of pastures which limits the number of livestock's. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><ul><li>Tuna catch of East Asia and South-East Asia is nearly ¼ of the worlds total. But their habitats are changing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moderate warming is likely to improve the conditions for some economically gainful fisheries, such as cod & herring. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In contrast, the northern shrimp will likely decrease with rise in sea-surfaces temp. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Biodiversity and Ecosystems <ul><li>Up t0 50% of Asia total biodiversity is at risk. </li></ul><ul><li>Large populations of many species could be extirpated as a result . </li></ul>
  13. 13. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species <ul><li>Classify species at high risk of global extinction </li></ul><ul><li>EX (Extinct) </li></ul><ul><li>EW (Extinct in the wild) </li></ul><ul><li>CR (Critically endangered) </li></ul><ul><li>EN (Endangered) </li></ul><ul><li>VU (Vulnerable) </li></ul><ul><li>NT (Near threatened) </li></ul><ul><li>LC (Least concern) </li></ul><ul><li>DD (Data deficient) </li></ul><ul><li>NE (Not evaluated) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Giant Panda <ul><li>Habitat: Southeast China </li></ul><ul><li>Red list category: EN (Endangered) </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 1,600 in wild </li></ul><ul><li>Threat: Bamboo die-back caused by global warming </li></ul><ul><li>- Spend 55% of the day feeding </li></ul><ul><li>(bamboo) </li></ul><ul><li>- Eat 12-38 kg of bamboo a day </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sumatran Orangutan <ul><li>Habitat: The island of Sumatra, Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>Red list category: CR (Critically endangered) </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 7,300 </li></ul><ul><li>Declined over 80% over the last 75 years </li></ul><ul><li>Threat: Global warming increase the duration and frequency of droughts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Habitat loss </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of food and drinking water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase stress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More fires </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Japan’s cherry blossom season shift <ul><li>Early arrival of the cherry blossoms because of global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>A rise in temperatures is one of the key elements prompting cherry trees to bloom. </li></ul><ul><li>Many trees are not blossoming as well as they used to due to the effects of global warming. </li></ul><ul><li>Cherry Blossom in some Asian Countries means the beginning of Spring. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Importance of biodiversity <ul><li>Humans rely on biodiversity </li></ul><ul><li>-Nutrients </li></ul><ul><li>-Resistance against invasive species </li></ul><ul><li>-Pollination of plants </li></ul><ul><li>-Regulation of climate </li></ul><ul><li>-Pest and pollution control </li></ul>
  18. 18. Human Health <ul><li>Climate Change and Global Warming have various effects on human health. </li></ul><ul><li>Two Categories </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct effect on the illness such as heat-wave and on increased mortality in population with other disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect effect on disease such as infectious disease and allergy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IPPC Report </li></ul><ul><ul><li>States that climate change has altered the distribution of some infectious disease vectors, altered the seasonal distribution of some allergenic pollen species, and increased heat wave-related deaths </li></ul></ul>Ichiro Kurane, 2009: The Emerging and Forecasted Effect on Climate Change on Human Health, Journal of Health Science
  19. 19. Ichiro Kurane, 2009: The Emerging and Forecasted Effect on Climate Change on Human Health, Journal of Health Science
  20. 20. Ichiro Kurane, 2009: The Emerging and Forecasted Effect on Climate Change on Human Health, Journal of Health Science
  21. 21. Projected Trends(PT) <ul><li>PT in the effect of global warming on human health were summarized in the 4 th report of IPCC (Around the World). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in malnutrition and consequent disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in # of people suffering from death, disease and injury from heat-wave, floods, storms, fire and droughts, change of habitants of some infectious disease vectors, mixed effects on malaria; geographical range will contract in some areas, while it will expand and the transmission season may be changed, increase in cardio-respiratory morbidity, and mortality associated with ground-level ozone and increase in the number of dengue. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Solutions <ul><li>East Asia is working together on how to fix these problems before they become a major threat to the East Asia Region. South East Asia has also formed a S.E. Asia Region organization to work on these problems. </li></ul><ul><li>East Asia is working together to make new green-technologies . </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Coastal Zone Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides an effective coastal protection strategy to maximize the benefits to minimize the conflicts & harmful effects of activities on social, cultural, and environmental resources to promote sustainable management of coastal zones. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Improved technologies for tree plantation development and reforestation. </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive intersectoral programs that combine measure to control deforestation and forest degradation with measure to increase agricultural productivity & sustainability. </li></ul><ul><li>East Asia is also working with a Asian version of the CDC to control & to minimize and stop the spread of diesases. </li></ul>
  23. 24. The End <ul><li>Thanks for listening, hope you know understand stand some what of what is going to happen. </li></ul>