WH Notes
Persian Wars
Ancient Greece
Kimberly
Basic Information
• Who is fighting? United Greek City States vs
Persian Empire (Persians)
• When? 499 BCE – 449 BCE
• Why...
Background
• Athens and Sparta were rivals up until Persian
Wars.
• Persia was the largest Empire at the time.
• Persia be...
• 6th Century BCE start to see the first attack of
the Greeks (still not full blown war yet).
• Poleis sent aid back to th...
Cyrus
• Cyrus decides to conquer all of Greeks.
• Underestimates power of Greeks.
• He failed to conquer all of Greeks.
1st Persian War
• 492 BCE , Persia has a knew King, Darius.
• Battle of Marathon.
Battle of Marathon
• Greeks were out numbered 2 to 1.
• When Persians go back to their ships
(unarmored, Greeks attacked a...
1st Persian War
• Pheidippides
• Greek messenger.
• Ran from Marathon to Athens with news of
the NIKE (victory).
• Pheidip...
2nd Persian War
• New king of Persia, Xerxes.
• He seek (past tense) revenge because Greeks
made his father look foolish b...
2nd Persian War
• Sparta was chosen to lead the alliance.
• Makes sense because Sparta was a military
focused society.
• A...
2nd Persian War
• Persians decide to move North as the Greeks
start to move in on them on land and sea.
• Send 7,000 Greek...
2nd Persian War
• Battle of Therm. Lasted 7 days.
• King Leonidas was a leader of the Greeks.
2nd Persian War
• Salamis- a narrow strait to the south of
Athens.
2nd War
• Athens gets burned down.
• GREEKS WIN WAR!
Outcome of the Wars
• Persians leave to Asia Minor , and never attack
or intend to attack again.
• For a period of time th...
Persian wars
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Persian wars

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Persian Wars (all included)
With the pleasure of August Alsina as the background.

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Persian wars

  1. 1. WH Notes Persian Wars Ancient Greece Kimberly
  2. 2. Basic Information • Who is fighting? United Greek City States vs Persian Empire (Persians) • When? 499 BCE – 449 BCE • Why? They don’t want to lose control of seatrade routes.
  3. 3. Background • Athens and Sparta were rivals up until Persian Wars. • Persia was the largest Empire at the time. • Persia being the largest was a threat to Greece.
  4. 4. • 6th Century BCE start to see the first attack of the Greeks (still not full blown war yet). • Poleis sent aid back to the colonies (weapons, soldiers)
  5. 5. Cyrus • Cyrus decides to conquer all of Greeks. • Underestimates power of Greeks. • He failed to conquer all of Greeks.
  6. 6. 1st Persian War • 492 BCE , Persia has a knew King, Darius. • Battle of Marathon.
  7. 7. Battle of Marathon • Greeks were out numbered 2 to 1. • When Persians go back to their ships (unarmored, Greeks attacked at night), Greeks attacked them. • It worked and Greek WON! • ENDS FIRST PERSIAN WAR!
  8. 8. 1st Persian War • Pheidippides • Greek messenger. • Ran from Marathon to Athens with news of the NIKE (victory). • Pheidippides dies from exhaustion by running from Marathon t Athens. He got t Athens, yells out “NIKE!” (which means victory) and then collapses.
  9. 9. 2nd Persian War • New king of Persia, Xerxes. • He seek (past tense) revenge because Greeks made his father look foolish because they loss the war. • He built a ginormous army.
  10. 10. 2nd Persian War • Sparta was chosen to lead the alliance. • Makes sense because Sparta was a military focused society. • Athens provides majority of the ships.
  11. 11. 2nd Persian War • Persians decide to move North as the Greeks start to move in on them on land and sea. • Send 7,000 Greek soldiers to Therm. To fight Persians.
  12. 12. 2nd Persian War • Battle of Therm. Lasted 7 days. • King Leonidas was a leader of the Greeks.
  13. 13. 2nd Persian War • Salamis- a narrow strait to the south of Athens.
  14. 14. 2nd War • Athens gets burned down. • GREEKS WIN WAR!
  15. 15. Outcome of the Wars • Persians leave to Asia Minor , and never attack or intend to attack again. • For a period of time the poleis get along. • Athens becomes a dominate force in the region.

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