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Sensory Processing Disorder

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Sensory Processing Disorder is under-recognized among medical professionals but known well among Speech language and occupational therapists. Also known as Sensory Integration Dysfunction, it overlaps with Autism Spectrum, Aspergers, ADD, and ADHD or may be its own disorder. Person with this are often highly reactive to their environment (but can be under reactive). Knowing how to structure their environment, provide family and client support, and calm secondary symptoms with Homeobotanicals is key for managing it.

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Sensory Processing Disorder

  1. 1. Sensory Processing Disorder By Kimmer Collison-Ris MSN, FNP-C, WOCN, MS CAM Images by Bing & Google Images
  2. 2. Sensory Processing Disorder  Sensory Processing is the way the nervous system receives messages from the senses; converting them into motor and behavioral responses.  SPD is also known as "sensory integration dysfunction"  SPD sensory signals don't get organized into appropriate responses  A. Jean Ayres, PhD, compared SPD to a neurological "traffic jam" that prevents certain parts of the brain from receiving the information needed to interpret sensory information correctly One study (Ahn, Miller, Milberger, McIntosh, 2004) shows that at least 1 in 20 children’s daily lives is affected by SPD. Another research study (Ben-Sasson, Carter, Briggs-Gowen, 2009) suggests that 1 in every 6 children experiences sensory symptoms that may be significant enough to affect aspects of everyday life functions.
  3. 3.  *most commonly diagnosed in children  occurs within a broad spectrum of severity  difficulties are chronic, and disrupt everyday life for children & adults  Untreated SPD that persists into adulthood can affect an individual's ability to succeed in marriage, work, and social environments SPD…
  4. 4. www.rollingrains.com
  5. 5.  The exact cause of Sensory Processing Disorder–like the causes of ADHD and so many other neurodevelopmental disorders–has not yet been identified  Preliminary research suggests that SPD is often inherited  Prenatal and birth complications have been implicated  environmental factors may be involved SPD Causes
  6. 6. alert.psychiatricnews.org speech-language-pathology-audiology.advanceweb.com
  7. 7. Sensory Processing…
  8. 8. SPD Looks like
  9. 9. SPD Types
  10. 10. SPD Symptoms  Out-of-proportion reactions to touch, sounds, sights, movement, tastes, or smells, including:  Bothered by clothing fabrics, labels, tags, etc.  Distressed by light touch or unexpected touch  Dislikes getting messy  Resists grooming activities  Very sensitive to sounds (volume or frequency)  Squints, blinks, or rubs eyes frequently  Bothered by lights or patterns  High activity level or very sedentary  Unusually high or low pain threshold  Motor skill and body awareness difficulties, including:  Fine motor delays (e.g., crayons, buttons/snaps, beading, scissors)  Gross motor delays (e.g., walking, running, climbing stairs, catching a ball )  Illegible handwriting  Moves awkwardly or seems clumsy  Low or high muscle tone Oral motor and feeding problems, including:  Oral hypersensitivity  Frequent drooling or gagging  “Picky eating”  Speech and language delays
  11. 11. SPD Symptoms…  Some signs of sensory processing difficulties include:  Overly sensitive to touch, movement, sights  Inability to habituate to sounds and fear with unexpected noises  Easily distracted  Holding hands over ears in complex environment  Avoids tastes, smells, or textures normally tolerated by children that age  Activity level that is unusually high or unusually low  Impulsive, lacking in self-control  Inability to unwind or calm self  Poor self-concept  Social and/or emotional problems  Physical clumsiness or apparent carelessness  Hesitation going up or down stairs  Difficulty making transitions from one situation to another  Holding on to walls, furniture, people, or objects, even in familiar settings  Delays in speech, language, or motor skills  Delays in academic achievement  Seeks out movement activities, but poor endurance and tires quickly  Poor attention and focus: often “tunes out” or “acts up”  Uncomfortable/easily overstimulated in group settings  Difficulty with self-confidence and independence
  12. 12. SPD Behavioral Problems  Common Behaviors hitting  pushing  yelling  fighting with peers  difficulty changing from one activity to another  sleeping problems  excessive energy levels  being unable to sit still and focus  refusal to partake in normal childhood experiences or play  picky eaters  frequent tantrums  extreme sensitivities and excessive fears  Other unique or "autistic-type" behaviors  grinding teeth  rocking back and forth  lunging  head banging, scratching or biting self  spinning or mouthing objects  constant humming or making noises  finger flicking  jumping or shaking extremities  spinning self  excessive smelling & sniffing
  13. 13. SPD oursensoryjourney.blogspot.com
  14. 14.  Autism Speaks (2014). What is Autism/Autism Spectrum Disorders? http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism.  http://www.hbci.com/~wenonah/new/9steps.htm  Bradshaw AJL and Rinehart NJ (2005). Autism and Asperger's disorder: Are they movement disorders involving the cerebellum and/or basal ganglia? Brain Research Bulletin Volume 67, Issue 4, 30 October 2005, Pages 327–334  Blaylock RL (2009).A POSSIBLE CENTRAL MECHANISM IN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS, PART 2: IMMUNOEXCITOTOXiCITY. Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine . Jan/Feb2009, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p60-67. 8p Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=10786791&AN=3 7570226&h=JpN2y%2b%2b6SmKzaEfH1cPa1eANggO0w08mWWjMYLQxcg%2bWBhvSuZfQYjDUcrc6X4kJcWZUXifdmHG XgGQrkCc9tQ%3d%3d&crl=c  Doney R and Thome J (2010). Inflammation: good or bad for ADHD? ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders December 2010, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 257-266 Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12402- 010-0038-7.  Dunn, Winnie; Bennett, Donna (). Patterns of sensory processing in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Occupational Therapy Journal of Research, Vol 22(1), 2002, 4-15.Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/psycinfo/2002-00678-001  Crane L, Goddard L, and Pring L. (2009). Sensory processing in adults with autism spectrum disorders. doi: 10.1177/1362361309103794 Autism May 2009 vol. 13 no. 3 215-228. Retrieved from http://aut.sagepub.com/content/13/3/215.short  Currenti SA (2010). Understanding and Determining the Etiology of Autism. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology. March 2010, Volume 30, Issue 2, pp 161-171. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10571-009-9453-8  Frustaci A, Neri M, Cesario A, Adams JB, Domenici E, Bernardina BD, and Bonassi S (). Oxidative stress-related biomarkers in autism: Systematic review and meta-analyses. Free Radical Biology and Medicine. Volume 52, Issue 10, 15 May 2012, Pages 2128–2141 Retrieved from http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891584912001827http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S 0891584912001827  Herbert MR (2010). Contributions of the environment and environmentally vulnerable physiology to autism spectrum disorders. Current Opinion in Neurology: April 2010 - Volume 23 - Issue 2 - p 103–110. doi: 10.1097/WCO.0b013e328336a01f. Developmental disorders: Edited by Geraldine Dawson. Retrieved from http://journals.lww.com/co-neurology/Abstract/2010/04000/Contributions_of_the_environment_and.4.aspx References

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