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ADD/ADHD and Homeobotanicals


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ADD/ADHD is an increasing problem affecting all ages of individuals around the world. This presentation discusses possible causes, conditions that mimic ADD/ADHD, and the use of Homeobotanicals in treatment of secondary symptoms.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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ADD/ADHD and Homeobotanicals

  1. 1. ADD/ADHD By Kimmer Collison-Ris MSN, FNP-C, WOCN
  2. 2.  ADD and ADHD are complex neurobiological disorders in which neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers of the brain, do not work properly.  Researchers believe the neurotransmitters, norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin are deficient.  Through the use of PET scans, NIMH researchers have found reduced blood flow and activity levels in the brains of adults with ADHD when they were working on thinking tasks.  In addition the white matter that carries messages between neurons, is also smaller (without indication of brain damage).  (retrieved from ADD/ADHD
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  4. 4. ADHD Causes…  Current research indicates the frontal lobe, basal ganglia, caudate nucleus, cerebellum, as well as other areas of the brain, play a significant role in ADHD because they are involved in complex processes that regulate behavior (Teeter, 1998).  higher order processes are referred to as executive functions.  include such processes as inhibition, working memory, planning, self- monitoring, verbal regulation, motor control, maintaining and changing mental set and emotional regulation.  According to a current model of ADHD developed by Dr. Russell Barkley, problems in response inhibition is the core deficit in ADHD.  has a cascading effect on the other executive functions listed above (Barkley, 1997).  factors that account for neurological differences in brain development and functioning that contribute to ADHD  fetal exposure to toxic substances (e.g., alcohol and tobacco) during pregnancy,  exposure to lead,  trauma to the brain from head injury or illness  differences attributed to heredity. 
  5. 5.  Chronic, lifelong condition, beginning before age 7  children tend to be unnerved by sensory overstimulation, such as transitions from one activity to the next  children with ADHD do not generally experience despair as a symptom  moods approach suddenly and can dissipate quickly  Tend to wake alert  Have trouble falling asleep  difficulty calming down and falling asleep  Misbehavior is accidental  Ignoring authority figures, running into things, and making messes results from inattentiveness  adhd-misdiagnosis ADHD
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  7. 7. Symptoms  Symptoms of inattention  fails to give close attention to details or makes careless mistakes in schoolwork, work, or other activities  has difficulty sustaining attention in tasks or play activities  does not seem to listen when spoken to directly  does not follow instructions and fails to finish schoolwork, chores, or duties in the workplace (not due to oppositional behavior or failure to understand instructions)  has difficulty organizing tasks and activities  avoids, dislikes, or is reluctant to engage in tasks that require sustained mental effort (e.g., schoolwork or homework)  loses things necessary for tasks or activities (e.g., toys, school assignments, pencils, books, or tools)  is easily distracted by extraneous stimuli  is forgetful in daily activities
  8. 8.  Symptoms of hyperactivity  fidgets with hands or feet or squirms in seat  leaves seat in classroom or in other situations in which remaining seated is expected  runs about or climbs excessively in situations in which it is inappropriate (in adolescents or adults, may be limited to subjective feelings of restlessness)  has difficulty playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly  is “on the go” or acts as if “driven by a motor”  talks excessively Symptoms…
  9. 9.  Symptoms of impulsivity  blurts out answers before questions have been completed  has difficulty awaiting turn  interrupts or intrudes on others (e.g., butts into conversations or games)  The presence of six or more symptoms under the category of inattention or hyperactivity and impulsivity may indicate a problem if they occur frequently, result in impairment, and are not caused by other conditions.  Symptoms…
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  11. 11. ADHD-like causes  ADHD is diagnosed by health professionals who form their opinion by observing a child's behavior.  There are no brain scans, blood tests, or anything else definite that is used during diagnosis.  There are many other problems that have the same symptoms of ADHD.  any problem dealing with the fuels of the body: water, food, blood and air can cause behavior problems
  12. 12. Conditions that seem like ADHD  Allergies  Anemias  B vitamin deficiencies  Carbon Monoxide poisoning  Central Auditory processing Disorder  Cardiac conditions  Dietary Factors  Early-Onset Bi-Polar disorder  Early-onset diabetes  Excessive amounts of Vitamins  Genetic defects  Hearing and vision problems  Head injuries  Heart disease  High mercury levels  High manganese levels  Hypoglycemia  Hyper or hypothyroidism  Iron deficiency  Learning disabilities  Malnutrition or improper diet  Metabolic disorders  Mild to high lead levels  Post-traumatic stress disorder  Sensory Integration Dysfunction  Sleeping disorders  Spinal Problems  subclinical seizure/seizure disorders  Tourette's syndrome  Toxin exposures  Viral or bacterial infections  Worms There are also many medical, biological, emotional and mental conditions that mimic ADHD (
  13. 13. Conditions mimicking ADHD…  Brain cysts  beta-hemolytic streptococcus  Candida Albicans infestation  Early stage brain tumors  Emotional problems  Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)  Gifted Children  Genetic Disorder XYY  Intestinal parasites  Intentionally or unintentionally sniffing materials  Klinefelter syndrome  Lack of exercise  Lack of understanding and communication skills  Porphyria  Some medications  Temporal lobe seizures  Spirited children  spoiled and undisciplined mimic-adhd
  14. 14. Diagnosing ADHD  American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) published guidelines (2000)for assessomg ADHD.  (1) the primary care clinician should initiate an evaluation of children ages 6 to 12 who present with inattention, hyperactivity, or impulsivity;  (2) the diagnosis of ADHD requires that a child meet the DSM IV criteria;  (3) the assessment requires evidence directly obtained from parents or caregivers regarding the core symptoms of ADHD in various settings, the age of onset of symptoms, duration of symptoms, and the degree of functional impairment;  (4) the assessment of ADHD requires evidence directly obtained from the classroom teacher (or other school professional);  (5) the assessment should include evaluation for associated conditions;  (6) other diagnostic tests are not routinely indicated to establish a diagnosis of ADHD but may be used for the assessment of co-existing conditions (e.g., learning disabilities, mental retardation).
  15. 15. Homeobotanicals  Homeobotanicals are a Natural Health modality delveloped in New Zealand (1984)  BOTH homeopathic and botanical indications are considered for their therapeutic purpose.  Homeobotanical (Hb) formulas are  are a CORE THERAPY (used as a base for health management regimens)  range may assist with many healthcare applicationssupplied to a qualified Practitioner as a concentrate  formulations are considered suitable for all ages.  Only supplied as concentrates to qualified Hb providers 
  16. 16. ADD/ADHD Physical Complaints -Anemia -Anxiety -Appetite disorders -Attention Span -Autoimmune Disorders -Autoinfection -Bacterial infection -Behavioral Disorders -Bowel Inflammation -Bowel assimilation disorders -Bowel problems -Brain function -Chronic inflammation -Concentration -Dehydration -Depression -Digestive disturbances -Dull confused mind -Emotional Stress -Emotional Exhaustion -Eye Disorders -Excitability -Food Allergies -Food sensitivities -Forgetfulness  -Hearing Disorders -Hypoglycemia  -Immune Deficiency -Irritability -Learning problems -Memory problems -Mental exhaustion -Mood Swings -Nausea -Nervousness -Obesity -Oversensitivity -Overwraught/Overwelmed -Spinal irritation -Screaming -Vomiting
  17. 17. Homeobotanicals & ADD/ADHD Anxiety Chronic inflammation Irritability Nutritional problems Food assimilation Illnesses/infections Allergies Oversensitivity Sleep Disorders RestlessnessDepression Sleep Disorders Hyper reactivity
  18. 18. Aggravating Factor Hb Formula Support Allergies/ Sensitivities R: Supports the normal pulmonary ventilation. Assists lungs, respiratory tract. B: "Blood Purifier" for lymphatic stasis and suppurative conditions. L: Acute and chronic hepatic dysfunction. Supports normal liver and gall. A: Acute and chronic allergies for airborne, dietary and idiopathic sources. Food Allergies/ Sensitivities M: Addresses derangement of viscera which may cause severe headaches. A: Acute and chronic allergies for airborne, dietary and idiopathic sources. Anemia B: "Blood Purifier" for lymphatic stasis and suppurative conditions. F: Hormone balance, reproduction etc. D: Acute and chronic gastrointestinal distress. Inflamed stomach. #5: To assist the assimilation of nutrients. Used where poor diet is a factor. #7: The maintenance remedy for immunity and vigorous health. EENT: Visual Disturbances O: Used externally as a lotion and/or internally as a remedy for visual disturbances. Hb Formulas for ADD/ADHD Sx
  19. 19. Aggravating Factor Hb Formula Support EENT: Hearing Altered B: "Blood Purifier" for lymphatic stasis and suppurative conditions. I: Herbal antiseptic & immunity boost for acute & chronic infection. J: Localized anti-inflammatory action on the musculo-skeletal system. #2: Restores the normal balance of the entire endocrine system. Cn1: For prevention of chronic degeneration. Benign and neoplastic lesions. GI: Anorexia/ Poor Appetite E: Nervous debility & excessive stress. Enhances all blends. P: For the support of pancreas function. Balances hormone & enzyme physiology. #3: Use for earliest stages of febrile & infectious illness. #5: To assist the assimilation of nutrients. Used where poor diet is a factor. Hbs for ADD/ADHD
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  21. 21. Title page photo: & content/uploads/2010/07/adhd-girl.jpg Hb formula image:  McDougle CJ, Naylor ST, Cohen DJ; Volkmar FR, Heninger GR; Price LH (1996). A Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Fluvoxamine in Adults With Autistic Disorder. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1996;53(11):1001-1008. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1996.01830110037005. Retrieved from  (2014). Environmental Toxins linked to rise in autism. Retrieved from toxin-exposure.aspx  Sukhodolsky DG, Scahill L, Gadow KD, Arnold LE, Aman MG, McDougle CJ, McCracken JT, Tierney E, White SW, Lecavalier L, and Vitiello B. (2008). Parent-Rated Anxiety Symptoms in Children with Pervasive Developmental Disorders: Frequency and Association with Core Autism Symptoms and Cognitive Functioning. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology January 2008, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 117-128. References