Le Flâneur From the French “ to stroll ”, “ to saunter ”, and “ to loiter ”. “ A person who walks the city to experience it .” Urban phenomena and modernity .
Georg Simmel The city was transforming humans. Changed notions of freedom and being .
The Situationist Derive (“t0 drift”) the spontaneous exploration of urban landscapes guided by aesthetic instinct . Unitary urbanism, city seen as point of departure for a new type of activity, such as free play . Lived experience over the spectacle .
Henri Lefebvre Space is a social product . Complex social construction affect spatial practices and perceptions .
Michel de Certeau “ The Practice of Everyday Life .” Individualization of mass culture , altering things (from utilitarian objects to street plans, etc). Need for a formal means to examine the ways people re-appropriate culture into everyday situations .
Impact on Urban Planning “ The Master Builder.” Rationalist urban planning ( urban renewal and separation of use ). Vs. Layered complexity ( mixed uses, short blocks, various ages and states of repair , and density ).