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Todorovs narrative theory

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Todorov's narrative theory

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Todorovs narrative theory

  1. 1. Narrative Theory Todorov
  2. 2. Tzvetan Todorov Tzvetan Todorov is a Franco- Bulgarian historian and essayist who was born in 1939
  3. 3. Todorov’s Narrative Theory Todorov simplified the idea of narrative theory while also allowing a more complex interpretation of film texts with his theory of Equilibrium and Disequilibrium.
  4. 4. The fictional environment begins with a state of equilibrium (everything is as it should be in a state of equal balance between powers of any kind, where equality of importance or effect exists among the various parts of any complex unity). Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  5. 5. The fictional environment then suffers some disruption or disequilibrium. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  6. 6. The narrative then ends with a state of new equilibrium. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  7. 7. There are five stages the narrative can progress through: • A state of equilibrium - all is as it should be. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  8. 8. There are five stages the narrative can progress through: • A state of equilibrium - all is as it should be. • Something happens to disrupt that order. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  9. 9. There are five stages the narrative can progress through: • A state of equilibrium - all is as it should be. • Something happens to disrupt that order • Recognition that the disorder has occurred. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  10. 10. There are five stages the narrative can progress through: • A state of equilibrium - all is as it should be. • Something happens to disrupt that order • Recognition that the disorder has occurred. • There is an attempt to repair the damage of the disruption. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  11. 11. There are five stages the narrative can progress through: • A state of equilibrium - all is as it should be. • Something happens to disrupt that order • Recognition that the disorder has occurred. • There is an attempt to repair the damage of the disruption. • There is a restoration of a new equilibrium. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  12. 12. The five stages the narrative can progress through: • A state of equilibrium - all is as it should be. • Something happens to disrupt that order • Recognition that the disorder has occurred. • There is an attempt to repair the damage of the disruption. • There is a restoration of a new equilibrium. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  13. 13. In these stages, the narrative is not seen as a linear structure but a circular one. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  14. 14. In these stages, narrative is not seen as a linear structure but a circular one. The narrative is driven by attempts to restore the equilibrium. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  15. 15. In these stages, narrative is not seen as a linear structure but a circular one. The narrative is driven by attempts to restore the equilibrium. However, the equilibrium at the end of the story is not identical to the initial equilibrium. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  16. 16. Todorov argues that narrative involves a transformation Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  17. 17. The characters or the situations are transformed through the progress of the disruption. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  18. 18. The disruption itself usually takes place outside the normal social framework, outside ‘normal’ social events Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  19. 19. In summary: • Narratives don’t need to be linear. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  20. 20. In summary: • Narratives don’t need to be linear. • The progression from initial equilibrium to restoration always involves a transformation. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  21. 21. In summary: • Narratives don’t need to be linear. • The progression from initial equilibrium to restoration always involves a transformation. • The middle period of a narrative can depict actions that transgress everyday habits and routines. Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  22. 22. In summary: • Narratives don’t need to be linear. • The progression from initial equilibrium to restoration always involves a transformation. • The middle period of a narrative can depict actions that transgress everyday habits and routines. • There can be many disruptions whilst seeking a new equilibrium (horror relies on this technique). Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  23. 23. In summary: • Narratives don’t need to be linear. • The progression from initial equilibrium to restoration always involves a transformation. • The middle period of a narrative can depict actions that transgress everyday habits and routines. • There can be many disruptions whilst seeking a new equilibrium (horror relies on this technique). Todorov’s Narrative Theory
  24. 24. The End Todorov’s Narrative Theory

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