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Learning Platforms: Common Threads & Future Directions


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From a talk at Lycoming College in Williamsport, PA on March 17, 2015. Co-sponsored by Information Technology Services, the Libraries, and the Teaching Effectiveness Committee.

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Learning Platforms: Common Threads & Future Directions

  1. 1. Learning Platforms Common Threads & Future Directions
  2. 2. Universities are under enormous pressures to adapt to rapidly changing circumstances and expectations. The core question they are called to answer is, What is the value of higher education?
  3. 3. Our graduates face an uncertain future. Average loan debt for class of 2012 was nearly $30,000. According to the Federal Reserve Bank of NY, there is ~ $1.6T outstanding student loan debt.
  4. 4. This has led to calls for greater transparency, affordability, & access.
  5. 5. And all of this is happening while w are also witnessing the “unbundling of education.”
  6. 6. There is a renewed focus on teaching, learning, and outcomes. Experimentation in teaching methods, sharing among faculty, and new research to inform us is a good thing.
  7. 7. There is much discussion about an emerging trend across the higher ed landscape: Agile approaches to institutional change.
  8. 8. The chameleon is an ancient species that can adapt to changing environments. Most importantly, each eye can operate independently, allowing the it to observe two different objects simultaneously. We need to keep one eye on our traditions, values and what makes universities special, and one eye on the changes happening around us.
  9. 9. Institutions successful at managing change are able to correctly identify passing trends versus those that truly impact the mission.
  10. 10. LMS
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Not just despised in higher ed, but also workforce training….
  14. 14. I don’t subscribe to that point of view. We have unlimited creativity when it comes to ways to use technology for good. I predict you will inspire me today…
  15. 15. 1997 1999 2005 2008 20122010 2011 2013 2014 Plenty of change since 1997, right?
  16. 16. Still no one industry leader. LMS is big business.
  17. 17. Global LMS revenue was estimated at more than $2B 
 in 2013 with projected growth to almost $8B by 2018.
  18. 18. 2014 17,000 faculty from 151 institutions 75,000 students from 213 institutions
  19. 19. 99% of institutions have an LMS in place
  20. 20. The average age of an LMS is 8 years. 15% of institutions report they expect to replace within 3 years.
  21. 21. Basic features Collaboration User satisfaction is highest for basic features; 
 lowest for collaboration and engagement.
  22. 22. While LMS have evolved over time, they generally have the same capabilities that they had back in the late 1990s. They’re a good place to store content in such a way that only enrolled students have access. They offer convenient ways to deliver quizzes, facilitate assignments, and publish grades. Different ways to facilitate classroom communication are built in. They help meet FERPA, copyright compliance, and archival needs.
  23. 23. LMS have not changed much since the late ‘90s. Why?
  24. 24. 1994 If you were teaching in 1994, how were you teaching? Posting grades on a sheet of paper on your door? Were your class communications all face to face? Students turning in typed papers?" " Think about how your shopping, banking, and entertainment may have changed since then. Juxtapose that with your teaching…
  25. 25. Here’s the university web site in late 1996.
  26. 26. LMSs haven’t changed because higher ed teaching practices haven’t changed much. We’ve adapted in ways necessary. Tools developed fit the need. Our work in the classroom has remained relatively stable. Perhaps until recently…
  27. 27. Experimentation, sharing, clickers, active learning are all relatively new & mainstream. How can we experiment using the LMS in ways that are informed by research?
  28. 28. T & L" Research
  29. 29. Recommended Reading 2010 20142014 2014 All of these books emphasize the notion of making connections. Knowledge must be stored in memory so that it can be used and connected to new ideas and situations.
  30. 30. Learning Principles 1. Prior knowledge 2. Organization of knowledge 3. Spaced practice 4. Metacognition
  31. 31. Prior knowledge All new learning requires a foundation of prior knowledge. Good teachers help make students’ prior knowledge explicit, address misconceptions, & help students connect new knowledge to prior knowledge.
  32. 32. Organization 
 of knowledge As experts, you have more dense, richly interconnected networks of knowledge structures than novices do. What is obvious to you may be completely hidden to students. Good teachers use techniques that make organization explicit and help learners recognize meaningful patterns.
  33. 33. Spaced practice … is about helping students recall and remember new knowledge over spaced intervals of time so that they can continue to build effective knowledge structures and make new connections. Recall should involve cognitive effort, and when paired with feedback, spaced practice strengthens retention more than testing alone does.
  34. 34. Metacognition …is thinking about our thinking to correctly assess what we know and what we can do to improve. " 1. Recognize competence when we see it in others." 2. Become better judges about what we know and don’t know." 3. Adopt learning strategies that get results." 4. Find objective ways to track our progress.
  35. 35. How could we use the LMS or other edtechs in support of the principle provided? 1 m 10 m Share 1
  36. 36. Your Ideas Prior knowledge" - Pre-class session quizzes (online, scantron) with immediate feedback. - Teach only what was missed. Knowledge organization" - Post slides before class - Use graphic organizers - Create interactive syllabus - Give Topics meaningful titles Spaced practice" - Pop quizzes & student- created quizzes - Student-created study guides - Provide access to previous course sites Metacognition" - Use wiki for ongoing discussion - Have students reflect upon and annotate own writing - Ask students to connect new learning to earlier content
  37. 37. You inspired me! Great ideas & discussion. Let’s look at where we are headed with the LMS…
  38. 38. Trends
  39. 39. LMS Plug-ins (also called LTI tools)
  40. 40. Continuous" updates Cloud-hosted LMS
  41. 41. Personalization," analytics Data ownership questions…
  42. 42. Rethinking learning spaces
  43. 43. Rethinking" Libraries
  44. 44. Learning design" as a team" effort
  45. 45. Growth mindset “Agile institutions” are made up of people. How agile are we?
  46. 46. There is much love for Moodle!
  47. 47."" Thank you
  48. 48. Image sources 2" 41 Slide # 3 7, 29 45 44 49 26 19 18