the lone ranger and tonto ﬁst ﬁght in heaven 4.4.11
quiz1. Victor has a troubled and conﬂicted relationship with his father. Describe one scene from the ﬁrst half of the book that typiﬁes this struggle and discuss both Victor and his Dad (Arnold’s) point of view.2. Victor and Thomas-Builds-the-Fire have seemingly different stances on Indian tradition. Explain each and give an example.
backdrop for book• US-Indian relations/history• dispossession + land grab• treaties• reservations
dispossession• international context: struggles for sovereignty• deﬁnitions and claims of sovereignty • international law • constitutions • treaties
treaties• recognize relationships between states• US Constitution• Article VI, Section 2 of the Constitution declares treaties to be “the supreme law of the land” and• “judges in every state shall be bound thereby”• 371 treaties between US and Tribes
discounting sovereignty• contradiction of sovereignty in US• Marshall Trilogy (1821-1832) • “doctrine of discovery” (no right of soil) • established “trust / ward relationship” • denied property rights -- limits sovereignty • by 1840s--manifest destiny • treaties upended
National Acts• Indian Removal Act (1830) -reservations• Dawes Act (1887) • blood quantum • state sponsored discrimination • consequences to today = who counts/ federally recognized