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Alternative Narratives on Economic Growth: Prototyping Change at the System Level

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Alternative Narratives
on Economic Growth:
Prototyping Change
at the System Level
Kimberley Peter, 2018 . RSD7 Kimberley P...

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Alternative Narratives on Economic Growth: Prototyping Change at the System Level

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This presentation was given at the Relating Systems Thinking and Design Symposium (RSD7), Turin, Italy, in 2018.

Abstract: Increasing inequality, rising social unrest, and climate change suggest new approaches to economic growth are needed. This project asked “How might reframing growth enable change to a more desirable alternative?” and used two primary approaches in the process of discovery. Causal Layered Analysis was used to understand the causes, processes, and outcomes of economic growth and alternatives to it. Three narratives were analyzed comparatively including the current growth-first narrative, an emergent participation narrative, and a speculative freedom narrative. Outputs from this analysis were used to reframe the economy and create an accessible and participatory role-play experience for stakeholders to explore how change might happen. Responses to the role play experience show how powerful a participatory approach can be and provide insight into engaging diverse stakeholders as participants in the future of the economy not just as receivers of economic policy. Proposals are presented based on candidate strategies generated through role play.

Download the conference paper at https://systemic-design.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/RSD7-proceedings_web.pdf (page 60-78), and the full research paper from the OCAD Open Research Repository at https://tinyurl.com/1f06bt4e

This presentation was given at the Relating Systems Thinking and Design Symposium (RSD7), Turin, Italy, in 2018.

Abstract: Increasing inequality, rising social unrest, and climate change suggest new approaches to economic growth are needed. This project asked “How might reframing growth enable change to a more desirable alternative?” and used two primary approaches in the process of discovery. Causal Layered Analysis was used to understand the causes, processes, and outcomes of economic growth and alternatives to it. Three narratives were analyzed comparatively including the current growth-first narrative, an emergent participation narrative, and a speculative freedom narrative. Outputs from this analysis were used to reframe the economy and create an accessible and participatory role-play experience for stakeholders to explore how change might happen. Responses to the role play experience show how powerful a participatory approach can be and provide insight into engaging diverse stakeholders as participants in the future of the economy not just as receivers of economic policy. Proposals are presented based on candidate strategies generated through role play.

Download the conference paper at https://systemic-design.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/RSD7-proceedings_web.pdf (page 60-78), and the full research paper from the OCAD Open Research Repository at https://tinyurl.com/1f06bt4e

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Alternative Narratives on Economic Growth: Prototyping Change at the System Level

  1. 1. Alternative Narratives on Economic Growth: Prototyping Change at the System Level Kimberley Peter, 2018 . RSD7 Kimberley Peter, 2018 . RSD7 Kimberley Peter, Primary Researcher, Major Research Project MDes. Strategic Foresight + Innovation, OCAD University Director, Design Operations at Royal Bank of Canada Helen Kerr, Research Advisor, Professor at OCAD University Co-President at KerrSmith Design Photo by Wes Carpani on Unsplash
  2. 2. 2 Photo by Michael Schaus
  3. 3. 2 Policy Makers Policy Influencers Policy Receivers Photo by Michael Schaus
  4. 4. 3 Photos by Michael Schaus
  5. 5. 4 Photos by Michael Schaus
  6. 6. 5 FREEDOM Photo by Søren Astrup Jørgensen on Unsplash
  7. 7. 6 Photo by Søren Astrup Jørgensen on Unsplash The economy is a web— connected and interdependent with others, and with nature.
 The goal is an economy that allows people to thrive, regardless of whether or not it grows (Raworth, 2017).
  8. 8. Kimberley Peter, 2017 . Major Research Project . Strategic Foresight + Innovation . OCAD University 7 Photo by Michael Schaus
  9. 9. Kimberley Peter, 2017 . Major Research Project . Strategic Foresight + Innovation . OCAD University 7 Change Participants Strategies Contexts Pathways Elements Photo by Michael Schaus GUIDING QUESTIONS ON ‘HOW CHANGE HAPPENS’ (KRYZNARIC, 2007)
  10. 10. 8 DOMINATION Photo by Christine Roy on Unsplash
  11. 11. 9 Photo by Christine Roy on Unsplash The economy is a frontier of infinite colonies—ever growing and expanding to other territories and, eventually, other planets.
 The goal is an economy that needs to grow, regardless of whether or not people thrive (Raworth, 2017).
  12. 12. 10 How might reframing growth enable change to a more desirable alternative? RESEARCH QUESTION Photo by Christine Roy on Unsplash
  13. 13. 11 PARTICIPATION Photo by Hans-Peter Gauster on Unsplash
  14. 14. 12 Photo by Hans-Peter Gauster on Unsplash The economy is a pie—to be shared through participation and made bigger together.
 The goal is an economy that expands social participation in the process and benefits of economic growth (WEF, 2015).
  15. 15. 13 Photo by Hans-Peter Gauster on Unsplash The economy is a pie—to be shared through participation and made bigger together.
 The goal is an economy that expands social participation in the process and benefits of economic growth (WEF, 2015). Pressure to increase growth / profit performance Labour force partipation goal B2 Actual rate of participation (Delay) (Delay) Provide training and funding opportunities to disadvantaged groups Workweek / workshare models B1 + – + + – – short – / long + + Productivity gap + automating tech. – # of employees / $ + financial investment { Increasing participation will lead to growth and wellbeing for all SYSTEM ARCHETYPE — RISK DRIFTING GOALS ORTHODOXIES OF INCLUSIVE GROWTH
  16. 16. 13 Photo by Hans-Peter Gauster on Unsplash The economy is a pie—to be shared through participation and made bigger together.
 The goal is an economy that expands social participation in the process and benefits of economic growth (WEF, 2015). Pressure to increase growth / profit performance Labour force partipation goal B2 Actual rate of participation (Delay) (Delay) Provide training and funding opportunities to disadvantaged groups Workweek / workshare models B1 + – + + – – short – / long + + Productivity gap + automating tech. – # of employees / $ + financial investment { Increasing participation will lead to growth and wellbeing for all SYSTEM ARCHETYPE — RISK DRIFTING GOALS ORTHODOXIES OF INCLUSIVE GROWTH Overcompensate to the inclusive side of inclusive growth, or growth-first will continue to dominate.
  17. 17. 14 ORTHODOXIES OF INCLUSIVE GROWTH Innovation is the holy grail of (inclusive) growth SYSTEM ARCHETYPE — RISK SUCCESS TO THE SUCCESSFUL Success of tech-savvy Resources to tech-savvy R1 Resources to non-tech savvy and disadvantaged groups R2 – – – + + + Increased investment in digital tech (e.g., funding, programs, attention) Success of non-tech savvy and disadvantaged groups
  18. 18. 14 ORTHODOXIES OF INCLUSIVE GROWTH Innovation is the holy grail of (inclusive) growth SYSTEM ARCHETYPE — RISK SUCCESS TO THE SUCCESSFUL Go beyond the STEM to STEAM-D* Rethink retraining as the focus. Increase awareness of who is favoured, e.g., • the ‘tech-savvy’ (reinforcing the ‘digital divide’) • people with means to pay for education/retraining • those included in data collection and reporting (reinforcing ‘data poverty’) * STEM=Science, Technology, Engineering, Math // STEAM-D=STEM + Arts, Design Success of tech-savvy Resources to tech-savvy R1 Resources to non-tech savvy and disadvantaged groups R2 – – – + + + Increased investment in digital tech (e.g., funding, programs, attention) Success of non-tech savvy and disadvantaged groups
  19. 19. 15 DOMINATION GROWTH FIRST PARTICIPATION INCLUSIVE GROWTH FREEDOM WELLBEING FIRST
  20. 20. 16 NARRATIVE CONTINUUM N1 DOMINATION GROWTH FIRST N2 PARTICIPATION INCLUSIVE GROWTH N3 FREEDOM WELLBEING FIRST The economy is a frontier of INFINITE COLONIES, ever growing and expanding to other territories and, eventually, other planets The economy is a PIE, to be shared through participation and made bigger together The economy is a WEB, connected and interdependent with others and with nature ATTRIBUTES Market-led, power at the top, trickle-down guided, competition-oriented Government-facilitated, centralized, market- informed, participation-oriented Relationship-driven, decentralized, participatory, community-oriented VALUES Wealth over people, short term gain over long term frame and eschews equality in favour of self interest and dominance-based logic Participation over redistribution and a strong and growing middle class Community, a shared narrative, purpose and collective wellbeing GOAL An economy that needs to grow, regardless of whether or not people thrive An economy that expands social participation in the process + benefits of economic growth An economy that allows people to thrive, regardless of whether or not it grows CAUSES (beginnings) Market fundamentalism (and financialization) Low productivity, aging pop., tech disruption, global connectivity, low commodity prices Diminishing trust in government, business and media; unemployment; tech change, with increased automation PROCESSES (middles) Globalization, technological change, capital shifts and financialization Innovation, training and education, immigration, infrastructure Increased activism, public and employee ownership and redistribution models, focus on SRI investing, open gov. OUTCOMES (ends) Income + wealth disparity, polarization of society, cyber dependency, national sentiment, aging pop. and climate change Growing economy with stronger middle class. Key metric of success is an additional $15,000 in median household income by 2030 Collective wellbeing, balanced stories through media, embrace of bottom-up approaches to economy DOMINANT VOICES “The market”, multinational businesses, government and media Government, investors, businesses, academia and “the market” (Not explicitly covered in this phase — see workshop results)
  21. 21. 17 CAUSAL LAYERS N1: DOMINATION N2: PARTICIPATION N3: FREEDOM LITANY (continuous) Disconnect between lived realities of citizens and what government and media report Reflecting lived realities and guiding decisions Connecting realities of people and system SYSTEM (Years) Need for more holistic and inclusive approaches to measurement and reporting Measuring and reporting lived realities Measuring what matters WORLDVIEW (Decades) Economic growth will 
 ‘float all boats’ Vulnerable populations have more opportunities and voice What matters to you is
 what matters most METAPHORS + MYTHS (Societal/Civilizational) The economy is a frontier of INFINITE COLONIES
 (of territories and planets) The economy is a PIE to be shared and made bigger together (or better, a garden) The economy is a WEB, connected, interdependent with others and with nature (CLA framework: Inayatullah, 1998) SHARED IDEOLOGIES SOCIAL CAUSES DAILY
 BARRAGE COLLECTIVE ARCHETYPES DECONSTRUCTION RECONSTRUCTION [1] RECONSTRUCTION [2] CAUSAL LAYERED ANALYSIS (EXAMPLE INPUTS FROM EXPERT INTERVIEWS)
  22. 22. 17 CAUSAL LAYERS N1: DOMINATION N2: PARTICIPATION N3: FREEDOM LITANY (continuous) Disconnect between lived realities of citizens and what government and media report Reflecting lived realities and guiding decisions Connecting realities of people and system SYSTEM (Years) Need for more holistic and inclusive approaches to measurement and reporting Measuring and reporting lived realities Measuring what matters WORLDVIEW (Decades) Economic growth will 
 ‘float all boats’ Vulnerable populations have more opportunities and voice What matters to you is
 what matters most METAPHORS + MYTHS (Societal/Civilizational) The economy is a frontier of INFINITE COLONIES
 (of territories and planets) The economy is a PIE to be shared and made bigger together (or better, a garden) The economy is a WEB, connected, interdependent with others and with nature (CLA framework: Inayatullah, 1998) SHARED IDEOLOGIES SOCIAL CAUSES DAILY
 BARRAGE COLLECTIVE ARCHETYPES DECONSTRUCTION RECONSTRUCTION [1] RECONSTRUCTION [2] CAUSAL LAYERED ANALYSIS (EXAMPLE INPUTS FROM EXPERT INTERVIEWS)
  23. 23. 18 I II APPROACH
  24. 24. 18 I II APPROACH
  25. 25. 18 I II APPROACH
  26. 26. 19 Cyrus, Citizen, 1st Gen Sam, Startup Co-Founder René, National Reporter Ellis, Enterprise CEO Will, Dir. Wellbeing Index Faithe, Finance Minister A
  27. 27. 20 Cyrus, Citizen, 1st Gen Sam, Startup Co-Founder René, National Reporter Ellis, Enterprise CEO Will, Dir. Wellbeing Index Faithe, Finance Minister B
  28. 28. 21 Photo by Michael Schaus
  29. 29. 21 Photo by Michael Schaus
  30. 30. 22 Photo by Michael Schaus Transformational potential Empower non-experts Discover potential relationships Generative source Rehearsal method WHY ROLE PLAY?
  31. 31. 23 Photo by Michael Schaus Transformational potential Empower non-experts Discover potential relationships Generative source Rehearsal method WHY ROLE PLAY?
  32. 32. 24 ANTICIPATED RELATIONSHIPS BEFORE ROLE PLAY
  33. 33. 25 ANTICIPATED RELATIONSHIPS BEFORE ROLE PLAY EMERGENT RELATIONSHIPS DURING ROLE PLAY
  34. 34. 26 ANTICIPATED RELATIONSHIPS BEFORE ROLE PLAY EMERGENT RELATIONSHIPS DURING ROLE PLAY COMBINED EMERGENT RELATIONSHIPS AFTER ROLE PLAY
  35. 35. ANTICIPATED RELATIONSHIPS BEFORE ROLE PLAY EMERGENT RELATIONSHIPS DURING ROLE PLAY COMBINED EMERGENT RELATIONSHIPS AFTER ROLE PLAY 27 1. Build a holistic and inclusive
 data source 2. Promote a shared narrative 
 that connects people to system 3. Engender a prototyping mindset
 across government 4. Integrate behavioural approaches 
 into planning and programs 5. Foster positive alternatives
 to the threat of automation PROPOSALS FOR CHANGE GENERATED IN ROLE PLAY
  36. 36. 28 Principles 1° Get savvy with systems 2° See the big picture Goals: Build empathy by putting a human face to policy development, help people connect to larger system, and foster trust between people, government and industry. Engender a prototyping mindset across government ENGAGE PROPOSALS FOR CHANGE GENERATED IN ROLE PLAY — EXAMPLE CONTEXTS PATHWAYS PARTICIPANTS Augment the FutureSkills Lab with a Participation Lab that involves multiple stakeholders in prototyping. Pilot a single workflow Develop new tools and channels to help enable the strategy: 1. Participation Lab (context) 2. Sound Futures Platform (channel) 3. Policy Research & Engagement Map (guide) 4. Narrative Probes (method) Leverage existing practices, e.g., service design, lean UX. Engage diverse stakeholders based on an understanding of the needs and interactions within the system. Consider who has the dominant voice, who is advantaged and who is disadvantaged.
  37. 37. 29 Photo by Michael Schaus
  38. 38. 29 Photo by Michael Schaus FREEDOM WELLBEING FIRST ROLE PLAY AS REHEARSAL METHOD FOR CHANGE — KEY OUTCOME Causal Layered Analysis + Role Play
  39. 39. 30 Photo by Michael Schaus ROLE PLAY AS REHEARSAL METHOD FOR CHANGE — KEY OUTCOME Narratives can be used as both representatives of the change desired as well as probes for change, and through (simulated) enactment of the alternative, stakeholders in the system might themselves begin to enact the change in the world.
  40. 40. 31 ACADEMIC ADVISORS Helen Kerr Miklós Antal Michele Mastroeni SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTS Anonymous 1 Anonymous 2 Miklós Antal Sarah Anson-Cartwright Caroline Paunov Bryan Smale ROLE PLAY TEAM Jennifer Hayes Hayley Lapalme Adrienne Pacini Michael Schaus Julie Sommerfreund ROLE PLAY PARTICIPANTS Roberto Andrade Selibe Hala Beisha Maggie Greyson Jocelyn Hajash Tom Kasanda Eugene Kim Sean Molloy Rachel Noonan Marta Scythes Farzad Sedghipour Prateeksha Singh Macy Siu ACADEMIC ADVISORS Primary Advisor Secondary Advisor Committee Chair SUBJECT MATTER EXPERTS Financial Services Trade and Relations, Government Risk Management Specialist, Banking and Financial Services Ecological Economist, Post-doc, political economy of energy transitions, Eötvös Loránd University Director, Public Affairs, Chartered Professional Accountants of Canada Senior Economist, OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation Director, Canadian Index of Wellbeing (CIW) and Professor, University of Waterloo ROLE PLAY TEAM Notetaker, Group A Facilitator, Group A Notetaker, Group B Photographer Facilitator, Group B ROLE PLAY PARTICIPANTS William, Director, Wellbeing Index, Group A Faithe, Finance Minister, Group A Ellis, Enterprise CEO, Group B René, National Reporter, Group B Cyrus, Citizen and 1st Gen. Immigrant, Group B Cyrus, Citizen and 1st Gen. Immigrant, Group A William, Director, Wellbeing Index, Group B Sam, Startup Co-Founder, Group A Sam, Startup Co-Founder, Group B Ellis, Enterprise CEO, Group A René, National Reporter, Group A Faithe, Finance Minister, Group B ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS A special thanks to the many people who contributed to this project …
  41. 41. Thank you. Questions welcome. Kimberley Peter, 2018 . RSD7 Kimberley Peter @kpeter kimberpeter@gmail.com http://openresearch.ocadu.ca/id/eprint/1994/ Kimberley Peter, 2018 . RSD7 Photo by Wes Carpani on Unsplash

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