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Comparison / ContrastComparison / Contrast
EssayEssay
To compareTo compare means to point outmeans to point out
similarities.similarities.
To contrastTo contrast means to point outmeans to point out
differencesdifferences
AA Comparison/contrastComparison/contrast essayessay
shows how things are alike orshows how things are alike or
different to help the reader choosedifferent to help the reader choose
between alternatives.between alternatives.
Two things must be alike enough toTwo things must be alike enough to
result in a meaningful comparison.result in a meaningful comparison.
Choose subjects that are similarChoose subjects that are similar
enough to be compared orenough to be compared or
contrasted.contrasted.
You need to find points ofYou need to find points of
comparison that arecomparison that are parallelparallel to showto show
how the subjects are similar orhow the subjects are similar or
different.different.
Will IWill I comparecompare oror contrastcontrast??
Whether you decide to write aboutWhether you decide to write about
similarities or differences, you willsimilarities or differences, you will
have to decide how to organize yourhave to decide how to organize your
essay.essay.
You can choose betweenYou can choose between twotwo
patternspatterns of organization:of organization:
Subject by SubjectSubject by Subject
Say everything (your details) aboutSay everything (your details) about
your first subject and then you sayyour first subject and then you say
everything about your secondeverything about your second
subject.subject.
The same points should beThe same points should be
discussed for both subjects in thediscussed for both subjects in the
same order.same order.
Subject by subjectSubject by subject OutlineOutline
II -Introduction: lead-in and thesis-Introduction: lead-in and thesis
II- Body:II- Body:
Topic sentenceTopic sentence
Subject 1Subject 1
point 1point 1
point 2point 2
point 3point 3
Topic sentenceTopic sentence
Subject 2Subject 2
point 1point 1
point 2point 2
point 3point 3
III.III. ConclusionConclusion
Point by PointPoint by Point
You support and explain your thesisYou support and explain your thesis
statement by discussing each pointstatement by discussing each point
of comparison or contrast, switchingof comparison or contrast, switching
back and forth between subjectsback and forth between subjects
Point by Point OutlinePoint by Point Outline
I-I- Introduction: Lead-in and ThesisIntroduction: Lead-in and Thesis
II- Body:II- Body:
Topic sentenceTopic sentence
point 1point 1
subject 1subject 1
subject 2subject 2
Topic sentenceTopic sentence
point 2point 2
subject 1subject 1
subject 2subject 2
Topic sentenceTopic sentence
point 3point 3
subjectsubject 11
subject 2subject 2
III - ConclusionIII - Conclusion
TransitionsTransitions
 One similarityOne similarity
 Another similarityAnother similarity
 SimilarlySimilarly
 LikeLike
 BothBoth
 As well asAs well as
 AlsoAlso
 TooToo
 In additionIn addition
 One differenceOne difference
 Another differenceAnother difference
 In contrastIn contrast
 UnlikeUnlike
 AlthoughAlthough
 But, yetBut, yet
 Instead ofInstead of
 On the other handOn the other hand
 WhereasWhereas
DonDon’’t forget comparative oft forget comparative of
adjectives and adverbs:adjectives and adverbs:
more … thanmore … than
less … thanless … than
as … asas … as
the same …asthe same …as
TheThe thesisthesis statementstatement in the essayin the essay
includes theincludes the two subjectstwo subjects you areyou are
comparing or contrasting andcomparing or contrasting and thethe
main pointmain point you want to make aboutyou want to make about
them.them.
ThesesTheses
1.1. ““There are some interestingThere are some interesting
parallels between the Roman and theparallels between the Roman and the
Chinese empires even though theseChinese empires even though these
empires ended differently.empires ended differently.””
2.2. ““People of the Jewish and HinduPeople of the Jewish and Hindu
faiths celebrate some festivals in afaiths celebrate some festivals in a
similar way.similar way.””
3.3.””Although neat people have a veryAlthough neat people have a very
nice environment, messy people arenice environment, messy people are
more relaxed.more relaxed.””
4. Soccer is more exciting, popular,4. Soccer is more exciting, popular,
and active than baseball.and active than baseball.
Does my thesis statement explainDoes my thesis statement explain
what I am comparing or contrasting?what I am comparing or contrasting?
Does it make a point about my topic?Does it make a point about my topic?
““The first half of our lives is ruined byThe first half of our lives is ruined by
our parents, and the second half isour parents, and the second half is
ruined by our children.ruined by our children.””
““My grandfather once told me thatMy grandfather once told me that
there are two kinds of people: thosethere are two kinds of people: those
who work and those who take thewho work and those who take the
credit. He told me to try to be in thecredit. He told me to try to be in the
first group; there was lessfirst group; there was less
competition there.competition there.””
““People are more violently opposedPeople are more violently opposed
to fur than leather because it is saferto fur than leather because it is safer
to harass rich women thanto harass rich women than
motorcycle gangs.motorcycle gangs.””
““Happy families are all alike; everyHappy families are all alike; every
unhappy family is unhappy in its ownunhappy family is unhappy in its own
way.way.””
TopicsTopics
Compare or contrastCompare or contrast
2 career options2 career options
a movie and its sequela movie and its sequel
2 classes in the EAP2 classes in the EAP
2 teachers in the EAP2 teachers in the EAP
Burger King/ Mc DonaldBurger King/ Mc Donald
renting a movie/ going to a movierenting a movie/ going to a movie
Living together/ getting marriedLiving together/ getting married
children now/children fifty years agochildren now/children fifty years ago
More TopicsMore Topics
The person I am now versus theThe person I am now versus the
person Iperson I’’d like to be in ten years.d like to be in ten years.
Vacations (living) with family andVacations (living) with family and
vacations (living) with friends.vacations (living) with friends.
A holiday in your native country andA holiday in your native country and
the same holiday in thethe same holiday in the USUS
More topics:More topics:
two jobs you have hadtwo jobs you have had
children in your country/children inchildren in your country/children in
the USthe US
expectations about marriage/theexpectations about marriage/the
reality of marriagereality of marriage
Studying with a friend/studyingStudying with a friend/studying
alone.alone.
Leaving a child in day care/leaving aLeaving a child in day care/leaving a
child with a family memberchild with a family member
The end!The end!

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Comparison contrast essay

  • 1. Comparison / ContrastComparison / Contrast EssayEssay
  • 2. To compareTo compare means to point outmeans to point out similarities.similarities. To contrastTo contrast means to point outmeans to point out differencesdifferences
  • 3. AA Comparison/contrastComparison/contrast essayessay shows how things are alike orshows how things are alike or different to help the reader choosedifferent to help the reader choose between alternatives.between alternatives.
  • 4. Two things must be alike enough toTwo things must be alike enough to result in a meaningful comparison.result in a meaningful comparison. Choose subjects that are similarChoose subjects that are similar enough to be compared orenough to be compared or contrasted.contrasted.
  • 5. You need to find points ofYou need to find points of comparison that arecomparison that are parallelparallel to showto show how the subjects are similar orhow the subjects are similar or different.different.
  • 6. Will IWill I comparecompare oror contrastcontrast??
  • 7. Whether you decide to write aboutWhether you decide to write about similarities or differences, you willsimilarities or differences, you will have to decide how to organize yourhave to decide how to organize your essay.essay. You can choose betweenYou can choose between twotwo patternspatterns of organization:of organization:
  • 8. Subject by SubjectSubject by Subject Say everything (your details) aboutSay everything (your details) about your first subject and then you sayyour first subject and then you say everything about your secondeverything about your second subject.subject. The same points should beThe same points should be discussed for both subjects in thediscussed for both subjects in the same order.same order.
  • 9. Subject by subjectSubject by subject OutlineOutline II -Introduction: lead-in and thesis-Introduction: lead-in and thesis II- Body:II- Body: Topic sentenceTopic sentence Subject 1Subject 1 point 1point 1 point 2point 2 point 3point 3 Topic sentenceTopic sentence Subject 2Subject 2 point 1point 1 point 2point 2 point 3point 3 III.III. ConclusionConclusion
  • 10. Point by PointPoint by Point You support and explain your thesisYou support and explain your thesis statement by discussing each pointstatement by discussing each point of comparison or contrast, switchingof comparison or contrast, switching back and forth between subjectsback and forth between subjects
  • 11. Point by Point OutlinePoint by Point Outline I-I- Introduction: Lead-in and ThesisIntroduction: Lead-in and Thesis II- Body:II- Body: Topic sentenceTopic sentence point 1point 1 subject 1subject 1 subject 2subject 2 Topic sentenceTopic sentence point 2point 2 subject 1subject 1 subject 2subject 2 Topic sentenceTopic sentence point 3point 3 subjectsubject 11 subject 2subject 2 III - ConclusionIII - Conclusion
  • 12. TransitionsTransitions  One similarityOne similarity  Another similarityAnother similarity  SimilarlySimilarly  LikeLike  BothBoth  As well asAs well as  AlsoAlso  TooToo  In additionIn addition  One differenceOne difference  Another differenceAnother difference  In contrastIn contrast  UnlikeUnlike  AlthoughAlthough  But, yetBut, yet  Instead ofInstead of  On the other handOn the other hand  WhereasWhereas
  • 13. DonDon’’t forget comparative oft forget comparative of adjectives and adverbs:adjectives and adverbs: more … thanmore … than less … thanless … than as … asas … as the same …asthe same …as
  • 14. TheThe thesisthesis statementstatement in the essayin the essay includes theincludes the two subjectstwo subjects you areyou are comparing or contrasting andcomparing or contrasting and thethe main pointmain point you want to make aboutyou want to make about them.them.
  • 15. ThesesTheses 1.1. ““There are some interestingThere are some interesting parallels between the Roman and theparallels between the Roman and the Chinese empires even though theseChinese empires even though these empires ended differently.empires ended differently.”” 2.2. ““People of the Jewish and HinduPeople of the Jewish and Hindu faiths celebrate some festivals in afaiths celebrate some festivals in a similar way.similar way.”” 3.3.””Although neat people have a veryAlthough neat people have a very nice environment, messy people arenice environment, messy people are more relaxed.more relaxed.””
  • 16. 4. Soccer is more exciting, popular,4. Soccer is more exciting, popular, and active than baseball.and active than baseball.
  • 17. Does my thesis statement explainDoes my thesis statement explain what I am comparing or contrasting?what I am comparing or contrasting? Does it make a point about my topic?Does it make a point about my topic?
  • 18. ““The first half of our lives is ruined byThe first half of our lives is ruined by our parents, and the second half isour parents, and the second half is ruined by our children.ruined by our children.”” ““My grandfather once told me thatMy grandfather once told me that there are two kinds of people: thosethere are two kinds of people: those who work and those who take thewho work and those who take the credit. He told me to try to be in thecredit. He told me to try to be in the first group; there was lessfirst group; there was less competition there.competition there.””
  • 19. ““People are more violently opposedPeople are more violently opposed to fur than leather because it is saferto fur than leather because it is safer to harass rich women thanto harass rich women than motorcycle gangs.motorcycle gangs.”” ““Happy families are all alike; everyHappy families are all alike; every unhappy family is unhappy in its ownunhappy family is unhappy in its own way.way.””
  • 20. TopicsTopics Compare or contrastCompare or contrast 2 career options2 career options a movie and its sequela movie and its sequel 2 classes in the EAP2 classes in the EAP 2 teachers in the EAP2 teachers in the EAP Burger King/ Mc DonaldBurger King/ Mc Donald renting a movie/ going to a movierenting a movie/ going to a movie Living together/ getting marriedLiving together/ getting married children now/children fifty years agochildren now/children fifty years ago
  • 21. More TopicsMore Topics The person I am now versus theThe person I am now versus the person Iperson I’’d like to be in ten years.d like to be in ten years. Vacations (living) with family andVacations (living) with family and vacations (living) with friends.vacations (living) with friends. A holiday in your native country andA holiday in your native country and the same holiday in thethe same holiday in the USUS
  • 22. More topics:More topics: two jobs you have hadtwo jobs you have had children in your country/children inchildren in your country/children in the USthe US expectations about marriage/theexpectations about marriage/the reality of marriagereality of marriage Studying with a friend/studyingStudying with a friend/studying alone.alone. Leaving a child in day care/leaving aLeaving a child in day care/leaving a child with a family memberchild with a family member