Adverbs 1


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Adverbs 1

  1. 1. AdverbsAdverbs
  2. 2. AdverbsAdverbs modifymodify verbsverbs adjectivesadjectives other adverbsother adverbs quantifiersquantifiers andand whole sentenceswhole sentences
  3. 3. They answer the questionsThey answer the questions How?How? When?When? Where?Where? How often?How often? How sure?How sure?
  4. 4. Adverbs that modifyAdverbs that modify verbsverbs can gocan go in several different places in ain several different places in a sentence.sentence. At the beginningAt the beginning At the endAt the end After the helping verbAfter the helping verb
  5. 5. Adverbs that modifyAdverbs that modify adjectivesadjectives andand other adverbs go directly before theother adverbs go directly before the words they modify.words they modify. She is always late.She is always late.
  6. 6. Add –ly to adjectives to form manyAdd –ly to adjectives to form many adverbs.adverbs. Quick – quicklyQuick – quickly careful – carefullycareful – carefully nice – nicelynice – nicely easeasyy - eas- easiilyly
  7. 7. Children learn new languagesChildren learn new languages easilyeasily.. He speaks EnglishHe speaks English very wellvery well..
  8. 8. Many adverbs do not end in –ly.Many adverbs do not end in –ly. • Fast • Here • Late • Often • Now • There • Sometimes • Today • Upstairs • Downstairs • Very • Well • Yesterday • Inside • Outside • Always
  9. 9. Adverbs of timeAdverbs of time adverbs of manneradverbs of manner adverbs of frequencyadverbs of frequency adverbs of possibilityadverbs of possibility
  10. 10. Adverbs ofAdverbs of mannermanner telltell howhow something happens.something happens. Fast, slowlyFast, slowly well, badlywell, badly carefullycarefully patientlypatiently rightright
  11. 11. Position of adverbs ofPosition of adverbs of mannermanner:: After the main verb when there isAfter the main verb when there is no object. After the verb + objectAfter the verb + object
  12. 12. I speak slowly.I speak slowly. I read the article slowlyI read the article slowly
  13. 13. Many adverbs of manner areMany adverbs of manner are formed from adjectives +formed from adjectives + lyly Adjectives that end in –y drop theAdjectives that end in –y drop the -y and add –-y and add –ilyily Adjectives that end in –Adjectives that end in –icic or –or –icalical add -add -allyally
  14. 14. Irregular forms of adverbs andIrregular forms of adverbs and adjectives:adjectives: • Fast • Hard • Right • Wrong • Loud • Long • Friendly, lively, lovely, lonely • Good, well
  15. 15. Adverbs ofAdverbs of placeplace telltell wherewhere something is or where it happens.something is or where it happens. (location). They also express(location). They also express where something or someone iswhere something or someone is going (direction).going (direction). Here, there, up, down, in, out,Here, there, up, down, in, out, inside, together, back, awayinside, together, back, away
  16. 16. Position of adverb ofPosition of adverb of place:place: After the main verb when there is noAfter the main verb when there is no object, or after verb + objectobject, or after verb + object Direction adverbs always come after aDirection adverbs always come after a pronoun objectpronoun object
  17. 17. We left herWe left her We took the childrenWe took the children backback We gaveWe gave backback the money.the money. We took itWe took it backback..
  18. 18. Adverbs ofAdverbs of timetime telltell whenwhen something happens.something happens. Yesterday, tomorrow, afterwards,Yesterday, tomorrow, afterwards, now, early, late, thennow, early, late, then
  19. 19. Position of adverbs ofPosition of adverbs of time.time. At the beginning or at the end ofAt the beginning or at the end of the clausethe clause EarlyEarly andand latelate go at the endgo at the end
  20. 20. YesterdayYesterday, I took the children to the, I took the children to the movies.movies. I took the children to the moviesI took the children to the movies yesterdayyesterday.. I went homeI went home earlyearly.. She cameShe came latelate..
  21. 21. Adverbs ofAdverbs of frequencyfrequency telltell howhow oftenoften something happenssomething happens always, usually, often,always, usually, often, sometimes,sometimes, seldom, neverseldom, never
  22. 22. Position of adverbs ofPosition of adverbs of frequencyfrequency After the subject andAfter the subject and bebe.. Before other main verbsBefore other main verbs
  23. 23. She isShe is alwaysalways hungry.hungry. SheShe alwaysalways comescomes latelate..
  24. 24. Adverbs ofAdverbs of possibilitypossibility telltell howhow suresure we are about somethingwe are about something certainly, definitely, probably,certainly, definitely, probably, perhaps, maybe, possiblyperhaps, maybe, possibly
  25. 25. Position of adverbs ofPosition of adverbs of possibilitypossibility PerhapsPerhaps andand maybemaybe are at theare at the beginning of the sentencebeginning of the sentence The others go after the subject and beThe others go after the subject and be but before other main verbsbut before other main verbs
  26. 26. PerhapsPerhaps we should eat in thewe should eat in the cafeteria today.cafeteria today. II certainlycertainly want you in the nextwant you in the next class.class.
  27. 27. Adverbs ofAdverbs of degreedegree make the wordmake the word they modifythey modify strongerstronger oror weakerweaker.. Extremely, too, very, so, really,Extremely, too, very, so, really, quite, enough, almost, hardlyquite, enough, almost, hardly
  28. 28. Position of adverbs ofPosition of adverbs of degreedegree Before the word they modifyBefore the word they modify EnoughEnough comes after the word itcomes after the word it modifiesmodifies
  29. 29. They are also calledThey are also called intensifiers.intensifiers. They modify verbs, adjectives,They modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs and quantifiers.other adverbs and quantifiers.
  30. 30. You workYou work tootoo hard.hard. I donI don’t eat’t eat veryvery much.much. YouYou almostalmost failed the exam.failed the exam. You don’t sleepYou don’t sleep enoughenough She doesn’t try hardShe doesn’t try hard enoughenough..
  31. 31. HardHard andand HardlyHardly He worksHe works hardhard.. He is aHe is a hardhard worker.worker. HeHe hardlyhardly
  32. 32. Enough (quantifier)Enough (quantifier) I haveI have enoughenough money to livemoney to live comfortably.comfortably. It comes before the nounIt comes before the noun Enough (intensifier)Enough (intensifier) You arenYou aren’t eating’t eating enough.enough. It comes after the noun it modifies.It comes after the noun it modifies.
  33. 33. SoSo andand SuchSuch She is soShe is so nicenice.. She is suchShe is such a nice girla nice girl..
  34. 34. The end!The end!