SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 25
Principles of Sociology 23/24 FOCUS: Technology
Technology
• One of the factors changing society very quickly is the rapid
advancement of technology.
• The creation of a class of thinkers, the scientific worldview of the
western enlightenment, and the increasing cross-cultural
communication that has come with globalization have all
contributed to this rapid advancement.
• Think about it: all of the technological innovations you enjoy and
take for granted – cars, phones, jet planes, space exploration, cell
phones, cloning, computers, the internet, video games, genetic
screening – it has all come about in a brief historical period of less
than 200 years!
Recent Innovations
• Bio-Terrorism: the intentional distribution of naturally-occurring
or engineered biological agents – viruses, toxins, or bacteria – in
terroristic activities.
• Scientists have long recognized that chemical and biological agents can
be used intentionally as weapons of mass destruction.
• Some biological agents may not have harmful effects until days or even
months later, and some can be contagious.
• While some European settlers did this in the 19th century by trading
infected items with the Native Americans, distribution methods today
are much more advanced.
• 2001: Anthrax in the U.S. mail underscored the relative ease with
which biotechnology can be used for hostile purposes.
Recent Innovations
• Digital Sabotage:
– The 2016 Presidential Election demonstrated how easily foreign powers
can simply affect a nation via social media.
– As of this moment, investigations are ongoing to determine the extent to
which Russia influenced U.S. politics through the dissemination of
misinformation and the leaking of data.
– Groups like Wikileaks and the proliferation of hacker skills have meant that
secrets cannot be kept for long if someone really wants to expose them.
– In 2015, hackers published the list of visitors to Ashley Madison, a website
for those seeking extramarital affairs – the results happened in the real
world: job losses, divorces, and even suicides.
Recent Innovations
• Reproductive Technology:
– Advances in technology are now allowing doctors to ascertain
the presence of certain defects that require medical
procedures prior to birth.
– Ultrasound technology is becoming more accurate and
producing better visuals through 3-D technology.
– Medicine now has a variety of methods to give infertile
women children, to the point that very soon women of
virtually any age will be able to have a child.
Reproductive
technologies are
becoming more
advanced.
Recent Innovations
• Cloning
– 1952: first successful clone is a tadpole.
– 1996 – Dolly the sheep is cloned by scientists in Scotland.
– Animals cloned to date: tadpoles, carp fish, sheep, mice, cows, goats, pigs,
a mouflon, a rhesus monkey, an Asian wild ox, rabbits, cats, dogs, rats,
mules, a horse, an African wildcat, a deer, ferrets, a buffalo, and wolves.
– Attempts to clone some species have been unsuccessful.
– In the 1990s, several nations outlawed human cloning, but several
advancements have been made – though no one has yet developed a
human clone to maturity.
– In the future, organs will be cloned for transplants.
Recent Innovations
• Genetic Engineering:
– Genetically engineered foods have
been around for some time, and
were originally engineered through
cross-breeding.
– Today, specific genes can be isolated and inserted into other
strands of DNA, resulting in vegetables that can grow year-
round, unique hybrid foods, and so forth.
– Critics emphasize that we have not yet seen the long-range
effects of this on nature.
– Some call such foods “frankenfoods.”
Recent Innovations
• Genetic Engineering:
– The genetic engineering of animals is also growing more common.
– Some animals have been used to grow human parts for medical
procedures.
– Some genetic engineering (by amateurs!) has been designated as “art.”
– Mixing different animal genes produces what are called transgenic animals.
• Animals that glow in the dark.
• Goats that produce spider silk.
• Cancer-resistant animals.
• Chicken’s eggs with new vaccines and antibodies.
• Can perhaps lead to resurrecting extinct species.
How chickens have changed over the years through
genetic enhancement …
The genetic
manipulation
of animals
Recent Innovations
• “De-extinction”?
• Resurrecting extinct species is becoming a reality.
• The obvious application is the protection, and potential reintroduction, of
currently endangered species.
• However, the “de-extinction” of already-extinct species, going all the way
back to wooly mammoths and sabre-tooth tigers, is already on the table.
• The resurrection of wooly mammoths is already being attempted.
• Dinosaurs? >>> Not likely, as dinosaur “bone” is essentially rock (but who
knows what the future holds?).
• Is it wise to reintroduce animals that nature selected for extinction?
Scientists are currently at work to resurrect the
extinct wooly mammoth. What are the
implications of this idea? Is it wise to do so just
because we can?
Recent Innovations
• Genetic Engineering:
– The Human Genome Project = mapped and sequenced all of
the 30,000-40,000 human genes in existence.
– Genetic engineering may make possible the altering of human
behavior.
– Genetic engineering’s recent development, gene therapy,
involves disabling genes carrying unfavorable traits and
replacing them with genes carrying desirable traits.
– Legal issues involve the patenting of genes.
– Ethical issues include: Are we ushering in an age of genetic
discrimination?
Ethical Considerations
• How common will biological agents become in warfare
and terrorism? Are we using them?
• Will human beings be cloned for “spare parts” for the
sick? Will they have rights?
• Will potential spouses, employers, etc. begin
inspecting your genetic profile?
• Should we be introducing modified plants and animals
into the natural eco-systems?
• Which genes are “problems” and who gets to decide?
What Does the Future Hold?
• Cellular Brain Implants:
• The major cell phone service providers are in a race to develop an implant that will
basically take everything your cell phone does and place it “on-demand” in your
head!
• More Sophisticated Cloning:
• Only time will tell how far cloning and genetic manipulation (especially combined)
will go, but extinct species are in the works.
• Artificial Intelligence:
• In July, 2017 Mark Zuckerberg got into a very public debate with Elon Musk over
what Musk insisted were the very real dangers of AI – by the end of the month,
Zuckerberg had to shut down AI “chatbots” he had developed when they created
their own language so that programmers wouldn’t be able to understand them!
• But AI research is far from over: Microsoft just purchased a facility in Canada for
the express purpose of AI development.
• Tickets to Space: Elon Musk is one of several about to offer shuttle tickets into
space.

More Related Content

Similar to Week 15: Focus on Technology

Future of animal biotechnology
Future of animal biotechnologyFuture of animal biotechnology
Future of animal biotechnologyiqraakbar8
 
Mutation powerpoint
Mutation powerpointMutation powerpoint
Mutation powerpointfarrellw
 
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)JoshuaJavier5
 
Bioethics associated with transgenic animals.pptx
Bioethics associated with transgenic animals.pptxBioethics associated with transgenic animals.pptx
Bioethics associated with transgenic animals.pptxKaurKawaljeet
 
what is life and scientific method (talk1)
what is life and scientific method (talk1)what is life and scientific method (talk1)
what is life and scientific method (talk1)Nutjuda Ratchakrut
 
Hitsory introduction to biotechnology
Hitsory introduction to biotechnologyHitsory introduction to biotechnology
Hitsory introduction to biotechnologyNoraizJhujh
 
Genetics project (2)
Genetics project (2)Genetics project (2)
Genetics project (2)somsscience7
 
Introduction to Animal Biotechnology
 Introduction to Animal Biotechnology Introduction to Animal Biotechnology
Introduction to Animal BiotechnologyMohamed Ali
 
The Genetic Revolution: 1. Intro, Biological & Chemical Background
The Genetic Revolution: 1. Intro, Biological & Chemical BackgroundThe Genetic Revolution: 1. Intro, Biological & Chemical Background
The Genetic Revolution: 1. Intro, Biological & Chemical Backgroundbiochempiano
 
DNA Technology 2: Genetic Engineering
DNA Technology 2: Genetic EngineeringDNA Technology 2: Genetic Engineering
DNA Technology 2: Genetic EngineeringRobin Seamon
 
Endangered cloning
Endangered cloningEndangered cloning
Endangered cloningsomsscience7
 
Endangered cloning
Endangered cloningEndangered cloning
Endangered cloningsomsscience7
 

Similar to Week 15: Focus on Technology (20)

Future of animal biotechnology
Future of animal biotechnologyFuture of animal biotechnology
Future of animal biotechnology
 
Mutation powerpoint
Mutation powerpointMutation powerpoint
Mutation powerpoint
 
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
Genetically Modified Organism (GMO)
 
Xenobots
XenobotsXenobots
Xenobots
 
Concept of biotechnology
Concept of biotechnologyConcept of biotechnology
Concept of biotechnology
 
Bioethics associated with transgenic animals.pptx
Bioethics associated with transgenic animals.pptxBioethics associated with transgenic animals.pptx
Bioethics associated with transgenic animals.pptx
 
what is life and scientific method (talk1)
what is life and scientific method (talk1)what is life and scientific method (talk1)
what is life and scientific method (talk1)
 
Hitsory introduction to biotechnology
Hitsory introduction to biotechnologyHitsory introduction to biotechnology
Hitsory introduction to biotechnology
 
GMO lecture
GMO lectureGMO lecture
GMO lecture
 
Cloning
CloningCloning
Cloning
 
Genetics project (2)
Genetics project (2)Genetics project (2)
Genetics project (2)
 
Introduction to Animal Biotechnology
 Introduction to Animal Biotechnology Introduction to Animal Biotechnology
Introduction to Animal Biotechnology
 
Animal Cloning
Animal CloningAnimal Cloning
Animal Cloning
 
Essay On Cloning
Essay On CloningEssay On Cloning
Essay On Cloning
 
CME 2014 presentation
CME 2014 presentationCME 2014 presentation
CME 2014 presentation
 
The Genetic Revolution: 1. Intro, Biological & Chemical Background
The Genetic Revolution: 1. Intro, Biological & Chemical BackgroundThe Genetic Revolution: 1. Intro, Biological & Chemical Background
The Genetic Revolution: 1. Intro, Biological & Chemical Background
 
Genetics2
Genetics2Genetics2
Genetics2
 
DNA Technology 2: Genetic Engineering
DNA Technology 2: Genetic EngineeringDNA Technology 2: Genetic Engineering
DNA Technology 2: Genetic Engineering
 
Endangered cloning
Endangered cloningEndangered cloning
Endangered cloning
 
Endangered cloning
Endangered cloningEndangered cloning
Endangered cloning
 

More from kilgore1

Week 15: Collective Behavior and Social Change
Week 15: Collective Behavior and Social Change Week 15: Collective Behavior and Social Change
Week 15: Collective Behavior and Social Change kilgore1
 
Week 14: Health and Medicine
Week 14: Health and Medicine Week 14: Health and Medicine
Week 14: Health and Medicine kilgore1
 
Week 13: Global Stratification
Week 13: Global Stratification Week 13: Global Stratification
Week 13: Global Stratification kilgore1
 
Week 13: Groups and Organizations
Week 13: Groups and Organizations Week 13: Groups and Organizations
Week 13: Groups and Organizations kilgore1
 
Week 11: Religion
Week 11: Religion Week 11: Religion
Week 11: Religion kilgore1
 
Week 10: Families
Week 10: Families Week 10: Families
Week 10: Families kilgore1
 
Week 9: Education
Week 9: Education Week 9: Education
Week 9: Education kilgore1
 
Week 9: Government and the Economy
Week 9: Government and the Economy Week 9: Government and the Economy
Week 9: Government and the Economy kilgore1
 
Week 7: Race and Ethnicity
Week 7: Race and Ethnicity Week 7: Race and Ethnicity
Week 7: Race and Ethnicity kilgore1
 
Week 7: Gender Stratification
Week 7: Gender Stratification Week 7: Gender Stratification
Week 7: Gender Stratification kilgore1
 
Week 6: Social Class
Week 6: Social Class Week 6: Social Class
Week 6: Social Class kilgore1
 
Week 6: Social Stratification
Week 6: Social Stratification Week 6: Social Stratification
Week 6: Social Stratification kilgore1
 
Week 5: Deviance
Week 5: Deviance Week 5: Deviance
Week 5: Deviance kilgore1
 
Week 5: Social Interaction
Week 5: Social Interaction Week 5: Social Interaction
Week 5: Social Interaction kilgore1
 
Week 3: Socialization
Week 3: Socialization Week 3: Socialization
Week 3: Socialization kilgore1
 
Week 3: Society
Week 3: Society Week 3: Society
Week 3: Society kilgore1
 
Week 2: Culture
Week 2: Culture Week 2: Culture
Week 2: Culture kilgore1
 
Week 2: Sociological Investigation
Week 2: Sociological Investigation Week 2: Sociological Investigation
Week 2: Sociological Investigation kilgore1
 
Week 1: Sociological Perspective revised
Week 1: Sociological Perspective revisedWeek 1: Sociological Perspective revised
Week 1: Sociological Perspective revisedkilgore1
 

More from kilgore1 (19)

Week 15: Collective Behavior and Social Change
Week 15: Collective Behavior and Social Change Week 15: Collective Behavior and Social Change
Week 15: Collective Behavior and Social Change
 
Week 14: Health and Medicine
Week 14: Health and Medicine Week 14: Health and Medicine
Week 14: Health and Medicine
 
Week 13: Global Stratification
Week 13: Global Stratification Week 13: Global Stratification
Week 13: Global Stratification
 
Week 13: Groups and Organizations
Week 13: Groups and Organizations Week 13: Groups and Organizations
Week 13: Groups and Organizations
 
Week 11: Religion
Week 11: Religion Week 11: Religion
Week 11: Religion
 
Week 10: Families
Week 10: Families Week 10: Families
Week 10: Families
 
Week 9: Education
Week 9: Education Week 9: Education
Week 9: Education
 
Week 9: Government and the Economy
Week 9: Government and the Economy Week 9: Government and the Economy
Week 9: Government and the Economy
 
Week 7: Race and Ethnicity
Week 7: Race and Ethnicity Week 7: Race and Ethnicity
Week 7: Race and Ethnicity
 
Week 7: Gender Stratification
Week 7: Gender Stratification Week 7: Gender Stratification
Week 7: Gender Stratification
 
Week 6: Social Class
Week 6: Social Class Week 6: Social Class
Week 6: Social Class
 
Week 6: Social Stratification
Week 6: Social Stratification Week 6: Social Stratification
Week 6: Social Stratification
 
Week 5: Deviance
Week 5: Deviance Week 5: Deviance
Week 5: Deviance
 
Week 5: Social Interaction
Week 5: Social Interaction Week 5: Social Interaction
Week 5: Social Interaction
 
Week 3: Socialization
Week 3: Socialization Week 3: Socialization
Week 3: Socialization
 
Week 3: Society
Week 3: Society Week 3: Society
Week 3: Society
 
Week 2: Culture
Week 2: Culture Week 2: Culture
Week 2: Culture
 
Week 2: Sociological Investigation
Week 2: Sociological Investigation Week 2: Sociological Investigation
Week 2: Sociological Investigation
 
Week 1: Sociological Perspective revised
Week 1: Sociological Perspective revisedWeek 1: Sociological Perspective revised
Week 1: Sociological Perspective revised
 

Recently uploaded

Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4JOYLYNSAMANIEGO
 
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdfVirtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdfErwinPantujan2
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSJoshuaGantuangco2
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemChristalin Nelson
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...JojoEDelaCruz
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfPatidar M
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4MiaBumagat1
 
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERPHow to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERPCeline George
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parentsnavabharathschool99
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxVanesaIglesias10
 
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSEDust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSEaurabinda banchhor
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptxiammrhaywood
 
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxPresentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxRosabel UA
 
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxMillenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxJanEmmanBrigoli
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfVanessa Camilleri
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalssuser3e220a
 
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxTEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxruthvilladarez
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Celine George
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
Daily Lesson Plan in Mathematics Quarter 4
 
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdfVirtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
Virtual-Orientation-on-the-Administration-of-NATG12-NATG6-and-ELLNA.pdf
 
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTSGRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
GRADE 4 - SUMMATIVE TEST QUARTER 4 ALL SUBJECTS
 
Transaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management SystemTransaction Management in Database Management System
Transaction Management in Database Management System
 
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
ENG 5 Q4 WEEk 1 DAY 1 Restate sentences heard in one’s own words. Use appropr...
 
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdfActive Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
Active Learning Strategies (in short ALS).pdf
 
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
ANG SEKTOR NG agrikultura.pptx QUARTER 4
 
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERPHow to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
How to do quick user assign in kanban in Odoo 17 ERP
 
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for ParentsChoosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
Choosing the Right CBSE School A Comprehensive Guide for Parents
 
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptxROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
ROLES IN A STAGE PRODUCTION in arts.pptx
 
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptxYOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
YOUVE_GOT_EMAIL_PRELIMS_EL_DORADO_2024.pptx
 
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSEDust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost Class-X English CBSE
 
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTAParadigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
Paradigm shift in nursing research by RS MEHTA
 
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptxAUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY -  GERBNER.pptx
AUDIENCE THEORY -CULTIVATION THEORY - GERBNER.pptx
 
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptxPresentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
Presentation Activity 2. Unit 3 transv.pptx
 
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptxMillenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
Millenials and Fillennials (Ethical Challenge and Responses).pptx
 
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdfICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
ICS2208 Lecture6 Notes for SL spaces.pdf
 
Expanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operationalExpanded definition: technical and operational
Expanded definition: technical and operational
 
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docxTEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
TEACHER REFLECTION FORM (NEW SET........).docx
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 3 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 

Week 15: Focus on Technology

  • 1. Principles of Sociology 23/24 FOCUS: Technology
  • 2. Technology • One of the factors changing society very quickly is the rapid advancement of technology. • The creation of a class of thinkers, the scientific worldview of the western enlightenment, and the increasing cross-cultural communication that has come with globalization have all contributed to this rapid advancement. • Think about it: all of the technological innovations you enjoy and take for granted – cars, phones, jet planes, space exploration, cell phones, cloning, computers, the internet, video games, genetic screening – it has all come about in a brief historical period of less than 200 years!
  • 3. Recent Innovations • Bio-Terrorism: the intentional distribution of naturally-occurring or engineered biological agents – viruses, toxins, or bacteria – in terroristic activities. • Scientists have long recognized that chemical and biological agents can be used intentionally as weapons of mass destruction. • Some biological agents may not have harmful effects until days or even months later, and some can be contagious. • While some European settlers did this in the 19th century by trading infected items with the Native Americans, distribution methods today are much more advanced. • 2001: Anthrax in the U.S. mail underscored the relative ease with which biotechnology can be used for hostile purposes.
  • 4.
  • 5. Recent Innovations • Digital Sabotage: – The 2016 Presidential Election demonstrated how easily foreign powers can simply affect a nation via social media. – As of this moment, investigations are ongoing to determine the extent to which Russia influenced U.S. politics through the dissemination of misinformation and the leaking of data. – Groups like Wikileaks and the proliferation of hacker skills have meant that secrets cannot be kept for long if someone really wants to expose them. – In 2015, hackers published the list of visitors to Ashley Madison, a website for those seeking extramarital affairs – the results happened in the real world: job losses, divorces, and even suicides.
  • 6.
  • 7. Recent Innovations • Reproductive Technology: – Advances in technology are now allowing doctors to ascertain the presence of certain defects that require medical procedures prior to birth. – Ultrasound technology is becoming more accurate and producing better visuals through 3-D technology. – Medicine now has a variety of methods to give infertile women children, to the point that very soon women of virtually any age will be able to have a child.
  • 9. Recent Innovations • Cloning – 1952: first successful clone is a tadpole. – 1996 – Dolly the sheep is cloned by scientists in Scotland. – Animals cloned to date: tadpoles, carp fish, sheep, mice, cows, goats, pigs, a mouflon, a rhesus monkey, an Asian wild ox, rabbits, cats, dogs, rats, mules, a horse, an African wildcat, a deer, ferrets, a buffalo, and wolves. – Attempts to clone some species have been unsuccessful. – In the 1990s, several nations outlawed human cloning, but several advancements have been made – though no one has yet developed a human clone to maturity. – In the future, organs will be cloned for transplants.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Recent Innovations • Genetic Engineering: – Genetically engineered foods have been around for some time, and were originally engineered through cross-breeding. – Today, specific genes can be isolated and inserted into other strands of DNA, resulting in vegetables that can grow year- round, unique hybrid foods, and so forth. – Critics emphasize that we have not yet seen the long-range effects of this on nature. – Some call such foods “frankenfoods.”
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15. Recent Innovations • Genetic Engineering: – The genetic engineering of animals is also growing more common. – Some animals have been used to grow human parts for medical procedures. – Some genetic engineering (by amateurs!) has been designated as “art.” – Mixing different animal genes produces what are called transgenic animals. • Animals that glow in the dark. • Goats that produce spider silk. • Cancer-resistant animals. • Chicken’s eggs with new vaccines and antibodies. • Can perhaps lead to resurrecting extinct species.
  • 16. How chickens have changed over the years through genetic enhancement …
  • 18. Recent Innovations • “De-extinction”? • Resurrecting extinct species is becoming a reality. • The obvious application is the protection, and potential reintroduction, of currently endangered species. • However, the “de-extinction” of already-extinct species, going all the way back to wooly mammoths and sabre-tooth tigers, is already on the table. • The resurrection of wooly mammoths is already being attempted. • Dinosaurs? >>> Not likely, as dinosaur “bone” is essentially rock (but who knows what the future holds?). • Is it wise to reintroduce animals that nature selected for extinction?
  • 19. Scientists are currently at work to resurrect the extinct wooly mammoth. What are the implications of this idea? Is it wise to do so just because we can?
  • 20.
  • 21. Recent Innovations • Genetic Engineering: – The Human Genome Project = mapped and sequenced all of the 30,000-40,000 human genes in existence. – Genetic engineering may make possible the altering of human behavior. – Genetic engineering’s recent development, gene therapy, involves disabling genes carrying unfavorable traits and replacing them with genes carrying desirable traits. – Legal issues involve the patenting of genes. – Ethical issues include: Are we ushering in an age of genetic discrimination?
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24. Ethical Considerations • How common will biological agents become in warfare and terrorism? Are we using them? • Will human beings be cloned for “spare parts” for the sick? Will they have rights? • Will potential spouses, employers, etc. begin inspecting your genetic profile? • Should we be introducing modified plants and animals into the natural eco-systems? • Which genes are “problems” and who gets to decide?
  • 25. What Does the Future Hold? • Cellular Brain Implants: • The major cell phone service providers are in a race to develop an implant that will basically take everything your cell phone does and place it “on-demand” in your head! • More Sophisticated Cloning: • Only time will tell how far cloning and genetic manipulation (especially combined) will go, but extinct species are in the works. • Artificial Intelligence: • In July, 2017 Mark Zuckerberg got into a very public debate with Elon Musk over what Musk insisted were the very real dangers of AI – by the end of the month, Zuckerberg had to shut down AI “chatbots” he had developed when they created their own language so that programmers wouldn’t be able to understand them! • But AI research is far from over: Microsoft just purchased a facility in Canada for the express purpose of AI development. • Tickets to Space: Elon Musk is one of several about to offer shuttle tickets into space.