• Horror is an ancient art form. From the ballads of the ancient world to modern urban myths, audiences willing to offer themselves up to sadistic storytellers to be scared witless, and they are happy to pay for the privilege.• Horror movies were reborn in the 1930’s. The advert of sound as well as changing the whole nature of cinema forever, had a huge impact on the horror genre. The dreamlike imagery of the 1920’s, the films peopled by ghostly wraiths floating silently through the terror of mortals, their grotesque death masks a visual representation of ‘horror’, were replaced by monsters that grunted and groaned and howled. Sound adds an extra dimension to terror, whether it be music used to build suspense or signal the presence of a threat, or magnified footsteps echoing down a corridor.
Frankenstein 1931.Frankenstein is a 1931 horror monster film from UniversalPictures directed by James Whale and adapted from the play byPeggy Webling, which in turn is based on the novel of the samename by Mary Shelley. The film stars Colin Clive, Mae Clarke,John Boles and Boris Karloff and features Dwight Frye andEdward van Sloan. The Webling play was adapted by John L.Balderston and the screenplay written by Francis Edward Faragohand Garrett Fort with uncredited contributions from Robert Floreyand John Russell. The make-up artist was Jack Pierce.
Night of the living dead 1968Night of the Living Dead is an American independent horror filmdirected by George A. Romero and starring Duane Jones, JudithODea and Karl Hardman. It premiered on October 1, 1968. The story follows characters Ben Huss (Duane Jones), Barbra(Judith ODea), and five others trapped in a rural farmhouse inPennsylvania which is attacked by "living dead" monsters known aszombies. Night of the Living Dead was the basis of five subsequentLiving Dead films (1978-2010) also directed by Romero and hasinspired two remakes (1990, 2006).
Nosferatu 1922Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens (translated asNosferatu: A Symphony of Horror; or simply Nosferatu)is a classic 1922 German Expressionist horror film,directed by F. W. Murnau, starring Max Schreck as thevampire Count Orlok. The film, shot in 1921 andreleased in 1922, was an unauthorized adaptation ofBram Stokers Dracula, with names and other detailschanged because the studio could not obtain the rights tothe novel (for instance, "vampire" became "Nosferatu"and "Count Dracula" became "Count Orlok").
The mummy (1932)- Although horror had movedon from vampires, they were still based onmythical creatures. This film scared a lot of peopleas the Tutankhamen exhibition toured the worldin 1920s and 1930s and the thought of this comingtrue gave many people a fright.The beast from 20,000 fathoms (1953) – This filmis based on a short story called “the horn.” sloganfor s move was “ they couldnt escape the terrorand neither will you.” This film was about theaccidental awakening of a “King Kong with fins“(a rhedosaurus) by atomic testing in the arctic.
Physco (1960)- This is when filming stopped beingabout mythical creatures and more about killers.The screeching soundtrack and the flashing of theknife blade in the shower scene seem condemned toperpetual rerunning in horror filmed to this dayThe exorcist (1973)- This very well known film wasthe start of the very popular sub genre supernaturalhorror. It is based around a young girl who ispossessed by a demon.
Se7en (1995)- This hybrid film (film noir andhorror) is about 2 cops, a older cop ( who willretire in 7 days) and a young hot headed cop.These two characters clash but are broughttogether by a common goalFinal destination (2000)- These films portray theway horrors have changed to a lot of gore but stillkept some of the original aspects (mythicalcreatures, demons) but they have more complexstorylines.
• 1990’s saw Japaneses Horror films being produced such as ‘TheRing’(1998) and NakedBlood(1996).• American remakes of Japaneses Horror become produced such as ‘The Ring’.