American politics & court system w3 2012new

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American politics & court system w3 2012new

  1. 1. Chapter 3: AMERICAN POLITICS & COURT SYSTEM Instructor: Nguyen Duy Mong Ha, M.A. & M.Sc. USSH-VNU-HCMC Email: ndmongha@yahoo.de Mobile phone: 0919694811 Office hours: Monday afternoon, B.005, DTH Campus
  2. 2. Contents• Videoclips• A short quiz• The Politics & Court system of the USA - American political system - American court system
  3. 3. Warm-up questions• Why did the American colonists want to have freedom? Why were they against the British control? What didn’t they like about the British political system?• What does the US government base on to run the country?
  4. 4. Constitution• Definition:“system of law, basic principles, rules, regulations,….that a country has to follow to run/ govern the country”Constitution Federal Gov 3 branches
  5. 5. Constitution• Purposes• Articles• Amendments
  6. 6. The US Constitution• Principles- separation of powers- Government of, for & by people- Basic human rights (indiv freedom, equality,…)• Structure: 3 parts- Preamble with purpose of assuring justice, peace & liberty for all- Doc: 7 articles- 26 Amendments (indiv rights, freedom, basic principles of gov
  7. 7. 3 branches1. Make or pass the law: Legislative2. Implement/ enforce the law: Executive3. Interpret the law, give legal instructions, check if the law is complied with: Judicial
  8. 8. Constitution & the Bill of Rights• (written) Constitution-based federal republic vs (unwritten) constitutional monarchy of the UK)• Former colonies: Articles of Confederation 1781,• 1787 revised Articles Constitution: oldest still in force• 3 branches: each checks & balances over the others
  9. 9. Ame System of Gov• Congress (vs parliament of the UK)• The President• Federal Judiciary• Checks & Balances (executive-Presidency, legislative-Congress, judiciary- Courts) so that the powers were not abused• Federal gov (President)• State gov (Governor)• Local gov (Mayor)
  10. 10. Political system of the US• Suspicion of strong government, power not abused• Federal gov (foreign Affair, trade, Army, Navy, PO, Police,... )vs individual state gov + some shared powers• Constitution (all power: threat to freedom) 3 branches- Legislative (Congress: Senate – chosen by electorate evry 6yrs & House of representatives - dynamic- states representatives elected evry 2 yrs-Chairman: Speaker)- Executive branch: President as Chief executive- Judicial branch: Supreme Court (US Court of Appeals)• 1791 10 Amendments: Bill of rights (Freedom of Religion, speech, the press,...)
  11. 11. Amendments ContentAmendments• No. 1-10, in 1791 • Bill of Rights (Freedom of religions, speech, press…• No. 13, in 1865 • Slavery is illegal• No. 15, in 1870 • Black men have the right to vote• No. 19, in 1920 • Women citizens have the right to vote• No. 22, in 1951 • The President may serve no more than 2 terms• No. 26, in 1971 • All citizens 18 yrs old & older may vote
  12. 12. How does a Bill become aLaw ? (p81 Aspects of the USA)• Bill introduced in House & Senate• To Committee• Debate in House & Senate• Bill sent to President• President: signs or vetoes or takes no action• Bill becomes law
  13. 13. 3 Branches (p.87, about the US) Legislative Executive Judicial- Senate - President - Supreme Court- House of representative - Vice President - 11 Circuit Courts of - the Cabinet Appeals - 13 Dpts - 94 District courtsPropose + pass Laws ENFORCE LAWS - EXPLAIN & INTERPRET LAWS - MAKE DECISIONS IN LAWSUITS- Refuse to approve - Power to veto/reject CAN DECLARE LAWS &presidential appoinments bill/law of Congress ACTIONS- Override a prsidential veto - Appoint Supreme Court UNCONSTITUTIONAL Justices
  14. 14. Election of President & the Congress• Political independence• Republican & Democrats (diversity)• Presidential elections: every four years, re- elected for 1 more term• President (natural born citizen over 34): commander in Chief in Armed Forces, involved in economic + international affairs, not member of Congress „Power to persuade“• System of checks and balances
  15. 15. Elections & Political parties (+p82)• 1965 Voting Right Act-Voting with literacy tests- Abolition of Poll taxes- Black voters now only 10% fewer than white voters• President elected by Electoral College• Presidential candidates: State Conventions of party members or state primary elections• Closed primary: registered party members• Open primary: any voter can participate• Republican-1854- anti-slavery & Democratic since 1800s (both have conservative & liberal wings)
  16. 16. US electionPopular vote Electoral vote• Indirect • Direct• US. itizens of 18 yrs & more • Electors• Electors (Senators & rep of • President the House) • From Dec – Jan• 2 senators/state • President is elected on the• Rep of House: 1-45/ state 1st Tues after the 1st Mon in (depends on the Nov (eg.: 6 of Nov 2012) population) • Candidates from 2 pol parties: Democrat. & Republic
  17. 17. • US citizens vote for “Electors”• Electors vote for PresidentCitizens Electors (Senators/ representatives) President
  18. 18. State government• Ideal of free individual• Development of Big government• Role of special interest groups• Interest group government• Political landscapes in 2000s: Independents• State government: Governor (elcted in state- wide election), Legislature & a State Judiciary (vary greatly in structure & procedures- Justice of Peace court: minor, County Court: civil+criminal)
  19. 19. The US Court system• Supreme Court• Appeal Court• District Court
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention! Questions ?

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