How did Serbia emerge from
the Balkan Wars of 1912-13
as the largest and most
powerful of the Balkan
In 1912, with
the states of
THE BALKAN LEAGUE
Took its new combined armed forces
and attacked Turkey. In just seven
weeks Turkey was driven out Europe.
A stunned Austria watched as Serbia
became the largest Balkan state.
Austria generals wanted to attack
Serbia but could not risk an alliance
THE NEWLY FORMED LEAGUE…
If Austria attacks Serbia hen Russia
would attack Austria. Germany would
back its ally Austria and attack Russia.
An attack on Russia would cause France
to fight Germany and Austria to protect
its ally. If France joined, Britain would
likely follow suit.
Nobody wanted a European war so…
THE CHAIN EVENT
The London peace conference
was called to help spilt up the
new Balkan land. Austria-
Hungary used this conference
to create Albania in order to
block Serbia's access to
A PEACE CONFERENCE
A month after the conference the Balkan
League was fighting over the new land.
Bulgaria fought with Serbia and Greece over the
number of Bulgarians living in other territories.
In June of 1913, Bulgaria attacked the former
allies. Turkey saw this as an opportunity, and
joined the fight with Bulgaria against the
Bulgaria was defeated and in the treaty of
Bucharest, lost nearly all of the land won in the
SECOND BALKAN WAR
The Austro-Serbian relationship took another
hit. Due to Austria, Serbia had been cut off for
the sea by Albania.
The Serbians continued to demand Slavic
unity, with six million Serbs and Croats still
under Austrian rule, attacks against Austria
were openly applauded.
Meanwhile, Austria saw Serbia double it size
and become a formidable military power. This
increasing threat needed to be dealt with.
Turkey regained some land and
prestige. Despite a reduced role
in Europe, and controlling an
area that was essentially Turkish
already, Turkey looked to the
future for possible opportunity.
The league and war created a
changing landscape. From pushing
Turkey out up to Bulgaria handing
over its gains to Greece and Serbia.
The Balkan states saw the Treaty of
Bucharest as a semi-permanent
solution to a much larger issue.
LEGACY: BALKAN STATES
Serbia increases its military power.
The Balkan league formed,
The web of alliances caused a lack of action
The Turkish empire continues to crumble
The Balkan nations establish themselves
Bulgaria fights for displaced populace.
Name the Countries that made-up the
The first Balkan War 1912:
Detail the events of October 1912
List the results of an attack on Turkey
Explain why an attack on Serbia by Austria
would be so catastrophic for Europe.
London Peace conference 1912
List what was decided and why it led to
more bitterness between Serbia and
Second Balkan War 1913
Explain why a second war broke out
Treaty of Bucharest 1913
List details from resources B pg. 35
Legacy of Balkan Wars:
Summarise pg. 34-35 in "road
Complete questions 1,2,3 &
4. of resource A