Nc court structure_youth civics


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Presentation about NC courts from Mecklenburg County Courthouse Trial Courts Administrator's Office

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Nc court structure_youth civics

  1. 1. North CarolinaCourt Structure
  2. 2. 42 Districts
  3. 3. 46 Districts & 8 Divisions
  4. 4. North Carolina Court Structure Supreme Court 7 Justices Court of Appeals 15 Judges Superior Court 109 Judges District Court 256 Judges Magistrates 724Trial Court Administrator Clerks of Superior Court 100 Clerks & 2,390 Clerk Personnel Administrative Office of Courts 395
  5. 5. District 26 Mecklenburg County Senior Resident Superior Court Judge (elected) Chief District Court Judge (elected) Trial Court Administrator Clerk of Superior Court (elected) District Attorney (elected) Public Defender
  6. 6. Chief District Court Judge The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of North Carolina designates one of the judges as Chief District Court Judge, and this judge has administrative duties, including assigning the judges to sessions of court.
  7. 7. District Court Judges Hon. Lisa C. Bell, Chief Hon. Kimberly Y. BestHon. Rickye McKoy-Mitchell Hon. Charlotte Brown Hon. Louis A. Trosch, Jr. Hon. John W. Totten, III Hon. Regan A. Miller Hon. Elizabeth T. Trosch Hon. Rebecca Thorne Tin Hon. Karen Eady-Williams Hon. Thomas F. Moore, Jr. Hon. Donald Cureton Hon. Christy Mann Hon. Sean Smith Hon. Ronald L. Chapman Hon. Matt Osman Hon. Donnie Hoover Hon. Theo X. Nixon Hon. Ty Hands Hon. Paige B. McThenia Hon. Jena P. Culler
  8. 8. District Court Criminal Civil Domestic Juvenile Magisterial
  9. 9. District Court-Continued Criminal  Preliminary "probable cause" hearings in felony cases  Misdemeanor and infraction cases  Has jurisdiction to accept guilty pleas in certain felony cases  Trial by district court judges; no trial by jury  Appeals are to the superior court for trial de novo before a jury Civil  General civil cases $10,000 or less  Civil cases in District Court may be tried before a jury  Appeals are to the Court of Appeals
  10. 10. District Court-Continued Domestic  Divorce  Custody  Child Support  Spousal Support  Equitable Distribution
  11. 11. District Court-Continued Juvenile  All juvenile proceedings  Juvenile proceedings concern children who are delinquent, undisciplined, abused, neglected, or dependent; proceedings are initiated by petition, and the hearing conducted by the judge may be less formal than in adult cases  Juveniles alleged to be delinquent are entitled to have the court appoint counsel
  12. 12. District Court - Continued Magisterial  magistrates issue arrest and search warrants, conduct initial appearances, and determine conditions of pretrial release  Accept guilty pleas for minor offenses, impose punishment and conduct trials  In civil cases, they preside over the trial of small claims ($5,000 or less)
  13. 13. Senior Resident Superior Court Judge The Senior Resident Superior Court Judge has the most seniority of the superior court judges in the district and is responsible for carrying out various administrative duties.
  14. 14. Superior Court Judges RESIDENT SUPERIOR COURT JUDGES Hon. Richard D. Boner, Senior Resident Hon. W. Robert Bell Hon. Yvonne Mims Evans Hon. Linwood O. Foust Hon. Eric Levinson Hon. Hugh B. Lewis Hon. William H. ConstangySPECIAL SUPERIOR COURT JUDGE FOR COMPLEX BUSINESS CASES Hon. Calvin Murphy SPECIAL SUPERIOR COURT JUDGE Hon. F. Lane Williamson
  15. 15. Superior Court Criminal  Felonies  Misdemeanor Appeals  Trial by jury
  16. 16. Superior Court - Continued Civil  Lawsuits $10,000 +  Certain special proceedings  Condemnation actions and proceedings  Corporate receiverships  Review of decisions of administrative agencies where the principal relief sought is injunctive or declaratory to establish the validity of a statute, ordinance or regulation, or enforcement or declaration of any claim of constitutional right.  Exclusive original jurisdiction for probate of wills and for administration of decedents estates  Trial by jury
  17. 17. Trial CourtAdministrator
  18. 18. Trial Court Administrator’s Office Organizational Chart
  19. 19. The Role of the TCA Facilitator for change Provide professional management Plan, organize, & direct non-judicial activities Development of local rules & administrative policies Budgeting, personnel oversight, facilities management Research & strategic planning, grant procurement Program development & project management
  20. 20. Clerk of Superior Court
  21. 21. Clerk of Superior Court Elected every 4 years Judge of probate Record keeper Comptroller Administrator/Manager
  22. 22. Administrator/Manager 200 full time Assistant & Deputy Clerk positions Answer phones, assist the public, files all papers, issue civil summons, subpoenas, orders for arrest, executions, writs, show cause orders Courtroom clerks in criminal, civil, juvenile Seven departments
  23. 23. Clerk of Court Departments Bookkeeping  Estates Cashiers  Special Proceedings Civil  Juvenile Criminal
  24. 24. District Attorney
  25. 25. District Attorney Attorney who is elected for a four-year term by the voters within the district he or she serves. Primary duty is to represent the state in all criminal and some juvenile matters Responsible for preparing the criminal trial docket and advising law enforcement officers in the district
  26. 26. Public Defender
  27. 27. Public Defender Represents persons charged with criminal offenses who cannot afford to hire a private attorney Appointed by Senior Resident Superior Court Judge for 4 year term Defendants assigned by the court are represented at the States expense Handle misdemeanor & felony trials, represent defendants on motions for appropriate relief, represents persons who are facing involuntary commitment for mental illness, alcohol problems or drug abuse, as well as juveniles who are charged as delinquents
  28. 28. Magistrates
  29. 29. Magistrates Appointed for two-year terms by the Senior Resident Superior Court Judge upon nomination of the Clerk of Superior Court Officers of the district court subject to supervision of Chief District Court Judge in judicial matters
  30. 30. Magistrates In criminal matters, magistrates issue arrest and search warrants and set bail. They have authority to:  accept guilty pleas to minor misdemeanors and pleas of responsibility to infractions;  accept waivers of trial and guilty pleas to certain traffic littering, wildlife, boating, marine fisheries, state park recreation and alcoholic beverage violations; and  accept waivers of trial and guilty pleas in worthless check cases in which the check is for $2000 or less
  31. 31. Magistrates In civil matters, hear small claims cases, including summary ejectment (landlords action to evict a tenant) cases. Authorized to perform marriage ceremonies, assign a years allowance to a surviving spouse, administer oaths, verify pleadings and take acknowledgments (notarization) of instruments.
  32. 32. Questions?