Anatomy of a packet, materials on back tableNot just data for data’s sakeAsk questions at any pointAggregate data, not individual predictors
Basic demographicsACSCensus 2000 (and 1990)
Not bad, just fewer resources (time, money) – harderMinority kids more likely to be in single parent familiesKids in single parent families are 7x more likely to be in poverty than those in married couple families42% vs. 6%
Impacts on health, educational attainment and economic securityDad’s education is important too – data issues with birth records
Picking a policy focus can be toughWorked with Department of Health – Newborn Risk Assessment (wide net)We know what works: NFP and other family-support models with 3 elements:Regular visits to familiesWell-trained staffAdequate intensity and duration of the program
POVERTY connects everything we track:HealthySafetyEducation
The poverty level in 2008 was family income below $17,346 for a family of three with two children and $21,837 for a family of four with two children. In West Warwick in 2000, 1,186 (18.1%) were living in poverty.The extreme poverty level in 2008 was family income below $8,673 for a family of three with two children and $10,917 for a family of four with two children. In West Warwick in 2000, 462 (7% of all children and 39% of poor children) were living in extreme poverty. The Poverty Institute’s 2008 Rhode Island Standard of Need states that a single-parent with two children who has an income of $30,800 a year (175% of the federal poverty level) and subsidized child care and health care (RIte Care) would still be $48 short of paying for basic needs each month.
RI’s cash assistance program is Rhode Island Works Program, formerly FIP (Family Independence Program)Safety net for kids and work supports for parentsMajor changes in the last yearMany children and families losing assistance during very difficult economic times
Federal money comes back to RI—all food benefits and half of admin costs are covered by fedsStimulus to local economy—spent in local stores
Uninsured ER use is very expensive and kids don’t get care until their problems are very serious asthma is a great example—between 2003 and 2007 154 kids from Providence were hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of asthmaThis is totally preventable and much less expensive to treat and prevent earlier onLocal community health centers are overwhelmed
Between 2003 and 2007, West Warwick had the lowest rates of preterm births (10.8%) of the core cities. West Warwick’s rate of low birthweight infants between 2003 and 2007 was 7.5%, lower than the state rate of 8.1%. Early prenatal care is important to identify and treat health problems and influence health behaviors that can compromise fetal development, infant health and maternal health. The rate of women living in West Warwick with delayed prenatal care was 12.5% between 2003 and 2007.
Dramatic declines over the last decadeMost common preventable pediatric health problem
Teens and babies are both at riskOlder teens are at risk too! (and their kids)
Mostly from DCYF, but also DOC and Family Court
Related to cost of rent and lack of affordable housing Not Included:Doubling upCarsUnsafe/abandonedStreetsYouth alone
Kids involved with Family Court often have some common risk factors: Poor school performanceUnsafe environmentsLow-income communitiesAnti-social behaviorsEarlier involvement with the child welfare system
Most cases are neglect:AbandonmentInadequate shelterInadequate medicalLack of supervision – child care issue for low-income working parentsYouth may be at greater risk for:Lower academic achievementJuvenile delinquencyTeen pregnancyPrevention:Parenting assistanceEconomic assistanceMental health and substance abuse treatment
Impacts child development and school readinessCan close gaps between higher and low-income kidsLicensed slots were not after-school providers like the programs through PASABright StarsPre-K pilot
Federal funding not enough slotsRI-funded slots were cut by the GA this year, and RI is getting ARRA $ to increase quality (but can’t be used for slots)
Helps low-income kids “catch up”More time for learning and teachers to get to know the kids
RI: Over identifying or doing a good job?
Early reading difficulties impact academic achievement and employment successStarting the 4th grade, reading gets tougher – much harder to catch upCritical to intervene BEFORE 3rd grade with early reading problems (back to the prevention idea)UETF working group on this issue
New calculations—national best practiceWe know exactly how many kids we are losing and where!RI saw better graduation rates in 2008 than in 2007, despite the higher expectations for student in the new HS regulations
Always feel free to call or email with questions or data requests
West Warwick 2009 Data in Your Backyard Presentation
West Warwick Data In Your Backyard<br />Findings from the 2009 Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook<br />Presented by Elaine Budish<br />Rhode Island KIDS COUNTNovember 10, 2009<br />
Special Thanks<br />Today’s presentation is hosted by:<br />Tides Family Services <br />andThe West Warwick Police Department<br />
2009 Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook<br />The 2009 Factbook is the 15th annual publication.<br />The 2009 Factbook contains 63 indicators of child well-being, <br />including the new indicator Housing and Health.<br />Most indicators include city and town level information.<br />
West Warwick Child Population, by Race & Ethnicity<br /><ul><li>There were 6,632 children under age 18 living in West Warwick in 2000, up from 6,560 in 1990.
87% were White non-Hispanic, 1% were Black, 6% were Hispanic, and 6% belonged to other racial and ethnic groups.
The proportion of the population that identifies as White is larger in West Warwick than in the state as a whole.</li></ul>Source: U.S. Census 2000.<br />
Children in Single-Parent Families<br />Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000<br />In 2000, 1,983 (33%) children in West Warwick lived in single-parent families, representing the lowest percentage of the six core cities.<br />In 2007, 33% of Rhode Island children lived with a single parent. Compared with 32% nationally. Rhode Island ranked 31st out of 50 states (where 1st is the best) in the U.S. for the highest national rate of children living in single parent families. <br />In 2007, 78% of all poor children in Rhode Island lived in a single-parent family. <br />
Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, 2003-2007.<br />Mother’s Education Level, 2003-2007<br />Research shows strong links between parental education levels and a child’s school readiness, health, and the level of education that the child is likely to achieve. <br />In West Warwick, 15% of new mothers had less than a high school diploma, the same level as the state average. The proportion of new mothers with a bachelor’s degree or above is lower in West Warwick (30%) than in the state as a whole (36%). <br />
Infants Born at Highest Risk<br />Mother<br /><ul><li>Under Age 20
In 2008, 50 (5%) of West Warwick babies were born with all three risk factors. </li></li></ul><li>Economic Well-Being<br />
Child Poverty in Rhode Island, 2004-2007<br />Source: US Bureau of the Census, American Community Survey, 2004-2007<br /><ul><li>According to the 2008 ACS, 15.5% (34,816) of Rhode Island’s children under age 18 with known poverty status lived below the federal poverty threshold.
Of the 34,816 children living in poverty, 47.2% lived in extreme poverty. In total, an estimated 16,430 of all children in Rhode Island lived in extreme poverty.
Young children and children of color are more likely to live in poverty than older children and White children.</li></li></ul><li>Children in Poverty<br />Rhode Island Child Poverty Rates, 2000<br />Providence 40.5%<br />West Warwick 18.1% <br />18.1%-40.9%<br />7.5%-18.1%<br />4.3%-7.5%<br />1.0%-4.3%<br />Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000. <br />Map created using the KIDS COUNT Data Center (www.datacenter.kidscount.org) <br />
Children in Poverty, 2000<br />Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2000<br />
Children in Families Receiving Cash Assistance<br />As of December 1, 2008, 6% (386) of children in West Warwick were receiving cash assistance. <br />Almost seven out of ten (69%) RI Works beneficiaries are children under the age of 18. Almost half (49%) of children enrolled in RI Works are under the age of six. <br />Between 1996 and 2008, there was a 54% decline in the Rhode Island cash assistance caseload.<br />
Cost of RentAverage Cost of Rent for a 2-Bedroom Apartment, 2008<br />Source: Rhode Island Housing, Annual Rent Survey.<br />To afford the average rent in Rhode Island of $1,232 without a cost burden, a worker would need to earn $23.69 per hour for 40 hours a week. This is more than three times the state’s minimum wage of $7.40 per hour.<br />In 2008, the average cost of housing in West Warwick was $1,175. A family of three living at the poverty level in West Warwick would have to devote 80% of their household income to the cost of rent. Housing is considered affordable if it consumes 30% or less of a family’s household income. <br />There were 48 evictions in West Warwick in 2008 affecting 113 people. 76 residential properties in West Warwick were foreclosed during 2008.<br />
Children Receiving Food Stamp Benefits/SNAPPercentage of Income-Eligible Children, 2008<br />In October 2008, 72% of income-eligible children in West Warwick participated in the Food Stamp/SNAP Program, compared to 77% statewide. The 2007 West Warwick rate was 68%. <br />Research shows that hunger and lack of regular access to sufficient food are linked to serious health, psychological, emotional and academic problems in children can impede their healthy growth and development. <br />
School Breakfast Program<br />In October 2008, an average of 391 (27%) low-income children in West Warwick participated in the school breakfast program each day out of 1,474 who were eligible for free or reduced price breakfast. The participation rate in West Warwick is the second lowest among the core cities. West Warwick does not have a universal school breakfast program.<br />Studies show that students who eat breakfast have significantly higher math and reading scores, fewer absences, improved attentiveness and lower incidences of social and behavioral problems. <br />
Children without Health Insurance, Rhode Island, 1995-2008<br />Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Current Population Survey, 1995-2008, three-year averages, compiled by Rhode Island KIDS COUNT. Data are for children under 18 years of age.<br /><ul><li>In Rhode Island between 2006 and 2008, 7.0% of children under age 18 were uninsured, lower than the national rate of 10.8%. Rhode Island ranks 14th best in the country for lowest percentage of children uninsured.
In Rhode Island, the percentage of uninsured children has increased in the last few years, partly due to the decline in employer-sponsored health insurance.</li></li></ul><li>Infant Health Outcomes<br /><ul><li> Early prenatal care is important to identify and treat health problems and influence health behaviors that can compromise fetal development, infant health and maternal health.
West Warwick has the lowest rates of preterm births and the lowest infant mortality rate in the core cities.</li></li></ul><li>Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels<br />The percentage of children screening positive for elevated blood lead levels in West Warwick fell from 5.7% among children entering kindergarten in 2006 to 1.4% of children entering kindergarten in 2010.<br />In the most recent year of testing, 368 West Warwick children were screened for elevated blood lead levels, 5 (1.4%) screened positive initially and 1 (0.3%) was confirmed positive for lead levels 10mcg/dL. This is one of the lower rates in the state.<br />
Housing and Health<br /><ul><li>In both Rhode Island and the nation as a whole, children in low-income families are more likely to live in older housing than children in general. Between 2005 and 2007, 87% of low-income children in Rhode Island lived in older housing, the highest percentage in any state.
Low-income families are more likely to lack the resources required to maintain, repair or improve their homes in ways that reduce residential health hazards such as lead paint, unsafe stairs, leaks, and cracks that may allow moisture or rodents to enter the home.
Asthma rates are another indicator of housing quality. Between 2003 and 2007, West Warwick had the fifth highest rate of childhood asthma hospitalizations in Rhode Island (tied with East Providence) at 4.6 per 1,000 children under age 18.</li></li></ul><li>Births to Teens<br />Teen Birth Rates per 1,000 Teen Girls, 2003-2007<br /><ul><li>The teen birth rate per 1,000 teen girls ages 18-19 is higher in West Warwick (67.9) than the state as a whole (43.2).
The West Warwick teen birth rate for younger teen girls ages 15-17 declined from a high of 19.1 between 1999-2003 to 17.9 per 1,000 teens between 2003-2007.
Between 2003 and 2007 in Rhode Island, almost one in five teen births (18%) were to teens who were already mothers (repeat births). </li></li></ul><li>Safety<br />
Homeless Children & Youth, 2008<br /><ul><li>In 2008, 1,770 children and youth received emergency housing in a homeless shelter or a domestic violence shelter in RI. Of these, 264 were youth ages 13-17 who entered the emergency shelter system accompanied by an adult.
Seventy of these children and youth lived in families whose last permanent residence was in West Warwick, making up 3.9% of children and youth in RI shelters in 2008.
In Rhode Island, between July 1, 2007 and June 30, 2008, 953 families sought emergency shelter, a 21% increase from the previous year. More than one in six (18%) of these children had experienced homelessness before.</li></li></ul><li>Youth Involved in the RI Juvenile Justice System, 2008<br />In 2008, 8,790 wayward or delinquent offenses were referred to Family Court. <br />Of the wayward and delinquent offenses referred to Family Court in Rhode Island during 2008, 74% were committed by males and 26% by females. <br />Nationally and in Rhode Island, violent crimes among youth have declined. Promising programs to address community risk factors for youth violence include out-of-school opportunities for youth and family-involvement programming. <br />A total of 36 West Warwick youth were in the care or custody of the Training School during 2008, out of 1,037 total youth who passed through the Training School in 2008.<br />
Child Abuse and Neglect<br /><ul><li>In 2008 in West Warwick, 102 children were victims of child abuse and neglect, a rate of 15.4 per 1,000 children. This is lower than the core city rate of 17.0 victims per 1,000 children, but higher than the state rate of 10.7 victims per 1,000 children.
In 2008 in Rhode Island, 79% of child abuse and neglect victims were victims of neglect, 10% physical abuse, 4% sexual abuse, and less than 7% other forms of neglect/abuse. </li></li></ul><li>Education<br />
Early Care & EducationChild Care for Children in West Warwick, 2004 and 2008<br />Source: Rhode Island Department of Children, Youth and Families.<br /><ul><li>Child care enables parents to work and, when it is high-quality, supports child development and school readiness.
In 2008 in West Warwick, there were 592 slots for children under age six in licensed child care centers and certified family child care homes, and there were 285 licensed school-age child care slots in West Warwick for six to twelve year olds, down from 390 in 2004.
Nationally in 2007, 62% of children under age 6 had all parents in the workforce, compared with 70% in Rhode Island.</li></li></ul><li>Children Enrolled in Early Head Start, 2008<br />According to Census 2000, an estimated 386 children in West Warwick under age three were income-eligible for enrollment in the Early Head Start program. In 2008, of these children, 48 (12%) were enrolled in Early Head Start.<br />In 2008, Early Head Start served 4% of the estimated 9,365 eligible children under age three in Rhode Island.<br />Children Enrolled in Head Start, 2008<br />According to Census 2000, an estimated 266 children in West Warwick ages three to four were eligible for enrollment in the Head Start preschool program. In 2008, 103 (39%) West Warwick children were enrolled in Head Start. <br />In 2008, Head Start serviced 40% of the estimated 6,200 eligible children ages three to four in Rhode Island. <br />
Children in Full-Day Kindergarten, October 2008<br /><ul><li>Children in full day kindergarten are more likely to be ready for first grade than children in half-day programs.
In Rhode Island in 2008-2009, 58% (5,738) of children who attended kindergarten were in a full-day program. Nationally in 2006, 72% of public-school kindergarten students were enrolled in full-day programs.
As of the 2008-2009 school year, 13 school districts offered universal access to full-day kindergarten classrooms. Another eight school districts operated at least one full-day kindergarten classroom. </li></li></ul><li>Children in Special Education<br /><ul><li>In the 2006-2007 school year (the most recent year national data were tabulated) Rhode Island had the highest percentage (20%) of public school students with IEP’s in the U.S., compared with 13% in the U.S. overall.
In the 2007-2008 school year, 20% of West Warwick students were enrolled in special education, slightly higher than the state rate of 18%.
There were an additional 2,866 preschool-age students receiving special education services in RI in 2007-2008. </li></li></ul><li>Fourth Grade Reading SkillsFourth-Grade Reading Proficiency% At or Above the Proficiency LevelCore Cities and Rhode Island, 2005 & 2008<br />Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2005 & 2008.<br /><ul><li>When students continue to have reading difficulty beyond third grade, they often face tremendous difficulty catching up.
Between 2005 and 2008, the percentage of fourth grade students in West Warwick public schools who were proficient in reading increased from 55% to 69% .
West Warwick has the highest fourth grade reading proficiency of the core cities. </li></li></ul><li>School Suspensions, 2008<br />Source: RI Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008.<br /><ul><li>Suspended students are more likely than other students to have poor academic performance and to drop out.
In 2007-2008 in West Warwick, there were 64 disciplinary actions for every 100 students. This is significantly higher than the state rate of 30 actions per every 100 students.
In 2007-2008, there were 174 out-of-school suspensions in West Warwick for attendance-related infractions.</li></li></ul><li>High School Graduation and Dropout Rates*Class of 2008<br />Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Class of 2008.<br /><ul><li>This chart shows the percentage of students who matriculated as freshmen in 2004-2005 who graduated in 4 years, dropped out, completed their GED and were retained in school. These percentages are based on actual student counts using the unique student identifier system.
In West Warwick in 2008, 68% of students graduated from high school on-time, compared to 74% for the state as a whole. </li></ul>*Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding.<br />
High School Graduation Rates<br />West Warwick Class of 2008<br />Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, class of 2008. Note that there were 10 English Language Learner students in the West Warwick class of 2008, out of 300 students.<br />
Elaine Budish, MPA<br />Research Analyst<br />Rhode Island KIDS COUNTOne Union Station<br />Providence, RI 02903<br />firstname.lastname@example.org<br />(401) 351-9400 x17 voice<br />(401) 351-1758 fax<br />www.rikidscount.org<br />