Providence Data in Your Backyard 2009 Presentation


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  • Elaine Budish Research Analyst at RIKC
  • Thanks for coming… Thanks to Meeting Street, John Kelly, Katie Petriucci and Amanda McMullen Thanks VIPs Thanks to RIKC staff and interns
  • Anatomy of a packet, materials on back table Not just data for data’s sake Ask questions at any point Aggregate data, not individual predictors
  • Basic demographics ACS Census 2000 (and 1990)
  • Not bad, just fewer resources (time, money) – harder Minority kids more likely to be in single parent families Kids in single parent families are 7x more likely to be in poverty than those in married couple families 42% vs. 6%
  • Impacts on health, educational attainment and economic security Dad’s education is important too – data issues with birth records
  • Picking a policy focus can be tough Worked with Department of Health – Newborn Risk Assessment (wide net) We know what works: NFP and other family-support models with 3 elements: Regular visits to families Well-trained staff Adequate intensity and duration of the program
  • Grandparents provide continuity and family support They may lack material resources but not love Fixed incomes Access to public supports to which kids are entitled Family members are often used by DCYF as Foster Care
  • POVERTY connects everything we track: Healthy Safety Education
  • Origins of the poverty line… Molly Orshanski US Dept of Agriculture Economy food bundle x3
  • Serious disparities Hispanic, Asian, and Whites saw an increase over 2006, while Blacks saw a 10% decrease
  • <50% FPL is falling in recent years (is this still true?)
  • Includes HUD’s standard utility allowance
  • RI’s cash assistance program is Rhode Island Works Program, formerly FIP (Family Independence Program) Safety net for kids and work supports for parents Major changes in the last year Many children and families losing assistance during very difficult economic times
  • Federal money comes back to RI—all food benefits and half of admin costs are covered by feds Stimulus to local economy—spent in local stores
  • Uninsured ER use is very expensive and kids don’t get care until their problems are very serious asthma is a great example— between 2003 and 2007 1,489 kids from Providence were hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of asthma This is totally preventable and much less expensive to treat and prevent earlier on Local community health centers are overwhelmed
  • Budget cuts Global Waiver
  • Women with Delayed Prenatal Care – Wrong Direction! Very high preterm births rate (highest in core cities)—risk of many negative outcomes 2 nd highest low birthweight in core cities Highest IMR in core cities
  • Dramatic declines over the last decade Most common preventable pediatric health problem
  • Providence numbers are unusual among the core cities—high rate of younger teen births Teens and babies are both at risk Older teens are at risk too! (and their kids)
  • Mostly from DCYF, but also DOC and Family Court
  • Related to cost of rent and lack of affordable housing Not Included: Doubling up Cars Unsafe/abandoned Streets Youth alone
  • Kids involved with Family Court often have some common risk factors: Poor school performance Unsafe environments Low-income communities Anti-social behaviors Earlier involvement with the child welfare system
  • Crimes and arrests = disruptions in the home and possibly temporary living placements (often informal, not through DCYF) Kids at risk of: Poor academic achievement Substance abuse Depression Criminal/delinquent behaviors
  • Most cases are neglect: Abandonment Inadequate shelter Inadequate medical Lack of supervision – child care issue for low-income working parents Youth may be at greater risk for: Lower academic achievement Juvenile delinquency Teen pregnancy Prevention: Parenting assistance Economic assistance Mental health and substance abuse treatment
  • Impacts child development and school readiness Can close gaps between higher and low-income kids Licensed slots were not after-school providers like the programs through PASA Bright Stars Pre-K exploratory committee Legislation last year started the planning process now getting ready to launch pilot GA just took out the $ the Governor had earmarked for the pilot program (critical to leverage other federal and private $)
  • Federal funding  not enough slots RI-funded slots were cut by the GA this year, and RI is getting ARRA $ to increase quality (but can’t be used for slots)
  • Critical development in first few years of life IDEA Part C requires states to provide services to kids who are developmentally delayed or have a diagnosed physical or mental condition associated with a delay
  • Helps low-income kids “catch up” More time for learning and teachers to get to know the kids
  • Quality of programs vary widely by district, school and classroom. RI now has ELL standards
  • RI: Over identifying or doing a good job?
  • Poverty closely linked to family mobility Impact on children when they switch schools in the middle of the year: Attendance issues Disrupts classes and holes in curriculum Social upheaval affects ability to learn
  • Early reading difficulties impact academic achievement and employment success Starting the 4 th grade, reading gets tougher – much harder to catch up Critical to intervene BEFORE 3 rd grade with early reading problems (back to the prevention idea) UETF working group on this issue
  • Out of school suspensions for attendance-related infractions In Providence in 2007-2008 there were 1,755 OOS suspensions for attendance infractions (most for cutting class or skipping detention)
  • New calculations—national best practice We know exactly how many kids we are losing and where! RI saw better graduation rates in 2008 than in 2007, despite the higher expectations for student in the new HS regulations
  • Providence actually does better than the state average for ELLs and low-income students (though they do poorly across the board)
  • Always feel free to call or email with questions or data requests
  • Providence Data in Your Backyard 2009 Presentation

    1. 1. Providence Data in Your Backyard Presented by Elaine Budish Rhode Island KIDS COUNT June 22, 2009 Providence, Rhode Island Findings From the 2009 Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook
    2. 2. Special Thanks <ul><li>Special thanks to </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting Street School, </li></ul><ul><li>for hosting today’s presentation. </li></ul>
    3. 3. 2009 Rhode Island KIDS COUNT Factbook The 2009 Factbook is the 15th annual publication. The 2009 Factbook contains 63 indicators of child well-being, including the new indicator Housing and Health . Most indicators include city and town level information.
    4. 4. Family and Community
    5. 5. Providence’s Child Population, By Race & Ethnicity, 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000. <ul><li>According to the American Community Survey, Providence’s total child population in 2007 was 42,353. </li></ul>Population Under 18 Years of Age Hispanic or Latino 20,350 White, non-Hispanic 10,858 Black 7,606 Asian 3,043 Two or More Races 2,205 Other 1,215 Total 45,277
    6. 6. Children in Single-Parent Families <ul><li>In 2000, 20,546 (51%) children in Providence lived in single-parent families, representing the highest percentage in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007, 33% of Rhode Island children lived with a single parent, compared with 32% nationally. Rhode Island ranked 31st out of 50 states (where 1st is best) in the U.S. for the highest rate of children living in single-parent families. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007, 78% of all poor children in Rhode Island lived in a single-parent family. </li></ul>Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000.
    7. 7. Mother’s Education Level, 2003-2007 <ul><li>Research shows strong links between parental education levels and a child’s school readiness, health, and the level of education that the child is likely to achieve. </li></ul><ul><li>In Providence, 29% of new mothers had less than a high school diploma, significantly higher than the state rate of 15%. The proportion of new mothers with a bachelor’s degree or above is smaller in Providence (22%) than in the state as a whole (36%). </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, Division of Family Health, Maternal and Child Health Database, 2003-2007.
    8. 8. Infants Born at Highest Risk <ul><li>Mother: </li></ul><ul><li>Under Age 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Unmarried </li></ul><ul><li>Without High School Degree </li></ul><ul><li>Child: </li></ul><ul><li>9 times more likely to grow up in poverty </li></ul><ul><li>More likely to suffer from abuse or neglect </li></ul><ul><li>Less likely to be ready for school at kindergarten entry </li></ul><ul><li>Less likely to perform well in school </li></ul><ul><li>Less likely to complete high school </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, 257 (9%) Providence babies were born with all three risk factors. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Infants Born at Highest Risk, 2008 Core Cities and Rhode Island Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, KIDSNET Database, 2008. # of Births # Born at Risk # Born at Highest Risk Central Falls 396 382 37 (9%) Newport 269 226 8 (3%) Pawtucket 1,021 921 75 (7%) Providence 2,900 2,704 257 (9%) West Warwick 376 302 20 (5%) Woonsocket 624 566 50 (8%) Core Cities 5,586 5,101 447 (8%) Rhode Island 11,668 9,788 607 (5%)
    10. 10. Grandparents Caring for Grandchildren <ul><li>In 2007, 10,565 children in Rhode Island lived in households headed by grandparents. An additional 4,202 children lived in households headed by other relatives. In total, 6% of all children living in Rhode Island lived with relative caregivers. </li></ul><ul><li>According to the American Community Survey, 4,275 Rhode Island grandparents were financially responsible for their grandchildren in 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>More than one-half (52%) of Rhode Island grandparents who were financially responsible for their grandchildren in 2007 had been responsible for the children for three or more years. </li></ul><ul><li>In Providence in 2000, 3,322 grandparents lived in households with their grandchildren. Almost 2 in 5 (37%) of these grandparents were financially responsible for their grandchildren. </li></ul>
    11. 11. Economic Well-Being
    12. 12. Child Poverty in Providence <ul><li>The poverty level in 2008 was family income below $17,346 for a family of three with two children and $21,837 for a family of four with two children. In Providence in 2000, 18,405 (40.5%) were living in poverty. In 2007 in Providence, 16,980 (41%) of children were living in poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>The extreme poverty level in 2008 was family income below $8,673 for a family of three with two children and $10,917 for a family of four with two children. In Providence in 2000, 8,846 (20% of all children and 49% of poor children) were living in extreme poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>The Poverty Institute’s 2008 Rhode Island Standard of Need states that single-parent with two children who has an income of $30,800 a year (175% of the federal poverty level) and subsidized child care and health care (RIte Care) would still be $48 short of paying for basic needs each month. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Child Poverty in Rhode Island, 2004-2007 Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, American Community Survey, 2004-2007. <ul><li>According to ACS 2007, 17.5% (40,468) of Rhode Island’s 231,579 children under age 18 with known poverty status lived below the federal poverty threshold. </li></ul><ul><li>Of the 40,468 children living in poverty, 44% lived in extreme poverty. In total, an estimated 7.6% (17,697) of all children in Rhode Island lived in extreme poverty. This is an increase from the previous year when 6.5% of all Rhode Island children lived in extreme poverty. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Disparities in Poverty Rates <ul><li>While nearly half (49%) of all poor children in Rhode Island are White, minority children are much more likely to be living in poverty than their White peers. </li></ul>Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, American Community Survey, 2007.
    15. 15. Children in Poverty, 2000 <ul><li>Children under Age 18 in Low-Income Families, 2000 </li></ul>Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census, 2000 <50% FPL <100%FPL <200% FPL Central Falls 1,146 (21.2%) 2,210 (40.9%) 3,875 (71.7%) Newport 773 (14.9%) 1,267 (24.4%) 2,223 (42.8%) Pawtucket 2,195 (12.2%) 4,542 (25.3%) 9,047 (50.4%) Providence 8,846 (19.9%) 18,045 (40.5%) 29,796 (66.9%) West Warwick 462 (7.0%) 1,186 (18.1%) 2,655 (40.5%) Woonsocket 2,061 (18.8%) 3,494 (31.8%) 5,961 (54.3%) Rhode Island 19,773 (8.1%) 41,162 (16.9%) 83,420 (34.2%)
    16. 16. Cost of Rent <ul><li>To afford the average rent in Rhode Island of $1,232 without a cost burden, a worker would need to earn $23.69 per hour for 40 hours a week. This is more than 3 times the state’s minimum wage of $7.40 per hour. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, the average cost of housing in Providence was $1,163 . A family of three living at the poverty level in Providence would have to devote 79% of their household income to the cost of rent. Housing is considered to be affordable if it consumes 30% or less of a family’s household income. </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Housing and Urban Development Rent Survey, 2000-2008.
    17. 17. Families Receiving Cash Assistance <ul><li>In December 2008, 13% (3,490) of children were receiving cash assistance, yet 40.5% of children in Providence live in poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Almost seven out of ten (69%) RI Works beneficiaries are children under the age of 18. Almost half (49%) of children enrolled in RI Works are under the age of six. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1996 and 2008, there was a 54% decline in the Rhode Island cash assistance caseload. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Children Receiving Food Stamps/SNAP Benefits % of Income-Eligible Children under Age 18 Participating in the Food Stamp Program <ul><li>In October 2008, 78% of income-eligible children in Providence participated in the Food Stamp/SNAP Program, compared to 77% statewide. The 2007 Providence rate was 76%. </li></ul><ul><li>Research shows that hunger and lack of regular access to sufficient food are linked to serious health, psychological, emotional and academic problems in children and can impede their healthy growth and development. </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Human Services, 2008.
    19. 19. School Breakfast Program % of Eligible Low-Income Children Participating in School Breakfast, 2008 <ul><li>In October 2008, an average of 8,484 (38%) low-income children in Providence participated in the Universal School Breakfast Program each day out of 22,407 who were eligible for free or reduced-price breakfast. The participation rate in the program is the second highest in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Students who eat breakfast have significantly higher math and reading scores, fewer absences, improved attentiveness and lower incidences of social and behavioral problems . </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, October 2007.
    20. 20. Health
    21. 21. Children without Health Insurance, Rhode Island, 1993-2007 <ul><li>In Rhode Island between 2005 and 2007, 6.9% of children under age 18 were uninsured, lower than the national rate of 11.2%. Rhode Island ranks 11th best in the country for lowest percentage of children uninsured. </li></ul><ul><li>In Rhode Island, the percentage of uninsured children has increased in the last few years, partly due to the decline in employer sponsored health insurance. </li></ul>
    22. 22. Children Receiving Medical Assistance Children under Age 19 Receiving Medical Assistance, Providence, 1997-2008 Source: Rhode Island Department of Human Services 1996-2008. <ul><li>On December 31, 2008, 25,738 children in Providence were enrolled in RIte Care and 3,672 received Medical Assistance through SSI, adoption subsidy, foster care, or Katie Beckett provision. </li></ul>
    23. 23. Infant Health Outcomes, 2003-2007 <ul><li>Early prenatal care is important to identify and treat health problems and influence health behaviors that can compromise fetal development, infant health and maternal health. </li></ul><ul><li>The Providence delayed prenatal care rate is the highest in the state, at 17.4%. </li></ul><ul><li>The Providence infant mortality rate (8.9 per 1,000 births) is higher than the state rate (6.3 per 1,000 births). </li></ul>Delayed Prenatal Care Preterm Births Low Birthweight Infants Infant Mortality Rate/1000 Births Central Falls 17.2% 11.6% 6.5% 8.4 Newport 11.9% 11.6% 7.4% 5.8 Pawtucket 14.7% 12.1% 8.8% 7.3 Providence 17.4% 13.9% 9.5% 8.9 West Warwick 12.5% 10.8% 7.5% 5.4 Woonsocket 15.4% 13.7% 9.9% 6.4 Remainder of State 8.8% 11.1% 7.4% 5.0 Core City Avg. 16.0% 13.0% 8.9% 7.9 Rhode Island 12.1% 12.0% 8.1% 6.3
    24. 24. Children with Elevated Blood Lead Levels <ul><li>Despite declines in lead poisoning rates, kindergarten children living in Rhode Island’s core cities are more likely to have a history of elevated blood lead levels (5.2%) than children in the remainder of the state (1.3%). </li></ul><ul><li>In the most recent year of testing, 2,916 Providence children were screened for elevated blood lead levels, 242 (8.3%) screened positive initially and 215 (7.4%) were confirmed positive for lead levels  10mcg/dL. </li></ul>
    25. 25. Housing and Health <ul><li>In both Rhode Island and the nation as a whole, children in low-income families are more likely to live in older housing than children in general. </li></ul><ul><li>Low income families are more likely to lack the resources required to maintain, repair or improve their homes in ways that reduce residential health hazards such as lead paint, unsafe stairs, leaks, and cracks that may allow moisture or rodents to enter the home. </li></ul><ul><li>Between 2005 and 2007, 87% of low-income children in Rhode Island lived in older housing, the highest percentage in any state. </li></ul>
    26. 26. Births to Teens Births per 1,000 girls, 2003-2007 <ul><li>The teen birth rate per 1,000 teen girls ages 15-19 is higher in Providence (47.5) than the state as a whole (30.4). The teen birth rate for teens ages 18-19 is slightly higher in Providence (47.3) compared to the state (43.2). </li></ul><ul><li>Although the teen birth rate in Providence has decreased in the last two decades for minor teens (ages 15-17) from 74.3 to 47.9 births per 1,000 teens, it is still more than double the state rate (19.1). </li></ul><ul><li>Between 2003 and 2007 in Rhode Island, almost one in five teen births (18%) were to teens who were already mothers (repeat birth). </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Health, 2003-2007.
    27. 27. Safety
    28. 28. <ul><li>In 2008, 1,506 children under age 13 received emergency housing in a homeless shelter or a domestic violence shelter in RI and 264 youth ages 13-17 entered the emergency shelter system accompanied by an adult. </li></ul><ul><li>In Rhode Island, between July 1, 2007 and June 30, 2008, 953 families sought emergency shelter, a 21% increase from the previous year. More than one in six (18%) of these children had experienced homelessness before. </li></ul>Homeless Children & Youth Children and Youth Living in Shelters, RI, 1998-2007 Source: Rhode Island Emergency Shelter Information Project, Annual Reports 1999-2007.
    29. 29. Juveniles Referred to Family Court and at the RI Training School <ul><li>Of the wayward and delinquent offenses referred to Family Court in Rhode Island during 2008, 74% were committed by males and 26% by females. </li></ul><ul><li>50% of offenses were committed by youth between the ages of 16-17, 35% by youth ages 14 and 15, 14% by youth ages 13 or younger, and 1% by youth over age 17. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, 8,790 wayward or delinquent offenses were referred to Family Court. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, 388 youth from Providence passed through the Training School. In Rhode Island, a total of 1,037 youth passed through to the Training School in 2008. </li></ul>Types of Juvenile Wayward/Delinquent Offenses Referred to Family Court, 2008 28% - Property Crimes 5% - Traffic Offenses 17% - Status Offenses 4% - Violent Crimes 19% - Disorderly Conduct 3% - Weapons Offenses 10% - Simple Assault 5% - Other 8% - Alcohol and Drug Offenses
    30. 30. Children of Incarcerated Parents <ul><li>On September 30, 2008, 1,278 incarcerated parents in Rhode Island reported having 2,753 children. In Rhode Island, the rate of children reported by a parent serving a sentence at the Rhode Island Department of Corrections as of September 30, 2008 was 11.1 per 1,000 children. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, 530 adults incarcerated in Rhode Island whose last known residence was Providence reported having 1,187 children, a rate of 26.2 per 1,000 children, which is the highest in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>While women only comprise 5% of the total inmate population in Rhode Island, they are the faster growing group in the prison population, increasing 1140% over the last 30 years. </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Corrections, September 30, 2008. # of Parents # of Children Reported Rate per 1,000 Children Central Falls 55 113 20.4 Newport 40 89 17.1 Pawtucket 105 205 11.3 Providence 530 1,187 26.2 West Warwick 43 82 12.4 Woonsocket 88 227 20.3 Rhode Island 1,278 2,753 11.1
    31. 31. Child Abuse & Neglect Victims of Child Abuse and Neglect per 1,000 children, Providence, Core Cities, Remainder of State and Rhode Island <ul><li>In 2008 in Providence, there were 650 victims of child abuse and neglect, a rate of 14.4 per 1,000 children. This is lower than the core city average rate of 17 victims per 1,000 children but significantly higher than the state rate of 10.7 child abuse and neglect victims per 1,000 children. </li></ul><ul><li>Child abuse and neglect victim rates in the core cities ranged from a low of 14.4 victims per 1,000 children in Providence to a high of 28.2 in Woonsocket. </li></ul>
    32. 32. Education
    33. 33. Early Care & Education Child Care Slots for Children in Providence <ul><li>In 2008 in Rhode Island, there were 25,513 slots for children under age six in licensed child care centers and certified family child care homes. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008 in Providence, there were 6,266 slots for children under age six in licensed child care centers and certified family child care homes, an 58% increase from 3,964 slots in 1997. </li></ul><ul><li>There were 2,701 licensed after school slots in Providence for six to twelve year olds in 2008, down from 3,138 slots in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>Nationally in 2007, 62% of children under age 6 had all parents in the workforce, compared with 70% in Rhode Island. </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Children Youth and Families, December 2008.
    34. 34. Children Enrolled in Head Start, 2008 <ul><li>According to Census 2000, an estimated 2,370 children in Providence ages three to four were eligible for enrollment in the Head Start preschool program. In 2008, 763 (32%) Providence children were enrolled in Head Start. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, Head Start served 40% of the estimated 6,200 eligible children ages three to four in Rhode Island. </li></ul>Children Enrolled in Early Head Start, 2008 <ul><li>According to Census 2000, an estimated 3,819 children in Providence under age three were income-eligible for enrollment in the Early Head Start program. In 2008, of these children, 52 (1%) were enrolled in Early Head Start. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2008, Early Head Start served 4% of the estimated 9,365 eligible children under age three in Rhode Island. </li></ul>
    35. 35. Children Enrolled in Early Intervention <ul><li>In Providence in 2008, 779 (10%) children under age 3 had an active Individual Family Services Plan. </li></ul><ul><li>National research indicates that approximately one-third to one-half of maltreated infants and toddlers exhibit developmental delays that would make them eligible for EI. </li></ul>n = 3,649
    36. 36. Children in Full-Day Kindergarten Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 1999-2000 & 2007-2008. <ul><li>In Rhode Island in 2008-2009, 58% (5,738) of children who attended kindergarten were in a full-day program. Nationally in 2006, 72% of public-school kindergarten students were enrolled in full-day programs. </li></ul><ul><li>As of the 2008-2009 school year, 13 school districts offered universal access to full-day kindergarten classrooms, including Providence. Another eight school districts operated at least one full-day kindergarten classroom. </li></ul><ul><li>The percentage of children participating in full-day kindergarten in the core cities has doubled, from 40% in 1999-2000 to 95% in 2008-2009. </li></ul>
    37. 37. English Language Learners <ul><li>During the 2007-2008 school year, 3,615 (15%) of Providence’s 24,180 students were English Language Learners. </li></ul><ul><li>Nationally and in Rhode Island, the achievement gap between students who are English Language Learners and all students widens between elementary and middle school. In October 2008 in Rhode Island, 8% of eighth-grade ELL students scored at or above proficiency in math, compared to 53% of all Rhode Island eighth-graders. </li></ul>Total Number of ELL Students (Grades Pre-K-12) Total % of District Central Falls 728 22% Newport 62 3% Pawtucket 871 10% Providence 3,615 15% West Warwick 86 2% Woonsocket 275 4% Core Cities 5,637 12% Rhode Island 7,427 5%
    38. 38. Children in Special Education Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008. <ul><li>In the 2006-2007 school year (the most recent year national data were tabulated), Rhode Island had the highest percentage (20%) of public school students with IEPs in the U.S., compared with 13% in the U.S. overall. </li></ul><ul><li>In the 2007-2008 school year, 19% of Providence students were enrolled in special education, similar to the state rate. There were an additional 2,866 preschool-age students receiving special education services in RI. </li></ul>
    39. 39. Student Mobility Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008. <ul><li>Children who move perform worse on standardized tests than children who have not experienced mobility. The more frequent the number of moves, the worse the performance. </li></ul><ul><li>In Rhode Island, students who move are absent more often than students who do not move. Rhode Island students who did not change schools had a 92% attendance rate, compared with 75% for those who changed schools between one and three times during the 2006-2007 academic year. </li></ul><ul><li>The mobility rate in Providence (28%) is the highest if any district in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>*The mobility rate is the total children enrolled and exited during a year divided by the total year’s enrollment. </li></ul>
    40. 40. Fourth Grade Reading Skills Fourth-Grade Reading Proficiency % At or Above the Proficiency Level Core Cities and Rhode Island, 2005 & 2008 <ul><li>Between 2005 and 2008, the percentage of fourth grade students in Providence public schools who were proficient in reading increased from 31% to 47% . </li></ul><ul><li>Despite these significant improvements, Providence still has the lowest 4 th grade reading proficiency level in the state. </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2005 & 2008.
    41. 41. School Suspensions, 2008 <ul><li>Suspended students are more likely than other students to have poor academic performance and to drop out. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007-2008 in Providence, there were 45 disciplinary actions for every 100 students. This is slightly lower than the core city rate of 50 actions per every 100 students and significantly higher than the state rate of 30 actions per every 100 students. </li></ul>Source: RI Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008. School District # of Students Enrolled Out-of-School Suspension In-School Suspension Alternative Program Placement Total Disciplinary Actions Actions per 100 Students Providence 24,180 7,683 3,236 0 10,919 45 Core Cities 47,962 13,199 8,896 1,741 23,836 50 Remainder of State 92,946 11,179 5,705 1,879 18,763 20 Rhode Island 144,534 24,837 14,660 3,621 43,118 30
    42. 42. High School Graduation and Dropout Rates Class of 2008 <ul><li>This chart shows the percentage of students who matriculated as freshmen in 2004-2005 who graduated in 4 years, dropped out, completed their GED and were retained in school. These percentages are based on actual student counts using the unique student identifier system. </li></ul><ul><li>In Providence in 2008, 63% of students graduated from high school on-time, compared to 74% for the state as a whole. </li></ul><ul><li>*Percentages may not sum to 100% due to rounding. </li></ul>Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Class of 2008. Graduation Rate Dropout Rate % Received GED % Still in School Central Falls 52% 29% 2% 16% Newport 66% 22% 3% 9% Pawtucket 57% 26% 6% 11% Providence 63% 26% 2% 9% West Warwick 68% 19% 4% 10% Woonsocket 60% 28% 3% 9% Rhode Island 74% 16% 3% 7%
    43. 43. High School Graduation Rates Source: Rhode Island Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, 2007-2008 School Year.
    44. 44. Elaine Budish, MPA Research Analyst Rhode Island KIDS COUNT One Union Station Providence, RI 02903 [email_address] (401) 351-9400 x17 voice (401) 351-1758 fax